UP ON THE XII INTER-AMERICAN CONFERENCE
MINISTERS OF LABOR (IACML)
Lines of Action and
General Recommendations Adopted at the Follow-up Meeting to the
Inter-American Program: Gender and Labor - SEPIA I
December 11-12, 2001
Based on the commitment
entered into at the XII Inter-American Conference of Ministers of Labor (IACML),
held in Ottawa, Canada, in October 2001, to integrate a gender perspective
into the development and application of all labor policies, it is
recommended that the governments of the OAS member states develop the
lines of action stated below, to be implemented by the governments and
especially, by their labor ministries.
These lines of action
should be considered and integrated, as appropriate, in keeping with the
priorities of the member states and with the topics established for each
working group created by the XII IACML (Group 1. Labor dimensions of the
Summit of the Americas process; and Group 2. Building the capacity of
labor ministries), in which the CIM should offer to participate in a
technical advisory capacity on the issue of gender.
They also take into
account the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human
Rights and Gender Equity and Equality, adopted by the XXX OAS General
Assembly and endorsed by the Heads of State and Government at the Third
Summit of the Americas, which recommends that the governments of the
member states formulate public policies and strategies and take steps to
promote women’s human rights and gender equity and equality in all
spheres of public and private life, bearing in mind women’s full
diversity and their life cycles. (Based on IAP IV.I.I)
Commission of Women (CIM), recognizing the advances achieved in the
integration of a gender perspective in the Declaration and Plan of Action
from the Third Summit of the Americas and in the Declaration and Plan of
Action of Ottawa from the XII Inter-American Conference of Ministers of
Labor, considers that these advances can only be sustained if they have
continuity and are implemented as long-term policies.
The following lines of
action are proposed:
- Institutionalization of the gender
coordination with national machineries for the advancement of women to
integrate the gender perspective into labor policies.
1.2 Explicitly integrate the gender
perspective within the mandates of the ministries of labor, ensuring
that it is reflected in the objectives, design, implementation, and
monitoring of policies, plans, and programs, as well as in the
criteria for recruiting and training staff through the establishment
or strengthening of the appropriate mechanisms, with due regard for
the budget resources needed for execution.
1.3 Establish coordination strategies
for mainstreaming the gender perspective in labor policies, with
particular attention to the ministries or national institutions
responsible for devising and negotiating macroeconomic policies on
economic, productive, commercial, and financial development.
1.4 Establish formal and informal
consultation mechanisms, convened by the ministries of labor, for
the formulation of policies, including in the social dialogue such
sectors as women’s organizations, microentrepreneurs, and workers
in the informal sector.
1.5 In coordination with the national
machineries for the advancement of women, design and implement
consciousness raising strategies directed to the social actors to
stimulate a change in cultural patterns that affect gender equity.
Research and studies
Improve labor information and
statistical systems from a gender perspective, in coordination with
the national offices of statistics, to produce statistics broken
down by sex and introduce new measurement instruments that allow
information to be gathered on key issues and provide a better
understanding of the situation of women.
Conduct studies and research to:
- Determine the
impact of globalization and economic integration on urban and rural
women workers, with particular emphasis on social and labor
- Identify gender
stereotypes in human resource and labor policies that prevent women’s
full and equal access to employment;
- Examine the linkage
between the educational system and the productive sector, to harmonize
labor supply and demand in order to identify new employment
opportunities for women;
- Identify the
differential impact of macroeconomic policies on men and women in the
- Analyze the impact
of labor and social security reforms from a gender perspective;
- Identify the labor
situation of women throughout their lifetimes and promote the exchange
of best national practices, particularly for implementing actions
aimed at achieving active, productive, and healthy aging for women;
- Identify the impact
of labor policies on the working conditions and relations of rural
-Quantify the social
and economic contribution of unpaid work performed by women and
promote its inclusion in national account
Carry out a thorough analysis of the
database of the Survey on Progress in the Plan of Action
of Viña del Mar in order to identify measures that have
an impact on women, such as the regulation of the new forms of
contracting or cross-cutting measures that were not identified as
Promote the conducting of a survey
on the follow-up to the plan of action of Ottawa with a similar
methodology; this would allow specific progress in integrating the
gender perspective through focused and crosscutting measures to be
estimated and compared.
training for male and female labor ministry professionals in the use
of gender-based analysis that incorporates a system of indicators to
monitor and assess the impact of labor policies on working women.
training and technical advisory services on labor rights from a gender
perspective directed at:
in the training of judges - in accordance with the respective
national systems - the inclusion of programs that ensure effective
legal protection for female workers’ rights.
Train women in nontraditional occupations, to expand and diversify the
opportunities available to the female workforce, particularly in new
technologies, to facilitate their entry into cutting-edge growth
sectors of the economy.
training programs for self-employed workers and microentrepreneurs,
with emphasis on such areas as labor rights, project design,
management and administration, building entrepreneurial capacity,
training programs to help working women and female employers rise to
decision-making positions through the development of skills in
management, leadership, direction, and supervision.
programs to strengthen the technical capacity of social actors to
integrate gender issues into the agendas, collective bargaining
processes and bipartite and tripartite social dialogue.
Reviewing, strengthening, and
Review labor legal provisions that, in the context of the new global
economy, could affect the most vulnerable sectors.
Review the legal provisions governing domestic employment and bring
them into line with those for other salaried workers.
Promote standards that facilitate the reconciliation of work and
family life for male and female workers with family responsibilities.
Establish mechanisms to regulate minimum health and safety standards
in the workplace, taking into account the gender perspective, with
particular attention to the informal sector.
Promote the development of measures to prevent, suppress, and punish
sexual harassment and other forms of violence in the workplace.
Promote changes in the provisions of social security systems so as to
extend coverage to male and female workers in the informal sector.
the coordination between the ministries of labor, CIM/OAS and the
specialized gender units of international organizations: ILO, ECLAC, IDB,
the World Bank, PAHO, and other pertinent agencies, to work together to
promote the adoption of crosscutting gender measures in the ministries.
actively in international conferences and assemblies that include the
issue of women and labor in their agendas, such as the II United Nations
Global Assembly on Aging (Madrid, April 2002), the II International
Conference on Rural Women (Madrid, October 2002), the XXIX Session of
ECLAC and others.
governments to comply with the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles
and Rights at Work and its Follow-Up, adopted in 1998, and consider the
ratification and implementation of ILO conventions that promote gender
equality in the workplace and in economic development, such as the ILO
conventions on maternity protection (No. 3, 103, and 183) in accordance
with the situation in each country; equal remuneration (No. 100),
discrimination (No. 111), and workers with family responsibilities (No.