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The "formal discovery" of Brazil took place in 1500 by Portuguese Pedro Alvares Cabral.*

1. Area: 8,511,965 square kilometers*

2. Population: 167 million*

3. Capital: Brasilia*

4. Population Of Capital: 1,820,000*

5. Language: Portuguese*

6. National Heroes: Joaquim José da Silva Xavier (Tiradentes), José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva*

7. Date of OAS membership: 1948*

8. History

9. Government*

10. Economy*

11. Photographs
 

* Source: Permanent Mission of Brazil to the OAS

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Updated: 18 March 2008