Republic of Ecuador is a representative democracy. Its government is
divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial.
There is also an autonomous electoral agency called the “Tribunal
Supremo Electoral.” The country is separated into 21 provinces each
of which is further divided into administrative cantons and
parroquias. The President of the Republic presides over the
executive branch and represents the State. He is elected for a four
year term by popular vote – one ballot for the President and one for
the Vice President. He is also the Commander-In-Chief of the Armed
Forces. Ecuador has a unicameral Congress. Congressmen are elected
during multi-party elections and represent one of Ecuador’s 21
provinces. The President of the Congress is chosen by the Party that
receives the highest percentage of the national vote in Congress.
The President of Congress ranks just under the President and Vice-President
of the Republic. The judicial system is comprised of administrative,
trial, appellate, and a Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the
highest court in the land, and has 30 equally significant justices
presiding. Supreme Court justices, like that of the United States,
are elected for life terms.