G E N E R A L S E C R E T A R I A T
AG/RES. 87 (II-0/72)
FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION AND COORDINATION
adopted at the eleventh plenary
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
AG/RES. 13 (I-E/70) of July 7, 1970 and AG/RES. 47 (I-0/71) of April 23,
1971, in which it entrusted the Permanent Council with preparing draft
standards for the implementation and coordination of the provisions of the
Charter relating to the inter-American specialized organizations and
submitting them to the second regular session of the General Assembly,
SEEN the draft approved by the Permanent Council and submitted by it to
the General Assembly through resolution CP/RES. 60 (64/72) of March 1,
this draft contains the standards necessary for implementation and
coordination of the provisions of the Charter relating to the
inter-American specialized organizations and establishes a system for
coordination of activities between the General Secretariat and those
organizations in an attempt to avoid duplication of efforts and
expenditures, as well as to make their respective activities more
To approve the
FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION AND COORDINATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE CHARTER
RELATING TO THE INTER-AMERICAN SPECIALIZED ORGANIZATIONS
NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS
1. The following shall be
considered inter-American specialized organizations:
Existing specialized organizations registered as of the date on
which these general standards are approved.
Those intergovernmental organizations that may be established by
treaties or multilateral agreements having specific objectives and
functions in technical areas of common interest to the American states,
provided that, in each case, the General Assembly has determined, on the
basis of the report of the Council concerned, that the organization meets
the conditions set forth in the Charter and in these standards.
2. The General
Secretariat shall include in the register of specialized organizations, in
addition to those already existing and registered, those that may
subsequently be determined and characterized as such by the General
Assembly, in accordance with Article l.b of these standards.
3. After a report from
the Council concerned that shall indicate the points of view of the
organization in question, the General Assembly may annul a
characterization as an inter-American specialized organization when it
considers that an organization has ceased to fulfill the conditions
established for specialized organizations in the Charter and in Article
l.b of these standards.
4. The Councils, on matters within their respective fields of
competence, may present to the General Assembly proposals on the creation,
modification, or elimination of inter-American specialized organizations,
and on the coordination of their activities. In cases of modification or
elimination, the Councils shall include the points of view of the
organization in question in their proposals to the General Assembly.
TECHNICAL AUTONOMY AND ADVISORY FUNCTION
organizations shall enjoy the fullest technical autonomy, but shall take
into account the recommendations made by the General Assembly and the
Councils, in keeping with the provisions of the Charter.
6. The inter-American
specialized organizations shall produce technical advisory services on
matters within their competence to the General Assembly and to the
Councils. They shall also
provide available information to any other organ of the OAS on its
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS
7. The structure and functions of inter-American specialized
organizations established after approval of these standards shall be
determined by the instruments establishing them, taking into account the
provisions set forth in the Charter and in these general standards, and
the recommendations of the General Assembly.
8. Any change in the
structure or functions of an inter-American specialized organization shall
be made known to the corresponding Council, so that it may inform the
General Assembly for the purposes set forth in Article 3 of these general
ADMISSION AND PARTICIPATION OF STATES
9. The member states of
the Organization of American States have the right to be members of the
inter-American specialized organizations.
Their admission and participation in these organizations shall be
determined in the manner established in the instrument establishing the
organization. The instrument
establishing it may also establish the conditions for entry or
participation by independent American states that are not members of the
10. The instrument
establishing each inter-American specialized organization may also include
the conditions for and extent of participation in its activities by non-American
states that are cooperating continually and substantially in the
11. In determining the
location of the headquarters and other offices of the inter-American
specialized organizations, the principle of equitable geographical
distribution set forth in the Charter shall be taken into account, bearing
in mind the location of the already-existing inter-American specialized
12. For filling the
elective posts in the inter-American specialized organizations, account
shall be taken of the technical ability of the candidates and of the
principles of rotation and geographical representation.
13. In the selection of
the staff of the inter-American specialized organizations, the
efficiency, competence, and integrity of the candidates shall be taken
into account in relation to the technical and scientific requirements of
the entity. At the same time,
an effort shall be made to select the staff, at all levels, on the basis
of as broad a geographical representation as possible.
RELATIONS WITH THE ORGANIZATION
14. The relations that
should exist between the inter-American specialized organizations and the
Organization shall be determined by means of agreements concluded between
each organization and the Secretary General with the authorization of the
General Assembly. Such
agreements shall be subject to the provisions of the Charter, these
general standards, and any general or special terms set forth by the
15. The agreements
contemplated in Article 14 shall enter into force on the dates on which
they are signed by the Secretary General of the Organization, with the
prior authorization of the General Assembly, and by the authorized
representative of the inter-American specialized organization in question.
agreements may be amended by mutual consent of the authorized representative
of the inter-American specialized organization in question, on the one
hand, and the Secretary General of the Organization, with the prior
authorization of the General Assembly to make the change, on the other.
16. Upon authorizing the
registration of an organization, the General Assembly shall empower the
Secretary General to conclude the corresponding agreement, taking into
account the general or special terms it may indicate.
17. The programs and
activities of the specialized organizations shall be carried out through a
system that will avoid the duplication of effort or of expenditures and
that will facilitate making the activities of the specialized
organizations, those of the General Secretariat and those of other organs
of the OAS complementary.
18. To elude the
coordination mentioned in Article 17, the inter-American specialized
organizations shall take into account recommendations that may be made in
that regard by the Committee on Coordination among the three Councils and
also, in the stages of preparation and implementation of the programs,
the following general recommendations:
The exchange information at the administrative level between the
secretariat of the inter-American specialized organization or the body
representing it and the General Secretariat of the OAS.
After the exchange of information mentioned in paragraph (a) has
been effected, the competent deliberative body of the inter-American
specialized organization, when it approves its programs, shall seek the
coordination recommended for the case by the Committee on Coordination and
shall also take into account the information mentioned in that paragraph.
Each Council, in considering its program-budget, shall take into
account the information on the programs of the other organs of the
Organization provided to it in accordance with paragraph (a).
19. Upon admitting the
proposed program-budget, the General Secretariat shall report on the steps
that may have been taken to coordinate the progress of the specialized
organizations with the other programs of the Organization, with a view to
complementing efforts and economizing on unnecessary expenditures.
It shall also describe the problems of coordination it has not been
possible to solve by available means, and it shall make the pertinent
suggestions. The annual
reports that the inter-American specialized organizations must send to the
General Assembly shall include a special chapter on this subject.
20. In establishing
cooperative relations with world organizations Of the same nature, the
inter-American specialized organizations shall seek appropriate
coordination of activities.
21. Representatives of
inter-American specialized organizations may attend the sessions of the
General Assembly and the meetings of the other organs, agencies, and
entities of the Organization with the right to speak, in accordance with
their respective rules of procedure.
CONFERENCES AND OTHER MEETINGS
22. Conferences and
meetings of specialized organizations shall have the status of
inter-American specialized conferences when they are intergovernmental
meetings to deal with special technical matters or to develop certain
aspects of inter-American cooperation, and when they are held at the
decision of the General Assembly or of the Meeting of Consultation of
Ministers of Foreign Affairs, on its own initiative, or at the request of
one of the Councils or of the specialized organization itself, in
accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the Organization and of
the Standards for Inter-American Specialized Conferences.
23. The specialized
organizations and the General Secretariat of the Organization shall
exchange information concerning any initiative that may be taken for
holding a specialized conference or other inter-American meeting.
24. The General Assembly,
the Councils of the Organization of American States, and inter-American
specialized organizations may make recommendations to each other for the
inclusion of topics on the agendas of their respective conferences and
25. The inter-American
specialized organizations shall notify the General Secretariat of the
Organization of the dates of the conferences and meetings mentioned in
Article 24, including those of their governing bodies, and of the draft
agendas, so that the pertinent organ or the organ designated for that
purpose will be able to make the necessary observations concerning
coordination of those dates and agendas.
specialized organizations that have a specific interest in the agenda to
be discussed at a meeting of another organ of the Organization may be
represented at the meeting, with voice but without vote. In turn, the
other organs of the Organization may be represented at meetings of the
inter-American specialized organizations with voice but without vote.
In both cases, the corresponding rules of procedure shall be observed.
ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE SPECIALIZED ORGANIZATIONS
27. Each inter-American
specialized organization shall send an annual report on its activities and
budgets to the General Assembly, through the General Secretariat.
28. All official
correspondence between the Organization and an inter-American specialized
organization shall be addressed through the General Secretariat and that
of the specialized organization concerned.
29. These general
standards may be amended only by the General Assembly of the Organization
of American States.
The agreements existing between the Organization and the inter-American specialized organization as of the date on which these standards are approved shall continue in force until the Secretary General, with the prior authorization of the General Assembly, shall, along with the representative of the specialized organization in question, amend the existing agreement or sign a new one in accordance with the provisions of the Charter, these standards, and such general or special terms as the Assembly may determine.