Factors Conducive to Contexts of Violence
The increase in violence, insecurity and crime undermines confidence in the workings of democratic institutions and their capacity to stand up to and address this phenomenon, and it has led to social demands for hardline policies.
The increase in violence is due to a number of factors:
Inequalities and Social Exclusion
Lack of Real Opportunities
No Social Reintegration
Homicides and Violent Deaths
Some countries are hit more intensely by the scourge of violence, particularly in countries along drug trafficking routes and in many large cities throughout the Americas due to the presence of armed organized crime groups.
36% of the violent deaths
12% of the world's population
More than one third of the violent deaths in the world occur in the Americas, which accounts for only 12 percent of the world's population. The annual rate of violent homicides in the Americas is greater than 30 violent deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. According to the WHO, homicide rates of over 10 per 100,000 qualify as epidemics.
329 homicides each day
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have together lost more than 1.2 million people to homicides in a single decade: an average of more than 100,000 victims per year. Organización de los Estados Americanos y el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (OEA-PNUD, 2011), Nuestra Democracia, Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, pág. 182.
68 adolescents and young people are killed every day
Homicides have become the leading cause of death among the male adolescent population in several countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
47 out of 50 of the Deadliest Cities in the World are Located in the Americas
19 are in Brazil, 10 in Mexico, 5 in Colombia, 4 in Venezuela, 4 in the United States, 3 in South Africa, 2 in Honduras, 1 in El Salvador, 1 in Guatemala, and 1 in Jamaica.
Poor and Marginal Neighborhoods
Marginal, poor neighborhoods with limited access to basic services and little government presence are most heavily impacted by insecurity and violence.
The following factors set the stage for the emergence and expansion of criminal organizations:
The activities of these armed criminal groups further jeopardize the situations in which residents of these neighborhoods live, and expose them to constant violations of their rights by these groups but also by State security forces.