OAS Anti-Corruption Mechanism Adopts
Reports of Panama, Chile, El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua,
and The Bahamas
Committee of Experts of the Follow-up Mechanism for the Implementation
of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption (MESICIC) of the OAS
adopted reports on the implementation of this treaty in
These reports were agreed
in the framework of the seventeenth meeting of the Committee that ended
on September 16, 2010 and corresponds to the third group of countries
that are evaluated in the context of the Third Round of Review of the
The reports examine the legal and institutional framework of the states
and make specific recommendations for their improvement in such
important areas as the denial or elimination of favorable tax treatment
for expenditures made in violation of anti-corruption laws, the
prevention of the bribery of domestic and foreign government officials,
transnational bribery, illicit enrichment, and extradition.
In this regard, the Committee formulated recommendations to the
countries to encourage them, among other things, to strengthen their
laws in order to help competent authorities detect funds paid for
corruption when said funds are used to obtain favorable tax treatment.
With regard to the prevention of bribery of domestic and foreign
government officials, the Committee recommended, among other things,
that the states adopt appropriate measures to prevent professional
secrecy provisions from preventing public accountants or other persons
responsible for keeping accounting records in corporations or other
types of associations, from being able to report the acts of corruption
they detect in their work to the competent authorities.
Regarding transnational bribery and illicit enrichment, the Committee
recommended that states that have not criminalized these offenses in
their criminal systems adopt the necessary legal provisions to do so.
With respect to extradition, the Committee recommended that the states,
among other things, take measures to make greater use of the Convention
in that area. Such measures could consist, inter alia, of training
programs on possibilities for application of the Convention to
extradition cases, designed specifically for judicial and administrative
authorities with competence in this area.
Finally, the Committee evaluated the progress made by these six
countries in implementing recommendations made to them earlier in other
areas, in the framework of the First and Second Rounds of Review.
Civil society organizations participate in this evaluation process by
furnishing information regarding the topics under review, by both
submitting documents and making presentations at the beginning of this
meeting. The response by the states, the documents provided by civil
society organizations, and the adopted reports are public and can be
consulted on the
Anti-Corruption Portal of the Americas.
During this third evaluation round, similar reports have been adopted on
Argentina, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela,
Ecuador, Mexico, Trinidad and Tobago and Colombia.
Edition N° 38 - September 2010
The Mechanism For Follow-up on the
Implementation of the Inter-American
Convention against Corruption, known as MESICIC for its Spanish acronym, is a tool to
support the development of the Inter-American
Convention against Corruption through
cooperation between States Parties.