1. Area: 43,872 square miles*
3. Capital: Tegucigalpa*
4. Population of Capital:
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by nearly all the
Honduran people. English is spoken by some people in the north, and
the Native Americans have retained their languages.*
6. Date of OAS membership:
7. Description of Honduras:*
Honduras is located in
the heart of Central America. Along the north, Honduras has a large
Caribbean Sea coastline; to the south, a shorter coastline along the
Pacific Ocean; along the east, it shares a border with Nicaragua; and to
the west, it borders Guatemala and El Salvador. In addition to the
mainland, Honduras has insular possessions. These include the Bay
Islands off the Caribbean Coast. It's largest city is the
capital city, Tegucigalpa.
Honduras is the most mountainous country in Central America, with most
of the land more than a thousand feet above sea level. Mountains cover
more than two thirds of the land and spread randomly, creating a great
number of valleys with expanses of arable land.
Most of the country's rivers drain to the
Atlantic Ocean. Navigable Atlantic rivers include the Ulua and the
its tropical location and varied topography, Honduras enjoys a variety of
climates. The temperatures are warm all year around but the patterns of
rainfall, humidity and tropical vegetation vary depending on the altitude,
prevailing winds, the location in relation to the coasts, and to what
extent the mountains block the passage of clouds.
Some patterns apply to the country as a whole, however. The coastal zones
are generally warm and humid, while the central mountain region is cooler
and drier. There are two well-defined season: the rainy season from May
through October, and the dry season from November to April.
Temperatures during the rainy season oscillate from 59 deg. F in western
Honduras to 86 deg. F in the central part of the country. During the dry
season, temperatures average 75 deg. F in the highlands, 73 deg. F in the
west, and 86 deg. F in the south.
Along the northern coast and in the Bay Islands, it is hot and very humid
and there is rainfall all throughout the year. October through November is
the rainiest time.
Permanent Mission of Honduras to the OAS
Updated: 25 April