The mandate of the Rapporteurship on the Rights of Persons Deprived of Liberty and for the Prevention and Combat of Torture consists of monitoring the situation of persons subjected to any form of deprivation of liberty or detention in the member states.
Under the Principles and Good Practices on the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty, deprivation of liberty includes any form of detention or custody of a person, ordered by or under the de facto control of a judicial or administrative authority or any other authority, either in a public or private institution, in which they cannot have their freedom of movement. Considering the foregoing, the category of persons deprived of liberty does not only include those who have been prosecuted or convicted, but also persons in psychiatric hospitals and other establishments for people with disabilities; institutions for boys, girls, and the elderly; immigration detention centers, and any other institution intended for the deprivation of liberty of persons.
Likewise, under what was decided by the IACHR in February 2019 - during the 171st period of sessions, the mandate of the Rapporteurship on the Rights of Persons Deprived of Liberty extends to preventing and combating torture.
To fulfill its mandate, the Rapporteurship performs various functions, such as the following: