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AG/RES. 1959 (XXXIII-O/03)

SUPPORT FOR STRENGTHENING DEMOCRACY IN HAITI 

(Resolution adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 10, 2003) 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 

            RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1841 (XXXII-O/02), "The Situation in Haiti", and Permanent Council resolutions CP/RES. 806 (1303/02 corr. 1), "The Situation in Haiti," and CP/RES. 822 (1331/02), "Support for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti"; 

            REGRETTING that some deadlines set in the above-mentioned resolution CP/RES. 822 (1331/02) have not been met and that some of its provisions have not yet been implemented; 

WELCOMING the efforts of the OAS/CARICOM High-Level Delegation, which visited Haiti on March 19 and 20, 2003, to advance compliance with CP/RES. 822, and the Delegation’s recommendations of April 30, 2003, to the Permanent Council on the situation in Haiti; 

RECALLING that the “Official Statement of the Chairman of the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States Emanating From the Special Meeting of the Permanent Council on the Situation in Haiti,” April 30, 2003, expressed the view of the Council “that the March 20th points drawn from the provisions of Resolutions 806 and 822 and put to the Government of Haiti … remain fully valid and require, urgently, government action on them” and that critical measures included renewing and professionalizing the police leadership in consultation with the OAS Special Mission, ending the impunity of those implicated in the violence of December 17, 2001, and implementing agreed disarmament measures; 

RECALLING FURTHER that this Official Statement also expressed the view of the Council “that the points left with civil society and the Convergence Démocratique … remain fully valid” and that “the international community will not support efforts to remove the President of Haiti through violent confrontation in the streets, or other actions or arrangements contrary to democratic processes”; 

NOTING that, in keeping with the spirit of resolution CP/RES. 822, the Government of Haiti has taken some positive steps towards creating a climate of security conducive to free, fair, and transparent elections and related political party activities, including the naming of a new Director General of the Haitian National Police on June 6, 2003, signing the terms of reference with the OAS Special Mission on professionalization of the police, electoral security, disarmament, justice, and human rights, and completing reparations for organizations that suffered damages as a direct result of the violence of December 17, 2001; 

NOTING the Report of the Secretary General on the Situation in Haiti (CP/doc.3750/03);

 

CONSIDERING that the Charter of the Organization of American States recognizes that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the region, and that one of the main purposes of the OAS is to promote and consolidate it, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention; and

 

REAFFIRMING: 

That the Inter-American Democratic Charter proclaims that "the peoples of the Americas have a right to democracy and their governments have an obligation to promote and defend it" and that "essential elements of representative democracy include, inter alia, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, access to and the exercise of power in accordance with the rule of law, the holding of periodic, free, and fair elections based on secret balloting and universal suffrage as an expression of the sovereignty of the people, the pluralistic system of political parties and organizations, and the separation of powers and independence of the branches of government"; and 

That the Inter-American Democratic Charter also states that "democracy and social and economic development are interdependent and are mutually reinforcing" and that the "promotion and observance of economic, social, and cultural rights are inherently linked to integral development, equitable economic growth, and to the consolidation of democracy in the states of the Hemisphere," 

RESOLVES: 

1.             To endorse Permanent Council resolution CP/RES. 822 (1331/02), "Support for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti," and to call on all parties referred to in said resolution to urgently implement or continue implementing, as the case may be, their obligations. 

2.             To reiterate its support for the Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti (Mission). 

3.             To thank the High-Level OAS/CARICOM Delegation to Haiti for its efforts to advance compliance with resolution CP/RES. 822, notably its visit to Haiti on March 19 and 20, 2003, and its report and recommendations to the Permanent Council of April 30, 2003, on the situation in Haiti. 

4.         To urge the Government of Haiti to complete its obligations under resolution CP/RES. 822 and all the points drawn from that resolution and presented to it by the High-Level OAS/CARICOM Delegation on March 20, 2003, including steps to professionalize the Haitian National Police.  

5.         To urge civil society and the Convergence Démocratique to respond constructively to recent steps taken by the Government of Haiti to comply with these points drawn from resolutions CP/RES. 806 and CP/RES. 822, put to it by the High-Level Delegation. 

6.         To urge all parties to participate in the formation of a credible, neutral, and independent Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) when a climate of security conducive to free, fair, and transparent elections has been created, with the cooperation of the OAS Special Mission and in compliance with the measures under resolution CP/RES. 822 and those put to the Government of Haiti and civil society and the Convergence Démocratique by the High-Level Delegation. 

7.         To request the Secretary General to explore ways to promote increased dialogue between the Government of Haiti and civil society and the Convergence Démocratique

8.         To welcome the efforts made by the Government of Haiti and the international financial institutions to resolve the technical and financial obstacles that preclude normalization of economic cooperation, the recent conclusion of a Staff Monitored Program (SMP) between the International Monetary Fund and the Government of Haiti, the expressed willingness of some CARICOM countries to facilitate Haiti’s clearing of its arrears with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the announcement by the Minister of Economy and Finance at the IDB on May 21, 2003, that Haitian commercial banks have committed to a syndicated loan to cover the Government’s arrears obligations to the IDB. 

9.         To note that the humanitarian crisis in Haiti continues to be of grave concern; and to welcome the humanitarian assistance provided by the United States, Canada, and other members of the Friends of Haiti in this regard. 

10.        To call on the international community to maintain its support for the OAS Special Mission and provide urgent additional funds to help finance its economic, social, and institutional strengthening programs for Haiti. 

11.        To request the Secretary General to remain engaged and active in the process of reinforcing democracy in Haiti and to provide, by September 2003, as part of his report presented every two months to the Permanent Council, an assessment of the ability of the Mission to fulfill its mandates under the above-cited resolution CP/RES. 822, in particular regarding the Mission’s support for the electoral process and the Mission’s financial situation, so that the Permanent Council might make appropriate adjustments to the Mission’s mandates. 

12.         To request the Permanent Council to continue to monitor developments in Haiti, including the work of the Mission. 

13.               To request the Secretary General to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-fourth regular session on the situation in Haiti.

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