This Convention was adopted at the Third Inter-American
Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-III),
held in La Paz, Bolivia
, May 1984.
To date, the following countries have ratified this
Convention provides guidelines to resolve conflicts of
law concerning the adoption of minors. It applies
exclusively when the domicile of the adopter (or
adopters) is in one State Party and the habitual
residence of the adoptee is in another State Party.
This Convention applies to the adoption of minors in the
various types of adoption, including full adoption,
adoptive legitimation and other similar institutions in
States party to the Convention. The law of the habitual
residence of the minors governs capacity, consent, and
other requirements for adoption as well as those
procedures and formalities that are necessary for
creating the relationship. The law of the domicile of
the adopter governs his or her capacity to adopt, his or
her marital status, consent of a spouse, if required, as
well as the other requirements.
This Convention also establishes that the rights of
succession of the adoptee or the adopter shall be
governed by the rules applicable to the respective
successions and that the annulment of an adoption shall
be governed by the law of the State under which it was
granted. This convention also establishes requirement of
publicity and registration, and grants jurisdiction in
favor of the State of habitual residence of the adoptee.