Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI)

Department of Economic Development 

Information on OAS Member Countries


ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
Antigua is a 280 sq km limestone and coral island located in the Center of the Eastern Caribbean Chain, with a population of approximately 85,600. Antigua boasts 365 beaches, and the island’s rich history and spectacular topography provides for a variety of sightseeing opportunities and recreational activities.  The sister island of Barbuda lies 27 miles northeast of Antigua with a land area of 161 sq km. A sparse resident population, simple infrastructure and rich tropical wildlife allow this island to remain an untouched Caribbean destination. Barbuda offers visitors miles of spectacular beaches most notable the Pink Sand Beach, nearly eight miles of deserted oceanfront which glows rose thanks to the crushed coral in the mix. Pink Sand beach has been rated one of the best remote beaches in the World.

Tourism Statistics 2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

266

356

581

32.9

Official Web Pages :
Ministry of Tourism
Corporate Website Ministry of Tourism
Antigua Hotels and Tourist Association


ARGENTINA


BAHAMAS
The Bahamas - 700 islands of which 23 are inhabited and the others unpopulated islets and cays. The Bahamas, extends to an area of 13,880 sq km, nestled just 50 miles off the coast of South Florida, and has a resident population of approximately 307,550. The islands of The Bahamas are as diverse as they are numerous, ranging from metropolitan Nassau to the nature sanctuary that is Inagua, to the pristine beauty of the Exumas and the ecological wonder that is Grand Bahama, which has one of the world’s longest underwater limestone cave systems. Visitors can engage in an array of activities, from fine dining to local markets with authentic Bahamian cuisine, to water sports and boutique shopping, set against the backdrop of a memorable mix of historic charm, modern attractions, and the warm Caribbean Sea.

Tourism Statistics 2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

1,462

2,164

2,861

51.5

Official Web Pages:
Ministry of Tourism
Bahamas Hotel Association


BARBADOS
Barbados is the most Easterly of the Caribbean islands, with a total land area of 430 sq km, and an estimated population of 284,500. The topography includes low-lying coastal beaches, coral reefs, underground lakes and caves. Endowed with more than 70 miles of beach front, the island shores range from ivory to pale pink. The southern and western coasts of Barbados border the calm light blue Caribbean Sea,  while along the island's east coast, which faces the Atlantic Ocean, there are tumbling waves, perfect for light surfing. Barbados is also home to many indigenous and migratory species of wildlife, birds and mammals, including the endangered green turtles which can still be seen laying their eggs along the shore. Visitors to Barbados will discover a vibrant culture passionate in spirit and full of life.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

575

974

616

28.4


Official Web Pages:

Barbados Tourism Board
Barbados Hotel and Tourism Association
INNtimate Barbados (Small Hotels Association)

BELIZE
Belize is located on the north-eastern tip of Central America’s Caribbean Coast, and has a total area of 22,966 sq km. With a population of approximately 307,900 Belize is the only Central American nation with a British colonial heritage. A combination of natural factors—the Belize Barrier Reef (174 mile long, the longest in the Western Hemisphere), the largest cave system in Central America, 127 offshore Cays (islands), Mayan ruins and lush tropical rainforest—support the thriving tourism and ecotourism industry. Visitors to Belize can explore the spectacular private waterfalls, jungle canopies teeming with birds and exotic flora and fauna, hiking trails following the footprints of the elusive jaguar, helicopter touring, river kayaking trips, cave-tubing expeditions, snorkeling, scuba diving or marvel at the magnificent Mayan temples and carvings. Over 40% of Belize’s land mass enjoys some form of legal protected areas area status and these diverse natural areas form the basis of Belize’s tourism offerings.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

245

281

597

22.7


Official Web Pages:

Ministry of Tourism
Corporate Site Tourism Board
Belize Hotel Association


BOLIVIA


BRASIL


CANADA
Canada spans an area of 9,984,670 sq km and has a population of approximately 33,487,208 inhabitants. The second largest country in the world, Canada's incredible geographical variety is a significant tourist attractor. Touring Canada means more than getting from point A to B. It's about discovery, surprise, landscapes and waterways of unimaginable beauty. Canada's three largest cities, Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal are major metropolitan areas, well-known for their culture and diversity. Canadian historic sites across the nation are important pillars of the tourism product and its vast and varied natural assets make for one of a kind experiences. Heli-ski on some of the world’s best ski slopes in British Columbia, or taste the finest maple syrup at rustic farms in Québec. Sit mesmerized by the aurora borealis (Northern Lights) from the comfort of a hot tub. Get soaked by Niagara Falls and experience a private wine-tasting tour at a nearby winery. Watch polar bears prowl the shores of Hudson Bay on an Arctic safari in Manitoba, then fly back to Winnipeg for an afternoon soak in a Turkish-themed spa. Natural and cultural wonders are abundant in Canada–and so are the ways to enjoy them. Wander, trek, voyage or glide Canada beckons with adventure and respite.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

17,128

17,771

n/a

1.2


Official Web Pages:

Official Travel Guide to Canada
Canadian Tourism Commission 


CHILE


COLOMBIA


COSTA RICA


DOMINICA
Dominica, lives up to its name, as the Nature island of the Caribbean. Dominica has a total area of 751 sq km and a resident population of approximately 72,700. Tropical forest coats two thirds of the island, weaving their way into gorges and across valleys, climbing up to 4,000 foot mountains. With 365 rivers, numerous lakes and waterfalls, lush vegetation and the world's 2nd largest boiling lake sitting unto of a volcanic crater, Dominica is a haven for nature-lovers. The clear Caribbean waters, volcanic formations and rich marine life make for exceptional diving, snorkeling and whale watching. Dominica's also boats a rich heritage and culture from its mix of English, French, African, and the pre-Columbus Carib Indians ancestry. The island is one of only a couple in the Caribbean still with a Carib Indian population, concentrated on 3,700 acres on the island’s east coast, called the Carib Territory.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

81

62

355

18.6


Official Web Pages:

Discover Dominica Authority
Dominica Hotel and Tourism Association 

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern half of the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles, and is the second largest Caribbean nation both by area and population with 48,670 sq km and an estimated 9.7 million people. The DR as it is affectionately called, boasts over 300 km of coastline, with soft white sands beaches. Four mountain ranges rise to the highest peak Pico Duarte which at 3,175 meters is the tallest point in the Caribbean. Three fertile valleys rest between these ranges, one of which holds Lake Enriquillo, the lowest point in the Caribbean falling 40 meters below sea level and boasting the only salt water lake in the world inhabited by crocodiles. Visitors to DR, can engage in the pulse-pounding thrill of the meringue or traditional bachata, explore archeological sites with relics from centuries past, enjoy premium cigars, and even world-class baseball. The Dominican Republic also has an important number of sites which include national parks, natural monuments and scientific reserves comprising panoramic routes, recreational areas and ecological corridors, which are the foundations of the tourism product.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

3,980

4,082

385

11.1


Official Web Pages:

Ministry of Tourism
Tourism Board
National Association of Hotels and Restaurants of the Dominican Republic
Association of Small Hotels and Apartment Hotels Santo Domingo


ECUADOR


EL SALVADOR


GRENADA
Grenada and its sister islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique are located in the South Eastern Caribbean Sea. With a combined population of approximately 90,740 the islands are known for their spectacular clear waters. Grenada the largest of the three has 344 sq km of mountainous, volcanic terrain, one-ninth of which is preserved as parks, natural sanctuaries and wildlife preserves. With 45 pristine white sand beaches, most prominent of which is Grand Anse Beach (stretching for two miles around the curve of a gentle bay), vast tropical rainforests, waterfalls and sunken volcano lakes, Grenada is a haven for outdoor lovers of all types. Grenada’s smaller sister island, Carriacou, a name derived from the Carib word for "land of reefs" has superb beaches and quaint rum shops. Carriacou's coral origins are best represented by the six mile barrier reef on the eastern side of the island, while Kick 'Em Jenny, the active underwater volcano, is evidence of the island’s volcanic past.  Petite Martinique, the smallest island in the state, is a small volcanic cone of about 1.97 sq km, and is now being developed for tourism.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

130

106

270

19.5

 

Official Web Pages:
Grenada Board of Tourism
Grenada Hotel and Tourism Association


GUATEMALA


GUYANA
The Republic of Guyana, is located on the northern coast of South America, with a land area of 214,969 sq km and an estimated 752,940 residents. Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America, and is known for its pristine Amazonian rain-forests, immense waterfalls, wildlife, rich cultural heritage and a vibrant indigenous culture. There are more than 300 waterfalls, including several of the world's highest waterfalls, the most famous of which is Kaieteur Falls, where the 400 foot wide Potaro River plunges in a stunning 740 foot single drop, making it the world's largest single-drop waterfall…five-times the size of Niagara. In Guyana’s dense interior flora and fauna spread for miles like a tropical carpet, where Jaguars roam freely and howler monkeys can be heard echoing through the trees, populous with various bird species. Visitors to Guyana may engage in Bird Watching, Sport Fishing or explore the popular National Museums, Zoo and the Botanical Gardens. Other popular attractions include, St. George's Cathedral, reputed to be the world's tallest wooden building and the 90 mile-long Shell Beach a nesting site for four species of turtle, including the endangered Oliver Ridley. The Indigenous communities of the Amazon Rainforest, also offer a unique community tourism experience, where guests can spend a few days and experience their traditional customs and way of life.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

131

50

n/a

13.8


Official Web Pages:

Guyana Tourism Authority 
Tourism and Hospitality Association of Guyana

HAITI
Haiti occupies the western side of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, along side the Dominican Republic. With a total land area of 27,750 sq km, there are approximately 10 million residents on the island.  Lush with fruits, towering mahogany trees and fringes of golden sand beaches, Haiti once known as "the Pearl of the Caribbean", is an emerging destination. Untamed scenery, exotic locale and mysticism surrounding Haiti's national religion of voodoo, gives the island and its people exotic appeal. Haiti has two magnificent architectural attractions, Sans-Souci Palace, known as the Caribbean Versailles, and Citadelle la Ferriere, the largest fortress in the Caribbean, designated a World Heritage Site by the United Nation’s Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Haiti’s top natural attractions include Étang Saumâtre, a large saltwater lake with flamingos and crocodiles, and the Bassins Bleu, three deep blue pools linked by spectacular waterfalls. Labadee Beach near Cap-Haïtien also has superb sunbathing, swimming and snorkeling opportunities. The vibrant Haitian culture is most expressed in the art, music and food making Haiti one of the most distinctive and unique Caribbean destinations.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

304

140

500

2.3

Official Web Pages:
Ministry of Tourism
Hotel and Tourism Association (Association Touristique d' Haïti)
 


HONDURAS


JAMAICA
Jamaica is located northwesterly in the Greater Antilles of the Caribbean Archipelago. The island has an area of 10,991 sq km, with a resident population of approximately 2.9 million. Jamaica abounds in scenic beauty. There are white sand beaches, natural rivers and springs, large expanses of plains and mountains where the flora and fauna provide a picturesque kaleidoscope of island life. Jamaica has plantation tours with great houses, dolphin parks and nature reserves, museums, galleries, craft markets and duty-free stores for goods, both bargain and luxury. There are over 252 species of birds, of which 27 are found nowhere else in the world. These endemic species include the national bird – the streamer-tailed hummingbird (doctor bird), and the bee hummingbird, one of the world's smallest birds. The Jamaican Tody, also known as the robin redbreast, is particularly unique because it makes its nest not in a tree, but in a hole in the ground. Jamaica’s native music – reggae – is one of the most influential and popular world wide, it is celebrated in many national festivals and events.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

1,767

2,137

1,092

19.9

Official Web Pages:
Jamaica Tourist Board
JTB Corporate Site
Jamaica Hotel and Tourist Association


MEXICO


NICARAGUA


PANAMA


PARAGUAY


PERU


ST KITTS & NEVIS
The two-island Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis, is located north-westerly in the Lesser Antilles, and has a combined population of approximately 42,131. Saint Kitts with an area of 168 sq km is the larger of the two and houses the seat of Government for the Federation. St. Kitts remains un-crowded and unspoilt, famous around the world for excellent preservation of the ecosystems. Nature lovers will want to take advantage of the various tours through lava formations, tropical forest areas and seaside lagoons. Boating trips and scuba diving expeditions are also popular activities. or the less adventurous, quaint shopping areas and beautiful Colonial architecture draw visitors to the tiny towns and stately plantation houses. The smaller state of Nevis has an area of 93 sq km, and lies about 2 miles to the southeast Green and serene, Nevis is truly one of the hidden gems of the Caribbean. From the top of the 3,232-foot Nevis Peak to the depths of the clear waters offshore, there is a world of flora and fauna to be explored. In the hills, the comical green vervet monkeys chatter and scamper; in the sea, the whales cruise by; and around Nevis visitors can explore the architecture of eras gone by: churches, windmills, and refurbished Great Houses.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

117

130

254

23.9


Official Web Pages:

St. Kitts Tourism Authority
Nevis Ministry of Tourism
St. Kitts & Nevis Hotel and Tourism Association

ST LUCIA
St. Lucia lies to the north west of Barbados, along the Eastern Caribbean chain, and has an area of 616 sq km and an estimated population of 160,300. A natural landscape of golden palm-fringed beaches, waterfalls and breathtaking views, complemented by friendly locals and a vibrant culture, defines this island nation. In the mountainous interior lies the National Rain Forest, an area of 19,000 acres covered with many indigenous tree species, exotic flowers, birds, wildlife and fruits. Along the island's west coast are the unforgettable spires of Les Pitons, twin peaks, towering to over 2,000 feet, which are St. Lucia's most famous landmark, and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site. Other tourist attractions include a drive-in volcano, Sulphur Springs (at Soufrière), Pigeon Island National Park, which is home to Fort Rodney, an old British military base, and beneath the shore dramatic scenery coupled with a rich and diverse tropical marine life.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

296

333

620

33.2


Official Web Pages:

St Lucia Tourist Board
St Lucia Hotel and Tourism Association
INNtimate St. Lucia (Small Hotels Association) 

ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES
St. Vincent and the Grenadines - one destination, 32 extraordinary islands in the center of the Lesser Antilles chain, with a combined population of approximately 105,000. This multi-island Caribbean nation offers a unique combination of rainforest eco-adventures, the oldest botanical gardens in the western hemisphere, expanses of pristine beaches, luxury accommodation and amazing yachting & sailing adventures. The mainland Saint Vincent has an area of 344 sq km and is dominated by a 4,048-foot-high, active volcano, called La Soufriere. St. Vincent is mountainous with lush tropical rainforest, cascading waterfalls, and stunning coastlines. The Grenadines are comprised of islets and cays famous for their secluded bays and lagoons with powder-white sand beaches surrounded by turquoise seas and magnificent shallow reefs, perfect for snorkeling and scuba diving. St. Vincent and the Grenadines have been awarded, Best Sailing & Yachting Island of The Year 2009, by Caribbean Travel World Awards and Best Honeymoon Destination 2009, by Travel Weekly.

Tourism Statistics 2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

90

108

231

20.1


Official Web Pages:

St. Vincent and the Grenadines Tourism Authority 
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Hotel and Tourism Association

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
The twin-island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago are the most southerly islands in the Caribbean chain, with an estimated population over 1.2 million combined, who form a multicultural melting pot stirred by the descendants of settlers from Europe, Africa, Asia, South America and the Middle East. Trinidad the economic and political center is the larger and more populous island with an area of 4,768 sq km. Trinidad is best known for its annual pre-Lenten Carnival celebrations. A cosmic and sensory explosion of color, music, revelry, and creativity, with massive masquerade bands, spectacular costumes and pulsating music. Tobago much smaller, has a total area of 300 sq km. Named for the tobacco cultivated by the original Carib population, this sister island can best be described as a nature retreat. Tobago is home to the oldest protected rain forest in the western hemisphere, Tobago’s Main Ridge Forest, home to over 6000 species of plants and animals, including over 200 bird species. Unspoiled and secluded beaches grace the Tobago coastline, surrounded by rich and colorful coral reefs and marine life. Tobago offers a range of adventure activities from rainforest hiking trails, to snorkeling and scuba-diving, bird and turtle watching to exploring the various forts and historical sites that dot the island.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

436

615

44

3.1


Official Web Pages:

Ministry of Tourism
Trinidad and Tobago Tourism and Industrial Development Company
Trinidad Hotels, Restaurants and Tourism Association
Tobago Hotel and Tourism Association

SURINAME
Suriname is a Dutch speaking Kingdom, located along the northern coast of South America. Suriname has an area of 163,820 sq km, with an estimated population of about 480,000 people. Suriname is the ‘home of many cultures’, evident in the cosmic mix of East Indian and Afro-Surinamese, Maroons (Bush Negroes), indigenous Amerindians, Asians, Lebanese, Jews and Europeans, that call Suriname home. In Suriname’s interior, the Maroons and Amerindians who have maintained their ancient traditions, offer an opportunity for visitors may stay overnight in village huts and enjoy traditional local dishes. The capital city Paramaribo, Suriname’s historic heart is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with narrow streets lined by historic buildings from past centuries of Dutch occupation. More than 80% of Suriname is covered by pristine rain forest, home to exotic flora and fauna, numerous bird species, monkeys and sea turtles. 3,000 km of rivers flow through Suriname and travelling by water is a way of life. This is an added adventure for visitors, as the combination of small and large rapids (sulas) is an exciting experience when travelling in dug-out canoes on any of the rivers.

Tourism Statistics  2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

163

83

n/a

3.3


Official Web Pages:

Suriname Tourism Foundation
Suriname Hotel Association

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The United States of America (US) has a total area of 9,826,675 sq km and a population of over 307 million making it the third largest country in the world in size and population. The US is one of the most diverse and developed destinations in the Americas and the world, and as a travel destination, offers a vast spectrum of attractions and activities for visitors to choose from. From the untamed wilderness of the Southwestern plains to the pristine peaks of the Rocky Mountains, to national parks, large expanses of beach and world renowned golf courses that dot the tropical landscapes of Florida and Hawaii. From Virginia’s historical landmarks to the museums and celebrated monuments of Washington DC and the fashion, music and drama that is New York. From the modern day extravaganza of Las Vegas and Hollywood, to the all time favorite Disneyland. The USA offers a wonderful combination of natural wonders, world class cities, quaint towns, farmlands, forests, deserts, mountains, entertainment venues and much more, to entice/satisfy visitors of every age and taste.

Tourism Statistics 2008

Tourist Arrivals
('000)

Tourism Receipts
(US$ Mn)

Cruise Passengers
('000)

Tourism
GDP (%)

57,937

166,530

n/a

1.1


Official Web Pages:

Official Travel and Tourism Website of the United States
US Travel Association
American Hotel and Lodging Association

* Information for country profiles taken from Countries OfficialTourism Websites. Population statistics taken from The United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Fact Book Database (July 2009 estimate).


URUGUAY


VENEZUELA