Venezuela is a federal republic. The president is elected by a vote
with direct and universal suffrage. The president functions as both
the head of state and head of government. According to the 1999
Constitution, the President serves a term of six years, and is
authorized to a two-term limit. The president appoints the
vice-president and decides the size and composition of the cabinet
and, in consultation with the legislature, makes appointments to it.
The legislature is composed
of a unicameral parliament known as the National Assembly or Asamblea
Nacional. The National Assembly consists of 167 deputies, of which
three are reserved for indigenous peoples. Each deputy serves
five-year terms and may be re-elected for a maximum of three terms.
They are elected by popular vote.
The judicial branch is
represented in the Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de
Justicia, whose magistrates are elected by parliament for a single
Additionally, the National
Electoral Council or Consejo Nacional is in charge of all electoral
processes. It is comprised of five directors elected by the National