AG/RES. 1882 (XXXII-O/02)
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION and the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session held on June 4, 2002)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the annual report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) (CP/doc.3547/02) and the observations and recommendations thereon by the Permanent Council (CP/doc.3600/02);
REAFFIRMING its commitment to the principles and purposes set forth in the 1986 Inter-American Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro against the Illicit Use and Production of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Traffic Therein and in the Anti-Drug Strategy in the Hemisphere;
RECOGNIZING the importance of the establishment and implementation of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) as a central pillar of hemispheric cooperation and a necessary instrument for the design of effective policy in combating all manifestations of the drug problem;
CONSIDERING that the General Assembly adopted resolution AG/RES. 1779 (XXXI-O/01), “Evaluation of Progress in Drug Control: First Round of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission”;
UNDERLINING that, at its second special session, CICAD approved the “Progress Report in Drug Control - 2001, Implementation of Recommendations from the First Evaluation Round,” which concluded the first round of implementation of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism MEM; and
BEARING IN MIND the important role played by CICAD in inter-American efforts to fight all aspects of the drug problem,
1. To thank the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) for presenting its annual report for 2001 (CP/doc.3547/02).
2. To note with appreciation the programs and projects undertaken by CICAD under the drug-control mandates issued in the plans of action of the Second and Third Summits of the Americas.
3. To urge member states, permanent observers, and international financial institutions to continue to help finance the programs and projects undertaken by CICAD in fulfillment of its work plan, in particular the alternative development programs intended to eliminate and prevent the appearance of illicit crops.
4. To urge member states, permanent observers, and international trade institutions to seek to maintain and strengthen trade preference systems that support alternative development programs aimed at reducing illicit crops in the region, such as the Andean Trade Preference Act, the Caribbean Basin Initiative, the special provisions of the Generalized System of Preferences of the European Union (EU) for the Andean and Central American countries, and the agreement between the EU and the African, Caribbean, and Pacific countries (Lomé Convention).
5. To note with satisfaction the “Progress Report in Drug Control 2001, Implementation of Recommendations from the First Evaluation Round,” which concluded the first round of implementation of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM).
6. To urge member states to continue carrying out activities directed toward full implementation of the national and hemispheric recommendations made during the first MEM round, in particular the development of national information systems and the strengthening of mechanisms for information exchange and international cooperation relating to all aspects of the problem.
7. To urge member states to renew the commitment demonstrated during the first evaluation round and to participate actively and fully, in a timely fashion, in the second round of the MEM, to be held in 2002 and 2003, which will make it possible to gauge the progress of efforts made by governments and become familiar with the status of the drug problem in the Hemisphere.
8. To instruct CICAD:
a. To help member states to develop uniform data collection systems that will make it possible to measure the problem of illicit drug use in order to draw up prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation programs in keeping with the specific needs of each state;
b. To assist member states in improving their control mechanisms to prevent the diversion of chemical substances used in the manufacture of controlled illicit drugs and pharmaceuticals, including the adoption of a uniform information system for the control of said substances;
c. To assist member states that so request in establishing and implementing Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) and to train staff responsible for investigation and prosecution of the laundering of assets;
d. To continue to provide technical and financial assistance for the implementation of alternative development projects in the member states affected by the presence of illicit crops, and to provide assistance in the search for diverse sources of financing for such programs; and
e. To help member states to enhance their mechanisms for preventing the diversion of firearms, their parts, components, and ammunition, and other materials related to illicit channels, inter alia by establishing databases to improve control at the national level and by the exchange of information among states.
9. To request CICAD to send such recommendations as it considers pertinent to the preparatory body for the Special Security Conference as a contribution to its preparations.