|Victimization Surveys in the Americas*|
Visit the Interamerican Observatory data to obtain statistical information of victimization survey´s indicators
For detailed information on Crime Victimization in the Americas and other regions of the world, visit the website of the UNODC INEGI Center of Excellence Center of Excellence for Government Statistical Information, Public Security, Victimization and Justice.
All links and resources are provided in their original language.
Argentina Argentina began conducting victimization surveys in 1995 in
Buenos Aires, incorporating the country's major
cities in the following years. The method of collection was
based on the International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS), a
questionnaire produced by the UNICRI/UNODC. The Victimization Survey of Barbados (BARCS) measures the level of
crime experienced by a household. The
first BARCS was carried out in 2002, interviewing 8,000 people. The BARCS used the same questionnaire that was administered in
the many of the 34 countries (The International Crime Victims
Survey – ICVS).
Argentina began conducting victimization surveys in 1995 in Buenos Aires, incorporating the country's major cities in the following years. The method of collection was based on the International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS), a questionnaire produced by the UNICRI/UNODC.
The Victimization Survey of Barbados (BARCS) measures the level of crime experienced by a household. The first BARCS was carried out in 2002, interviewing 8,000 people. The BARCS used the same questionnaire that was administered in the many of the 34 countries (The International Crime Victims Survey – ICVS).
The National Survey of Victimization was conducted from 2010 to 2012 by the Security Department. The Victimization Survey is used to compare Brazil with countries that do this type of surveys using the methodology of the UNICRI/UNODC (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice).
In 2009, the Government of Canada (Statistics
The National Urban Survey of Citizen Security (ENUSC) has been conducted since 2003, under an agreement between Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas and the Ministerio del Interior. The 2013 survey aims to gather information regarding the level of victimization, perception of insecurity and evaluation by Chileans of the authorities responsible for Public Security.
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DANE conducted the survey in homes, in conjunction with the Departamento Nacional de Planeación in 2013. Its primary objective was to characterize aspects related to crime, what allows the proper authorities to make decisions regarding control, prevention and tracking crime, and measuring unreported crimes.
INEC and PNUD conducted the crime victimization survey in 2008 and
2010. its objectives are to gather historic information and document the
results of INEC. Also, to provide information
INEC and PNUD conducted the crime victimization survey in 2008 and 2010. its objectives are to gather historic information and document the results of INEC. Also, to provide informationthat support the decisions of public policy.
In 2004 the Instituto Universitario de Opinión Pública (IUDOP) of the Universidad Centroamericana (UCA) conducted the first victimization survey under the coordination and financing of the Ministerio de Gobernación, the Consejo Nacional de Seguridad Pública and the Programa Sociedad Sin Violencia made possible by the United Nations Development Programme (PNUD). In 2009, the IUDOP, a private institution, also conducted a second victimization survey.
The Encuestas de Victimización y Percepción
de Inseguridad del Programa de Seguridad Ciudadana y
Prevención de la Violencia del PNUD Guatemala has measured the situation of municipal insecurity
in Guatemala since 2004. The program has conducted six
surveys since then biannually.
The 2006 Jamaican National Victimization Survey (JNVS) is the first national victimization survey conducted in Jamaica by the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATINJA). The Final report was prepared by the Centre of Criminology of the University of Toronto for the Ministry of National Security, Government of Jamaica. A second survey was conducted in 2009 and its results are to be presented to the public in July, 2010.
The ENHOGAR-2011 represents 18,000 households. Its objective is analize poverty, life conditions and public security.
The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) leads the implementation of the National Survey of Victimization and Perception (ENVIPE), within the work of the National Information Subsystem of Government, Public Security and Law Enforcement at (SNIGSPIJ).
ENVIPE's purpose is to provide information to society at national level on the phenomenon of criminal victimization and social perceptions on public safety and performance of the authorities, as well as providing elements to different levels of government that support the processes of public policy in these matters.
The first official survey of a national scale was conducted in May, 2009, through the signing of an inter-agency cooperation agreement between the Ministerio del Interior; the Secretaría de la Mujer de la Presidencia de la República; the Dirección General de Estadística, Encuestas y Censos (DGEEC); the United Nations Development Programme (PNUD); the Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo de la Mujer (UNIFEM) and the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID). The questionnaire used was based on the International Victimization Survey from UNODC -- UNICRI. The sample size was 5,500 cases.
In 2005, the Ministerio de Interior contacted APOYO, a marketing and polling company to conduct a victimization survey in the cities of Arequipa, Cusco, Huamanga, Iquitos, Lima and Trujillo; with 10,300 households and one respondent per household, who was 16 years or older. The field work was carried out during October and December, 2005. More recently, another study of victimization was conducted in the city of Lima, in 2009.
The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the primary source of information regarding
the frequency, characteristics and
consequences of criminal
victimization in the United States.
The NVCS began in 1972. Since its
creation, the survey has undergone almost constant updates, including
an extensive redesign in 1992. The national sample represents 76,000 households and,
correspondingly, around 135,300 people.
The Comisión de Seguridad Ciudadana de la Cámara Nacional de Comercio y Servicios (CNCS) produced the second edition of the victimization survey. The survey was developed by all the members and professionals at CNCS. The goal was to provide aggregate information about the real security situation as perceived by the businesspersons close to CNCS.
The Encuesta Nacional de Victimización y Seguridad Ciudadana 2009 was begun in August 2009. A joint effort between the Consejo Nacional de Prevención y Seguridad Ciudadana and the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), which was created out of the police reform in 2006. INE assumed responsibility for carrying out this survey to obtain information for the creation and tracking on security policies.
Additional sources of Victimization surveys in the inter-american setting
Barometro de las Américas
Last Update: March 20, 2014