IpÍ-amarelo - (Tecoma chrysostricha)
National Flower*: IpÍ
is the common name given to the many Brazilian plants and trees
belonging to the mimosa, bignonia and borage families; there is no
English equivalent. The
a member of the genus Tecoma, is the national flower of
Brazil. It belongs to the tropical family of bignonias, which
includes almost four hundred Brazilian species. The genus Tecoma
contains many species, well known and easily distinguishable by the
Brazilian people: IpÍ-amarelo,
have a small or medium spread, but attain considerable heights.
Some have wrinkled bark and others smooth. The leaves are
digitated; dark green on the upper side and light green on the
lower side. The blossoms are found in panicles or in the terminal
or axillary umbrellas: they are large and very beautiful. Between
September and October, the IpÍ-amarelo
sheds its foliage and bursts into blossom; three, four, or five
flowers may replace one leaf. However, this spectacle is
short-lived, lasting one week. Some of the species under the
colloquial name of IpÍ-amarelo
are: a) Tecoma chrysostricha- found in Sao Paulo with
gleaming golden blossoms; b) Tecoma lapacho- found in ParanŠ
and Matto Grosso, also flowering in glod; and c) Tecoma ipÍ-
whose black and purple blossoms are predominate in the Rio Grande
arca. This tree also provides a valuable florestal essence of
(Tecoma alba) is noted for its pallid yellow flowers, wich
bloom from August to October in the state of Rio. However, more
amenable climates, such as those of states of Minas Gerais, Sao
Paulo, ParanŠ, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul may cause the
trees to remain in bloom until December. These do not attain more
the forty feet in height, and are small in branch expansion.
The wood of the ipÍ
is utilized in cabinetmaking, supports, poles, vehicle bodies, and
hydraulic works. The decorative ebano-amarelo and ebano-pardo are
most used in cabinetmaking . The drug industry employs by-
products of the ipÍ for a dozen preparations.
The fruit of the ipÍ is
predominantly in pod form, containing many flat and winged seeds.
Very rarely do fleshy and herbaceous fruits occur. Seeds are
disseminated by wind, germinating in humid places. The ipÍ grows
rapidly and survives after transplanting.