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Violent crime in São Paulo has dropped dramatically. Is this why?

World Economic Forum

  • 17 April 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 12
  • 0 Comments
Violent crime in São Paulo has dropped dramatically. Is this why?
In this brief article, Robert Muggah and Ilona Szabó de Carvalho hint at some of the politics that led to the decrease of homicide in São Paulo from 52.5 per 100.000 in 1999 to 6.1 per 100.000 today. The renovation of the São Paulo state’s police that included the intensive use of data and technological tools opened the door for incorporation of hot spot and community policing strategies in the agency. Also, community-oriented policies planned from a public health perspective targeted the habits/conditions that were seen to trigger violence, such as the consumption and expend of alcohol at late night and the easy access to firearms. While police brutality is still a problem in the state, the reforms also included a process of culture change on what it means to be a police officer.

Social Crime Prevention in Trinidad

Pan American Development Foundation

  • 11 April 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 13
  • 0 Comments
Social Crime Prevention in Trinidad
Trinidad and Tobago has seen its public security deteriorate as the epidemic of violence in Latin America spreads from country to country. This violence is the result of the easy access to firearms and the segregation/exclusion of young men from the society, which translates in the formation of highly territorial gangs. With these conditions, Trinidad and Tobago counted more than 100 gangs and a tenth place on global murder rates in 2016. To tackle this issue the government partnered with the US State Department and the Pan American Development Foundation to create the “Resistance and Prevention Program” (RAPP), which is also present in the Bahamas and Suriname. The RAPP program builds trust between communities and law enforcement agencies through dialogues, community policing and outreach programs. It has brought a whole government approach, where different institution share information and don’t duplicate information. Through efficiency and comprehensiveness the program provides the tools to schools, families, social workers and law enforcement officers for the common reconstruction of the social fabric and harmony in the communities.

Rio Residents Support Military Intervention, but Doubt It Will Help

C.H. Gardiner

  • 10 April 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 10
  • 0 Comments
Rio Residents Support Military Intervention, but Doubt It Will Help
Military intervention in urban areas are seen as a positive measure often because of the negative opinion citizens have on their police departments. Cases of corruption and even extrajudicial executions alienate people from police officers and create an atmosphere of mistrust in which crime thrives. Military personnel on the other hand enjoy of a generally good perception by the public because of the patriotic service they dive to their nation. However, it is evident for the public that a long lasting solution for the problems of their city’s crime and violence situation is not the constant presence of the armed forces in the streets. A survey conducted by InSight Crime confirms this idea through the data collected in present Rio de Janeiro where a militaristic approach has been used to combat crime.

Why education, not punishment, is the solution to reducing crime

John Lonergan

  • 6 April 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 14
  • 0 Comments
Why education, not punishment, is the solution to reducing crime
When deciding on how to use the public resources in regards to the control of criminality, often politicians engage in reactive policies. Hard-line strategies of policing and incarceration are used as a way to please the electorate and keep popularity high as well. But in reality, keeping the approach to criminality on a reactive stance is only going to increase the costs of the penitentiary system and will tear apart and segregate communities that struggle to make a decent living. In his service at the Irish penitentiary system, John Lonergan discovered the particular characteristics of the imprisoned. Often left behind by the public social services, the delinquents were uneducated and illiterate people who left school at very young age. Without guidance and/or support from somebody else, those young dropouts ended up being caught in the hands of delinquency. Preventive policies, even when they may not be as popular as the reactive ones, have a remarkable impact on vulnerable communities and on crime. Providing education and opportunities for youth at risk proves then again to be the best investment a government can do to improve the conditions of its society.

Protegiendo a la infancia en Colombia

Raúl Arnaiz - Save the Children

  • 4 April 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 12
  • 0 Comments
Protegiendo a la infancia en Colombia
Las condiciones de pobreza y segregación en Cali, Colombia dejan a los niños, niñas y adolescentes de poblaciones vulnerables en una situación precaria. Los hogares, en varios casos encabezados por solo la madre, se encuentran vacíos puesto a que dicha figura maternal se encuentra afuera buscando ingresos para la familia. En este ambiente, los pequeños carecen de guías adultas que les permitan educarse, socializar y/o alimentarse de una manera adecuada. Los hogares de la Comuna 18 instalados por la ONG “Save the Children” son espacios seguros para que los niños, niñas y adolescentes caleños puedan satisfacer sus necesidades básicas. La atención va más allá de la entrega de alimentos, en dicho hogar los pequeños pueden expresarse libremente por medio de las artes y los padres pueden obtener ayuda psicológica para contribuir en su labor de crianza. Al tener un espacio libre de violencia o de comportamientos negativos, los niños y niñas pueden socializar y adoptar normas de conducta saludables que no podrían haber aprendido en la realidad tosca de las calles de la Comuna 18. En pocas palabras, la construcción del tejido social desde dicho centro de ayuda provee esperanza y una certeza de futuro a los pequeños(as) y a sus padres/madres.
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