AG/RES. 1855 (XXXII-O/02)
ADOPTION OF THE STRATEGIC PLAN FOR PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT 2002-2005
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session held on June 4, 2002)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
Article 95 of the OAS Charter, which establishes that “[i]n order to achieve its various goals, especially in the specific area of technical cooperation, the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) shall: a) formulate and recommend to the General Assembly a strategic plan which sets forth policies, programs, and courses of action in matters of cooperation for integral development, within the framework of the general policy and priorities defined by the General Assembly”;
Resolution CIDI/RES. 102 (V-O/00), "Conclusions and Recommendations of the Ministerial Dialogue of the Fifth Meeting of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development,” which provides guidelines for the preparation of the new Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2002-2005; and
Resolution AG/RES. 1806 (XXXI-O/01), "Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2002-2005," which authorizes CIDI to approve, at its Sixth Regular Meeting, the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2002-2005 ad referendum of the thirty-second regular session of the General Assembly, and to begin its implementation on January 1, 2002; and
Resolution CIDI/RES. 105 (VI-O/01) "Adoption of the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2002-2005" by which the CIDI meeting adopted such Plan ad referendum of the General Assembly,
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the experience acquired in implementing the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 1997-2001, and the start-up of the Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development in 2000; and
That the Declaration and Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City accords the OAS a key role in implementing the decisions of the Summits of the Americas;
That the venue for implementing the Plan of Action of the Summits of the Americas, in the priority areas of the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2002-2005, is the Inter-American Council for Integral Development; and
That the member states have decided to conduct technical cooperation activities for development that contribute to fulfillment of the mandates of the Third Summit of the Americas,
1. To adopt the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2002-2005 appended to this resolution.
2. To instruct CEPCIDI to review the statutes and procedures to determine whether they need to be amended in view of the entry into force of the new Strategic Plan and to facilitate its implementation.
STRATEGIC PLAN FOR PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT 2002-2005
The struggle against poverty and inequality, and especially the eradication of extreme poverty is a common and shared responsibility of the member states, and are essential factors in promoting and consolidating democracy. Furthermore, the need to achieve integral, just and sustainable social and economic development continues to pose a daunting challenge for the Hemisphere.
These principles have been front and center on the agenda of the OAS with the establishment of CIDI, and of the Summits of the Americas Process since 1994 and, especially, at the Quebec City Summit in April 2001 when Heads of State and Government placed emphasis on developing a coherent, results-oriented political, economic and social agenda, with a focus on people and social equity. Leaders placed special emphasis on the need to develop strong social initiatives to ensure a balanced Summit Plan of Action. In this context, based on principles of the Charter of the OAS, on the Summits mandates, priorities set out at inter-American meetings of ministers, and the Strategic Plan of 1997-2001, the member states have adopted this Strategic Plan that will guide the partnership for development activities of the Organization in the 2002-2005 period.
Partnership for development embraces all the member states, regardless of their level of development. This entails overcoming the traditional aid-oriented approach and developing instead forms of cooperation based on a partnership which, without attempting to impose models, would support economic and social measures taken by countries for their development, particularly those to combat poverty. It pays particular attention to horizontal and multilateral cooperation, and to the participation of communities, civil society and the private sectors in solving problems. This concept of cooperation also means that the OAS limited resources must be effectively targeted at the most pressing needs of the member states, especially those with smaller and most vulnerable economies.
This Strategic Plan establishes a framework for action at two strategic levels. First, the policy level that aims at strengthening the dialogue as well as the institutional arrangements and mechanisms that are critical to the ability of both governments and the General Secretariat to implement the Plan. The second, the programmatic level, identifies a number of priority areas that are of special concern to member states and in which the OAS enjoys a comparative advantage. These objectives are a combination of new as well as a consolidation of existing practices. They are intended to generate and implement policies for the reduction of poverty and inequality, as well as to follow up and implement the mandates of the Summits of the Americas.
Strategic Objective 1: Improve Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue
Ensure that the ministerial, sectoral, and inter-American committees’ meetings are adequately prepared for substantive policy dialogue. Furthermore, that they address critical areas of common concern, and are action oriented.
· Provide the ministerial, sectoral and inter-American committees’ meetings with research and in-depth background papers on current and emergent issues in the priority areas of interest, to facilitate formulation of the appropriate policies.
· Identify or create the appropriate institutional framework for follow-up and implementation of the activities and actions identified and agreed to at these meetings and provide it with the appropriate support.
· Enhance the process for evaluating the results of the meetings and monitoring the implementation of the activities arising from these meetings.
Strategic Objective 2: Building and Strengthening Partnerships
Establish new and strengthen existing strategic alliances with governmental, non-governmental, national, regional and multilateral development institutions, as well as with the private sector and civil society, to enhance the capacity to implement this Plan.
· Promote the exchange of information, experience, best practices and expertise.
· Facilitate consultation, collaboration and coordination for the purpose of programming joint cooperation activities.
· Establish and consolidate networks in priority areas of the Strategic Plan.
· Increase and enhance the General Secretariat’s responsibility to establish and develop partnerships.
· Maximize the use of information and communication technology in the activities related to the building and strengthening of partnerships.
Strategic Objective 3: Capacity Building
Enhance the capacity of institutions in the member states to design and implement cooperation programs, projects and activities and strengthen the capacity of individuals to contribute to the social and economic development of their countries.
· Develop training programs and workshops, including distance learning.
· Promote consultation and coordination to ensure the effective preparation of multilateral projects.
· Promote horizontal cooperation and the exchange of information on best practices in the design and execution of activities.
· Promote the use of appropriate technologies for information and communication.
· Organize meetings and workshops to contribute the effective preparation of multilateral projects.
Strategic Objective 4: Resource Mobilization
Secure increased financial and non-financial resources from diverse sources, with special emphasis on non-reimbursable funding, for the implementation of this Plan.
· Secure a continuing base of support from donors already committed to partnership for development.
· Promote cooperation of national and multilateral agencies, private and public foundations and international financial institutions and corporations.
· Develop contractual relationships with private sector institutions to obtain reimbursable financing.
Based on the proposed objectives, the accumulated experience in the implementation of the Strategic Plan 1997 – 2001, and taking into consideration the mandates from the Summits of the Americas, as guides to the formulation of this Strategic Plan, the activities of partnership for development for the 2002-2005 period will focus on the following areas:
· Social Development and Creation of Productive Employment
· Economic Diversification and Integration, Trade Liberalization and Market Access
· Scientific Development and Exchange and Transfer of Technology
· Strengthening of Democratic Institutions
· Sustainable Tourism Development
· Sustainable Development and Environment
Cross Cutting Themes
It is recognized that the participation and the experience of civil society, through democratic processes, constitutes one of the vital elements for the success of development policies carried out by the governments. Furthermore, the protection of the environment and the sustainable use of natural resources are essential to prosperity, and the development of human resources is key to sustaining economic growth and reducing poverty. Likewise, women's empowerment, their full and equal participation in the development of our societies, and their equal opportunities to exercise leadership are all central to integral development and the elimination of the broad range of inequalities that still exist.
Therefore, the programs, projects and activities of partnership for development (henceforth cooperation activities) in the above mentioned priority areas, must integrate, to the extent possible, as elements in their formulation, implementation and evaluation, the following: a) civil society participation; b) environmental considerations; c) development of human resources; and d) gender equality and equity.
The sectoral authorities, through decisions adopted at meetings held within the sphere of CIDI, may recommend adjustments to the content of the priorities defined below.
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND THE CREATION OF PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT
Economic growth with equity is a basic condition for promoting a better quality of life, overcoming poverty, and eliminating discrimination and social exclusion, in particular of the most vulnerable groups in the society. Employment is the most direct link between economic activity and increasing the standard of living of all peoples. It is essential to boost the productivity of the inhabitants of the Americas by supporting productive and entrepreneurial initiatives. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Contributing to the efforts of member states to build the capacity of Ministries of Labor to develop and implement effective policies on labor and labor markets;
· Contributing to the efforts of member states to strengthen information systems related to the functioning of the labor market and analysis of strategies for training and certification in job-related competencies as tools for advancing in market requirements;
· Implement programs aimed at improving labor conditions, with particular emphasis on health and safety in the workplace.
· Promoting public awareness regarding the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up, and initiatives involving the public and private sector to enhance respect for these rights.
· Supporting initiatives aimed at increasing the productivity and market access of small and microenterprises.
· Supporting the development and implementation of policies and programs aimed at facilitating access to the labor market and improving working conditions for people in all countries in the region, with special attention to those in the informal sector, to people belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, other vulnerable persons including women, youth, indigenous, migrant workers, persons with disabilities and persons with HIV/AIDS.
Education is indispensable to strengthening democratic institutions, promoting the development of human potential, alleviating poverty, and fostering greater understanding among peoples. Educational processes should be strengthened in order to contribute to the knowledge, values and attitudes that favor the recognition of diversity, tolerance and mutual respect, non-violence, the values of justice, social equity, cooperation and partnership among the people. It is essential that quality education must be available to all, particularly children and youth whose participation is limited because of gender, women, inhabitants of rural, marginalized areas, people with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and minority groups. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Promoting the principles of equity, quality, relevance and efficiency at all levels of education through partnership for development activities;
· Strengthening school management models that encourage greater community participation;
· Supporting efforts aimed at educational reform, particularly with regard to educational methods, curriculum development, educational administration and resource mobilization, among others;
· Supporting ongoing teacher education and training;
· Supporting countries in the implementation of projects and activities in secondary education and higher education that meet the needs of a constantly evolving labor market.
· Advancing the use of new technologies and teaching methods, to enhance equity and quality in education.
· Supporting ongoing regional projects for comparable indicators and educational assessment.
· Supporting the mobility, between countries of the Hemisphere, of students, teachers and administrator at institution of higher education and of teachers and administrators at elementary and secondary levels.
ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION AND INTEGRATION, TRADE LIBERALIZATION, AND MARKET ACCESS
The creation and consolidation of a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) will lead to substantive progress in trade liberalization. The direct results of this action will benefit the economic development of the member states. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Providing technical assistance on FTAA issues to member states and, particularly, small economies, to facilitate their integration into the FTAA process.
· Strengthening inter-institutional cooperation on trade issues by means of subregional and regional forums.
· Supporting activities aimed at widely publicizing in civil society the benefits of economic integration.
· Supporting activities to enhance the competitiveness of member states, particularly those with smallest economies.
· Supporting the projects and initiatives that strengthen the capacity of the business sector to generate employment and promote social well being via foreign trade.
SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT AND EXCHANGE AND TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY
Science, technology and innovation have a fundamental strategic role in the integral development. The promotion, exchange and transfer of technology allows for the rapid advancement in the formation of societies with greater scientific and technical knowledge and skills, and better comparative advantages. In this framework the focus will be on:
· Promoting the public understanding of science and technology needed to advance the establishment and the consolidation of a scientific culture in the region and to stimulate of science and technology research and education in the region in order to enhance regional connectivity, through information and communication technologies essential for building knowledge-based societies;
· Supporting the development of high-level human capital for the development of science and technology research and innovation that would encourage the strengthening of the agricultural, industrial, commercial, and business sectors as well as the sustainability of the environment;
· Promoting, with the support of existing cooperation mechanisms, the development of the regional program of science and technology indicators taking into account the need for standardized criteria among member states to develop those indicators;
· Fostering the implementation and follow-up of the scientific and technological activities mentioned above, with the support of hemispheric cooperation and coordination mechanisms related to this field.
STRENGTHENING OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS
Democracy and social and economic development are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Effective, efficient government institutions, transparency, public accountability, and the separation of powers are cornerstones of integral development. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Promoting the use of technology, cooperation, and sharing of information, experiences, and best practices to facilitate public engagement and transparency in governmental decision-making processes.
· Contributing to the efforts of member states in the development of educational programs to teach democracy and human rights, including the human rights of women.
· Promoting cooperation between states for the application of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption, particularly through government officials responsible for ethics and representatives of civil society.
· Promoting policies, processes, and mechanisms conducive to protecting the public interest and the use of mechanisms for public officials to issue a statement of personal net worth.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM
Tourism’s potential as an engine of sustainable economic growth and development of the member states is widely recognized. Enhancing the region’s competitiveness in this sector requires continuous diversification, innovation and upgrading of the tourism product. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Supporting member states in their efforts to develop the tourism sector as an integral part of their development policies;
· Increasing the focus on product development, especially the development of products for niche markets;
· Developing and adopting products standards in keeping with the international tourism market;
· Promoting the sustainable development of tourism, fostering public awareness on the importance of the linkage between tourism and the environment;
· Adopting and using information and communication technology as a management and marketing tool;
· Supporting education, at all levels, as well as the development and training of human resources in the tourism industry;
· Supporting the dialogue between the public and private sector aimed at strengthening the sustainable development of the tourism industry;
· Promoting confidence-building measures through improved security at airports, seaports and borders;
· Assisting in the design and the implementation of targeted marketing and promotional strategies in order to develop and expand the tourism industry.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Environmental protection and the sustainable use of natural resources are essential to prosperity, and to the sustainability of our economies, the quality of life and the health of present and future generations. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Supporting efforts of member states in the development of policies, legislation, agreements, standards, and investments to promote the use of clean energy and technologies prevent pollution and the deterioration of natural resources and remedy their serious effects where they are found to exist.
· Contributing to efforts to reduce vulnerability to natural disasters, and preventing and adapting to global climate change, in accordance with relevant international agreements.
· Promoting public participation in sustainable development efforts as an integral component of natural resource planning and management, so as to ensure that the interests of the communities will be taken into account.
· Promoting national and regional consultation and coordination, as appropriate, to ensure that economic, social, and environmental policies are mutually supportive and contribute to sustainable development, based on the existing initiatives of the relevant regional and international organizations.
· Promoting improved environmental management at the municipal level, through exchange of information between local communities and capacity building, including strengthening of local institutions and services.
· Contributing to the efforts of the member states to develop educational and public information programs that stimulate awareness on the sustainable use of natural resources and conservation of the environment.
Respect and appreciation for cultural diversity contribute to social and economic vitality and are factors that help promote governability, social cohesion, human development, human rights, and peaceful coexistence in the Hemisphere. In this framework, the focus will be on:
· Supporting programs that promote respect, awareness and appreciation for the ethnic, religious, racial, and linguistic diversity that enriches the cultural identity of the member states.
· Supporting initiatives designed to recognize promote and disseminate the unique cultures of indigenous peoples and their contribution to the creation of national identities in the member states in which they reside.
· Contributing to the preservation of the collective memory and historical and cultural patrimony of the member states, through the promotion of cultural industries and training in the administration of cultural institutions, among others.
In order to achieve the partnership for development objectives previously indicated, the following execution and financing mechanisms are to be used:
1. Execution Mechanisms:
a. Political Dialogue: The Inter-American Council for Integral Development
CIDI will serve as the main forum for inter-American dialogue within the OAS in areas related to social and economic development. It will also generate mechanisms to strengthen the partnership for development and will act as a catalyst in mobilizing human, technical, and financial resources and in implementing the mandates emanating from the Summits of the Americas in their particular areas of competence.
CIDI will promote, facilitate, and guide the hemispheric dialogue on sectoral and specialized policies on topics related to the social and economic development of the hemisphere. In so doing, it will give priority to commitments made by the Heads of State and Government at the Summits of the Americas. To this end, CIDI will create and promote mechanisms for preparation of the dialogues, it will support ministerial meetings in its area of competence, it will implement the relevant mandates, and it will promote coordination among the different regional or sub-regional financial and development institutions and agencies working in the field.
In these efforts, CIDI will be guided by the basic need to provide maximum support for the specialized or sectoral meetings that define policies and activities in the priority areas of the Strategic Plan, particularly those in the sectoral areas derived from the Summit of the Americas process. The Executive Secretariat for Integral Development will be responsible for providing support for these meetings, and for taking the necessary steps to ensure that the meetings are adequately prepared and fully support the implementation of their decisions. It will accomplish this by coordinating the relevant Units of the General Secretariat and the IACD.
b. Programs, Projects and Activities:
Partnership for development activities carried out in the framework of the Organization of American States must be consistent with this Strategic Plan, maintain an appropriate geographic balance, and, to the extent possible, will promote horizontal cooperation, a multilateral focus, the exchange of best practices and the development and strengthening of strategic alliances.
c. Training Programs
The development of human potential was given the highest importance in the framework of the Third Summit of the Americas in Quebec City, Canada. Development of human resources is an indispensable component of partnership for development, recognized as a cross cutting theme in this Strategic Plan.
Accordingly, the fellowship, scholarship and training program will be strengthened and improved in order to encompass a wider range of learning opportunities, as well as professional and academic exchanges, distance education, and other similar activities.
Advantage will also be taken of the different instruments provided by new information and communication technologies, to benefit from systems of distance learning, multimedia and education by satellite.
a. Special Multilateral Fund of CIDI (FEMCIDI)
The voluntary contributions of member states to the activities carried out under the Strategic Plan are credited to FEMCIDI, and placed in the sectoral accounts associated with the priority areas of the Plan and/or in the Integral Development Account, in accordance with the Statute.
The partnership for development activities financed by this fund, should include, whenever possible, strategies for co-financing, self-sustainability and mobilization of external resources.
b. Specific and Trust Funds
Contributions or donations made for a specific purpose by any state or public or private entity for implementation of partnership projects or activities may go into a Specific Fund or a Trust Fund managed by the OAS General Secretariat. They will be allocated in accordance with the terms of written agreements between the contributors and the OAS General Secretariat, pursuant to the General Standards.
Specific Funds, with multiple donors, may develop new methods of programming and implementing projects that include the participation of all donors.
c. Regular Fund
The resources of the OAS Regular Fund will be used to finance CIDI and its subsidiary organs and agencies and the regular operations of the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development. They will also go to the technical supervision and administrative support of multilateral programs for integral development, based on specific approval of the funds in the program-budget by the General Assembly.
d. Additional Resources for Financing Cooperation Activities
i) Non-reimbursable Resources
The IACD will take those measures necessary to diversify sources of non-reimbursable financing for partnership activities and projects and increase existing resources. To this end, efforts will be concentrated on:
a. Promote an increase and greater use of specific funds to strengthen cooperation among member states.
b. Promote contributions from observer states and the private sector for specific activities.
c. Seek new methods of co-financing which encourage direct participation by communities including both the private and public sector.
d. Develop project formulation methodologies that can attract both direct funding, as well as non-financial contributions such as offers of training or experts.
ii. Reimbursable Resources
For the purpose of offering alternative sources of financing, the IACD will identify and facilitate to member states lines of credit and other mechanisms of reimbursable financing, subject to the policy guidance provided by the Management Board.
V. The Cooperation Actors
1. The Member States
The member states define the policies of partnership for development, through the decisions adopted by the General Assembly, CIDI, CEPCIDI, as well as the Management Board of the IACD, who will establish the mechanisms of identification, processing, programming, budget, execution, and monitor and evaluate partnership for development activities with the intention of making them more effective and efficient.
Within the spirit of the partnership for development, the national institutions taking part in the development, organization and execution of cooperation activities, will have to take into account the priority areas and the guidelines contained in this Strategic Plan, to ensure that the projects and activities related to the Plan are tied to mandates of Summits and give priority to those of a multilateral character. Also, they will contribute, within their possibilities, complementary financial, human or material resources.
Member states, through the exchange of information on best practices and experts in the priority areas, will assist other countries in their efforts to improve the design of proposed partnership for development activities and projects and to implement them. The IACD will provide the necessary technical assistance to achieve this goal.
2. The OAS General Secretariat
The General Secretariat, through SEDI, will provide support to CIDI’s forums for dialogue and its subsidiary bodies to generate and implement policies for integral development. The IACD will provide the technical support required by the member states for the implementation of the present Plan. The General Secretariat will promote and support the implementation of partnership for development activities and will assist in the implementation of this Plan. The SEDI will coordinate the cooperation activities of the different Units, Offices, and other dependencies of the General Secretariat related to the priority areas covered by the Plan in keeping with the mechanisms established by the Secretary General.
The IACD, in keeping with its Statutes, should promote, coordinate, manage, and facilitate the planning, financing and execution of partnership for development programs, projects and activities, in particular, in the framework of this Plan.
VI. Evaluation and Monitoring of the Strategic Plan
CIDI is responsible for monitoring and evaluating fulfillment of the Strategic Plan. In the framework of its regular meeting, CIDI shall evaluate partnership for development activities and the monitoring of the policies defined. To this end SEDI shall present to CIDI, through CEPCIDI, a qualitative and quantitative reports on the evaluation of the implementation of policies and on the results achieved in partnership for development activities carried out in the framework of this Plan, in terms of their impact, efficacy and efficiency, use of resources and of the quality of technical cooperation services rendered.
To achieve this, the IACD is to implement mechanisms to monitor and evaluate the performance of the projects financed with funds entrusted to the management of the IACD, so that they contribute to increase its efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. These mechanisms will define where appropriate, the participation of the Units, Offices of the General Secretariat in the member states and other dependencies of the General Secretariat, as well as the frequency whereupon the executing institutions must present reports on the projects that they execute.
Based on the evaluation reports presented, CIDI can modify the strategic plan fitting its execution and the designated objectives.