Democratic Institutionality in Venezuela: Milestones

This timeline presents the succession of important events that have occurred in recent years in Venezuela, which show the crisis of democratic institutionality that the country is facing.

The main events since December 2015, with the inauguration of the National Assembly, considered the last institution of national public power with democratic legitimacy, until August 2021, with the dialogue and cooperation table formed by the government and the opposition, with international mediation, to seek a coordinated and joint solution to the political, economic and social crisis, economic and social crisis.

Parliamentary Elections in Venezuela.

December 6, 2015

The opposition obtained 112 positions from the 167 deputies of the National Assembly.

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The Supreme Court of Justice suspended a group of elected indigenous deputies.

December 30, 2015

Concern about the lack of indigenous representation in parliament.

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The Supreme Court of Justice declared the National Assembly in contempt.

January 11, 2016

Justice takes away its legislative powers from Parliament and violates the independence of powers.

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The Supreme Court of Justice lifted the parliamentary immunity of opposition deputies.

March 28 and 29, 2017

The highest court disregarded the National Constitution and granted discretionary powers to the Executive Branch. The Venezuelan people expressed their rejection.

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The President called for a National Constituent Assembly.

May 1, 2017

The President signed an executive decree calling for the formation of a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution.

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The President renewed his mandate as established by the Constitution.

January 10, 2019

He was reelected in a framework of abstentions, lack of pluralism and electoral irregularities.

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The Supreme Court of Justice was attributed constitutional powers of the National Assembly and the Electoral Power.

June 5 and 12, 2020

In a new act of violation of the democratic order, the TSJ assumed the designation of authorities of the National Electoral Council (CNE).

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Irregularities in the process of parliamentary elections.

June 15 - 16, 2020

The government intervened opposition parties.

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The Supreme Court of Justice grants extraordinary powers to the Executive Power.

2016 to 2020

Between 2016 and 2020, the Supreme Court of Justice declared the constitutionality of at least 30 emergency decrees, granting extraordinary powers to the Executive Branch.

Dialogue between the government and the opposition.

August 13 - 15, 2021

The meeting was held in Mexico and was mediated by the Norwegian government.

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