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Concepts of security in the Hemisphere



At the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in 1998, in the Plan of Action agreed at that meeting, the Heads of State and Government of the Hemisphere decided to promote "regional dialogue with a view to revitalizing and strengthening the institutions of the Inter-American system, taking into account the new political, economic, social, and strategic-military factors in the Hemisphere and in its subregions."

To that end, the Organization of American States, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CHS), was instructed to:

  • Follow up on and expand topics relating to confidence and security-building measures;

  • Analyze the meaning, scope, and implications of international security concepts in the Hemisphere, with a view to developing the most appropriate common approaches by which to manage their various aspects, including disarmament and arms control; and

  • Pinpoint ways to revitalize and strengthen the institutions of the Inter-American System related to the various aspects of Hemispheric Security.

This mandate was reiterated by the Heads of State and Government gathered at the Third Summit of the Americas, held on Quebec City, Canada on 2001.

The Plan of Action adopted in Quebec decided that States would "hold a Special Conference on Security in 2004, for which the OAS Committee on Hemispheric Security will conclude the review of all issues related to approaches to international security in the Hemisphere, as defined at the Santiago Summit".


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