Since its creation in 1928, the CIM has played a leading role in protecting the human rights of women in the Americas. The concrete results of this role include the adoption of Inter-American Conventions on the Nationality of Women, the Civil Rights of Women, and the Political Rights of Women, as well as the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Belém do Pará Convention). These binding legal frameworks have been fundamental instruments for the recognition of women as subjects of human rights and active agents of democracy and development.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have gradually adapted their national laws and policies to the universal and inter-American legal framework on women's rights.
In spite of this progress, a number of obstacles remain to women's full realization of their human rights - from women's ability to access education, employment with equal pay and benefits, and health and other social services, to women’s ability to negotiate sexual relations, reproduction and to protect themselves from violence, including in their own homes, and to influence decision-making processes in the political, economic and social spheres.
In this context, the CIM has focused on the following key lines of action: