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Security of small island states

 

Reports

 

HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON THE SPECIAL SECURITY
CONCERNS OF SMALL ISLAND STATES
February 25, 1998
San Salvador, El Salvador
OEA/Ser.K/XXIX.3
SEPEIN/doc.7/98 rev. 1
25 February 1998
Original: Spanish

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE SPECIAL SECURITY CONCERNS OF SMALL ISLAND STATES

(Adopted at the plenary session, held on February 25, 1998)

CONCLUSIONS

The High-Level Meeting concludes that:

1. Security for the small island state is multidimensional in scope and application, and encompasses, inter alia: (i) the military-political aspects traditionally associated with the security of states; (ii) the protection and preservation of the state’s sovereignty and territorial integrity; (iii) freedom from external military attack and coercion; (iv) freedom from external interference by state or non-state actors in its internal political affairs; (v) protection from environmental conditions and ecological disasters which could imperil its viability; (vi) the link between trade, economic development, and security; and (vii) the ability to maintain and protect democratic institutions, which ensure domestic tranquility.

2. Security for the small island state can be strengthened by collaboration among island states, as evidenced by the Regional Security System (RSS), and can be further improved by greater cooperation between island states and other states within and beyond the Hemisphere, by the training of personnel, and through logistical support and equipment acquisition.

3. Security for the small island state can be enhanced by the application of those confidence- and security-building measures outlined in the Santiago Declaration and the additional measures which emanate from the San Salvador Regional Conference on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in follow-up to the Santiago Conference.

4. Security for the small island state can be expanded by declaring the Caribbean a Zone of Peace.

RECOMMENDATIONS

The High-Level Meeting recommends that:

1. The General Assembly of the Organization of American States adopt at its twenty-eighth regular session a resolution which defines the approach to, and treatment of, the special security concerns of small island states consistent with the provisions of the OAS Charter.

2. The General Assembly, at its twenty-eight regular session, through an appropriate resolution, instruct the Organization to cooperate with the small island states through the University of the West Indies (UWI) to advance the examination of their special security concerns.

3. The member states of the Organization of American States, meeting at the San Salvador Regional Conference on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in follow-up to the Santiago Conference, include in the Declaration of San Salvador the following:

• a commitment to and support for such activities and programs which the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States, and the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system, can continue to undertake in order to address the security of the small island states;

• cooperation with the small island states in the eradication of transnational criminal activity that threatens the stability and security of the subregion;

• the revision and strengthening of programs of cooperation in the event of natural disasters, or to prevent such disasters, on the basis of the request and authorization of the states involved;

• the development of a program of cooperation to address the problems posed by the transportation of nuclear and other hazardous waste through the Caribbean Sea and to adopt policies to preserve the natural environment of the Caribbean;

• greater financial, commercial, and political cooperation with small island states so that they will be able to assure their security and to promote their development; and

• a call for member states of the Organization of American States to exchange and share information which would strengthen the security and national defense capabilities of small island states.

 


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