National Coat of Arms
del Ceibo o Seibo
Belgrano first raised up the national flag of Argentina in the city of
Rosario, in February 27, 1812. Doña
Maria Catalina Echeverria de Vidal concocted the Argentine flag. Noting
the necessity for a national flag, Belgrano decided that the colors of
the flag should be sky blue and white, just as the colors of the
national emblem (insignia).
Twenty-third of August of 1812 was the day when for the first time the
flag of the nation was seen waving in the air, in the tower of the San
Nicolas Temple in Buenos Aires. The flag was officially approved July
18, 1816, nine days after Argentina declared its independence. Such an
action was the only honorable thing to do after hundreds had died in the
name of the emerging nation. Two days later, it was solved by decree
that the official colors of the flag would be sky blue and white; in
addition the flag was declared a national symbol. To glorify the flag such as it deserves, the Eight of June of
1938, the Argentine Congress declared by law, the Twentieth of June as
National Flag Day, and made this day a National Holiday. The Twentieth
of June, the day Belgrano died, was chosen in his honor since he is
credited with the flag’s creation.
National Coat of Arms*
the Assembly, which convened in 1813, designated the Stamp that the
executive power, and the assembly itself should use, all governmental
acts, documents, and decrees were legalized with the stamp of the
Spanish Royal family used during the Viceroyalty.
General Assembly of 1813 came to order in January 31, 1813, and it is
certain, that only days after that date, the stamp which is now the
national coat of arms, became part of every official government document
executed. Nowadays we can see this initial use of the stamp, through two
conserved citizenship identification documents dated February 22, 1813.
One of the citizenship identification documents, executed for a Mr.
Antonio Olavarria, is presently found in the National History Museum. It
is important to note that there it is no official law, neither of the
present, nor of that time that designates that the stamp used by the
assembly should be the national coat of arms.
is not known exactly who came up with the design and different
components that represent glory, union, and liberty. Over the years the
coat of arms has gone through a variety of alterations imposed by bodies
such as the General Assembly. Changes made by this body range from the
suppression of the rising sun to the addition of military trophies.
Other alterations which were generally made in publications or in the
stamping of different documents, range from giving the sun an angel’s
face, changing the number of rays in the sun, increasing the number of
flags, varying the ellipsis’s proportions, and modifying the form and
inclination of the Liberty hat. The fact that the coat of arms was going
through so many arbitrary changes made it necessary to regularize its
appearance. Decree number 10.302 of April 24 of 1944 made such
for the Coat of arms’ symbolism, it is generally considered that the
human forearms that stretch out their hands at the bottom of the coat of
arms represent the union of the United Provinces of Rio de La Plata. The
red cap at the center of the coat of arms is an ancient symbol of
liberty, and the lance that holds it up, represents the necessity of the
defense of liberty through the use of arms. The rising sun represents
the birth of a new nation, while the laurels represent victory,
particularly the triumph and glory acquired in the battles of Suipacha
and Tucuman. As for the blue, silver, and white lace tied in the form of
a ribbon, and, the two halves of the coat of arms, one blue and the
other white, represent allusions to Argentine nationalism.
Presidencia de la Nación (www.presidencia.gov.ar)
29 February 2008