AG/RES. 1874 (XXXII-O/02)
INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, AMMUNITION, EXPLOSIVES, AND OTHER RELATED MATERIALS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session held on June 4, 2002)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
The annual report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.4059/02), especially the section on matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security; and
The report of the Secretary General on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CP/doc.3569/02);
Resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXIV-E/97), in which it resolved to adopt and open for signature the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials;
The resolutions on the subject: AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1750 (XXX-O/00), and AG/RES. 1800 (XXXI-O/01); and
Resolutions AG/RES. 1796 (XXXI-O/01), Support for the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects and AG/RES. 1797 (XXXI-O/01), Proliferation of and Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons;
WELCOMING the signing of the Convention by a majority of the member states of the Organization of American States and its entry into force on July 1, 1998;
STRESSING the urgent need for all states to take the appropriate measures and to cooperate with one another to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, because of the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each state and the region as a whole, since they jeopardize the well-being of peoples, their social and economic development, and their right to live in peace;
The significance of the fact that the Convention has served as a model for negotiation of the protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components, and ammunition, which complements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime; and
The importance of the Convention’s earliest possible entry into force in each of the member states of the Organization of American States; and taking note, in this context, of the report of the Secretary General (CP/doc.3569/02), presented in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1800 (XXXI-O/01);
BEARING IN MIND the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Traffic in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects, held from July 9 through 20, 2001, and the adoption of its 2001 Program of Action, which welcomes initiatives taken on the subject at the international, regional, subregional, national and local levels, and that encourage the competent international and regional organizations to undertake fresh initiatives to promote implementation of that Program;
The valuable support provided in the Hemisphere in implementing the Program of Action and international efforts under way to address this topic in the United Nations; and
The importance of the Model Regulations for the Control of the International Movement of Firearms, Their Parts and Components, and Ammunition of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), adopted at the twenty-eighth regular session under resolution AG/RES. 1543 (XXVIII-O/98), and expressing its satisfaction at the work in connection with those Model Regulations and the related training programs of CICAD;
CONVINCED of the need to continue and to intensify multilateral cooperation as a major contribution to solving the problems related to the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons; and
BEARING IN MIND:
That the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials is in effect for 15 sovereign states of the region; and
The holding of the third regular meeting of the Consultative Committee on May 2 and 3, 2002, at OAS headquarters,
1. To urge all member states that have not already done so to sign and ratify the Convention, as appropriate.
2. To note with satisfaction the work program (CIFTA/CC.III/doc.8/02) adopted by the Consultative Committee at its third regular meeting, and to express its support for the work of the Secretariat pro tempore.
3. To request the Permanent Council to hold, with the support of the Consultative Committee, an annual meeting on the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials, at which time the status of implementation of the national and regional components of the Program of Action on the Illicit Traffic of Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects of the United Nations should be examined.
4. To request the Consultative Committee to send any recommendations that it may consider pertinent to the preparatory body of the Special Conference on Security as a contribution to the preparation of that Conference.
5. To request the General Secretariat to continue to provide, within the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, the administrative and secretariat support required by the Consultative Committee for the performance of its functions and to take the necessary steps to that end, in accordance with Article 8 of the internal rules of procedure of the Consultative Committee and the corresponding resolutions.
6. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution.
7. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention.