first sailed past the island in 1498 when the Carib indians lived
on the land. The island's name came from Spanish sailors, who,
several decades later, were mesmerized by the green hills and
beautiful landscapes, reminiscent of Granada in Andalucia, Spain.
From there, the French and British both adapted their own versions
of the name - Grenade for the French and Grenada for the British.
the Carib indians resisted attempts from both the Spanish and
French until a French mission from Martinique purchased mass land
on the island. Soon thereafter, hostilities between the Caribs and
French ensued until finally the Caribs lost their great battle.
From thereon, the
French and British fought for control of the island, but through
the Treaty of Versailles in 1783, the island became permanently in
the hands of British colonizers. The British began to establish
slave plantations on the island until Julian Fedon, a blank
planter schooled in the French Revolution challenged British rule.
Fedon went on to lead a successful slave revolution and took
control of the island. The British shortly thereafter re-took
control of the island and until slavery was abolished in 1834,
tensions remained high between the two groups.
In 1967, Grenada
became a British Commonwealth state before gaining independence in
1974. Ironically, although the country was under British rule for
most of its modern history, the country is most associated with
French heritage visible in city names, buildings and its religious