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DPS - Observatory - Penitentiary and Prison Systems
 

Penitentiary and Prison Systems: Policies, Programs and Lessons Learned
Selection by Country


Selection of official information on Penitentiary and Prison Policies as well as Lessons Learned that determine the response of the OAS Member States and their relevant penitentiary institutions in promoting prevention, law-enforcement, rehabilitation and social reinsertion as primary elements to support modernization of the prisons systems in the Americas. 

 

 

 

 

Antigua and Barbuda
 

 

Argentina

Programs:

  • The Federal Penitentiary Service promotes the program of individual treatment whose objective is to provide the inmates with the necessary tools for their future return to the a life in liberty.  This program contemplates the following aspects: psycho-physical health, education, work, family and social relations. 

  • For more information on the lines of action of the Penitentiary Federal Service, click here

 

Bahamas

 

Barbados

 

Belize

Programs:

  • The inmate's welfare program is an initiative that provides for inmates to work within the prison in the various capacities.  It is used as a tool in the rehabilitation process for those inmates who have little or no skills.

  • For more information on the penitentiary system in Belize, click here

 

Bolivia

 

 

Brazil

For more information on the Federal Penitentiary System, click here

 

Canada

Lines of action

  • Community Corrections: The Correctional Services of Canada promotes the work of gradually releasing offenders, ensuring that they do not present a threat to anyone and helping them adjust to life beyond prison walls.  In this regard, the CSC works to prepare offenders for eventual release, through prison programs that promote law-abiding lifestyles. 

  • Restorative justice: It emphasizes healing in victims, meaningful accountability of offenders, and the involvement of citizens in creating healthier, safer communities.  It strives to provide support and opportunities for voluntary participation and communication between those affected - victims, offenders and community - to encourage accountability, reparation and movement toward understanding, feeling of satisfaction, healing and closure. 

  • For more information, click here

Programs:

  • The correctional programs promoted by the Correctional Services of Canada include the following: general crime prevention program; violence prevention program; family violence prevention programs; sex offenders program; community-based correctional program

  • The women offender programs include substance abuse programming; education and employability programs; mother-child programs; parenting programs; social integration program for women

  • For more information on specific programs, click here

Chile

Programs:

Colombia

National Policy:

  • The priorities of the penitentiary and prison policy are the following: 1) the modernization of the penitentiary and prison structure; 2) the improvement of living standards, resocialization and respect for the human rights of the penitentiary population; 3) the assurance of health to all persons deprived of liberty.  For more information on the penitentiary and prison policy of Colombia, please click here

Programs:

  • Summary of the educational model used by the National Penitentiary and Prison Policy.  Its objectives are: 1) improve the living conditions of inmates from the perspective of personal, community development; 2) promote the development of systems of understanding of inmates through the examination of objective and subjectives conditions of the emergency of crime; 4) explore, consolidate and project production systems that can become work options of quality and competitivity; 5) place the intellectual and artistic productions of inmates within the social scenes for acknowledgement and validation; amongst others.

  • Guidelines to manage and assist inmates in special treatment units (published on May 15, 2010)

  • The Division for Promotion of the National Penitentiary Institute seeks to promote the creation and organization of Work Training Programs and productive processes in order to generate the work abilities of inmates.  Thus, it seeks to: 1) guide, support and supervise professional training programs within industrial activities, private and public entities; 3) develop and promote micro-business programs addressed to inmates and support the direct administration of productive workshops in detention centers. 

  • For more information on the National Penitentiary and Prison Institute, please click here

 

Costa Rica

 

Cuba

 

Dominica

 

Ecuador

Lines of action of the Centers for Social Rehabilitation:

  • Strengthening the system of social rehabilitation through a sustained work along the process with the inmates in the areas of health, education, work and family relations

  • Penitentiary school: to establish a specialized academic training, at the superior level

  • Education in the Centers for Social Rehabilitation

  • Work and productivity: to design and implement the work policy within the Centers for Social Rehabilitation

Lines of action of the Centers for Adolescent Offenders:

  • Alternative, participative and integral program for adolescents to allow them to become actors of change in their own behaviors.  The project "Movies with Meaning" seeks to develop and strengthen the adolescents' capacities through cultural activities. 

El Salvador

 

Granada

 

Guatemala


 

Guyana

 

Haiti

 

Honduras

 

Jamaica

Policy:

  • National Rehabilitation Strategy: it is a blue print that seeks to guide the Department of Correctional Services in managing rehabilitation as a core strategic function. 

Programas:

  • For more information on the Juvenile Correctional Centers, click here

Mexico

 

Nicaragua

 

Panama

Programs:

  • Work permits: this resocialization program seeks to promote resocialization and gradual reinsertion of inmates to the community as part of the work force. 

  • Education permits: this resocialization program seeks to allow inmates to initiate or continue formal studies in an authorized educational center during the day and according to the schedule established by the technical group responsible for exit permits. 

Paraguay

Programs:

  • The subprogram to strengthen penitentiary management implemented by the Ministry of Justice and Work of Paraguay includes the following actions: 1) improve and adapt health, education and food services, psychosocial support, judicial assistance for inmates and adolescent offenders; 2) include technologies for the integral administration system of criminal causes; 3) include technologies for the efficient operation of security and prison control, correction centers and educational centers; 4) generate an articulated work with the judiciary in particular and with civil society organizations. 

  • The formal education program to people deprived of liberty seeks professional training to inmates. 

Peru

Programs:

  • Educational Programs: these programs are implemented by the Subdirection of penitentiary education of the National Penitentiary Institute of Peru.  The objective is to strengthen the level of teaching and learning of inmates within the penitentiary establishments according to the educational level and program.  The areas of work are literacy, non-formal education, recreational activities, sports, health education, environmental education, artistic activities. 

  • Penitentiary Work: this is offered by the Penitentiary Administration through the implementation of professional workshops within penitentiary institutions

  • The National Penitentiary Institute of Peru also works on health issues, social assistance, legal assistance, psychological assistance.  For more information on these programs, click here.

Dominican Republic

 
Saint Vincent and Grenadines


Saint Lucia

 

Saint Kitts and Nevis

 

Suriname

 
Trinidad and Tobago


United States

Programs:

  • Work Program for Inmates (Policy no. 8120.02, issued on 7/15/99): The objective of this policy is to allow inmates the opportunity to acquire the knowledge, skills and work habits which will be useful when released from the institution. 

  • Education, training and leisure-time program (Policy no. 5300.21, issued on 2/18/2002): The objective of this policy is to afford inmates the opportunity to improve their knowledge and skills through academic, occupation and leisure-time activitiesFor more information on policies implemented by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, click here.  

Uruguay
Venezuela

National Policy

Programs:

  • project for the multidisciplinary support to women inmates

  • integration of women inmates/unities of penitentiary protection

  • project to promote penitentiary readings); project of penitentiary humanization; a penitentiary symphonic orchestra

  • a community project of social production through the creation of special installations designed to learn and train, promoting a socially useful work.  

Last update: May 27, 2010



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