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1. Area: 43,872 square miles*

2. Population: 6,560,608*

3. Capital: Tegucigalpa*

4. Population of Capital: 

5. Language: Spanish is the official language and is spoken by nearly all the Honduran people. English is spoken by some people in the north, and the Native Americans have retained their languages.*

6. Date of OAS membership: 

7. Description of Honduras:*
      Honduras is located in the heart of Central America. Along the north, Honduras has a large Caribbean Sea coastline; to the south, a shorter coastline along the Pacific Ocean; along the east, it shares a border with Nicaragua; and to the west, it borders Guatemala and El Salvador. In addition to the mainland, Honduras has insular possessions. These include the Bay Islands off the Caribbean Coast. It's largest city is the capital city, Tegucigalpa. 

    Honduras is the most mountainous country in Central America, with most of the land more than a thousand feet above sea level. Mountains cover more than two thirds of the land and spread randomly, creating a great number of valleys with expanses of arable land.

    Most of the country's rivers drain to the Atlantic Ocean. Navigable Atlantic rivers include the Ulua and the Coco.*

8. Climate:*
Due to its tropical location and varied topography, Honduras enjoys a variety of climates. The temperatures are warm all year around but the patterns of rainfall, humidity and tropical vegetation vary depending on the altitude, prevailing winds, the location in relation to the coasts, and to what extent the mountains block the passage of clouds.

    Some patterns apply to the country as a whole, however. The coastal zones are generally warm and humid, while the central mountain region is cooler and drier. There are two well-defined season: the rainy season from May through October, and the dry season from November to April.

    Temperatures during the rainy season oscillate from 59 deg. F in western Honduras to 86 deg. F in the central part of the country. During the dry season, temperatures average 75 deg. F in the highlands, 73 deg. F in the west, and 86 deg. F in the south.

    Along the northern coast and in the Bay Islands, it is hot and very humid and there is rainfall all throughout the year. October through November is the rainiest time.

9. Government*

10. History*

11. Colonial Cities*

12. Economy*
National Heroes*

14. Photographs

*Source: Permanent Mission of Honduras to the OAS 


Updated: 25 April 2008


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