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Preliminary Report of the OAS Electoral Observation Mission in Panama

  May 7, 2024

The full Preliminary Report is available here.

The Electoral Observation Mission of the Organization of American States (OAS/EOM), headed by Susana Malcorra, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Argentina and former Chief of Staff of the Secretary General of the United Nations, congratulates the people of Ecuador for the holding of the presidential and parliamentary elections last Sunday, May 5. The Mission congratulates Panamanians for their civic commitment, which was reflected in an election day with massive turnout. It also emphasizes that the voting was carried out calmly and that on the night of the election the Panamanian people had access to the results in a timely manner.

The Mission recognizes the work of the Electoral Tribunal (TE), which guaranteed the citizens a well-organized voting day, within the framework of an atypical electoral contest, characterized until the last moment by uncertainty surrounding the candidacy of the person who ended up being elected to the Presidency of the Republic. It also highlights the work of the members of the polling stations and other electoral bodies, who contributed to the successful holding of these elections.

The OAS/EOM comprised 70 observers of 19 different nationalities, who monitored the elections in all Panama’s provinces and two of its regions (comarcas). The Mission examined various aspects of the elections, including electoral organization, electoral technology, campaign finance, electoral justice, the political participation of women, the political participation of indigenous and afrodescendant peoples and campaigns, the media, and digital communications. The Mission’s specialists also followed up on the recommendations issued by previous OAS Missions.

After a preliminary technical visit to the country between March 19 and 22, 2024, the Mission arrived in Panama on a staggered basis starting on April 24, 2024. During its work, it met with the President of the Republic, the magistrates of the Electoral Tribunal, presidential and other candidates, representatives of civil society organizations, and the international community to learn about the preparations and their perspectives on the elections. Based on the meetings held, a review of regulations and other documents, and direct observation, the Mission was able to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the electoral process.



The full Preliminary Report is available here.

Reference: S-007/24