National Flag of St. Kitts and Nevis features green for our
fertile lands, yellow for our year-round sunshine, black
four our African heritage, and red for our struggle from
slavery through colonialism to Independence. It also displays two
white stars on a black diagonal bar, symbols of hope and liberty.
of the coat of arms is dominated by a shield at the base of which is a
lighter in full sail. The lighter is one of the traditional means of
transportation. A red chevron is highlighted by two poinciana flowers.
the top of the shield on the blue background is the head of a Carib,
supported by the fleur de lis and a rose. The Caribs were the early
inhabitants of the islands, and the fleur de lis and rose signify the
French and English influences.
helmet topped with the battlements of a tower appears with a flaming
torch upheld by the hands of an African, European, and a person of
mixed descent. The torch signifies the struggle and quest for freedom
by a people of diverse ethnic origins, but united in purpose.
shield is supported on either side by pelicans with wings extended,
displaying a sugar cane plant and the coconut palm tree, which are
extensively cultivated throughout St. Kitts and Nevis.
national flower of St. Kitts and Nevis is the Poinciana or flamboyant,
named after Monsieur de Poincy, the first French Governor of St.
Kitts, who is said to have introduced it to region. Its scientific
name is Delonix Regia, and is said to have originated in
flamboyant is one of the most striking trees of the tropics, with its
umbrella-shaped crown and its compound deciduous leaves, and red and
yellow scalloped flowers followed by long, black seedpods. It blooms
from May to August, and is generally used along roadsides or by
itself. A fast-growing tree, it requires a deep soil but tolerates a
National bird of St. Kitts and Nevis is the brown pelican, whose
scientific name is Pelecanus occidentalis. In its youth, the
brown pelican is brown on the head, neck and upper parts of the body,
and mostly white below. As it matures, the majority of the body
becomes dark brown while the upper part of the head turns white.
post-nuptial molt the adult's neck turns white. The neck and head are
not extended during flight.
pelicans are sometimes solitary feeders, but may also be found in
small flocks as they feed on schools of fish at the surface of the
sea. They can be found throughout the West Indies and in the
sub-tropical regions of the Americas. They nest in colonies along the
coast, in low trees, and in bushes.
* Source: St. Kitts and Nevis
Information Service, Ministry of National Security and Information.
Government of St. Kitts and Nevis.
Updated: 12 May 2008