Multilateral Treaties

 B-41: INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON EXTRATERRITORIAL VALIDITY OF FOREIGN 
JUDGMENTS AND ARBITRAL AWARDS                                                   


        ADOPTED AT: MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY                                         

              DATE: 05/08/79

CONF/ASSEM/MEETING: SECOND INTER-AMERICAN SPECIALIZED CONFERENCE ON PRIVATE     
                    INTERNATIONAL LAW                                           
                            ,

  ENTRY INTO FORCE: 06/14/80   IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE 23 OF THE CONVENTION  

        DEPOSITORY: GENERAL SECRETARIAT, OAS (ORIGINAL INSTRUMENT AND           
                    RATIFICATIONS)                                              
                            ,           ,
              TEXT: OAS, TREATY SERIES, NO. 51                                  

   UN REGISTRATION: 03/20/89  No. 24392   Vol.       

      OBSERVATIONS:                                                             

               GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE TREATY: B-41               

===============================================================================
SIGNATORY COUNTRIES    SIGNATURE REF   RA/AC/AD REF   DEPOSIT INST  INFORMA REF
===============================================================================
Argentina ...........   12/01/83       11/07/83       12/01/83 RA     /  /     
Bolivia .............   08/02/83       05/15/98	      10/08/98        /  /     
Brazil ..............   05/08/79  R 1  08/31/95       11/27/95 RA     /  /     
Chile ...............   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Colombia ............   05/08/79       06/24/81       09/10/81 RA     /  /     
Costa Rica ..........   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Dominican Republic ..   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Ecuador .............   05/08/79       05/05/82       06/01/82 RA     /  /     
El Salvador .........   08/11/80         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Guatemala ...........   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Haiti ...............   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Honduras ............   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Mexico ..............   12/02/86       02/11/87 DR a  06/12/87 RA     /  /     
Panama ..............   05/08/79         /  /           /  /          /  /     
Paraguay ............   05/08/79       07/05/85       08/16/85 RA     /  /     
Peru ................   05/08/79       04/09/80       05/15/80 RA     /  /     
Uruguay .............   05/08/79 D  2  02/12/80 D  b  05/15/80 RA     /  /     
Venezuela ...........   05/08/79       01/30/85       02/28/85 RA     /  /     
===============================================================================
REF = REFERENCE                                      INST = TYPE OF INSTRUMENT
       D = DECLARATION                                      RA = RATIFICATION
       R = RESERVATION                                      AC = ACCEPTANCE
INFORMA  = INFORMATION REQUIRED BY THE TREATY               AD = ACCESSION
                                                                              
                                                                              
                                                                              
B-41. INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON EXTRATERRITORIAL VALIDITY                  
             OF FOREIGN JUDGMENTS AND ARBITRAL AWARDS                         
                                                                              
                                                                              
1. Brazil:                                                                    
                                                                              
   (Reservation made at the time of signature)                                
                                                                              
   With reservation to letter d) of Article 2.                                
                                                                              
2. Uruguay:                                                                   
                                                                              
   (Declaration made at the time of signature)                                
                                                                              
   The scope of public order:                                                 
                                                                              
   Uruguay wishes to state that it expressly ratifies the line of             
thought enunciated in Panama at CIDIP-I, reaffirming its genuine Pan          
American spirit and its clear and positive decision to contribute             
with its ideas and endorsement to the successful development of the           
legal community.                                                              
                                                                              
   This line of thinking and conduct has been evidenced in                    
undoubtable form by the unreserved ratification by Uruguay of all             
the Conventions of Panama, approved by law number 14,534 in 1976.             
                                                                              
   In line with the foregoing, the Oriental Republic of Uruguay               
gives its affirmative vote to the formula regarding public order.             
Nevertheless, Uruguay wishes to state expressly and clearly that, in          
accordance with the position it maintained in Panama, its                     
interpretation of the aforementioned exception refers to                      
international public order as an individual juridical institution,            
not necessarily identifiable with the internal public order of each           
state.                                                                        
                                                                              
   Therefore, in the opinion of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay,             
the approved formula conveys an exceptional authorization to the              
various States Parties to declare in a nondiscretionary and                   
well-founded manner that the precepts of foreign law are                      
inapplicable whenever these concretely and in a serious and open              
manner offend the standards and principles essential to the                   
international public order on which each individual state bases its           
legal individuality.                                                          
                                                                              
a. Mexico:                                                                    
                                                                              
   (Reservation and interpretative declarations made at the                   
time of ratification:)                                                        
                                                                              
   Reservation:                                                               
                                                                              
   Article 1                                                                  
   With respect to Article 1 of the Convention, Mexico makes the              
express reservation of limiting its application to punitive                   
judgments involving property in one of the States Parties.                    
                                                                              
   Interpretative Declarations:                                               
                                                                              
   Article 2                                                                  
   With respect to Article 2d) of the Convention, Mexico declares             
that this condition shall be considered fulfilled when the                    
jurisdiction of the judge or tribunal has been established in                 
accordance with the rules recognized in the Inter-American                    
Convention on Jurisdiction in the International Sphere for the                
Extraterritorial Validity of Foreign Judgments, excluding all                 
matters referred to in Article 6 of that instrument, signed in La             
Paz, Bolivia, on May 24, 1984.                                                
                                                                              
   Article 3                                                                  
   With respect to Article 3, the United Mexican States understand            
that confirmation and enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral           
awards requires their transmission by means of letters rogatory               
containing the summons required for the Parties to appear before the          
judge receiving the letters rogatory.                                         
                                                                              
   Article 6                                                                  
   Mexico interprets Article 6 of the Convention to mean that the             
judge receiving letters rogatory is competent in all procedures to            
guarantee the execution of judgments, including, inter alia,                  
procedures concerning attachments, depositaries, third-party                  
interventions, and adjudication in auction.                                   
                                                                              
b.   Uruguay:                                                                 
                                                                              
     (Declaration made at the time of ratification)                           
                                                                              
     With the declaration made at the time of                                 
signature.

Text of the Treaty