Activities and Initiatives

2017

  Back to top  

Washington, DC. September 21, 2017

1st Special Meeting on the Implementation of Friendly Settlement Agreements and Recommendations of the IACHR

On September 21, 2017, the 1st Special Meeting on the Implementation of Friendly Settlement Agreements and Recommendations of the IACHR was held, with the objective of providing a space for dialogue between States, petitioners, academics and experts in alternative conflict resolution, for the identification of good practices and challenges in the negotiation and implementation of friendly settlement agreements and agreements to comply with the recommendations issued by the IACHR in Merits Reports in order to promote their effective compliance.

This specialized meeting is one of two events of this nature organized by the IACHR, and included the participation of experts of the academic and alternative dispute resolution fields. In that sense, the meeting was attended by the Adjunct Executive Secretary of the IACHR, Maria Claudia Pulido, who gave a presentation on the mechanisms before the IACHR for the follow-up of friendly settlement agreements and recommendations issued by the IACHR in merits reports. Fabián Sanchez, Executive Director of the Laboratory of Structural Litigation, also participated with a presentation on the recommendations of the IACHR and the proposals for encouraging compliance with recommendations and friendly settlement agreements. Also, Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of the Center for Justice and International Law CEJIL, made a presentation on the challenges and proposals for the implementation of individual and structural reparation measures with an emphasis on human rights violations related to issues of gender and on the challenges and proposals for the implementation of measures related to investigation and justice.

On the other hand, Professor Claudia Martin, Co-Director of the Academy of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law, American University, Washington College of Law, gave a presentation on the challenges and proposals for the implementation of measures of immediate and successive execution regarding individual reparations. Finally, Sylvia Aguilera, Executive Director of the Civic Collaboration Center, participated with a presentation on the challenges and proposals for the negotiation and implementation of friendly settlement agreements and recommendations.

The Commission hopes to hold a similar meeting soon with petitioners and States to promote the dialogue on compliance of friendly settlement agreements and recommendations of the IACHR.

1st Special Meeting on the Implementation of Friendly Settlement Agreements and Recommendations of the IACHR 1st Special Meeting on the Implementation of Friendly Settlement Agreements and Recommendations of the IACHR 1st Special Meeting on the Implementation of Friendly Settlement Agreements and Recommendations of the IACHR
Click on the photo to enlarge it

  Back to top  

Argentina, May 19, 2017

Fifth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism

On May 19, the IACHR held the Fifth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism, which aimed to promote the use of friendly settlements as an alternative to litigation in the inter-American human rights system. This opportunity for dialogue allowed civil society representatives and Argentine government officials to learn about the impact of friendly settlement agreements approved by the IACHR, identify good practices, and understand the challenges that must be overcome to use this mechanism effectively and protect the rights of victims. Previous seminars on the friendly settlement mechanism were held in Mexico, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Colombia, and an inter-American conference on this subject was held in Antigua, Guatemala.

Speakers at the opening of the Fifth Seminar included the President of the IACHR, Commissioner Francisco Eguiguren; the National Secretary of Human Rights, Claudio Avruj; the National Public Defender, Stella Maris Martínez; and the Human Rights Secretary for the Province of Buenos Aires, Santiago Canton. The coordinator of the IACHR Executive Secretariat’s Section on Friendly Settlements and Follow-Up, María Claudia Pulido, gave a presentation on the friendly settlement procedure at the IACHR. This was followed by a panel discussion in which participants shared international experiences with friendly settlement proceedings and discussed the scope of this mechanism and the challenges involved. Participants on the panel included Angela Ramírez, adviser to the director of the National Legal Defense Agency of the State of Colombia; Carla Juárez, an official of the Embassy of Mexico in Argentina; and Beatriz Contreras, of the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Office of Human Rights, as well as moderator Mario Coriolano, head of the Public Defender’s Office for Cassation of the Province of Buenos Aires and member of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture of the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OPCAT). The panel discussion on the Argentina experience with the friendly settlement process for petitions and cases before the IACHR included one section in which the State’s perspective was presented and another that offered the perspective of petitioning parties. The presenters representing the State were Javier Salgado, director of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Office on International Litigation, and Ramiro Badía, case coordinator at the Ministry of Justice’s Subsecretariat for Human Rights. Presenters on the side of petitioners included Gabriela Kletzel, of the Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS); Gustavo Iglesias, of the National Public Defender’s Office; Sandra Chávez, a beneficiary of a friendly settlement; and Ana María Herrán, of the Comisión de familiares de víctimas indefensas de la Violencia Social-Policial-Judicial-Institucional (COFAVI), as well as moderator Liliana Tojo, director of CEJIL South. For her part, Sylvia Aguilera, of the Mexican organization Centro de Colaboración Cívica, made a presentation on tools to facilitate a friendly settlement. The final discussion, which included the participation of everyone who attended, looked at ways to increase the use of the friendly settlement mechanism in Argentina and examined lessons learned from the past and suggestions for the future.

Fifth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism Fifth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism
Click on the photo to enlarge it

  Back to top  

Paraguay, May 19, 2017

Training Workshop for State Officials in Paraguay

On May 19, 2017, a training workshop for State Officials was held. The workshop included information on the procedural and practical aspects of the friendly settlement mechanism. Agents of different public institutions in charge of the negotiation and the implementation of the friendly settlement agreements in Paraguay attended to this workshop. The said training included theoretical and practical procedural elements of the mechanism of friendly solutions in light of its regulatory framework, including technical negotiation tools and case application of the information provided, and a practical simulation activity to reach a friendly settlement. Some of the training topics were:

  • Adversarial and non-adversarial dispute resolution systems
  • Nature and characteristics of the friendly settlement mechanism
  • Creation and development of the friendly settlement mechanism
  • The role of the Commission in the friendly settlement process
  • Legal framework
  • Beginning of the friendly settlement
  • Closing the friendly settlement
  • Approval Reports: requirements and effects
  • monitoring compliance with friendly settlement agreements
  • Challenges in implementing agreements
  • The role of state institutions in the friendly solutions and the importance of inter-agency coordination
  • Practical tools for multi part negotiation
  • Practical excercise/ simulation of a negotiation
Training Workshop for State Officials in Paraguay
Click on the photo to enlarge it

  Back to top  

Paraguay, May 18, 2017

Training Workshop for Civil Society in Paraguay

On May 18, 2017, a training workshop for civil society was held. The workshop included information on the procedural and practical aspects of the friendly settlement mechanism. Members of various human rights organizations and petitioners before the IACHR attended to this event. The said training included theoretical and practical procedural elements of the mechanism of friendly solutions in light of its regulatory framework, including technical negotiation tools and case application of the information provided, and a practical simulation activity to reach a friendly settlement. Some of the training topics were:

  • Adversarial and non-adversarial dispute resolution systems
  • Nature and characteristics of the friendly settlement mechanism
  • Creation and development of the friendly settlement mechanism
  • The role of the Commission in the friendly settlement process
  • Legal framework
  • Beginning of the friendly settlement
  • Closing the friendly settlement
  • Approval Reports: requirements and effects
  • monitoring compliance with friendly settlement agreements
  • Challenges in implementing agreements
  • The role of petitioners in the implementation of the friendly settlement agreements
  • Practical tools for multi part negotiation
  • Practical excercise/ simulation of a negotiation
Training Workshop for Civil Society in Paraguay Training Workshop for Civil Society in Paraguay
Click on the photo to enlarge it

2016

  Back to top  

Paraguay, August 17, 2016

Training Workshop for State Officials in Paraguay

On August 17, 2016, a training workshop for State Officials was held. The workshop included information on the procedural and practical aspects of the friendly settlement mechanism. Agents of different public institutions in charge of the negotiation and the implementation of the friendly settlement agreements in Paraguay attended to this workshop. The said training included theoretical and practical procedural elements of the mechanism of friendly solutions in light of its regulatory framework, including technical negotiation tools and case application of the information provided, and a practical simulation activity to reach a friendly settlement. Some of the training topics were:

  • Adversarial and non-adversarial dispute resolution systems
  • Nature and characteristics of the friendly settlement mechanism
  • Creation and development of the friendly settlement mechanism
  • The role of the Commission in the friendly settlement process
  • Legal framework
  • Beginning of the friendly settlement
  • Closing the friendly settlement
  • Approval Reports: requirements and effects
  • monitoring compliance with friendly settlement agreements
  • Challenges in implementing agreements
  • The role of state institutions in the friendly solutions and the importance of inter-agency coordination
  • Practical tools for multi part negotiation
  • Practical excercise/ simulation of a negotiation

IV Seminario Nacional Sobre el Mecanismo de Soluciones Amistosas
Click on the photo to enlarge it

2015

  Back to top  

Colombia, May 5, 2015

Training workshop for officials

On May 5, 2015, a training workshop for officials on the procedural aspects of the friendly settlement mechanism was held in Colombia, with the participation of various institutions responsible for the negotiation and implementation of friendly settlement agreements in Colombia. In this workshop included theoretical and practical procedural elements of the friendly settlement mechanism under its regulatory framework, including technical trading tools and case application of the information provided, and practical simulation activities to reach a friendly settlement in a fiction case. Some of the training topics were:

  • Creation and development of the friendly settlement mechanism.
  • Legal Framework
  • Begining of the negotiations
  • Conclusion of the friendly settlement process
  • The role of the Commission in the friendly settlement procedure
  • Friendly Settlement Approval Reports
  • Monitoring of cases under Article 49 of the ACHR
  • The role of state institutions in the friendly settlement and the importance of interagency coordination
  • Compliance with recommendations
  • Practical tools for multi-party negotiations
  • Exercise of application fiction case
Fourth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism
Click on the photo to enlarge it

  Back to top  

Colombia, 4 and 5 May 2015

Fourth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism

On 4 and 5 May 2015 the Fourth National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism was held in Colombia, the event was installed at Universidad Externado de Colombia, and it aimed to promote the use of the friendly settlement mechanism as an alternative to the contentious procedure before the Inter-American System of Human Rights. This activity allowed a space for dialogue with representatives of civil society and Colombian government officials, the promotion of the impact of the friendly settlement agreements approved by the Commission, to identify both good practices and the challenges to improve the mechanism and ensure its effectiveness to the benefit from the protection of the rights of victims. Check the program of the event (in Spanish)


Training workshop for officials in Colombia Training workshop for officials in Colombia Training workshop for officials in Colombia
Click on the photos to enlarge them

2014

  Back to top  

Bolivia, September 5, 2014

Training Workshop for Government Officials in Bolivia

A Training Workshop on Friendly Settlements was held for state agents in La Paz, Bolivia, on September 5, 2014. The workshop examined theoretical and practical procedural aspects of the friendly settlement mechanism based on its legal framework. It also covered technical tools for negotiation and fictional case application with a practical simulation of the necessary steps to reach a friendly settlement.

The workshop was attended by officials from the Office of the Attorney General, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Human Rights Bureau of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces, the Human Rights Bureau of the Bolivian Police, the Office of the Departmental Prosecutor for La Paz, and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

  Back to top  

Bolivia, September 3 and 4, 2014

Third National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Bolivia

September 3 and 4, 2014 saw the holding of the Third National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Santa Cruz and La Paz, Bolivia.

The seminars got underway with a presentation delivered by Emilio Álvarez Icaza, Executive Secretary of the IACHR, on the mandate and functions of the IACHR, the friendly settlement procedure, and other general matters. That was followed by a presentation on "International Experiences in Human Rights" given by Denis Racicot, a representative of the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Bolivia. Next there was a panel discussion on "Bolivian Experiences, Their Scope, and Challenges" moderated by Héctor Enrique Arce Zaconeta, Attorney-General of Bolivia. In addition, the seminar in La Paz included a panel discussion on "Petitioners' Experiences in Friendly Settlements" moderated by Julieta Montaño, the victim's representative who worked on the friendly settlement agreement in the MZ case. The seminars concluded with an open discussion on identifying challenges for the friendly settlement mechanism, which yielded a rich exchange on lessons learned, best practices, and suggestions.


Third National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Bolivia Third National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Bolivia
Click on the photos to enlarge them

  Back to top  

Paraguay, June 6, 2014

Second National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Paraguay

The Second National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism was held in Asunción, Paraguay, on June 6, 2014, in the framework of the forty-fourth regular session of the OAS General Assembly

For more information download the PDF file


2013

  Back to top  

Mexico, October 14 and 15, 2013

First National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Mexico

The Ibero-American University in Mexico City provided the setting for the First National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism on October 14 and 15, 2013.

The Inter-American Commission held this seminar in order to promote the use of the friendly settlement mechanism as an alternative to a contentious proceeding in the inter-American human rights system. Its aim was to raise awareness of the impact achieved by the mechanism and provide an opportunity for dialogue in which petitioners and Mexican state officials could exchange best practices and identify future challenges with a view to bolstering protection of victims' rights.


First National Seminar on the Friendly Settlement Mechanism in Mexico
Click on the photos to enlarge them

  Back to top  

La Antigua, Guatemala, June 7 and 8, 2013

First Inter-American Conference on Human Rights and the Exchange of Best Practices on Friendly Settlements

The Training Center of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) in La Antigua, Guatemala, provided the venue for the First Inter-American Conference on Human Rights and the Exchange of Best Practices on Friendly Settlements on June 7 and 8, 2013.

The Inter-American Commission held this conference during the implementation stage of the recommendations for strengthening the inter-American human rights system for the purpose of exchanging best practices on protection of human rights, contributing to the collective construction of inter-American public order, and promoting the use of the friendly settlement mechanism among users of the system.


First Inter-American Conference on Human Rights and the Exchange of Best Practices on Friendly Settlements First Inter-American Conference on Human Rights and the Exchange of Best Practices on Friendly Settlements First Inter-American Conference on Human Rights and the Exchange of Best Practices on Friendly Settlements
Click on the photos to enlarge them