AG/RES. 1907 (XXXII-O/02)
PROMOTION OF DEMOCRACY
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session held on June 4, 2002)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
MINDFUL that the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes in its preamble “that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace and development of the region”;
BEARING IN MIND the Declaration of Quebec City, which states that “the maintenance and strengthening of the rule of law and strict respect for the democratic system are, at the same time, a goal and a shared commitment,” and the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, which confers on the Organization important mandates to strengthen democracy;
BEARING IN MIND ALSO that the ministers of foreign affairs of the Americas, meeting at a special session of the General Assembly in Lima, Peru, adopted the Inter-American Democratic Charter for the promotion, defense, and consolidation of democracy in the Hemisphere, which states that “the peoples of the Americas have a right to democracy and their governments have an obligation to promote and defend it” and that “democracy is essential for the social, political, and economic development of the peoples of the Americas”;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the Report of the Secretary General on the Strategy for Disseminating the Inter-American Democratic Charter;
CONSIDERING the advisability of strengthening ties of cooperation and coordination among the policy-making bodies of the Organization with the various organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system, with a view to strengthening democracy; and
HAVING SEEN the Report of the Permanent Council and the Report of the Chair of the Working Group on Representative Democracy,
1. To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of democracy, as expressed in the Inter-American Democratic Charter, and its determination to assign the highest priority to developing programs and activities to promote democratic principles and practices in the work of the Organization.
2. To urge the member states of the Organization:
a. To promote the Inter-American Democratic Charter and, when appropriate, implement it;
b. To promote the widest possible dissemination of the Inter-American Democratic Charter;
c. To promote the activities recommended in the Report of the Secretary General on the Strategy for Disseminating the Inter-American Democratic Charter (CP/doc.3550/02); and
d. To contribute to the Fund for Strengthening Democracy, the Peace Fund, and the Permanent Specific Fund to Finance Activities Related to OAS Electoral Observation Missions.
3. To instruct the Permanent Council, in the context of the mandates issued by the heads of state and government at the Third Summit of the Americas and those of the Inter-American Democratic Charter:
a. To hold a special session by April 2003 to review actions undertaken by the Organization in calendar year 2002 to promote and strengthen democracy, in order to determine such additional actions as may be deemed appropriate;
b. To pursue comprehensive consideration of the topics identified as priorities in the Summits of the Americas process and in the Inter-American Democratic Charter regarding the promotion and consolidation of democracy, through an ongoing dialogue in which all the entities of the inter-American system participate, along with governmental and academic experts; and
c. To continue providing any necessary guidance to the General Secretariat with respect to the activities it carries out in the area of democracy and, in particular, to the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD), on the basis of priorities established in the inter-American agenda.
4. Also to instruct the Permanent Council, with support from the General Secretariat, to hold a special meeting on the topic “Women’s Participation in Political Processes,” in September 2002, in accordance with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.
5. To congratulate the UPD for its work, and to urge it to continue to support the member states in their efforts to strengthen democratic institutions and processes and to develop a democratic culture, as reflected in its work plan and reports.
6. To request the General Secretariat:
a. To coordinate, through the UPD, the activities and programs of the various organs, units, and offices of the OAS relating to the promotion of representative democracy, so as to give appropriate attention to fulfilling the mandates on the inter-American agenda; and
b. To present, through the UPD, quarterly progress reports on the implementation of its work plan.
7. To instruct the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution.