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Confidence and security-building measures

Reports

REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONFIDENCE- AND
SECURITY- BUILDING MEASURES IN THE REGION
November 8-10, 1995
Santiago, Chile

OEA/Ser.K/XXIX.2
COSEGRE/doc.10/95
30 October 1995
Original: Spanish

 

 

REPORT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD ON
THE DRAFT INVENTORY OF CONFIDENCE-BUILDING
MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE THAT ARE BEING
IMPLEMENTED IN THE HEMISPHERE

 

August 15, 1995

 

Your Excellency:

 

As a result of the request submitted to the IADB, through a note dated June 29, 1995, by Ambassador Villela de Talbott, who was then the President of the Permanent Council, I am pleased to forward you, a proposed inventory, attached hereto, with the Confidence Building Measures of a Military Nature that are being applied in the Hemisphere. This inventory is submitted in the official language of each country.

 

The following guidelines were taken into consideration for the preparation of the task:

1. OAS Member countries with representation at the IADB:

The subject was analyzed by the Council of Delegates, establishing:

  1. A coordinated work schedule for the delegations.

  2. Levels of bilateral, subregional and hemispheric measures per country.

  3. A list of Confidence Building Measures of a Military Nature prepared in the Meeting of Experts held in Buenos Aires in March 1994, as a guideline or reminder.

2. OAS Member countries with no representation at the IADB:

A note forwarded to the Ambassadors of each country, requesting the inventory, and describing the OAS requirement and its rationale. A guideline for the preparation of the inventory was also included in that note.

 

Please know that this letter comes with the assurance of my highest esteem and consideration.

 

/s/JOHN C. ELLERSON
Major General, U.S. Army
Chairman

 

 

His Excellency Richard Bernal
Ambassador Permanent Representative of Jamaica
to the Organization of American States
President of the Permanent Council

 

 

PROPOSED INVENTORY ON MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING
MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

D.M.P. No. 47/95

 

Argentine Republic


Military Delegation to the Inter-American Defense Board


Washington, D.C., 22 June 1995

 

Subject: Confidence-building measures of a military nature

 

TO BRIGADIER GENERAL LUIS F. ORTEGA MENALDO, DIRECTOR OF THE STAFF OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD.

 

In reply to the request in Memorandum D-95/54 of 18 May of this year and for the purposes of satisfying the request of the OAS Special Committee on Hemispheric Security, I enclose herewith the Inventory of Confidence-Building Measures that the government and the armed forces of Argentina are implementing in the American hemisphere.

 

Please know that this communication comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

 

Enclosed:  Appendixes A, B, C, D and E

 

/s/ Brigadier General LUIS DOMINGO VILLAR
Chief of the Argentina Military Delegation
to the IADB

 

 

APPENDIX "A"

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA NATIONAL GOVERNMENT

 

Measures

Countries

Length

Observations

Treaty of TLATELOLCO-Mexico-14 Feb 67

All Latin American countries

 

Utilization of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Ratified Nov 93

Argentine-Brazilian Declaration on Nuclear Policy

Brazil

 

FOZ DO IGUAZU - 28 Nov 90

Agreement of Guadalajara-Mexico-18 Jul 91

Brazil

 

Peaceful use of nuclear energy

Commitment of Mendoza

Brazil-Chile

 

Banning chemical and biological weapons

Safeguard Agreement-Austria-13 Dec 91

Brazil

 

Submitting nuclear installations to the OICA

Convention to Prohibit Chemical Weapons

Brazil-Chile

 

Paris-13 Jan 93

 

/s/Commander JUAN J. RODRIGUEZ MARIANI
Secretary, Argentine Military Delegation
to the IADB

 

"APPENDIX B"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA JOINT STAFF

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Exchanges among armed forces training institutes

Chile

1993, ongoing

Governed by a document of understanding and meetings bylaws

Office exercise for mutual support in the event of disasters

 

 

 

Technology developments of common interest for the armed forces

 

 

 

Exploration of new areas of mutual confidence-building

 

 

 

Meetings of consultation on security

U.S.

1981, ongoing

No guideline document

Proposed meetings for consultation among armed forces general staffs

Brazil

 

 

Symposia on military topics of common interest, for strategic purposes

Chile

Brazil

Uruguay

Paraguay

1987, ongoing

 

Consultations on international security

Canada

June 22/23, 95

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Defense Ministry

Joint Armed Forces General Staff

 

/s/Commander JUAN J. RODRIGUEZ MARIANI
Secretary, Argentine Military Delegation
to the IADB

 

"APPENDIX C"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE ARMY

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

XII Military Conference, Brazil-Argentina

Brazil

1 week

 

Exchanges of visits of cadets and officers

Brazil

1 week

Visit to schools, commands and units

Exchanges of students in war colleges of both countries

Brazil

2 years

Training course for staff officers

Exchanges of visits of cadets and officers

Chile

1 week

Visits to schools, commands and units

Military ski championship

Chile

10 days

1995, in Argentina

First meeting of general staffs

Chile

1 week

1995, in Chile

Bilateral conference of general staffs

Bolivia

1 week

1995, in Argentina

Officer instructors in the Command and Staff School of the Army of Bolivia

Bolivia

1 year/ 2 years

Two chief officers assigned to Bolivia

Adviser of the Argentine Army on the General Staff of the Army of Bolivia

Bolivia

2 years

One chief as adviser on doctrine in Bolivia

Argentina military instructors in the Army Engineering School of Bolivia

Bolivia

1 year

Two chief officers specializing in military engineering in Bolivia

Training of Bolivian cadets in the Argentine Military College

Bolivia

4 years

Two Bolivian cadets in the Military College of the Nation

 

"APPENDIX C"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE ARMY

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Visits to commands and units

Paraguay

1 week

Officers

Exercises of friendly armies

Brazil-Paraguay-Uruguay

1 week

1995, in Argentina

Exchanges of personnel (commissioned and noncommissioned officers and cadets)

Peru

1 week

Visits to operational units and schools

Meeting of general staffs

Peru

7 days

First meeting, 1995

Exchanges of personnel-commissioned and noncommissioned officers

Ecuador

1 week

Visit to operational units

Meeting of general staffs

Ecuador

7 days

First meeting, 1995

Exchanges of personnel-commissioned and noncommissioned officers

Colombia

1 week

Visit to operational units

Meeting of general staffs

Colombia

7 days

First meeting, 1995

Exchanges of military experts

U.S.

7 days

Development of operations simulators in low and middle-sized mountains-military aviation

IV International Competition for Mountain Troops

U.S.-Canada

10 days

1995, in Argentina

United Forces Exercise (Peace Forces)

Multinational

10 days

1995, in Argentina

Familiarization visit

U.S.

7 days

Training center in military peace operations-staff officers

 

"APPENDIX C"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE ARMY

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Exchanges of visits of students of officer training institutes

U.S.

4/7 days

Army War College-United States Military Academy -West Point Military Academy

Operations Conference

U.S.

7 days

United Forces Planning Exercise (Panama)

Exchanges of company chiefs and commanders

U.S.

14 days

Mechanized infantry company

 

/s/Commander JUAN J. RODRIGUEZ MARIANI
Secretary, Argentine Military Delegation
to the IADB

 

"APPENDIX D"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE NAVY

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Exchanges of technical information

Venezuela

Ongoing

 

Meetings of chiefs of hydrographic services

Uruguay

Situational

Exchange and harmonize nautical information

Exchanges of technical personnel

Uruguay

Ongoing

Courses-training-serve in units-visits

CAMAS (Control of South Atlantic Maritime Area)

Brazil

Paraguay

Uruguay

Ongoing

With rotation of CAMAS among Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil

Operation ATLASUR

Brazil

Uruguay

South Africa

Biennial

The first operation was bilateral with South Africa (1993); Brazil and Uruguay were included in the second (1995)

Trilateral war game

U.S.-Canada

Yearly

General staff level. Annual rotation of sites.

Operation UNITAS (Argentina Phase)

Navies of the hemisphere

Annual

Recent participants with units: Brazil, Canada, U.S. and Uruguay

Inter-American war game

Navies of the hemisphere

Annual

At the war college level

Inter-American Naval Conference

Navies of the hemisphere

Biennial

At the Naval Chiefs level

Specialized naval conferences

Navies of the hemisphere

Variable periodicity

Communications-war colleges-materiel-intelligence-science and technology-naval control of maritime traffic-operations with helicopters

 

"APPENDIX D"

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE NAVY

 

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Meetings of naval committees

U.S.

Annual

Surface, naval aviation and marines. Alternating sites in each country.

Exchanges of personnel

U.S.

Ongoing

Courses-training-service in units-visits

Exercise FLEETEX

U.S.

Annual

Participation with units (1994) or personnel (1995)

Exercise IMARA-USMC

U.S.

Annual

Training in coastal environments

Exercise GHOST

U.S.

1993

AS training

Exercise GRINGO-GAUCHO

U.S.

Situational

Air-naval exercises during transit of USN aircraft carriers

Exchanges of personnel

Mexico

Ongoing

Courses-visits

Exchanges of personnel

Dominican Republic

Ongoing

Personnel training

Naval Mission

Paraguay

Ongoing

Provide technical assistance and instruction of personnel

Exchanges of personnel

Paraguay

Ongoing

Courses-personnel training-visits

Exchanges of personnel

Peru

Ongoing

Courses-training-membership in units-visits

Exchanges of technical information

Peru

Ongoing

 

Exchanges of personnel

Venezuela

Ongoing

Courses-training-visits

 

"APPENDIX D"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE AIR FORCE

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Naval mission

Bolivia

Ongoing

Provide technical assistance and instruction to personnel

Exchanges of personnel

Bolivia

Ongoing

Courses-personnel training-visits

Exchanges of personnel

Brazil

Ongoing

Courses-training-service in units-visits

Operation FRATERNO

Brazil

Annual

Exercise alternating in jurisdictional waters of the two countries

Operation ARAEX

Brazil

Annual

Naval air operations with aircraft carriers

Meetings between general staffs

Chile

Annual

Alternating sites in each country

Meetings of officials in the southern area

Chile

Annual

Alternating sites in each country

Meetings of chiefs of hydrographic services

Chile

Situational

Exchange and reconciliation of nautical information

Exchanges of personnel

Chile

Situational

Courses-visits

SAR exercises and communications in the southern area

Chile

Annual

Instrument panel drill

Exchanges of personnel

Colombia

Ongoing

Courses-visits

Exchanges of personnel

Ecuador

Ongoing

Courses-personnel instruction-visits

Strategic dialogue meetings

U.S.

biennial

Meetings between general staffs. Alternating sites in each country.

  

"APPENDIX E"

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE AIR FORCE

Measures

Country

Lenght

Observations

A chief adviser officer in the area war school

Peru

2 years

Since 1978

Air support school course-radar controller course

Peru

15 days

In Argentina

Training helicopter pilots in antarctic operations

Peru

3 months

In Argentina

Familiarization with antiaircraft artillery procedures

Peru

15 days

In Peru

Exchanges of GOES/DOES operating experiences

Peru

15 days

In Peru

Familiarization with MIRAGE 2000 Aircraft

Peru

15 days

In Peru

Familiarization with MI 25 Helicopters

Peru

15 days

In Peru

Visits of fourth-year cadets

Uruguay

3/4 days

Since 1994

Visits to units with IA 58 Pucara Aircraft

Uruguay

1 week

Since 1988

Combined AA firing drills

Uruguay

1 week

Since 1989

Combined exercises for in-flight refueling

Uruguay

1 week

Scheduled for 1995

SICOFAA participation

Armed Forces of the Americas

8-weeks

Eight 1-week annual committees are held

 

/s/Commander JUAN J. RODRIGUEZ MARIANI
Secretary, Argentine Military Delegation
to the IADB

 

"APPENDIX E"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE AIR FORCE

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Spanish teacher at the Air Academy

U.S.

2 years

Since 1974

Student in BASIC PERSONNEL COURSE

U.S.

3 years

Since 1994

Student in INSTRUMENT FLYING COURSE

U.S.

3 months

Since 1993

Exchanges of pilots

U.S.

3 years

In Lackland, one Argentine instrument flight instructor and one American pilot in the Fighter-Plane School

Pilots and mechanics visiting air bases

U.S.

3 weeks

Not held this year because of budget problems: approx. 8 officers and 4 noncoms attend

Training deployment U.S. C-130 aircraft

U.S.

1 week

Two exercises-search and rescue-tactical operations with airdrops of personnel and cargo

Exchanges of cadet visits

U.S.

3/4 days

Ongoing

Communications course (senior personnel)

Paraguay

2 years

In Argentina

PREVAC course (senior personnel)

Paraguay

3 months

In Argentina

Pilot maintenance course (senior personnel)

Paraguay

10 days

In Argentina

 

"APPENDIX E"

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

COUNTRY: ARGENTINA ARGENTINE AIR FORCE

Measures

Country

Length

Observations

Exchanges of students of staff schools

Brazil

1 year

Since 1980

Units of fourth-year cadets of aviation schools

Brazil

5 days

Since 1994

Visit of TUCANO aircraft instructors

Brazil

5 days

Since 1994, in Brazil

Visits of C-130 aircraft crews

Brazil

7 days

Since 1980

One chief advisory officer of the general staff in the BAF Advanced School of Air Warfare

Bolivia

2 years

Since 1980

BAF cadets studying at the Argentine Military Aviation School

Bolivia

4 years

Since 1980

Training in M-5 flight simulator

Colombia

10 days

Since 1995

Visits of fourth-year cadets of the military aviation schools

Chile

7 days

Since 1994

Glider flight training in mountains

Chile

3 days

Since 1994

Radar controller course

Ecuador

3 months

In Argentina

Exchanges of chiefs studying in war colleges

U.S.

1 year

Air war college and Escuela de Guerra Aérea

 

EMBASSY OF BOLIVIA


Chief of the Military Delegation of Bolivia to the IADB

 

Washington, D.C., June 20, 1995

 

Brigadier General Luis F. Ortega Menaldo
Director of the IADB Staff
Washington, D.C.

 

Dear General:

 

I submit herewith the Inventory of Confidence-Building Measures, along with the following documents:

  • Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature, submitted at the Meeting of Government Experts, held in Buenos Aires in 1994.

  • Confidence-Building Measures between the Bolivian armed forces and Peru and Paraguay.

Please know that this letter comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

 

/s/Major General Eduardo Galindo Grandchand

Chief of the Delegation to the IADB

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE,
SUBMITTED AT THE MEETING OF GOVERNMENT EXPERTS
HELD IN BUENOS AIRES IN 1994

 

A. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO TROOPS AND ARMY DEPLOYMENT

  1. Advance notification of maneuvers that their own units or those of third countries undertake within a certain distance from coasts and borders.

  2. Advance notification of identification, planned route, and purpose of military units that are expected to be within a certain distance.

  3. Radio contract between border forces, through periodic communications, in order to coordinate activities undertaken by all organs at the border, thus obviating the possibility of tension through misunderstanding.

  4. Meetings of naval and air officers to deal with navigation issues.

  5. Invitations to armed forces of neighboring countries to send observers to maneuvers and troop exercises carried out in areas near the respective borders.

B. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO EXCHANGES OF INFORMATION

  1. Measures to reinforce mechanisms for information on and cooperation in search and rescue operations.

  2. Periodic meetings between general staffs of armed forces.

  3. Exchanges of information on military budgets.

  4. Exchanges of information on production and acquisitions of new equipment and weapons.

  5. Exchanges of information on military doctrine and organization.

  6. More active participation in the United Nations register of conventional arms and the instrument for the standard international presentation of reports on military expenditures.

C. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO EXCHANGES OF PERSONNEL

Visits and exchanges of personnel of military units.

D. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO COMMUNICATIONS.

Direct and frequent communication between commands so as to ensure exchanges of information that will provide proper knowledge of each other's military activities.

E. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO CONTACTS.

  1. Normal security procedures during operations of naval and air units in accordance with international agreements currently in force.

  2. Exchanges of experiences in

- the organization and structure of defense ministries and armed forces

- peace operations

- the analysis of concrete problems of mutual interest

 

F. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO TRAINING AND EDUCATION.

  1. Exchanges of military personnel of different ranks in diverse areas, such as

- survival training

- training courses in confidence- and security-building measures

- general staff training courses of higher ranks

- military basic and advanced military training and instruction courses

- exchanges of basic information on confidence- and security-building measures

- exchanges of cadets, students and advisors

  1. Meetings between military academies.

  2. Plans for visits to and exchanges with commands and units of the different armed forces.

  3. Exchanges of military personnel specializing in personnel, intelligence, operations, logistics, civilian affairs, information processing, and others that may be of interest.

  4. Combined training operations between armed forces.

  5. Participation of commissioned and noncommissioned officers in athletic and cultural activities held by the armed forces of other countries.

APPENDIX I

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(FORMAT)
BILATERAL
SUBREGIONAL/
HEMISPHERIC

 

COUNTRY: BOLIVIA WITH ARGENTINA - BRAZIL - PERU - ECUADOR - UNITED STATES - VENEZUELA

 

MEASURES

BETWEEN (SIGNATORY

COUNTRIES)

LENGTH

START END

OBSERVATIONS

ICIA Exchange

Bolivia-Argentina

Ongoing

 

 

Academic exchange

Bolivia-Argentina

Ongoing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICIA Exchange

Bolivia-Brazil

Ongoing

 

 

Academic exchange

Bolivia-Brazil

Ongoing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICIA Exchange

Bolivia-Paraguay

1995

 

 

Academic Exchange

Bolivia-Paraguay

1995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICIA Exchange

Bolivia-Peru

Ongoing

 

 

Academic Exchange

Bolivia-Peru

Ongoing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Academic Exchange

Bolivia-Ecuador

Ongoing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICIA Exchange

Bolivia-U.S.

Ongoing

 

 

Academic Exchange

Bolivia-U.S.

Ongoing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Academic Exchange

Bolivia-Venezuela

Ongoing

 

 

 

/s/EDUARDO GALINGO G.
DIVISIÓN GENERAL
HEAD OF DELEGATION OF BOLIVIA
TO THE IADB

 


FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL

 

From: Chief of the Delegation of Brazil to the IADB

 

To: His Excellency, the Director of the General Staff of the IADB

 

Subject: Confidence-Building Measures

 

Reference: Memorandum: D-95/154 of 18 May 1995 from this General Staff

 

Enclosed: Inventory of confidence-building measures of a military nature.

 

Based on the referenced document, I submit to Your Excellency this appendix, with four lists, concerning the confidence-building measures implemented by the Brazilian armed forces.

 

/s/PAULO CESAR DE PAIVA BASTOS
Rear Admiral
Chief of the Delegation of Brazil
to the IADB

 

APPENDIX A

 

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

Information on the Armed Forces General Staff

MEASURES

COUNTRY

LENGTH

OBSERVATIONS

Participation in the Symposium of Strategic Studies of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and of Defense

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay

1 week

In 1995, VIII Symposium in Santiago, Chile, 26-30 June 1995.

Annual

Attendance at the annual meeting of consultations of Joint Chiefs of Staff

Brazil and U.S.

TBD

In 1996, XVI Meeting in the U.S.

Attendance and coordination of the mission of military observers of guarantor countries of the 1942 Rio de Janeiro Protocol, in Ecuador and Peru

Argentina,

Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and U.S.

11 Mar to 11 Sept 95

As a result of recent ECUADOR and PERU conflict

Participation in the UN Convention on Prohibition and limitations on the Use of Conventional Weapons Considered Excessively Harmful or Generating Indiscriminate Effects

Various

 

 

Attendance at the Brazil-Venezuela Regional Meeting on military exchanges

Brazil and Venezuela

 

 

Participation of the army in the regional meetings between the Military Command of the Amazon (Brazil) and the Unified Command of the South (Colombia)

Brazil and Colombia

 

Periodic

Participation in the UN Register of conventional weapons

Various

 

 

Participation in various UN peace missions

Various

 

 

Participation in various international agencies

Various

 

OAS, IADB

Signatory of international treaties

Various

 

Tlatelolco, TCA

 

APPENDIX B

 

 CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(Format)
Bilateral
Subregional (1)
Hemispheric Subsidies
Information provided by the Navy

 

Country: Brazil

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

Offers of courses and practical training in the BN for all South American countries

Brazil and other Latin American countries

Variable

Countries that have taken advantage of this offer: Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Venezuela, Suriname, Peru and Guatemala in various courses and practical training.

Exchanges of professional military education (advanced military courses RGN/NOC)

Brazil and U.S.

 

Ongoing, started in 1989. One officer-student/country.

Exchanges in graduate course instructors (EX/Annapolis)

Brazil and U.S.

Every 2 years

Ongoing, started in 1978

Exchanges of liaison officer

Brazil and U.S.

Every 2 years (BN) and every year (USN)

Ongoing, since 1978

Exchanges in the logistics and materiel area

Brazil and U.S.

Every 2 years (BN) and every year (USN)

Ongoing, since 1984

Exchanges of amphibious force officers

Brazil and U.S

Every 2 years (BN) and every year (USN)

Ongoing, since 1980

Exchanges of cadets (in Annapolis)

Brazil and U.S.

6 to 8 weeks

Ongoing, started in 1980

Shiprider exchanges for officers

Brazil and Argentina

Variable

Started in 1994. Includes various cruises on ships of the BN/ARN

Exchanges in senior military studies courses

Brazil and Argentina

 

Protocol signed in 1988, effective in 1994

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

OCONTRAM course

Brazil and Argentina

2 Weeks

Both countries conduct courses in this area, with various countries attending

Visits to naval training facilities

Brazil and Argentina

2 Weeks

Exchanges between the two countries. Started this year with the visit of BN officers to Argentina

Practical training in mine warfare

Brazil and Uruguay

3 Weeks

Conducted in the Mine Sweeping Force in Salvador, with the participation of one officer

Training in the Marines group, in Ladário

Brazil and Uruguay

4 Weeks

Familiarization with coastal operations conducted in the region, with the participation of one officer

Operation UNITAS

Countries of the Americas

Annual

Other countries may sometimes be invited

Operation FRATERNO

Brazil and Argentina

Annual

Alternating in the jurisdictional waters of the two countries

Operation ATLASUR

Brazil, Argentina and South Africa

Biennial

1995-participation of the Brazilian Navy

Operation PASSEX

Brazil/friendly navies

 

At the request of friendly navies, conducted when passing through Brazilian

IAWG-(Inter-American War Game)

Countries of the Americas

Annual

Representatives of the Naval War Academies/Schools Attend

IANC (**) Inter-American Naval Conference

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

 

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

CNIE of Chiefs of Naval Communications

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

 

Operational network of regional cooperation of Latin American maritime officials

South America/ Mexico/Panama

To be determined (***)

 

CNIE - Science and technology

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

To be held in Colombia

Combined forces exercise

Brazil and U.S.

5/18 to 5/24

Marines exercise

Exercise Export Gold

Brazil and U.S. and others

6/5 to 6/15

Maritime traffic control

Exercise OCAMAS

Brazil and Uruguay and others

10/16 to 10/27

Maritime traffic control

CNIE-IAW and HOSTAC

Inter-America

1/3 to 2/2

Helicopter operations

Waterways/Paraguay/Paraná

Brazil

Bolivia

Uruguay

Argentina

Paraguay

Annual

 

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

151 countries

Annual

World merchant ship navigation

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (ICO)

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

Hydrographic subjects

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

CNIE of Directors of Naval War Colleges

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

 

CNIE of Directors of Materiel Logistics

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

 

CNIE of Intelligence

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

 

CNIE of Naval Control of Maritime Traffic

Countries of the Americas

Biennial

 

 

IANC-INTER-AMERICAN NAVAL CONFERENCE
SIANC-SPECIALIZED INTER-AMERICAN NAVAL CONFERENCE
TBD = To be determined

 

/s/HEMENEGILDO ANDREIUOLO
Officer in charge of Naval War Division

 

ADDENDUM 

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

Qualification of Pilots on board "Minas Gerais" NAel

Brazil and Argentina

1993 and 1994

 

 

/s/JOSE EUSTAQUIO DA SILVA FILHO
Navy Captain (FN)
Deputy Chief of Logistics
IADB

 

APPENDIX C

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

Bilateral
Subregional
(1) Hemispheric Subsidies
Information provided by the Army

 

Country: BRAZIL

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

Visits to UN (command and control)

Brazil/U.S.

6 Feb 95 9 Feb 95

 

ABAE-SER Seminary

Brazil/ Argentina

3 Mar 95 4 Mar 95

 

Instruction on mines and traps for CO-BRAVEM

Brazil, U.S.

15 Mar 95 17 Mar 95

 

Peacekeeping Operation

Brazil/England

2 Apr 95 3 Apr 95

 

Seminar on Peace Force

Brazil/

Argentina

3 Apr 95 8 Apr 95

 

Peacekeeping Operation

Brazil/England

26 Apr 95 27 Apr 95

 

Exchanges of specialists' assistance

Brazil/U.S.

17 Apr 95 21 Apr 95

 

Aircraft visits/ light operations

Brazil/Panama

3 May 95 5 May 95

 

Conference on the Peace Force exercise for 1995

Brazil/ Argentina

2 May 95 4 May 95

 

Seminar on confidence-building measures

Brazil/U.S., Chile, Argentina

22 May 95 26 May 95

 

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

Seminar on Western Hemisphere Peace Force

Brazil/U.S.

22 May 95 25 May 95

 

Visits to Light Infantry Military Organization

Brazil/U.S.

 

Regular length

12th exchanges of doctrine

Brazil/U.S.

18 Jul 95 21 Jul 95

 

International Conference on Doctrine

Brazil/U.S.

21 Jul 95 24 Jul 95

 

Symposium on Military Aircraft Flight Safety

Brazil/U.S.

27 Jul 95 28 Jul 95

 

Peace Force Exercise

Brazil/Argentina

20 Aug 95 1 Sept 95

 

Exchanges of specialists assistance

Brazil/U.S.

 

Sept 95

Preparatory meeting

Brazil

 

Nov 95

Offer and acceptance of vacancies in courses and practical training

Brazil and various countries

 

 

 

APPENDIX D

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(Format)
Bilateral
Subregional
(Hemispheric Subsidies)
Information provided by the Air Force

 

Country: Brazil

Measures

Among Signatory

Countries

Length

Start-End

Observations

CONJEFAMER (2)

All countries of the Americas

21 May 95 27 May 95

Annual

Committee to Prevent Air Accidents (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

14 Nov 95 21 Nov 95

Annual

Committee on Search and Rescue and Mutual Support in Disasters (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

16 Oct 95 20 Oct 95

Annual

Committee for Mutual Logistics Support (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

16 Oct 95 20 Oct 95

Annual

Committee on Medicine of the American Air Forces (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

28 Aug 95 01 Sep 95

Annual

Meteorology Committee of the American Air Forces (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

11 Sep 95 15 Sep 95

Annual

Committee on Telecommunications Systems and Informatics (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

30 Oct 95 03 Nov 95

Annual

Committee on Illegal Flights (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

02 Oct 95 06 Oct 95

Annual

Training Committee (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

23 Oct 95 27 Oct 95

Annual

Science and Technology Committee (SICOFAA)

All countries of the Americas

27 Nov 95 01 Dec 95

Annual

Exchanges of operators and technicians of the telecommunications system (SICOFAA)

All signatory countries of SICOFAA (3)

09 Jul 95 17 Jul 95

Annual

Exchanges with MIRAGE III pilots and D Br and PANTERA

Chile

July 95 Aug 95

28 days

Exchanges of patrol pilots

Chile

TBD TBD

 

Exchanges of F-5 pilots

Chile

Aug 95 Sep 95

24 days

Exchanges of T-27 pilots

Peru

TBD TBD

 

Exchanges of F-5 pilots

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Exchanges to update pilots and air defense controllers

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Exchanges of helicopter pilots

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Exchanges in the area of war simulation

U.S.

TBD TBD

24 days

Exchanges of flight instructors

Argentina

TBD TBD

 

Cultural exchanges of cadets

Argentina

Chile

U.S.

Uruguay

TBD TBD

After Sept 95

Training in F-103 simulator

Chile

TBD TBD

Annual

Training in C-130 aircraft simulator

U.S.

TBD TBD

Annual

Training in R-35A aircraft simulator

U.S.

TBD July

 

Training in AT-26 aircraft simulator

Paraguay

TBD TBD

Annual

Training T-27 aircraft simulator

Argentina and Paraguay

TBD TBD

Annual

Operational training of C-130 aircraft crews (for operation in the Antarctic) and survival exercise in the ice

Chile

Sept 95 Oct 95

14 days

Initial qualification of C-130 aircraft copilots

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Electronic warfare operations/staff officer course

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Imagery Intelligence Officer Course

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Air intelligence officer course

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Precision photo course

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Defense sensor interpretation and application training course

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Imagery productive course

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

General Staff course

Argentina

Venezuela

U.S.

Mar Dec

Biennial

Offer of vacancies in various BAF courses (list of courses in appendix)

Argentina

Bolivia

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Venezuela

TBD TBD

Annual

Flight physiology course

Paraguay and Uruguay

TBD TBD

Annual

Operation TIGER II

U.S.

15 Oct 95 30 Oct 95

Exercise in fighter plane units of the BAF and USAF (ANG)

Operation UNITAS IIIVI

U.S., Argentina

Uruguay

24 Apr 95 28 Apr 95

Annual exercise between armed forces (Army and Navy)

Operation ARAEX

Uruguay

Argentina

1 Oct 95 20 Oct 95

Annual exercise between armed forces (Army and Navy)

RODEO 95 Competition

U.S.

TBD TBD

 

Multilateral accord on over-flights and landings

All signatory countries of SICOFAA

Ongoing

Signed at CONJEFAMER VII May 67

Advance planning meeting of CONJEFAMER

All countries of the Americas

12 Feb 95 16 Feb 95

Annual

MOMEP

U.S.

Argentina

Chile

Feb 95 TBD

Peace Mission of military observers in the area of conflict ECUADOR/PERU

 

 

 

(1) Where appropriate

(2) CONJEFAMER: Conference of the chiefs of the American air forces

(3) SICOFAA: System of Cooperation among American Air Forces

(4) TBD: To be determined

(5) BAF - Brazilian Air Force

(6) BN-Brazilian Navy

 

CURRENT COURSES IN THE BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE

 

01- Flight Safety Course (CFB)

02- Technical refresher course in fire fighting and rescue (CATCIS)

03- Maintenance inspector course (CIMAN)

04- Supply and maintenance management course (CASM)

05- Centralized course for fire fighting and rescue officers (CEOCIS)

06- Hospital administration course (CAHOFE)

07- General staff and high command course (CEM/CSC)

08- Air officers training course (CFOAV)

09- Advanced training course for officers (CAP)

10- Specialized course in air space medicine (CEMAE)

11- Sergeants training course (CFS)

12- Instructors training course (CPI)

13- SAR Auxiliary coordination course (OP-06)

14- Radar operation course in terminal area (OP-17)

15- In flight radar operation course (OP-18)

16- SAR coordinator course (OP-111)

17- AIS organs supervision course (CG-24)

20- ATC organs supervision course (CG-25)

21- Basic ILS course (CB-09)

22- Basic radar maintenance course (CB-14)

23- Supply inspector course (CINS)

24- War materiel inspector course (CIMBE)

 


 

Embassy of Chile Military Attache

 

SUBJECT: Report on request for bilateral agreements:

 

REF: 1) Session No. 1064

 

2) Memorandum D-95/154 of 18 May 1995

 

FROM: CHIEF OF THE DELEGATION OF CHILE TO THE IADB.

 

TO: DIRECTOR OF THE STAFF OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD

  1. As you know, in Session No. 1064 of the Inter-American Defense Board, the Chiefs of Delegation were asked to submit an inventory of confidence-building measures of a military nature, a subject that was expanded upon later in Memorandum D-95/154.

  2. The Chief of the Delegation of Chile has consulted the commands of the armed forces institutions on this matter, and they have indicated that because these measures are contained in bilateral agreements, details on them cannot be given out, because they are confidential information of the signatories of the agreements.

Yours truly,

 

/s/Ricardo Izurrieta Caffarena
Brigadier General
Chief of the Delegation of Chile
to the IADB

 

Distribution:

1. Director of Staff IADB.

2. Naval Mission.

3. Air Mission.

4. File

 


EMBASSY OF COLOMBIA

 

To: Major General John C. Ellerson, CHAIRMAN OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD

 

I am submitting herewith to the Chairman of the Inter-American Defense Board information on the confidence-building measures of the Colombian military forces.

 

/s/ General LUIS HUMBERTO CORREA CASTAÑEDA
Defense Attache and Chief of Delegation of Colombia to the IADB

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE CONTINENTAL LEVEL

 

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

American Army Conferences (CEA)

American Armies

Annual

Integration and cooperation

 

American Air Forces Conferences (CONJEFAMER)

American Air Forces

Annual

Integration and cooperation

 

American Naval Conferences

American Navies

Annual

Integration and cooperation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-ARGENTINA

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

Bilateral intelligence and general staff conferences

Colombia-Argentina

Annual

Exchanges of information

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-BRAZIL

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

Bilateral conferences

Colombia-Brazil

Annual

Exchanges of information

Directors of army intelligence

Regional meetings

Colombia-Brazil

Biennial

Exchanges of information

CUS Colombia and Amazon Military Command-Brazil

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-BOLIVIA

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

Bilateral conference

Colombia-Bolivia

Annual

Exchanges of information

The first conference will be held this year in La Paz

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-CHILE

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

Bilateral conference

Colombia-Chile

Annual

Exchanges of information

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-ECUADOR

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

Ministerial meeting

Colombia, Ecuador

Annual

Integration and cooperation

Has not been held

National border commission (CONBIFRON)

Colombia, Ecuador

Annual

Border security

Has not been held

Bilateral conference

Colombia, Ecuador

Annual

Exchanges of information

Has not been held

Regional meetings

Colombia, Ecuador

Quarterly

Border security

Major border units

Local meetings

Colombia, Ecuador

Quarterly

Border security

Tactical border units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-PANAMA

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

Ministerial meeting

Colombia-Panama

Annual

Share experiences on border crimes

 

Regional meetings

Colombia-Panama

Quarterly

Exchanges of information

Border units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-PERU

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Purpose

 

Observations

High Command roundtables

Colombia-Peru

Annual

Generate confidence measures

 

Bilateral conferences

Colombia-Peru

Annual

Exchanges of information

Army intelligence commands

Bilateral conferences

Colombia-Peru

Annual

Exchanges of information

Air Force intelligence commands

Regional meetings

Colombia-Peru

Quarterly

Exchanges of information

CUS Colombia and Fifth Military Region-Peru

Working group

Colombia-Peru

Biennial

Preparation roundtables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL, SUBREGIONAL OR HEMISPHERIC MEASURES

AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL

 

COLOMBIA-VENEZUELA

 

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Subject

 

Observations

Ministerial meetings

Colombia-Venezuela

Every 6 months

Integration and cooperation

 

Binational Border Commission (COMBIFRON)

Colombia-Venezuela

Ongoing

Border security

Has not been held

Army commanders

Colombia-Venezuela

Biennial

Integration and cooperation

 

Air Force commanders

Colombia-Venezuela

Biennial

Integration and cooperation

Has not been held

Navy commanders

Colombia-Venezuela

Biennial

Integration and cooperation

Has not been held

Bilateral intelligence conferences

Colombia-Venezuela

Annual

Exchanges of information

Has not been held

Measures

Conference-Meetings-Contacts

Among

(Signatory

Countries)

Length

Start End

 

Subject

 

Observations

Regional meetings

Colombia-Venezuela

Quarterly

Border security

Commanders Army, Navy and Air Force units at division level

Local meetings

Colombia-Venezuela

Quarterly

Border security

Tactical units of Army, Navy and Air Force

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

PERMANENT DELEGATION OF ECUADOR

 

Sir:

 

Regarding your memorandum D-95/154 of 18 May 1995, I am submitting to you the Inventory of Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature drawn up by the Military Delegation of Ecuador.

 

Please know that this letter comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

Yours truly,

 

/s/Patricio López
Brigadier General
Chief of the Delegation of Ecuador
to the IADB

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(FORMAT)

BILATERAL

SUBREGIONAL(1)

HEMISPHERIC

 

Country: Ecuador

 

Measures

Between

(Signatory

Countries)

 

Length

 

Observations

A. BILATERAL

 

 

 

Bilateral intelligence meetings

 

Colombia, Peru

 

 

Held in each country

Exchanges of cadets and officers

Colombia

 

Various courses are held

Joint or coordinated operations to combat narco-guerillas

Colombia

 

Held when the situation warrants

Use of security card on the border

Peru

 

 

Development of binational border air transport

Colombia

 

Weekly

Border conventions on fishing and treatment of crews

Ecuador, Peru, Colombia

 

 

B. SUBREGIONAL

 

 

 

- Exchanges of instructor officers in military academies and schools

 

Chile, Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia

 

 

- Conferences and meetings of commanding generals of the armies

All countries of South America

 

 

Measures

Between

(Signatory

Countries)

 

Length

 

Observations

Joint/combined naval operations

Ecuador, USA, Colombia

 

 

SAR operations

Ecuador, USA, Colombia

 

 

Courses and seminars

Chile, Colombia, USA, Brazil, Venezuela

 

 

Shiprider exchanges of officers

USA, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador

 

 

Academic courses

Chile

 

 

C. HEMISPHERIC

 

 

 

Meeting of defense ministers

All countries in the hemisphere

 

 

United States initiative

Courses and exchanges of instructors

USA

 

In all courses

Joint operations employing air power

USA

 

 

Academic courses

 

 

 

(1) Where appropriate

 

 


TO: BRIGADIER GENERAL LUIS FRANCISCO ORTEGA MENALDO

ARMY OF GUATEMALA, DIRECTOR OF THE STAFF OF THE IADB

 

FROM: LIEUTENANT COLONEL ALVARO ANTONIO PALOMO

CHIEF OF THE DELEGATION OF EL SALVADOR TO THE IADB

 

DATE: 26 JUNE 1995

 

SUBJECT: SUBMITTAL OF LIST OF CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

 

In response to your request in a memorandum dated June 20 of this year, I respectfully submit for the appropriate purposes a list of Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature, drafted in the required format.

GOD, UNION, LIBERTY

 

 

/s/LIEUTENANT COLONEL

ALVARO ANTONIO PALOMO

CHIEF OF THE DELEGATION OF

EL SALVADOR TO THE IADB

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

Observations

1. Follow-up on the meeting of defense ministers

All countries in the hemisphere

1st 25-26 Jul 95

2nd/3rd Annually

USA initiative

Initiative of any American State.

Military strategic focus.

2. Meetings of army, air force and naval commanders

All countries in the hemisphere

Every year

Military focus

3. More participation and support by the IADB and the IADC

All countries in the hemisphere

Every year

Mainly civilians participating in the IADC, who have impact on OAS posts

4. Mine clearance operations

IADB and Central American countries

Situational

Since this is an operation of a different sort, depending on need

5. More participation and support for the School of the Americas

USA and interested countries

Every year

Exchanges of experiences

6. Combined exercises

USA and Central American countries

July 7-12

Naval exercise on the coasts of the Gulf of Fonseca

7. Exchanges of students (officers and men)

Mainly neighboring countries

Ongoing

Participation in courses such as command and staff. Special forces, etc.

8. Improve system for communications and coordination between commands

Inter-American countries

Ongoing

Continuing coordination between ministers of the region and armed forces commanders, etc.

9. Military balance of power

Neighboring countries

Ongoing

No excessive arms buildup

10. Meeting of regional defense ministers

Central American countries

Every year

Strategic military focus

11. Meetings of regional armed forces commanders

Central American countries

Every year

Regional military focus

12.More cooperation and reactivation of CONDECA

Central American countries

Ongoing

Central American Defense Council

13. More control and advance coordination of troop movements and border area exercises

Neighboring countries in the hemisphere

Ongoing

Improve coordination

14. More exchanges of information

Neighboring countries in the hemisphere

Ongoing

 

15. More exchanges of bibliography

All countries in the hemisphere

Ongoing

Military journals, etc.

 


 

 

MILITARY CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF THE ARMY OF GUATEMALA

 

I. Military Defense Agreements:

A. Agreements on the fight against drug trafficking

1. First meeting, Tegucigalpa (1991).

AGREEMENTS:

a. Establish an office of interregional police coordination.

b. Establish information mechanisms and join forces in the fight against drug trafficking.

2. Second meeting, Panama (1992).

AGREEMENTS:

a. Organize the exchanges of information of mutual interest through the Office of Interregional Police Coordination.

3. Third meeting, Managua (1993).

AGREEMENTS:

a. Establish a regional technical commission for dealing with drug trafficking, composed of drug enforcement chiefs.

b. Improve mechanisms for controlling registry of aircraft, ships and land transport to prevent trafficking in drugs and arms in the region.

c. Recommend to the regional commissions that our respective countries implement mechanisms for exchanges and coordination among them.

d. Urge the communications media in Central America and Panama not to evaluate drug seizures in monetary terms, in view of the damage that might have been caused to our young people and society as a whole.

e. Colombia will be invited (preferably the head of the drug enforcement campaign), to participate in the fourth meeting of chiefs of police in Central America and Panama.

4. Fourth meeting, San Salvador (1994).

AGREEMENTS:

a. Approve the information document of the Eleventh Regional Conference Against Drug Trafficking (IDEC XII).

b. Through the commissions against drug trafficking, and similar agencies in each country, urge the legislative assemblies or national congresses to appoint a national commission.

c. That chiefs of police made arrangements with their respective governments, in countries that have not yet done so, to set up the Joint Information Center (JICC).

d. That the fight against drugs should go beyond being a mere exchanges of information to joint actions through bilateral operations.

B. Agreements in the fight against theft of vehicles:

1. First meeting, Tegucigalpa (1991)

AGREEMENTS:

a. Establish an office of interregional police coordination.

2. Second meeting, Panama (1992)

AGREEMENTS:

a. Organize exchanges of information of mutual interest through the Office of Interregional Police Coordination.

3. Third meeting, Managua (1993).

a. Conduct a comparative study of legislation in force in each country.

b. Review and unify the mechanisms for monitoring and control of vehicles.

c. Improve the system of surveillance of vehicular transit, at blind spots on the borders.

d. Enhance the capabilities of specialized police personnel.

e. Design and establish an automated system for registry and control of vehicles.

f. Establish information exchange on theft of vehicles.

g. Recommend that the national police of Panama establish a single registry of vehicles.

h. Review the present use being made of various serial numbers and determine the need to standardize their use as a means of seizing stolen vehicles.

i. Invite the public security department of Costa Rica to attend the next meeting of the Regional Chiefs of Transit.

4. Fourth meeting, San Salvador (1994)

AGREEMENTS:

a. Promote collaboration and coordination in each country among the entities responsible for investigating and bringing criminal proceedings in cases of vehicle theft.

b. Establish a national information network including police institutions, insurance companies and other governmental and nongovernmental agencies involved in this field.

c. Work together with entities responsible for promulgating and enforcing laws in each country, to update penal, customs and property laws in connection with illegal trafficking in vehicles.

d. Promote cooperation and broad assistance immediately from each police organ to their counterparts in the area.

II. COMMISSION ON ARMS LIMITATIONS:

1. Proposals on prevention of trafficking in arms:

A. Exchanges of information on bands, groups or elements engaged in arms trafficking in their respective countries.

B. Establish Central American circulated lists of firearms and the mechanisms for continuous updating of the lists.

C. Strengthen mechanisms for control of customs, borders and blind spots to prevent trafficking in firearms and munitions.

D. Draft proposed laws providing for severe penalties for traffickers in firearms and munitions and regulate the kinds of weapons to be imported.

E. Exchange experiences on plans for disarming civilians.

F. Organize exchanges of information on intermediaries dealing in firearms and munitions.

G. Establish lists and inventories of firearms imported into the countries by firearms dealers in those countries.

III. COOPERATION AGREEMENTS:

Recommendations for an agreement on citizen security.

A. Promote modernization of laws on public security.

B. Define regional priorities for preventing criminal activities and establish a common strategy for dealing with crime.

C. Promote modernization and professionalization of public security structures in the region.

D. Train public security personnel and seek to acquire the necessary technical resources to deal with criminal activities, trafficking in firearms, explosives, chemical explosives and toxic substances.

E. Conduct the technical studies needed for governments to comply with international law on the number of police (one police officer for every 1,000 persons).

IV. EXCHANGES OF STUDENTS AND INSTRUCTORS:

A. Exchanges of instructors with the United States of America.

B. Exchanges of cadets of the Polytechnical School with West Point, USA.

C. Exchanges of instructors for courses given at the Center for Military Studies.

V. BILATERAL OR MULTILATERAL MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS:

New model for regional security:

There are three frames of reference for regional security that define this new approach to Central American Security.

A. The Declaration of Central America as a region of peace, liberty, democracy and development.

B. The Protocol of Tegucigalpa.

C. The Alliance for Sustainable Development.

 


EMBASSY OF THE REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS

 

MESSAGE:

 

1. I am remitting herewith Note No. C.J.FF.AA. No. 832-95 from the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of Honduras, in response to your note D-95-154.

 

2. Please know that this message comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

 

ARMED FORCES OF HONDURAS
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF

 

CJFFAA NOTE NO. 832-85

 

DEFENSE ATTACHE OF HONDURAS

WASHINGTON, D.C.

COLONEL, INFANTRY STAFF

RAMON ROSA IZAGUIRRE

 

1. Under instructions of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, I am responding to your fax CEJ-033-AHW-995 dated 11 May 1995 whereby you request the COMPLETE SYSTEMATIC INVENTORY OF THE CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE THAT ARE BEING IMPLEMENTED AT THE BILATERAL, REGIONAL AND HEMISPHERIC LEVEL. It is considered that such a document should first of all reflect a Central American regional understanding, so it is considered that a response to this request should be given at another time in a comprehensive manner because it must take into consideration the views of our neighbors.

 

It is very important to note that on June 29 a joint press release was made public in the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN) on this topic, under the responsibility of the Ministers of Defense and Commanders in Chief of the Armed Forces of Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.

 

2. Please know that this letter comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

LOYALTY HONOR SACRIFICE

 

/s/ Colonel, Artillery Staff
Alberto Cabrera Rodriguez
Aide de Camp
of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces

EHO = 1031

 


DELEGATION OF MEXICO

 

Subject: Submission of Information on Confidence- Building Measures of a Military Nature

 

Brigadier General

LUIS FRANCISCO ORTEGA MENALDO

DIRECTOR OF THE STAFF OF THE IADB

 

Enclosed are eight charts containing the information requested regarding the Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature, now being implemented by Mexico in the bilateral, subregional and hemispheric areas.

 

I hereby renew the assurances of my consideration and esteem.

 

/s/ Chief of Delegation

Gabriel Rafael Garcia Aguillar

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE IN THE HEMISPHERE

COUNTRY: MEXICO

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

MEXICO is a member of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB)

Member countries of the Board

30 Mar 42

Relating to exchanges of personnel and information.

Pursuant to UN Resolutions 49/75C "Transparency in the arms field" and 40/91B "Reduction of military budgets", Mexico provides that information to the UN.

Countries of the hemisphere; members of the UN

1994

Relating to exchanges of information whereby such information is made known to the countries of the hemisphere through the OAS

Mexico ratified the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR)

Signatory countries of the treaty

23 Nov 48

Relating to peaceful settlement of disputes

Mexico ratified the American Treaty of Peaceful Settlement (Pact of Bogota)

Signatory countries of the treaty

23 Nov 48

Idem

 

 

 

 

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE AT THE SUBREGIONAL LEVEL

 

COUNTRY: MEXICO

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Mexico is party to the Treaty banning Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)

Member countries of that Organization

20 Sept 67

Measures relating to nuclear matters

 

 

 

 

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE AT THE BILATERAL LEVEL

 

COUNTRY: MEXICO

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Joint Mexico-United States Defense Commission (CMEUDC)

United States

27 Feb 42

Measures relating to exchanges of personnel and information

Board of Border Commanders

United States

1988

Measures relating to exchanges of information

 

 

 

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Military attaches to the Embassies of Mexico, established in countries of the hemisphere

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

United States

Guatemala

Honduras

Venezuela

Brazil

El Salvador

Nicaragua

Paraguay

Canada

Peru

Cuba

Belize

1971 1973

1993

1971

1971

1971

1971

1971

1971

1972

1972

1972

1972

1973

1973

1978

1990

Measures relating to exchanges of personnel and information

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Military attaches to the Embassies of the countries of the hemisphere, established in Mexico

Chile

United States

El Salvador

Guatemala

Colombia

Honduras

Venezuela

Brazil

Cuba

Canada

1971 1973

1993

1967

1969

1970

1971

1972

1972

1973

1976

1991

Measures relating to exchanges of personnel and information

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Military students of countries of the hemisphere to which Mexico gives courses

Belize

Brazil

Bolivia

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Ecuador

El Salvador

United States

Guatemala

Nicaragua

Peru

Dominican Republic

Variable dates

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Measures relating to exchanges of personnel, training and education

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Countries of the hemisphere that offer courses for military students from Mexico

United States

Guatemala

El Salvador

Chile

Brazil

Colombia

Venezuela

Peru

Variable dates

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Idem

Measures relating to exchanges of personnel, training and education

Mexico maintains exchange of military instructors with

United States

Chile

Variable dates

Idem

Measures relating to exchanges of personnel, training and education

 

 


MILITARY FORCES COMMAND PARAGUAY

 

JOINT STAFF

 

III DEPARTMENT of the Republic of Paraguay to the IADB-USA

 

Staff Colonel Guillermo Escobar Cariña

Washington, D.C.

 

I have the honor to address the Defense Attache and Chief of Delegation to the IADB-USA to acknowledge receipt of Fax No. 77/95, dated 23 June 1995, informing of and remitting the memorandum of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), reiterating a previous request made by Fax No. EP71/95 of 13 June of this year.

 

In response to the above, I attach the appendix (Mutual Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature).

 

/s/Mario Vázquez Ramos
Staff-Chief III Department,
Joint Chiefs of Staff

DEFENSE ATTACHE

EMBASSY OF PARAGUAY

 

Attention: Brigadier General Army of Guatemala

Luis F. Ortega Menaldo

 

SUBJECT: 1) Report. 2) Remit one (1) fax received from Paraguay

 

FROM: Colonel, Staff: G. Escobar F. Defense Attache-Chief

Delegation of Paraguay

 

 

REMARKS:

 

I have the honor to inform you of and remit one fax D-3 No. 66 of today's date, received by my country, referring to "Mutual Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature."

 

The fax received is a reply to the reiterated request by the Inter-American Defense Board Staff Note D-95/177 dated 20 June 1995, for the purpose of your information, consideration and appropriate purposes.

Please know that this message comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

Yours truly,

 

/s/Guillermo Escobar Pariña
Colonel, Staff
Defense Attache and
Chief of Delegation of Paraguay
to the IADB

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL

SUBREGIONAL

HEMISPHERIC

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Movement of troops

Paraguay and US

Paraguay-Argentina

Argentina-Uruguay

Paraguay-Brazil and the Southern Command

Paraguay and Argentina

Paraguay and US

5 Apr 8 Apr 95

8 May 12 May 95

15 Aug 1 Sep 95

 

 

 

6 Sep 9 Sep 95

 

12 Sep 19 Sep 95

Conf Unitas XXXVI

Planning meeting SIRENA IX

Unit Forces 95 in Buenos Aires

 

 

Combined operation SIRENA IX

Rio Paraguay area

Combined operation UNITAS XXXVI

Exchange of personnel

Paraguayan cadets to West Point

30 Jul 7 Aug 95

Exchanges cadets of military academies

Communications

US and Paraguay

13 Aug 95 17 Aug 95

Conference on communications in Panama

Contacts

Paraguay and US

 

Argentina, Paraguay, US, Brazil, Uruguay

1 Aug 11 Aug 95

 

27 Aug 95 29 Aug 95

Exchange visits of US & Paraguayan air forces

Official visit to the United Forces exercise in OS AS

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start End

 

Observations

Training and Education

Paraguay and US

 

 

Paraguay and US

 

 

Paraguay and US

 

 

Paraguay and US

 

 

Paraguay and US

 

 

Argentina and Paraguay

 

Paraguay, Chile

 

 

 

Paraguay and UN

23 Jan 27 Jan 95

 

1 Apr 9 Apr 95

 

 

8 Mar 6 Apr 95

 

1 May 20 Jun 95

 

19 Jun 20 Jun 95

 

 

25 Jun 30 Jun 95

 

25 Jun 30 Jun 95

 

 

27 Jun 30 Jun 95

Civilian emergency seminar III Department (CMC)

Short and long term military planning seminar

 

Training of joint special forces (with presidential GDIA)

Training of joint special forces (with presidential GDIA)

Seminar "Solution of problems of civic-military action" in the ECEME

Seminar "Role of the armed forces in MERCOSUR"

Symposium on strategic studies of the joint defense general staff in Chile

Exchanges of legal experts

 

 

/s/Mario Vásquez Ramos

Chief III Department Joint General Staff

 

 


DELEGATION OF PERU TO THE IADB

 

FROM: Chief of the Delegation of Peru to the IADB:

 

TO: Brigadier General PAF James R. Harding, Chairman of the IADB

 

SUBJECT: Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature

 

REFERENCE: a. Memorandum EM-JID, of 18 May 95 and b. Memorandum D-95/177 of 20 June 95

 

In relation to the reference documents I am pleased to remit herewith the list of Mutual Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature that the High Commands of the Peruvian armed forces are applying in the roundtables being held every year with their counterparts of Bolivia, Colombia and Chile.

 

Please know that this communication comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

 

/s/Jose Cabrejos Samame
Brigadier General Peruvian Army
Chief of the Delegation of Peru
to the IADB

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES THAT ARE BEING APPLIED IN TALKS BETWEEN THE SENIOR COMMANDERS OF THE ARMED FORCES OF PERU AND THEIR COUNTERPARTS FROM BOLIVIA, COLOMBIA, AND CHILE

 

  1. Combined military exercises. (o)

  2. Bilateral talks on intelligence.

  3. Exchange of military personnel in courses, instruction cruises, historical events, and other professional activities.

  4. Meetings on protocol, professional, and intelligence matters between commanders of border garrisons and naval zones.

  5. Reciprocal invitations to cultural, artistic, professional, and sporting events.

  6. Exchange of journals and publications of interest to the armed forces.

  7. Facilities to spur tourism by military personnel of both countries.

  8. Technical and logistical cooperation.

(o) With the Chilean armed forces, only combined naval exercises.

 


UNITED STATES DELEGATION

INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD

 

MEMORANDUM FOR DIRECTOR OF THE STAFF

INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD

 

Subject: List of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures

  1. As requested,* the United States Delegation submits its list of confidence- and security-building measures of a military nature.

  2. Please receive my highest personal esteem.

/s/M. J. Byron

Major General, USMC

Chief, U.S. Delegation

Inter-American Defense Board

 

 

ILLUSTRATIVE LIST OF
POSSIBLE CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES
OF A MILITARY NATURE

 

At its 1994 General Assembly session, the Organization of American States (OAS) passed resolution AG/RES. 1288 which called upon member states to disseminate comprehensive and systematic inventories of their confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) used in this hemisphere. For structure of a format, the resolution cited the "Illustrative List of Possible CSBMs" in the region. The Meeting of Experts convened in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in March 1994, and developed a list which was divided into the four categories of political, diplomatic, educational and cultural, and military measures. In June 1995, the OAS General Assembly asked the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to complete a list of CSBMs of a military nature too.

 

As part of the U.S. Government's participation in the first-time reporting by OAS member states of such measures, the Department of Defense has prepared the following list of military measures. The structure is based upon the section of the Illustrative List titled "IV. of a Military Nature." The DoD intends to provide this information to the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency for inclusion in the fuller USG report. That report is to be provided to the OAS in time for Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Conference being hosted by Chile in November 1995.

 

A. Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Relating to Troops and Army Development

1. Advance notification of maneuvers that their own units or those of third countries undertake within a certain distance from coasts and borders.

 

Ongoing:

$ The U.S. Department of Defense provides public affairs announcements of significant military exercises and deployments by units training in and around Latin America and the Caribbean.

Periodic:

$ Same as above.

2. Advance notification of identification, planned route, and purpose of military units that are expected to be within a certain distance.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational.

Periodic:

$ No input at this time.

3. Radio contact between border forces, through periodic communications, in order to coordinate activities undertaken by all organs at the border, thus obviating the possibility of tension through misunderstanding.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational.

 

Periodic:

$ Radio and computer links between U.S. Naval Base Guantanamo Bay and Cuban defense forces.

4. Meetings of naval and air officials to deal with navigation issues.

 

Ongoing:

$ Inter-American Naval Conferences of the Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC) and its specialized supporting conferences. The primary conferences include: Directors of Naval War Colleges and War Games, Helicopter Operations from Ships other than Aircraft Carriers, Naval Control of Maritime Traffic, Operations of Coastline and River Patrols and Traffic of Narcotics and Arms, and Directors of Communications, Science and Technology.

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces (SICOFFA) and its Permanent Secretariat and nine functional committees. The primary committees include: Accident Prevention, Control of Illegal Flights, Information Systems- Telecommunications, Search and rescue, and Training.

Periodic:

$ Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC), hosted biennially by U.S. Navy, and attended by seventeen hemispheric states at 1994 session.

$ International Seapower Symposium (ISS), hosted biennially by U.S. Navy, and attended by 70 states worldwide, including eighteen hemispheric states.

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces (SICOFFA) and its annual Conference of the Chiefs of the American Air Forces (CONJEFAMER), attended by its eighteen member hemispheric states.

5. Invitations to armed forces of neighboring countries to send observers to maneuvers and troop exercises carried out in areas near the respective borders.

 

Ongoing:

$ DoD has extended invitations to observe exercises in Puerto Rico and at bases in the United States on an "as-occurring" opportunity basis. In addition, and with the concurrence of host governments, invitations to attend exercises in other countries are extended for observers from third countries.

Periodic:

$ No input at this time.

 

B. Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Relating to Exchanges of Information

1. Measures to reinforce mechanisms for information on and cooperation in search and rescue operations.

 

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational.

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces (SICOFFA) and its functional committee on Search and Rescue.

Periodic:

$ No input at this time.

2. Periodic meetings between general staffs of armed forces.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational.

$ Navy Staff Talks among Argentina, Canada and U.S.

$ Standing Naval Committee between Argentina and U.S. (Atlantic Fleet).

Periodic:

$ Argentina-U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Consultations, conducted annually.

$ Brazil-U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Consultations, conducted annually.

$ Chile-U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Consultations, conducted annually.

$ Joint Mexican-United States Defense Commission (JMUSDC), between Mexico and U.S.

$ Caribbean Island Nations Security Conference (CINSEC), conducted annually among Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and U.S. Canada attends as an observer.

$ Permanent Joint board of Defense (PJBD) and the Military Cooperation Committee (MCC), between Canada and U.S.

$ Armed Forces Council-Joint Chiefs of Staff (AFC-JCS) Meeting, between Canada and U.S.

3. Exchanges of information on military budgets.

 

Ongoing:

$ No input at this time.

Periodic:

$ Secretary of Defense's "Annual Report to the President and the Congress" is made available annually in February to the public, interested governments, and other parties. This tranaparency measure dates to the mid-1960s. It is provided within the hemisphere as a U.S. "white paper" as opportunities arise during bilateral and multilateral working level meetings. Copies will be delivered to all national delegations attending the Defense Ministerial of the Americas, July 1995.

4. Exchanges of information on production and acquisitions of new equipment and weapons.

 

Ongoing:

$ Counterpart visits by and office calls on senior and mid-level civilian and military DoD officials, including Unified Commanders.

Periodic:

$ Secretary of Defense's Annual Report to the President and the Congress" is made available annually in February to the public, interested governments, and other parties. This tranaparency measure dates to the mid-1960s. It is provided within the hemisphere as a U.S. "white paper" as opportunities arise during bilateral and multilateral working level meetings. Copies will be delivered to all national delegations attending the Defense Ministerial of the Americas, July 1995.

5. Exchanges of information of military doctrine and organization.

 

Ongoing:

$ Counterpart visits by and office calls on senior and mid-level civilian and military DoD officials, including Unified Commanders.

$ U.S. Delegation to the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB).

$ Inter-American Defense College (IADC).

$ Navy Trilateral Wargame among Argentina, Canada and U.S.

Periodic:

$ Secretary of Defense's Annual Report to the President and the Congress" is made available annually in February to the public, interested governments, and other parties. This transparency measure dates to the mid-1960s. It is provided within the hemisphere as a U.S. "white paper" as opportunities arise during bilateral and multilateral working level meetings. Copies will be delivered to all national delegations attending the Defense Ministerial of the Americas, July 1995.

$ Conference of the American Armies (CAA) and its seven specialized conferences/symposia, specifically the Training and Military Education Conference.

$ Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC) and its seven specialized conferences.

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces and its nine functional committees.

$ Caribbean Islands Nations Security Conference (CINSEC).

$ International Seapower Symposium (ISS).

6. More active participation in the United Nations registry of conventional arms and the instrument for the standard international presentation of reports on military expenditures.

 

Ongoing:

$ No input at this time.

Periodic:

$ United Nations Conventional Arms Register submission is made annually to report on imports and exports of conventional arms in accordance with the sevel specified categories of conventional arms. This report has been made since the inception of such U.N. reporting in the 1970s.

$ United Nations Standardized Reporting of Military Expenditures is made annual to report on the general expenditure categories a basis of U.S. military departments. This report has been made since the system was established in the 1980s.

 

C. Confidence-and Security-Building Measures relating to Exchanges of Personnel

1. Visits and exchanges of personnel of military unit.

 

Ongoing:

$ Subject Matter Expert Exchanges (SMEEs) are short visits by 3-4 experts of a U.S. Military Service who exchange information with counterparts of another nation on a mutually agreed area.

$ Personnel Exchange Program (PEP) is a reciprocal exchange of personnel between a U.S. Military Service and a similar unit of another nation's Military Service.

Periodic:

$ Situational in conjunction with the smaller-sized U.S. military deployments for training and the relatively larger Joint/Combined Exercises sponsored by the U.S. Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, which involve varying combinations of U.S. active, Reserve and National Guard personnel.

 

D. Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Relating to Communications

1. Direct and frequent communication between commands so as to ensure exchanges of information that will provide proper knowledge of each other's military activities.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational by U.S. Unified Commands and their subordinate commands and elements.

$ Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC) and its seven Specialized Inter-American Naval Conferences, particularly the Inter-American Telecommunications Network (IATN).

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces (SICOFFA) and its Permanent Secretariat and nine functional committees, particularly Information Systems- Telecommunications, and common high frequency communications system.

Periodic:

$ Conference of the American Armies (CAA), annual sessions.

$ Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC), biennial sessions.

$ International Seapower Symposium (ISS), biennial sessions.

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces (SICOFFA) and its annual Conference of the Chiefs of the American Air Forces (CONJEFAMER).

 

E. Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Relating to Contacts

1. Normal security procedures during operations of naval and air units in accordance with international agreements currently in force.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational.

Periodic:

$ Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC) biennial sessions.

$ International Seapower Symposium (INS) biennial sessions.

$ System of Cooperation Among American Air Forces (SICOFFA) and its annual Conference of the Chiefs of the American Air Forces (CONJEFAMER).

Exchanges of experiences in:

$ the organization and structure of defense ministries and armed forces

$ peace operations

$ the analysis of concrete problems of mutual interest

Ongoing:

$ Situational, including counterpart visits by and office calls on senior and mid-level civilian and military DoD officials, including Unified Commanders.

Periodic:

$ Defense Ministerial of the Americas, Jul6 1995.

$ Annual Argentina-U.S. Bilateral Working Group, alternating host country and site.

$ Brazil-U.S. Army Staff Talks, normally held annually.

$ Peacekeeping Round Table hosted by U.S. Army War College involving Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Uruguay, and U.S.

 

F. Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Relating to Training and Education

1. Exchanges of military personnel of different ranks in diverse areas, such as:

 

$ survival training

$ training courses in confidence- and security-building measures

$ general staff training courses of higher ranks

$ military basic and advanced military training and instruction courses

$ exchanges of basic information on confidence- and security-building measures

$ exchanges of cadets, students and advisors

Ongoing:

$ Programs dedicated to hemispheric training and education include:

$$ Inter-American Defense College (IADC), Washington, D.C.

$$ U.S. Army School of the Americas, Ft. Benning, Georgia.

$$ Inter-American Air Forces Academy (IAAFA), Lacklaaand AFB, Texas.

$ U.S. Navy Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School (NAVSCIATTS), Rodman Naval Station, Panama.

$ General U.S. training and education programs also are provided under:

$$ U.S. International Military Education and Training (IMET) Program which funds the more traditional IMET training courses and the post-Cold War "Expanded-IMET" training for students of a number of countries in U.S. military schools which are located throughout the U.S.

$$ U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Training Program funded by national funds of second party countries wishing to attend U.S. military schools which are located throughout the U.S.

Periodic:

$ No input at this time.

2. Meetings between military academies.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational, by visits exchanges.

Periodic:

$ Annual attendance at the U.S. Military Academy, U.S. Naval Academy, and U.S. Air Force Academy is encouraged through invitations extended by the U.S. to all interested hemispheric states. Those states nominate students to compete for entrance based upon their individual qualifications.

$ U.S. Service Academy Exchange Programs by each of the three Service Academies are conducted annually. Each U.S. academy sends an instructor and several students to a country for a week's visit and cadets/midshipmen from that host country visit the sponsoring U.S. Service Academy.

3. Plans for visits to and exchanges with commands and units of the different armed forces.

 

Ongoing:

$ Conducted in conjunction with frequent small unit U.S. military deployments for training, ship rider exchanges with U.S. Navy, and the more regularly organized U.S. Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, sponsored Joint/Combined Exercise Program (implemented by the U.S. Unified Commands). These programs offer opportunities for U.S. active, Reserve, and National Guard units to interact with counterparts in various countries throughout the hemisphere.

Periodic:

$ Situational.

4. Exchanges of military personnel specializing in personnel, intelligence, operations, logistics, civilian affairs, information processing, and others that may be of interest.

 

Ongoing:

$ Subject Matter Expert Exchanges (SMEEs) are short visits by 3-4 experts of a U.S. Military Service who exchange information with counterparts of another nation on a mutually agreed area.

$ Personnel Exchange Program (PEP) is a reciprocal exchange of personnel between a U.S. Military Service and a similar unit of another nation's Military Service.

Periodic:

$ Situational.

5. Combined training operations between armed forces.

 

Ongoing:

$ Situational.

$ Passing Exercises (PASSEXs) between naval units as they come into proximity while transiting international waters.

Periodic:

$ USSOUTHCOM conducts, annually, approximately 13 combined exercises with different nations of Central and South America.

$ USACOM conducts, annually, approximately three major exercises with the same participating nations. One naval exercise, in 36th year, is conducted with South American in conjunction with USSOUTHCOM, and two with Caribbean states.

6. Participation of commissioned and noncommissioned officers in athletic and cultural activities held by the armed forces of other countries.

 

Ongoing:

$ Conducted as time permits in conjunction with combined exercises, deployments for training, ship visits, and aircraft visits.

Periodic:

$ No input at this time.

7. Interest of considering the possibility and advisability of a subsequent study of aspects of the verification of confidence-building measures.

 

Ongoing:

$ DoD is participating in conjunction with the U.S. Delegation to the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) in efforts by the IADB to pursue such measures. The Inter-American Defense College (IADC) might support such efforts through individual student and institutional research.

$ Theme of "Transparency and Confidence- and Security-Building Measures" was proposed by the U.S. for discussion at the Defense Ministerial of the Americas and counterpart governments concurred.

Periodic:

$ No input at this time.

 


URUGUAYAN DELEGATION

 

Chairman
Inter-American Defense Board
Brigadier General John C. Ellerson
Washington, D.C.

 

Enclosed is the information received from the National Defense Ministry of Uruguay on Mutual Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature, of the three armed forces.

Yours truly,

 

/s/Dínor Ramírez
Chief of the Delegation of Uruguay
to the IADB
Brigadier General (AV)

 

Minister of National Defense

 

 

Sir:

 

Pursuant to the note dated 1 June 1995, I attach herewith a photocopy of the information provided to me by the Commanders in Chief of the Army, Navy and Air Force, regarding Mutual Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature.

 

Know that this letter comes with the assurances of my highest esteem and consideration.

 

/s/Raúl Iturria

Minister of National Defense

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL CONFIDENCE AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO TRAINING AND EDUCATION

 

COUNTRY: ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

CSO.Polytechnic Military Engineering

Chile

Dec. 93/

June 98

In Chile

CSO Stability of Propellants of Munitions of A.

Chile

2 May 95/

4 Jun 95

In Chile

CSO Advanced Officers Training

Brazil

Feb 95/

Feb 96

In Brazil

CSO Training Techniques

Brazil

Mar 95/

Mar 96

In Brazil

CSO Physical Education Instructor

Brazil

Feb 95/

Feb 96

In Brazil

CSO General Staff

USA

Jan 95/

Jan 96

In USA

Instructor invited to School of the Americas

USA

Jan 95/

Jan 97

In USA

CSO Advanced Tanks

USA

Mar 95/

Oct 95

In USA

CSO Basic Tanks

USA

June 95/

Nov 95

In USA

Exchanges of Cadets

Chile

10 Sept 95/

20 Sept 95

In Chile

Exchanges of Cadets

Argentina

20 Oct 95/

8 Oct 95

In Argentina

Exchanges of Cadets

Brazil

1 Jun 95/

7 Jun 95

In Brazil

Exchanges of Cadets

USA

29 Jul 95/

8 Aug 95

In USA

Communications Conference in Peace Operations

USA

13 Aug 95/

17 Aug 95

In Panama

General Staff Course

Argentina

Mar 95/

Mar 96

In Uruguay

General Staff Course

Brazil

Mar 95/

Mar 96

In Uruguay

General Staff Course

USA

Mar 95/

Mar 96

In Uruguay

Exchanges of Cadets

Argentina

1 Aug 95/

7 Aug 95

In Uruguay

Exchanges of Cadets

Brazil

9 May 95/

15 May 95

In Uruguay

Exchanges of Cadets

Chile

1 Sept 95/

11 Sept 95

In Uruguay

Exchanges of Cadets

USA

15 Mar 95/

26 Mar 95

In Uruguay

Exchanges of Experts in Instruction and Training

USA

10 May 95/

12 May 95

In Uruguay

Joint Light Infantry Exercise

USA

15 Jul 95/

16 Aug 95

In Uruguay

Exchanges of Legal Experts in International Law

USA

17 Apr 95/

21 Apr 95

In Uruguay

Visit Delegation Inter-American Defense College

USA

13 Mar

In Uruguay

Civic Military Seminar "Civilian matters in peace missions"

USA

17 Jun 95/

29 Jun 95

In Uruguay

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL COMPETENCE AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO EXCHANGES OF PERSONNEL

 

COUNTRY: ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

Visit jungle operations training center

USA

6 Jun 95/

15 Jun 95

In Panama

Visit units of A

USA

27 Aug 95/

3 Sept 95

In USA

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL COMPETENCE AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO TRAINING AND EDUCATION

 

COUNTRY: ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

Science and technology and health conference

CEA

2 Apr 95/

7 Apr 95

Training and education in Argentina

Planning meeting exercise peace force 95

USA

Argentina

1 May 95/

4 May 95

In Argentina

Exercise peace force 95

USA

Argentina

21 Aug 95/

31 Aug 95

In Argentina

Conference on Civilian affairs of American Armies

CEA

9 May 95/

13 May 95

In Guatemala

Conference on Logistics of American Armies

CEA

31 Jul 94/

5 Aug 94

In Brazil

Symposium of directors of war academies

CEA

18 Oct 94/

21 Oct 94

In Chile

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL COMPETENCE AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO EDUCATION

 

COUNTRY: ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

Specialized communications conference

CEA

13 May 95/

21 May 95

In Chile

CEA

CEA

6 Nov 95/

10 Nov 95

In Argentina

Exercise RETIFAA No. 1/95

CEA

Feb 95

Liaison by networks

Exercise RETIFAA No. 2/95

CEA

Aug 95

Liaison by networks

 

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL COMPETENCE AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO EXCHANGES OF INFORMATION

 

COUNTRY: ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

American armies Intelligence conference

CEA

6 Nov 95/

10 Nov 95

In Argentina

 

 

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL COMPETENCE AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO CONTACTS

 

COUNTRY: ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

Peace Operations Symposium

OAS-UNESCO

1 Apr 95/

6 Apr 95

In USA

OPM Conference of the Western Hemisphere

USA

21 May 95/

30 May 95

In USA

 

APPENDIX 1

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(FORMAT)

BILATERAL

 

COUNTRY: URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

Integration sensitive technology

Argentina

1991

Representative of the Navy in Bariloche

Operation SALVEX

Brazil

 

 

Operation TENDEREZ

Brazil

 

 

Operation CIMARRON

Argentina

1970

 

Operation AMIGOS

Brazil

1983

 

Treaty on Limits of Rio de la Plata

Argentina

1973

 

Pan American Congress of Naval Engineers

Peru

6/10/95/

6/17/95

 

Officers in General Staff Course in Uruguay

Chile

 

 

Fleet Visit. Notice of AI Instruction Uruguay

Brazil

 

 

Visit of Ships of Fifth District

Brazil

Annual

 

Attendance of Senior Officers Operation AYACUCHO

Peru

12/5/64

12/8/64

General staff

Sample naval materiel in Viña del Mar Naval Air base

Chile

5/2/95

5/6/95

 

Sample Naval Materiel of US Navy

United States

4/22/95

4/29/95

 

Quality Control Course on Medical Radio Diagnosis

Brazil

4/17/95

6/17/95

 

Foreign students graduating from the naval school in Uruguay

Bolivia

1982/

1986

 

 

 

APPENDIX 1

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(FORMAT)

SUBREGIONAL

 

COUNTRY: URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

OTAS-Operation Atlasur

Brazil

Argentina

South Africa

4/30/95

6/22/95

 

COMAN-Instruction and training flights for senior and subordinate personnel

Chile-Brazil

Argentina

2/5/61

 

Flight training of G/M graduates from the naval school

Chile

Brazil

Argentina

Annual

 

Travel for training on sailing school ship "Capitán Miranda" D G/M foreigners

Paraguay-Brazil

Argentina-Chile

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX 1

CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

(FORMAT)

HEMISPHERIC

 

COUNTRY: URUGUAY

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

UNITAS

 

1960 Annual

In its various stages

CNI and CNIE

 

1959 Biennial

 

Maritime traffic control exercises (COAMAS ESPORGOL-Oceanic)

 

Annual

 

Courses for officers of ESMAY-FUSNA-COMAN-GRUBU-SOHMA-EMINT

 

Annual

 

War games

 

Annual

 

Visit of foreign training ships

 

Annual

 

Operation America

 

1987/

1987

Tactical operations [illegible]

 

 

Ministry of National Defense

 

From: Minister of National Defense Dr. Juan Luis Storace

 

To: Chief of Delegation to the IADB and Adviser to the OAS Brigadier General (AV) Dinor Ramirez

 

In order to process correctly the information that was requested of us by Note dated 10 June 1995, I submit to you a photocopy of the data provided by the Commander in Chief of the Air Force regarding Confidence-Building Measures of a Military Nature. Please replace the four last pages accompanying our note No. 105/95 dated 20 July submitted to you, with the documentation attached herewith.

 

Yours truly,

 

/s/Dr. Juan Luis Storace

Acting Minister of National Defense

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO EXCHANGES OF PERSONNEL

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

Planning KOMBI 95

USA

5/13/95/

5/23/95

 

Visit USAF

USA

Aug/Aug

 

 

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO EXCHANGES OF INFORMATION

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

XXXV Preplan

USA

2/11/95

2/19/95

 

Training Committee

Chile

10/23/95

10/27/95

 

PREVAC Committee

Venezuela

11/14/95

11/21/95

 

SAR-APCADE Committee

Canada

8/9/95

8/16/95

 

ALM Committee

Colombia

10/16/95

10/20/95

 

COVI Committee

USA

10/2/95

10/6/95

 

CIMFA Committee

Brazil

9/11/95

9/15/95

 

COCITAE Committee

Chile

11/27/95

12/1/95

 

LAT Logistics Seminar

USA

4/30/95

5/10/95

 

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO COMMUNICATIONS

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

SITFAA Committees

Argentina

10/30/95

11/3/95

 

 

 

MUTUAL CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES OF A MILITARY NATURE

BILATERAL CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES

RELATING TO TRAINING AND EDUCATION

 

Measures

Among

Signatory

Countries

Length

Start/End

 

Observations

EMA Training Cruise

Chile

Nov/

Nov

Chile

PC-7 Simulator

Chile

7/16/95

9/15/95

Chile

COND.Air Support

Argentina

6/4/95

6/17/95

Argentina

CSO General Staff

Chile

1/11/95

12/22/95

Chile

Pilot instruction, flight instruction

USA

10/23/95

12/14/95

USA

SIM.EMB.110

Brazil

7/9/95

7/15/95

Brazil

General Staff and Air Command

USA

6/20/95

6/26/95

USA

Guest training.

USA

7/3/95

7/20/96

USA

DLI/SAM F

USA

2/28/95

8/13/95

USA

Radar Op.

Brazil

9/11/95

10/26/95

Brazil

Flight physiology

Brazil

11/20/95

11/24/95

Brazil

INT.Cadets

Brazil

6/29/95

7/13/95

Brazil

 

 

MEETING OF EXPERTS ON CONFIDENCE- AND
SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES IN THE REGION

March 15-18, 1994
Buenos Aires, Argentina

OEA/Ser.K/XXIX
SEGRE/doc.42/94 rev. 1
28 March 1994
Original: Spanish

 

 

REPORT OF THE RAPPORTEUR OF THE MEETING OF EXPERTS
ON CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES
IN THE REGION

RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT

 

 

I. INTRODUCTION

 

Through Resolution AG/RES.1237(XXIII-0/93), the General Assembly resolved to conduct on a date following the Twenty-Fourth Regular Session a meeting of experts on Confidence-Building Measures and Security Mechanisms in the Region and to instruct the Permanent Council to prepare, through the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security, the agenda and guidelines for conducting that meeting. It also decided to request the Permanent Council to report to the twenty-fourth regular session on compliance with this resolution.

Pursuant to the foregoing, the Meeting of Experts was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 15-18, 1994.

This document constitutes the report on the Meeting of Experts on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in the Region, convoked pursuant to Resolution AG/RES.1237(XXIII-0/93).

 

II. INSTALLATION AND OFFICERS OF THE MEETING

 

The Provisional Chairman of the Meeting of Experts, Guido Di Tella, Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Worship of Argentina, opened the meeting on the morning of March 15.

The meeting then proceeded to hold a preparatory session chaired by Ambassador Hernán Patiño Mayer, Chairman of the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security, in which decisions were made on the officers of the meeting, the draft agenda, and the draft schedule, for submission to the plenary session for its consideration.

At the plenary session, Ambassador Rogelio Pfirter, Assistant Secretary for Foreign Affairs of Argentina, was elected chairman of the meeting.

In addition, the following representatives were elected as vice chairman:

-- First Vice Chairman - Ambassador David Peel, Chief of the Delegation of Canada

-- Second Vice Chairman - Ambassador Albert Lewis, Chief of the Delegation of Antigua and Barbuda

-- Third Vice Chairman - Mr. Jorge Burgos, Chief of the Delegation of Chile

-- Fourth Vice Chairman - Mr. Norman Wulf, Chief of the Delegation of the United States of America

-- Fifth Vice Chairman - Ambassador Hugo Palma, Chief of the Delegation of Peru

Four working committees were set up, with instructions to study the five items of the agenda that was adopted at the plenary session (SEGRE/doc.2/94).

The plenary decided that the five officers elected as vice chairmen would serve as chairmen of the five working committees established, respectively.

Secretary Paulo Cordeiro de Andrade Pinto, of the Delegation of Brazil, was elected rapporteur.

At that same session, the draft agenda (SEGRE/doc.2/94) and draft schedule of the meeting (SEGRE/doc.15/94 rev.1) were approved.

 

III. TOPICS ASSIGNED TO THE WORKING COMMITTEES

 

The plenary decided to assign study of the five agenda items to the following working committees.

Working Committee I: Measures for strengthening and enhancing confidence: their significance and purpose.

Working Committee II: List and analysis of measures that might help to strengthen and broaden mutual confidence in the region: military measures/other measures/measures for prevention, managing and peaceful settlement of disputes.

Working Committee III: Favorable political context for implementing measures to strengthen and broaden confidence in the region.

Working Committee IV: OAS and hemisphere security: Analysis and perspectives/mutual confidence measures/ cooperation with the United Nations on this topic.

Working Committee V: Recent developments in confidence building measures at the United Nations.

IV. PROCEEDINGS

A. Working Committee I

The Chairman of Working Committee I, Ambassador David Peel, Chief of the Delegation of Canada, opened the committee.

During discussion of the topic under consideration, the delegations of Brazil, Venezuela, Canada, Argentina, Peru, El Salvador, Mexico, Colombia, United States, Ecuador, Uruguay, Bolivia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Chile, as well as the observer from the Republic of Germany made statements on the subject.

At the session, documents classified SEGRE/doc.19, 22, 23, 26 and 27/94, submitted by the delegations of the United States, Canada, Argentina, Peru, and the representative of the observer from the German Republic, respectively, were distributed.

On adjourning the Working Committee, the Chairman summarized the discussions in it, which are attached as Appendix I to this report.

B. Working Committee II

 

Working Committee II was opened its Chairman, Ambassador Albert Lewis, Chief of the Delegation of Antigua and Barbuda.

 

Ambassador Hernán Patiño Mayer, Representative of Argentina and Chairman of the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security of the OAS Permanent Council, introduced the topic. In his statement, he stressed that the particular characteristics of the American hemisphere, especially the dedication to understanding and peaceful relations among the countries in the area, provide the opportunity to try to draft, without automatically extrapolating foreign models, a regional list of confidence-building measures.

 

He also observed that, to that end and in order to organize the presentations, three categories of such measures have been identified, namely: 1. Military measures; 2. Other measures; and 3. Measures for prevention, management and peaceful settlement of disputes.

 

The Committee heard statements from the delegations of Peru, United States, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia, Bolivia, Brazil, and Uruguay, and from the observers from Spain and France. At the session, documents classified SEGRE/doc. 19 add.1, 22 and 29, 30 and 31, submitted by the delegations of the United States, Canada, Argentina, Bolivia and Colombia, were distributed.

 

As a result of the various comments made during the meeting on the topic assigned to the Committee, it was decided to set up a working group, open to participation by all delegations, with instructions to draw up an illustrative list of measures of possible applications for promoting confidence and security.

 

The Chairman of the working group, General Antonio Fichera, of Argentina, submitted a draft list to the committee. The Chairman of the committee said that the list drafted represents the results of its work carried out in considering the second agenda item.

 

Based on an exchange of opinions on the list submitted, the committee adopted the list, which is attached as Appendix II to this report, for submission to the plenary for consideration.

 

The commission stated that it was desirable to include in the list a chapter on economic measures, and considered that the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security would continue the study of those measures.

 

C. Working Committee III

 

Working Committee III was chaired by the Assistant Secretary of War of the Ministry of National Defense and Chief of the Delegation of Chile, Mr. Jorge Burgos.

 

Ambassador Hernán Patiño Mayer, Chairman of the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security, introduced the topic, stressing that, based on the agreements reached at the preparatory meeting sessions, the topic was organized based on three items on the agenda, that is: analysis and perspectives, mutual confidence-building measures, and cooperation with the United Nations on this subject.

 

Taking part in the committee's discussions were the delegations of the United States, Argentina, Chile, Peru, El Salvador, Uruguay, Antigua and Barbuda, Ecuador, Venezuela and Mexico. Documents classified SEGRE/doc.19 add. 2 and 24 were distributed.

 

On adjoining the committee, the Chairman gave a summary of the discussions, which is attached as Appendix III to this report.

 

D. Working Committee IV

Working Committee IV was chaired by Mr. Norman Wulf, Assistant Director for Nonproliferation and Regional Control of Arms, of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

 

On opening the session, the Chairman of the committee, in his capacity as delegate of the United States, gave a detailed statement on his delegation's viewpoints regarding the topic.

 

Thereupon , Ambassador Hernán Patiño Mayer, in his capacity as Chairman of the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security, made an introductory statement on the topic assigned by the plenary to the fourth committee.

 

In discussing the topic under consideration, the following delegations took the floor: Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, Argentina, Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay, Chile, Canada, and Ecuador. Also, the Chairman of the Special Committee took part in the discussion.

 

Documents classified SEGRE/doc.19 add. 3, and 25 were distributed.

 

On adjourning the committee, the Chairman gave a summary of its discussions, which is attached as Appendix IV to this report.

 

E. Working Committee V

 

Working Committee V was chaired by Ambassador Hugo Palma, Chief of the Delegation of Peru.

 

Ambassador Hernán Patiño Mayer, Representative of Argentina and Chairman of the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security of the OAS Permanent Council, gave a brief introduction to the topic.

 

The Committee heard statements by the Delegation of Peru. At the session, documents classified SEGRE/doc.19, 36 add. 4 were distributed.

 

On adjourning the committee, the Chairman gave a summary of its discussions, which is attached as Appendix V to this report.

 

V. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

At its final plenary session, the meeting adopted the recommendations contained in the document classified SEGRE/doc.41/94, which appears in Appendix VI.

 

VI. CLOSING SESSION

The Meeting of Experts held a closing session, in which His Excellency the President of the Argentine Republic, Dr. Carlos Saúl Menem, and Ambassador João Clemente Baena Soares, Secretary General of the Organization of American States, made statements.

 

APPENDIX I

SUMMARY OF THE CHAIRMAN OF WORKING COMMITTEE I

Upon adjourning Working Committee I, the Chairman summarized the work of the committee, stressing the following aspects.

 

During consideration of the topic assigned to the committee, the various statements and a wide-ranging exchanges of views showed a positive approach to the work of the experts represented at the meeting. The various approaches and outlooks expressed in the discussions that took place in the meeting served to enhance the knowledge and understanding of the representatives.

 

In particular, the following points and comments were highlighted:

Confidence-building measures should be implemented in a broad political context.

Confidence-building measures may be part of a security strategy for individual countries, but should also reflect the security concerns of all participants.

Confidence-building measures should be taken into consideration in a political context, whose target is also to increase mutual confidence.

Member states of the hemisphere maintain cooperative relations that can be characterized as positive, and it was pointed out that the hemisphere is one of the areas with the least armaments in the world.

There is currently a high degree of confidence among member states in the hemisphere.

There are real possibilities for developing regional cooperation and integration.

In this context, the OAS should consider confidence-building measures to further strengthen the good relations existing among the countries in the region.

It was recognized that the concept of security is not a strictly military term. The concept comprises various elements, including social, economic and development issues, as well as threats from, among others, illicit trafficking in arms and drugs, and environmental problems.

 

It was recognized that the concerns of the small island states of the Caribbean are different from those of the other states and should be taken into consideration.

 

Close participation of the military in security matters is very important for developing and implementing confidence-building measures.

 

Mandatory use of mechanisms for peaceful settlement of disputes and renouncing the use of force are perceived as important measures. It will be difficult to build confidence where old military rivalries persist in the region.

Confidence-building measures cannot be imported from other regions. They must be developed within the hemisphere or, at least, be adequately adapted to meet the real situations in the hemisphere.

 

Confidence-building measures are not of a single kind. They can be bilateral, developed among subregional groups, or of a broader multilateral kind.

 

Several delegations described some confidence-building measures already being successfully implemented, which show that it is possible to be creative and practical in conceiving such measures.

 

The efforts of the OAS should complement, not duplicate, the work of the United Nations.

 

APPENDIX II

SUMMARY OF THE CHAIRMAN OF WORKING COMMITTEE II

 

Upon adjourning Working Committee II, the Chairman summarized the committee's work. The committee adopted the following list, which was drafted by the working group, on the understanding that a chapter on economic measures will be added:

 

ILLUSTRATIVE LIST OF CONFIDENCE- AND
SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES THAT COULD BE TAKEN

 

I. POLITICAL MEASURES

  1. Increase in joint policy planning at appropriate levels for consideration of matters of common interest.

  2. Promote legislative contacts for discussion of security questions.

  3. Study of appropriate measures to effectively honor the solemn commitments to peace, non-use of force in international relations, respect for international law and peaceful settlement of disputes.

  4. Reiterate that representative democracy is the indispensable condition for peace.

  5. Political overtures to demonstrate the purpose of promoting peace and inter-American cooperation in its multiple facets.

  6. Close cooperation for eradication of transnational criminal activities that affect peace and democracy.

  7. Strengthening of regional cooperation programs to respond to natural disasters in coordination with existing organizations.

  8. Prioritization of joint development projects, particularly in border areas.

  9. Adequate access to technology for satellite sensing. systems.

  10. Increase in cooperation on environmental issues.

II. DIPLOMATIC MEASURES

 

  1. Introduction of courses in foreign service institutes on disarmament, arms limitation and related topics.

  2. Promote regional and extraregional support for conducting educational and cultural studies relating to peace and development.

  3. Studies and research, preferably jointly with professional groups from other countries, on security and defense issues.

  4. Seminars on the media's responsibility in shaping and guiding public opinion on security issues.

III. EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL MEASURES

 

  1. Promotion of studies on disarmament, security and development.

  2. Development of regional and international support for educational and cultural studies on peace and development.

  3. Studies and research, preferably done jointly with professional groups from other countries, on topics relating to security and defense.

  4. Seminars on the responsibility of the media in forming and guiding public opinion on security questions.

IV. MILITARY MEASURES

A. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO TROOP AND ARMY DEPLOYMENT

  1. Advance notification of maneuvers that their own units or those of third countries undertake within a certain distance from coasts and borders.

  2. Advance notification of identification, planned route, and purpose of military units that are expected to be within a certain distance.

  3. Radio contact between border forces, through periodic communications, in order to coordinate activities undertaken by all organs at the border, thus obviating the possibility of tension through misunderstanding.

  4. Meetings of naval and air officers to deal with navigation issues.

  5. Invitations to armed forces of neighboring countries to send observers to maneuvers and troop exercises carried out in areas near the respective borders.

B. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO INFORMATION EXCHANGE

  1. Strengthening of machinery for information and cooperation on search and rescue operations.

  2. Periodic meetings of the general staffs of the armed forces.

  3. Exchange of information on military budgets.

  4. Exchange of information on production and/or purchase of new equipment and weapons.

  5. Exchange of information on military doctrine and organization.

  6. More active participation in the United Nations Register of Conventional Weapons and the instrument for standardized international presentation of reports of military expenditures.

C. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO PERSONNEL EXCHANGE

Personnel exchange visits to military unit.

D. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO COMMUNICATIONS

Direct and frequent communication between authorities with a view to ensuring exchange of information that will permit comprehensive reciprocal understanding of military activities.

E. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO CONTACTS

  1. Normal safety procedures when naval and air units are in operation, in accordance with the international agreements in force.

  2. Sharing of experiences on:

-- organization and structure of defense ministries and armed forces

-- peacekeeping operations

-- analysis of specific problems of mutual interest.

 

F. CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES RELATING TO TRAINING AND EDUCATION

  1. Exchange of military personnel of various ranks on diverse subjects, such as:

-- survival training

-- confidence- and security-building measures training

-- general staff and higher level courses

-- military training and refresher courses

-- exchange of basic information on confidence- and security-building measures

-- exchange of cadets, students and advisors.

  1. Joint activities of military academies.

  2. Visits and exchange of chiefs and units of the respective armed forces.

  3. Exchanges of specialized military personnel in areas of personnel, intelligence, operations, logistics, civil affairs, data processing, and others areas of interest.

  4. Joint training exercises with armed forces of other countries.

  5. Participation of commissioned and noncommissioned officers in athletic and cultural activities held by the armed forces of other countries.

Finally, the working group expressed interest in considering the possibility and desirability of a follow-up study on verification of confidence-building measures.

 

 

APPENDIX III

 

SUMMARY OF THE CHAIRMAN OF WORKING COMMITTEE III

 

Upon adjourning the committee, the Chairman of Working Committee III gave a summary of the Committee's work, stressing the following aspects:

 

SUMMARY OF THE CHAIRMAN -- COMMITTEE III

 

With regard to item 3 of the agenda, "favorable political context for implementing measures to strengthen and broaden confidence in the region," the following views were expressed on how the discussion might be channeled.

 

Mention was made of the importance of European experience with confidence-building measures, although this does not imply that these measures can be transplanted automatically to our region. Then, as an element of the new political context, the delegates indicated the end of the Cold War with the consequent detente; common democratic values; the process of growing economic and trade integration; and the new prospects for civilian-military relations, which will make it possible to implement genuine ongoing state policies.

 

Regarding future measures on this topic, the need was indicated to take into consideration existing institutions, and in addition, the varying situations prevailing in the hemisphere's subregions, as well as the varying impacts this produces in each subregion. Moreover, it was indicated that the concept of confidence is closely related to the concept of security. Confidence dissipates feelings of insecurity.

 

In addition, it was pointed out that, from the discussion, a wide range of conclusions might be reached regarding the level of confidence existing in the region. It was maintained that in fact there is prejudice and distrust that cannot be eliminated in a single session.

 

Among the obstacles to a favorable context are such factors as social uprisings, drug trafficking, and terrorism, all of which can have repercussions even at the international level.

 

It was also indicated that we should define what strengthens confidence measures themselves, with respect to the hemisphere security system.

 

It was pointed out that the region has made an enormously rich contribution to confidence- and security-building. What is needed today is to organize systematically what we have and define a set of initiatives to delineate the general framework for discussing confidence- and security-building measures to deal with the new international situation. It will also be necessary to assess the countries' political resolve to take concrete action in this regard.

 

Accordingly, existing cooperation ties in all spheres (military, political, academic, economic, etc.) should be included in the state's political framework, which is channeled by political officials.

 

The democratization of our countries, bilateral agreements, multilateral trade agreements, and the gradual but certain surmounting of border problems are creating the conditions of a political and legal framework favorable for mutual confidence.

 

In any case, we cannot conclude that everything is accomplished. There are still many complex challenges. Overcoming them requires intellectual exercises such as the one we are called to attend in Buenos Aires.

 

The determination that this is a propitious time should not cause us to lose sight of realism or caution in addressing the issues. Efforts to analyze these measures in depth must recognize the multiplicity and complexity of the factors involved in implementing them. Today's task consists of building an edifice of measures that are basically solid and lasting.

 

 

APPENDIX IV

 

SUMMARY OF THE CHAIRMAN OF WORKING COMMITTEE IV

 

The Chairman of Working Committee IV summarized the committee's work, stressing the following aspects:

The participants have presented a wide variety of opinions on this topic. However, their views have a number of points in common.

 

First, the OAS has established deep roots and an impressive history for considering hemisphere security.

 

Second, these deep roots can surely be strengthened and reaffirmed.

 

The delegates to this session set forth in particular, the following views for future development:

  1. The OAS is the first multilateral organization in the hemisphere. The UN is the multilateral world organization. Both organizations should make use of their comparative advantages in confronting challenges in the area of security and establishment of peace and prosperity in the world and in the region.

  2. The objectives of the OAS are security of the individual countries in the region and of the region itself, guarantee of respect and maintenance of democracy in all of the countries, regional defense of human rights, and promotion of economic development.

  3. Illicit trafficking of drugs and small arms is a critical security problem.

  4. There is a need to "reformulate" OAS mechanisms, including the Inter-American Defense Board.

Several delegations made specific suggestions in this session, including the following:

  1. Measures to address the illicit trafficking in arms, particularly in connection with drug trafficking.

  2. The possibility of establishing a center for preventing conflicts.

  3. A conference of ministers of defense.

  4. Resolving the question of the relationship between the Inter-American Defense Board and the OAS.

  5. Restructuring the Inter-American Defense College.

  6. More countries should take part in the United Nations register of conventional weapons and exchanges of standardized military expenditures.

  7. Greater cooperation between the OAS and the UN.

  8. More coordination of armed forces operations in the hemisphere.

  9. Many confidence-building measures have now been developed (especially bilateral and subregional); this information should be exchanged.

  10. Establish a central point for exchanges of information on confidence-building measures.

  11. The possibility of establishing an early warning mechanism to detect any increases in tensions and try to neutralize them before they result in a conflict.

  12. Find ways to enable the OAS to take into consideration the work done in other regional organizations on confidence-building measures.

  13. Greater interaction among country representatives in the OAS and in the UN.

  14. Exchanges of information on security.

 

APPENDIX V

SUMMARY OF THE CHAIRMAN OF WORKING COMMITTEE V

 

The Chairman of Working Committee V summarized the committee's work, stressing the following aspects:

 

Working Committee V dealt with the topic, "Development in Confidence-Building Measures in the United Nations."

 

The Chairman of the committee made a statement on this topic, based on document SEGRE/36/94.

 

The working committee took note of the presentation and of the document distributed.

 

APPENDIX VI

 

RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE MEETING OF EXPERTS ON CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING MEASURES IN THE REGION

"The experts agreed on recommending through the Chairman of the meeting that the competent organs of the Organization of American States should consider the following points:

  1. Continue, through the OAS Special Committee on Hemispheric Security, examining the issues of confidence-building, and among other things, issues relating to the peaceful settlement of disputes and the prevention of conflicts.

  2. Recommend that member countries implement, at the appropriate level and by whatever means they regard as suitable, various confidence-building measures.

  3. Recommend that member countries report regularly to the competent OAS organs on implementation of confidence-building measures.

  4. Instruct the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security to draw up, continuing the efforts started at the Buenos Aires meeting, a complete and systematic inventory of the confidence-building measures that are being implemented in the hemisphere, with a view to disseminating them and making them better known and more easily adopted and implemented at the bilateral, subregional and hemisphere level.

  5. Proceed with consultations in the OAS for holding in 1995 a Regional Conference on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in the Region, which Chile has offered to host.

  6. Vigorously encourage implementation of the recommendations in resolution AG/RES. 1179 and other pertinent General Assembly resolutions.

The Meeting of Experts thanked the Argentine officials for organizing the meeting and for their many courtesies, and expressed satisfaction at the results achieved at the Buenos Aires meeting."

 

 

 


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