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August – December 2023
Panel: "Freedom of expression as a path to ending structural discrimination in the United States".
December 7, 2023.
Snapshot of the situation of the rights of LGBTI persons in the region

🇧🇷 Brazil: August 23. The Supreme Federal Court (STF) of Brazil equated crimes against LGBTI persons to racial offenses.

🇧🇸 The Bahamas: December 7. Prime Minister Philip Davis calls for a thorough investigation into potential cases of bias-related violence and condemns an act of violence against a trans woman.

🇨🇱 Chile: September 7. President Gabriel Boric publicly acknowledged international responsibility for the lesbophobia suffered by teacher Sandra Pavez in 2007. This recognition is part of the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued in February 2022.

🇨🇴 Colombia: September 27. The JEP (Special Jurisdiction for Peace) announced the opening of macro case 11, which will investigate gender-based violence, including sexual and reproductive violence, and crimes committed due to prejudice.

🇺🇸 United States. August 2. The Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) launched a policy for inclusive LGBTQI+ development.

🇲🇽 Mexico: September 17. The Second Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation ruled as unconstitutional the conditioning of the right to a widower's pension based on the sexual orientation, sex, or gender of individuals.

🇩🇴 Dominican Republic: September 1. The Attorney General of the Republic issued an instruction on the handling of cases involving vulnerable populations, such as the appropriate treatment of LGBTQ persons in judicial procedures.
🇺🇾 Uruguay. September 1. During the month of diversity, the Ministry of Social Development (MIDES) promotes the mental health of LGBTI individuals.

The human rights situation of trans persons in the States of the region is a constant challenge.
Trans persons continue to face significant hurdles in their pursuit of equality and recognition despite advances in some countries. One of the major obstacles is the persistent discrimination and violence manifested in attacks, hate crimes, and a lack of access to basic services. Respect for gender identity is essential to guarantee access to rights and to build more inclusive societies.
Political violence against trans women, lesbians, and persons of diverse sexual orientations.
Throughout the year, various cases of political violence and stigmatizing discourses against sexually and gender-diverse women with political leadership roles have been observed across the region. These attacks aim to obstruct their performance of duties and their work as advocates.

The political participation of women, gender and sexual minorities, ethnic-racial minorities, and other historically excluded persons is essential for the exercise of human rights and democracy.
Lack of visibility and public policies to protect intersex children.
Intersex persons, especially children, continue to face challenges related to medical violence. The absence of specific public policies addressing the needs and rights of intersex people has resulted in an alarming lack of protection. It is important to develop policies that safeguard them from medical violence and ensure a respectful and prejudice-free environment. These policies should acknowledge and respect bodily autonomy, informed consent, and gender identity, and guarantee comprehensive healthcare.


Country visits

The Rapporteur, Commissioner Roberta Clarke, conducted a promotional visit to Brazil from September 18 to 22, meeting with state authorities, LGBTI activists, and advocates.
The LGBTI Rapporteurship participated in a promotional visit to Canada. The delegation was led by former President and former Commissioner Margarette May Macaulay.

Public hearings

188th Session - Brazil: Protection of the human rights of transgender children and adolescents. November 7, 2023.

Public activities

Panel: Freedom of Expression as a Path to End Structural Discrimination in the United States.” December 7, 2023.

Promotional events

August 22. Gender Identity Recognition (virtual, Guatemala)
August 29. International Forum: Towards the Construction of Dignified Treatment for Persons Deprived of Liberty and the Promotion of Mechanisms for the Prevention and Investigation of Torture and Other Ill-Treatment (Virtual, Honduras)
September 6. Second Regional Forum: Advancing towards the Construction of a Regional Protocol for the Investigation of Violent Deaths of LGBTIQ+ Individuals (Bogotá, Colombia)
September 27. Training Diploma in IAHRS "Héctor Fix Zamudio" 2023 edition (Mexico City, Mexico)
October 25. Panel: Intersex Visibility Day (Washington D.C., United States)
Statements and campaigns
on social media

August 7. IACHR urges Venezuela to refrain from criminalizing LGBTI individuals.
October 26. IACHR calls for ensuring the rights of older intersex individuals.
December 12. IACHR presented a case before the IACHR regarding acts of violence against Jesús Rondón, an LGBTI defender, concerning Venezuela.

Social media

September 23. Las personas #Bisexuales tienen #DerechosHumanos, entre ellos: 💖 Una vida libre de violencia y discriminación, 💜 Ser visibles e incluidas en datos estadísticos oficiales, 💙 Ser protegidas contra discursos que niegan su existencia
September 23. #Brasil: La #CIDH alerta sobre un proyecto de ley que busca la creación de una figura jurídica alternativa al matrimonio llamada "unión homoafetiva" en el caso de parejas del mismo sexo. Esto representaría un retroceso en términos de derechos humanos para las personas #LGBTI en el país.
October 16. Las #PersonasMayores tienen derecho a recibir un trato digno, ser respetadas y valoradas independientemente de su orientación sexual e identidad de género. #DerechosHumanos. Visita el Micrositio👉🏾
Novermber 16. #México: #CIDH lamenta muerte de le magistrade Ociel Baena, persona no binaria defensora de #DerechosHumanos #LGBTI. Insta al Estado a investigar con debida diligencia y perspectiva de género, considerando su labor como persona defensora y operadora de justicia, y las posibles motivaciones de discriminación y prejuicio en los hechos relacionados con su muerte.
December 5. El colapso del sistema de salud en #Venezuela afecta los #DerechosHumanos de todas las personas, y principalmente de:   👉🏿 #Mujeres,   👉🏻#PersonasConDiscpacidad, 👉🏽#PersonasMayores , 👉🏿 #PersonasAfrodescendientes, 👉🏻 Personas #LGBTI.
The Office of the Rapporteur participated in several meetings with civil society organizations and human rights defenders. If you would like to request a meeting or training session with us, send an e-mail to: [email protected]
The information presented in this newsletter corresponds to the period from August 1 to December 31, 2023.
The Rapporteurship will continue to monitor the human rights situation of LGBTI persons in the region.
Contact us at: [email protected]
Follow the IACHR on social networks.
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