by Spain in 1499, Guyana came under Dutch control by the mid-1700s,
but the Dutch had been exploring the islands for close to a hundred
years. In 1814, the British took control of the territory after
several failed attempts, and with the transfer of power, large masses
of African and East Indian slaves and migrants began to populate the
area. Guyana stopped the practice of importing labor in 1917, by
which time some 250,000 people settled in the territory.
Cheddi Jagan of the People's Progressive Party (PPP), the first modern
political party in the country, Guyana attained self-government status
in 1961. In 1953, however, Jagan helped establish the country's
constitution, which was quickly abolished by the British for fear it
would bring the country into communism. Economic austerity programs
implemented shortly thereafter led to widespread riots and strikes
forcing the British to step in and restore order in a poor economic
climate. The 1964 elections resulted in a coalition government under
Forbes Burnham of the People's National Congress (PNC).
26th, 1966 Guyana gained independence from the British. Four years
later on February 23rd, 1970 Guyana was officially named The
Cooperative Republic of Guyana.
on March 19th. 2001, the Guyanese People went again to the Polls. The
PPP/Civic once again won the elections.