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Trade or possession of protected or prohibited species of fauna and flora (ICCS 1003)
INCLUSIONS: Trafficking in wildlife, unlawful trade or possession of wildlife; ivory trafficking; possession of dangerous or controlled animals; breeding of dangerous animals
EXCLUSIONS: Theft of a pet (050221); offences against the treatment, raising or keeping of animals (10091); robbery of livestock (04014); theft of livestock (05025)
SPECIMEN is any animal or plant, whether alive or dead, or any recognizable part or derivative thereof.
PROTECTED SPECIES is a species of fauna or flora under protection due to its risk of becoming extinct because of its low population, over-hunting/fishing, environmental change, predation, or other reasons. (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. 1973. Web:
PROHIBITED SPECIES is a species of fauna or flora that is prohibited by national law due to its invasive qualities to the environment, poses a danger to persons, or other potential to cause harm. (European Union. Developing an EU Framework for Invasive Alien Species. Web:

[Source:International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 90-91, including footnote 140]