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The name Jamaica was derived from the country's Arawak name "Xaymaca", which means "the land of wood and water".*

1.   Area: 10,991 Square Kilometers*

2.   Population: 2.6 million*

3.   Capital: Kingston*

4.   Population of the Capital: 710,000*

5.  Language: English is the official language, however there is a dialect/slang call Patois which is widely used by most Jamaicans.*

6.  National Heroes: Rt. Excellent Marcus Garvey, Rt. Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, Rt. Excellent Norman Washington Manley, Rt. Excellent Paul Bogle, Rt. Excellent Nanny of the Maroons, Rt. Excellent George William Gordon, Rt. Excellent Samuel Sharpe.*

7.  Date of OAS membership: August 20, 1969*

8.  Description of Jamaica*:  
     Jamaica is the third largest of the Caribbean islands and the largest English-speaking.

     Jamaica’s multi-racial population of approximately 2.6 million primarily comprises people of African, European, East Indian and Chinese origin. Although English is the official language, most people speak an English-based creole– patois.

     Jamaica is a constitutional monarchy and as a member of the British Commonwealth, the Queen of England, Elizabeth II is the titular head of the country. She is represented in Jamaica by a Governor General.

     The Jamaican Parliament is bicameral, that is, it consists of two Houses, the Senate, also called the Upper House and the House of Representatives, also known as the Lower House.*

9. Historical Dates

10. History

11. Government

12. Economy

13. Photographs

* Source: Permanent Mission of Jamaica to the OAS.
Source: .Information provided by the Permanent Mission of Jamaica to the OAS.



Updated: 30 April 2008



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