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Since 2004, the General Assembly has dedicated a particular
resolution to “the Protection of Asylum Seekers, Refugees,
Returnees, and Stateless Persons in the Americas”. This
situation differs from the one in previous years where the
theme was treated by the resolutions dedicated to the
respect of human rights.
According to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of
Refugees the term "refugee shall apply to any person
who owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for
reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a
particular social group or political opinion, is outside the
country of his nationality and is unable, or owing to such
fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of
that country; or who, not having a nationality and being
outside the country of his former habitual residence as a
result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is
unwilling to return to it".
In 2006, resolution [AG/RES. 2232 (XXXVI-O/06)] recognizes,
among others, the efforts made by the countries of origin as
well as the countries of the region that receive refugees.
Moreover, the resolution “underscore the importance of
cooperation among the organs of the inter-American system
and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees (UNHCR), in an effort to ensure that
innovative regional approaches are taken regarding
refugee issues in the Americas”.