Untitled Document
left   right
orange About the OAS   orange Member States   orange News   orange Structure   orange FAQs
SSM - Departamento de Seguridad Pública


General Secretariat
Secretariat for Multidimensional Security
Department of Public Security

SSM| DSP | Espa�ol |Contact us   

New Page 4
  About the
 Section to Promote Security and Harmonious Coexistence Section to Coordinate Cooperation MISPA Observatorio Hemisférico de Seguridad
OEA-Departamento de Seguridad Publica

and Prison Systems

OEA Departamento de Seguridad Pública
OAS Resolutions
Prison Policies
Penitenciary Adm.
Contact Us

OAS- Department of Public Security

DPS - Observatory - Penitentiary and Prison Systems

Penitentiary and Prison Systems: Policies, Programs and Lessons Learned
Selection by Country

Selection of official information on Penitentiary and Prison Policies as well as Lessons Learned that determine the response of the OAS Member States and their relevant penitentiary institutions in promoting prevention, law-enforcement, rehabilitation and social reinsertion as primary elements to support modernization of the prisons systems in the Americas. 





Antigua and Barbuda




  • The Federal Penitentiary Service promotes the program of individual treatment whose objective is to provide the inmates with the necessary tools for their future return to the a life in liberty.  This program contemplates the following aspects: psycho-physical health, education, work, family and social relations. 

  • For more information on the lines of action of the Penitentiary Federal Service, click here








  • The inmate's welfare program is an initiative that provides for inmates to work within the prison in the various capacities.  It is used as a tool in the rehabilitation process for those inmates who have little or no skills.

  • For more information on the penitentiary system in Belize, click here






For more information on the Federal Penitentiary System, click here



Lines of action

  • Community Corrections: The Correctional Services of Canada promotes the work of gradually releasing offenders, ensuring that they do not present a threat to anyone and helping them adjust to life beyond prison walls.  In this regard, the CSC works to prepare offenders for eventual release, through prison programs that promote law-abiding lifestyles. 

  • Restorative justice: It emphasizes healing in victims, meaningful accountability of offenders, and the involvement of citizens in creating healthier, safer communities.  It strives to provide support and opportunities for voluntary participation and communication between those affected - victims, offenders and community - to encourage accountability, reparation and movement toward understanding, feeling of satisfaction, healing and closure. 

  • For more information, click here


  • The correctional programs promoted by the Correctional Services of Canada include the following: general crime prevention program; violence prevention program; family violence prevention programs; sex offenders program; community-based correctional program

  • The women offender programs include substance abuse programming; education and employability programs; mother-child programs; parenting programs; social integration program for women

  • For more information on specific programs, click here




National Policy:

  • The priorities of the penitentiary and prison policy are the following: 1) the modernization of the penitentiary and prison structure; 2) the improvement of living standards, resocialization and respect for the human rights of the penitentiary population; 3) the assurance of health to all persons deprived of liberty.  For more information on the penitentiary and prison policy of Colombia, please click here


  • Summary of the educational model used by the National Penitentiary and Prison Policy.  Its objectives are: 1) improve the living conditions of inmates from the perspective of personal, community development; 2) promote the development of systems of understanding of inmates through the examination of objective and subjectives conditions of the emergency of crime; 4) explore, consolidate and project production systems that can become work options of quality and competitivity; 5) place the intellectual and artistic productions of inmates within the social scenes for acknowledgement and validation; amongst others.

  • Guidelines to manage and assist inmates in special treatment units (published on May 15, 2010)

  • The Division for Promotion of the National Penitentiary Institute seeks to promote the creation and organization of Work Training Programs and productive processes in order to generate the work abilities of inmates.  Thus, it seeks to: 1) guide, support and supervise professional training programs within industrial activities, private and public entities; 3) develop and promote micro-business programs addressed to inmates and support the direct administration of productive workshops in detention centers. 

  • For more information on the National Penitentiary and Prison Institute, please click here


Costa Rica







Lines of action of the Centers for Social Rehabilitation:

  • Strengthening the system of social rehabilitation through a sustained work along the process with the inmates in the areas of health, education, work and family relations

  • Penitentiary school: to establish a specialized academic training, at the superior level

  • Education in the Centers for Social Rehabilitation

  • Work and productivity: to design and implement the work policy within the Centers for Social Rehabilitation

Lines of action of the Centers for Adolescent Offenders:

  • Alternative, participative and integral program for adolescents to allow them to become actors of change in their own behaviors.  The project "Movies with Meaning" seeks to develop and strengthen the adolescents' capacities through cultural activities. 

El Salvador














  • National Rehabilitation Strategy: it is a blue print that seeks to guide the Department of Correctional Services in managing rehabilitation as a core strategic function. 


  • For more information on the Juvenile Correctional Centers, click here







  • Work permits: this resocialization program seeks to promote resocialization and gradual reinsertion of inmates to the community as part of the work force. 

  • Education permits: this resocialization program seeks to allow inmates to initiate or continue formal studies in an authorized educational center during the day and according to the schedule established by the technical group responsible for exit permits. 



  • The subprogram to strengthen penitentiary management implemented by the Ministry of Justice and Work of Paraguay includes the following actions: 1) improve and adapt health, education and food services, psychosocial support, judicial assistance for inmates and adolescent offenders; 2) include technologies for the integral administration system of criminal causes; 3) include technologies for the efficient operation of security and prison control, correction centers and educational centers; 4) generate an articulated work with the judiciary in particular and with civil society organizations. 

  • The formal education program to people deprived of liberty seeks professional training to inmates. 



  • Educational Programs: these programs are implemented by the Subdirection of penitentiary education of the National Penitentiary Institute of Peru.  The objective is to strengthen the level of teaching and learning of inmates within the penitentiary establishments according to the educational level and program.  The areas of work are literacy, non-formal education, recreational activities, sports, health education, environmental education, artistic activities. 

  • Penitentiary Work: this is offered by the Penitentiary Administration through the implementation of professional workshops within penitentiary institutions

  • The National Penitentiary Institute of Peru also works on health issues, social assistance, legal assistance, psychological assistance.  For more information on these programs, click here.

Dominican Republic

Saint Vincent and Grenadines

Saint Lucia


Saint Kitts and Nevis



Trinidad and Tobago

United States


  • Work Program for Inmates (Policy no. 8120.02, issued on 7/15/99): The objective of this policy is to allow inmates the opportunity to acquire the knowledge, skills and work habits which will be useful when released from the institution. 

  • Education, training and leisure-time program (Policy no. 5300.21, issued on 2/18/2002): The objective of this policy is to afford inmates the opportunity to improve their knowledge and skills through academic, occupation and leisure-time activitiesFor more information on policies implemented by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, click here.  


National Policy


  • project for the multidisciplinary support to women inmates

  • integration of women inmates/unities of penitentiary protection

  • project to promote penitentiary readings); project of penitentiary humanization; a penitentiary symphonic orchestra

  • a community project of social production through the creation of special installations designed to learn and train, promoting a socially useful work.  

Last update: May 27, 2010

© Copyright 2011 OAS © Copyright 2011 Alertamerica.org All Rights Reserved
1889 F Street NW, Washington D.C. 20006, USA
Phone (202) 458 3163 email: ssm@oas.orgTerms & Conditions