Students’ age range: 14-16
Main subject: Sciences
Topic: Communicable Diseases and Immunity
ENGAGEMENT (6 mins)
Students will do a simulation of the spread of disease: Distribute envelopes with some strips coloured green (infected) and some white. Students are asked move around to music, stop at the end of music, then look in the envelopes. Those with green will whisper to the person beside him/her (repeat 2 time).
All persons hearing green will stand (infected persons). Students will be questioned as to what type of disease is transmitted from one person to another (communicable disease highlighted here). Brainstorm for types of communicable diseases.
EXPLORATION (50 mins)
1. In small groups, students will use textbooks to research 2 types of communicable diseases, their signs and symptoms (each group will be given a different set). Each group will given a brief introduction of their disease in oral presentation.
2. Using the Compass Point strategy, students will organize their thoughts on ‘Immunity’
Students will be required to view a short movie on immune system.
Students will be provided with the guiding points.
- What is immunity?
- Describe the types of immunity.
- What is immunization and how can they be use in the prevention of communicable diseases?
- What is a vaccine?
Whole class discussion will follow.
EXPLANATION (15 mins)
In groups, students will create the following:
Create a poster to highlight the types, signs and symptoms of 2 communicable diseases
Discussion will follow.
ELABORATION (50 mins)
1. Students will in their groups discuss what is seen on their immunization cards, then research the types of vaccines and create a system ( pamphlet/brochure) that will sensitize their community on why vaccines are important.
2. Using the fishbowl technique students will discuss the importance of vaccinations to individual and community health.
Each group will be place in the middle for each question. Other groups will sit around them. When a group has something to add, they will indicate then join in using the empty chair
Teacher will pose the questions to each group who will share their opinion, as well as use the facts from their research above
Each group will pose 2 questions to those in the circle (2 questions each depending on the time)