In March 2000, Belize and Guatemala resumed discussions on their territorial dispute with the assistance of the Organization of American States (OAS) Secretary General. On November 8, 2000, they signed the first Agreement on Confidence Building Measures, establishing an "Adjacency Line" and a one-kilometer "Adjacency Zone" on either side. A second Agreement was signed on February 7, 2003, and subsequently amended in September 2005 by the "Agreement on a Framework for Negotiation and Confidence Building Measures between Belize and Guatemala". The central point of this Agreement, which is still in force, was on the one hand, that the Secretary General should appoint, at his discretion, a high-ranking official as his Special Representative (SRSG), and on the other hand, the establishment of the OAS Office in the Adjacency Zone (OAS/AZ).

  • Strengthen bilateral relations and communication channels between Belize and Guatemala.
  • Strengthen peace and stability in the Adjacency Zone through verifications.
  • Promote the holding of high-level diplomatic meetings.
  • Provide accompaniment as observers in military and police operations, contact patrols and judicial proceedings as determined.
  • Help improve the technical capabilities in georeferencing of the military forces of both countries.
  • Promote awareness of the Confidence Building Measures Agreements between the populations along the Adjacency Zone.
  • Promote a culture of peace through the "Ta'Amay" Training and Peace Promotion Centers.
  • Strengthen access to information on the Belize-Guatemala Process, the culture of peace and other topics of interest through digital and radio media.
  • Verification of incidents in the Adjacency Zone.
  • Technical meetings between entities of both countries.
  • High level diplomatic meetings.
  • Accompaniment as observers in military and police operations, contact patrols and judicial proceedings as determined.
  • Technical training on georeferencing.
  • Promotion of human rights, gender equity, empowerment and protection of girls and women, and the content of the Agreements on Confidence Building Measures.
  • Training and peace promotion workshops at the "Ta'Amay" Training and Peace Promotion Centers that provide new job, economic and personal growth opportunities for the Belizean and Guatemalan communities.
  • The communication strategy of the OAS/ZA Mission is executed through the creation of episodes in the podcast "La Zona" and the operation of the FM station called "La Zona Radio".
More Results
Three training centers renovated and equipped in the Adjacency Zone Belize-Guatemala, which train over 1,000 students
A communication channel established between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala regarding their differendum
Over 490 independently verified incidents in the Belize-Guatemala Adjacency Zone
12 meetings yearly on average facilitated between mid-level officers and 4 meetings between senior officers of Belize's and Guatemala's armies
At least 80% of the individuals trained at the "Ta'Amay" Centers are women.
Beneficiary Countries
Agustín Espinosa
Special Representative
Sergio López
Director of the Office in the Adjacency Zone
Carlos Casanova
Strategic Partners