The United States is a federal republic. The
federal government shares power with a number of smaller governments, in
this case, the states. The Government of the United States is composed
of three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. Each state
and the federal government are composed in this manner. The executive is
elected by popular ballot, except in the case of the President of the
U.S., who is formally elected by the Electoral College. The terms of
office for the executive are four years, with a maximum of two terms.
The bicameral legislature is made up of the House of Representatives and
the Senate. Members of the House serve two years and Members of the
Senate serve six. The House has 452 members based on proportional
representation among the 50 states, while the Senate is made up of two
senators from each state. Legislators may be elected an indefinite
number of times. The judiciary is made up of executive-appointed judges,
pending approval from the legislative branch. The United States
Government works on a system of checks and balances wherein no one
branch of government is inherently more powerful than the other.
* Source: Permanent Mission of
the United States to the OAS.