Multilateral Treaties

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A-60: INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON THE FORCED DISAPPEARANCE OF PERSONS

ADOPTED AT: BELEM DO PARA, BRAZIL

DATE: 06/09/94

CONF/ASSEM/MEETING: TWENTY-FOURTH REGULAR SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO THE
ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 03/28/96   IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE XX OF THE CONVENTION, 
ON THE THIRTIETH DAY FROM THE DATE OF DEPOSIT OF THE SECOND INSTRUMENT OF RATIFICATION

DEPOSITORY: GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (ORIGINAL INSTRUMENT AND RATIFICATIONS)

TEXT:

UN REGISTRATION:   /  /    No.         Vol.

OBSERVATIONS:

GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE TREATY: A-60

COUNTRY SIGNATURE RATIFICATION/ACCESSION DEPOSIT INFORMATION*
Antigua & Barbuda - - - -
Argentina 06/10/94 10/31/95 02/28/96 RA -
Bahamas - - - -
Barbados - - - -
Belize - - - -
Bolivia 09/14/94 09/19/96 05/05/99 RA -
Brazil 06/10/94 07/26/2013 02/03/2014 RA -
Canada - - - -
Chile 06/10/94 01/13/10 01/26/10 RA -
Colombia 08/05/94 04/01/05 04/12/05 RA -
Costa Rica 06/10/94 03/20/96 06/02/96 RA -
Dominica - - - -
Dominican Republic - - - -
Ecuador 02/08/00 07/07/2006 07/27/2006 RA -
El Salvador - - - -
Grenada - - - -
Guatemala 06/24/94 07/27/99 02/25/00 RA Yes
Guyana - - - -
Haiti - - - -
Honduras 06/10/94 04/28/05 07/11/05 RA -
Jamaica - - - -
Mexico 05/04/01 02/28/02 04/09/02 RA Yes
Nicaragua 06/10/94 - - -
Panama 10/05/94 07/31/95 02/28/96 RA -
Paraguay 11/08/95 08/26/96 11/26/96 RA -
Peru 01/08/01 02/08/02 02/13/02 RA -
St. Kitts & Nevis - - - -
St. Lucia - - - -
St. Vincent & Grenadines - - - -
Suriname - - - -
Trinidad & Tobago - - - -
United States - - - -
Uruguay 06/30/94 02/06/96 04/02/96 RA -
Venezuela 06/10/94 07/06/98 01/19/99 RA -

*DECLARATIONS/RESERVATIONS/DENUNCIATIONS/WITHDRAWLS

1.- Guatemala:

Pursuant to Article XIX of the Convention, the Republic of Guatemala, upon ratifying the Convention, formulates a reservation regarding the application of Article V thereof, since Article 27 of its Political Constitution establishes that "extradition proceedings, for political crimes shall not be instituted against Guatemalans, who shall in no case be handed over to a foreign government, except as provided in treaties and conventions concerning crimes against humanity o against international law," and that for the time being, there is no domestic Guatemalan legislation governing the matter of extradition.

Withdrawal of the reservation regarding the aplication of article V made at the time of the reservation (September 7, 2001).

 

2.- Mexico: Inter-American Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons Reservation made when depositing the instrument of ratification (April 9, 2002) ”The Government of the United Mexican States, upon ratifying the Inter-American Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons adopted in Belem, Brazil on
June 9, 1994 makes express reservation to Article IX, inasmuch as the Political Constitution recognizes military jurisdiction when a member of the armed forces commits an illicit act while on duty. Military jurisdiction does not constitute a special jurisdiction in the sense of the Convention given that according to Article 14 of the Mexican Constitution nobody may be deprived of his life, liberty, property, possessions, or rights except as a result of a trial before previously established courts in which due process is observed in accordance with laws promulgated prior to the fact.”
Interpretative declaration made when depositing the instrument of ratification (April 9, 2002)

Based on Article 14 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, the Government of Mexico declares, upon ratifying the Inter-American Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons adopted in Belem, Brazil on June 9, 1994, that it shall be understood that the provisions of said Convention shall apply to acts constituting the forced disappearance of persons ordered, executed, or committed after the entry into force of this Convention.

On July 11, 2014, the Secretary-General acknowledged receipt of a letter by Government of the United States of Mexico notifying the depositary the withdrawal of the reservation to Article IX of the Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons, signed in Belém do Pará, Brazil on June 9, 1994.

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