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Department of International Law
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Signatories and Ratifications

A-53: PROTOCOL TO THE AMERICAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS 
TO ABOLISH THE DEATH PENALTY
ADOPTED AT: ASUNCION, PARAGUAY
DATE: 06/08/90
CONF/ASSEM/MEETING: TWENTIETH REGULAR SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
ENTRY INTO FORCE:   /  /     THIS PROTOCOL SHALL ENTER INTO FORCE AMONG THE
STATES THAT RATIFY OR ACCEDE TO IT WHEN THEY DEPOSIT THEIR RESPECTIVE 
INSTRUMENTS OF RATIFICATION OR ACCESSION (ARTICLE 4)
DEPOSITORY: OAS GENERAL SECRETARIAT (ORIGINAL INSTRUMENT AND RATIFICATIONS)
TEXT: OAS, TREATY SERIES, No. 73
UN REGISTRATION:   /  /    No.         Vol.
OBSERVATIONS:
GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE TREATY: A-53
COUNTRY SIGNATURE RATIFICATION/ACCESSION DEPOSIT INFORMATION*
Antigua & Barbuda - - - -
Argentina 12/12/2006 06/18/2008 09/05/2008 RA -
Bahamas - - - -
Barbados - - - -
Belize - - - -
Bolivia - - - -
Brazil 06/07/94 07/31/96 08/13/96 RA Yes
Canada - - - -
Chile 09/10/01 08/04/2008 10/16/2008 RA Yes
Colombia - - - -
Costa Rica 10/28/91 03/30/98 05/26/98 -
Dominica - - - -
Dominican Republic - 12/19/11 01/27/12 AD -
Ecuador 08/27/90 02/05/98 04/15/98 -
El Salvador - - - -
Grenada - - - -
Guatemala - - - -
Guyana - - - -
Haiti - - - -
Honduras - 09/14/11 11/10/11 AD -
Jamaica - - - -
Mexico - 06/28/07 08/20/07 AD -
Nicaragua 08/30/90 03/24/99 11/09/99 RA -
Panama 11/26/90 06/27/91 08/28/91 RA -
Paraguay 06/08/99 10/31/00 12/07/00 RA -
Peru - - - -
St. Kitts & Nevis - -
Suriname - - - -
Trinidad & Tobago - - - -
United States - - - -
Uruguay 10/02/90 02/08/94 04/04/94 RA -
Venezuela 09/25/90 04/06/94 07/09/94 RA -
REF = REFERENCE 					INST = TYPE OF INSTRUMENT
D = DECLARATION 					RA = RATIFICATION
R = RESERVATION 					AC = ACCEPTANCE
INFORMA = INFORMATION REQUIRED BY THE TREATY		AD = ACCESSION
*DECLARATIONS/RESERVATIONS/DENUNCIATIONS/WITHDRAWALS
A-53 PROTOCOL TO THE AMERICAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN  RIGHTS 
TO ABOLISH THE DEATH PENALTY 
STATEMENTS AND DECLARATIONS

1.   Brazil:
 "In ratifying the Protocol to Abolish the Death Penalty, adopted in Asunción on June 8, 1990, 
I make hereby, in compliance with constitutional requirements, a reservation under the terms of Article 2 
of the said Protocol, which guarantees states parties the right to apply the death penalty in wartime 
in accordance with international law, for extremely serious crimes of a military nature."
 
2.   Chile:  
"The State of Chile makes the reservation authorized under Article 2.1 of the Protocol 
to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the Death Penalty and may, 
therefore, apply the death penalty in wartime in accordance with international law,
for extremely serious crimes of a military nature.”
 

[Text of the Treaty]

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