Bahamas is an independent country and a member of the Commonwealth of
Nations. The political and legal traditions of the Bahamas closely
follow those of the United Kingdom.
Queen Elizabeth II
of England is the ceremonial head of state, represented by a
Bahamanian governor-general. The Prime Minister is the head of
government and is the leader of the party with the most seats in the
elected House of Assembly. The upper house (the Senate) is appointed.
Executive power is exercised by the cabinet. Legislative power is
vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament.
safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and
association. Although the Bahamas is not geographically located in the
Caribbean, it is a member of the Caribbean Community. The judiciary is
independent of the executive and the legislature, and is based on
English common law.
Updated: 29 February 2008