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NATIONAL HEROES

 

Augusto Sandino

Augusto César Sandino

Augusto Sandino is the revolutionary hero and leader of the Nicaraguan rebellion against a U.S. military presence from 1927 to 1933. Born in 1895 in the village of Niquinohomo, Augusto was the son of a coffee grower. In 1921 he fled to Honduras, Guatemala and then to Mexico after he tried to murder the sons of a wealthy conservative figure in his town. He worked in Mexico for Standard Oil refinery and there became involved with a number of revolutionary and communist groups, as well as being influenced by the indigenous movement that had come out of the Mexican Revolution.  

Sandino is a national and regional symbol of resistance to foreign influence, for he led armed attacks on U.S. military troops in the country. He was targeted as a bandit and rebel leader by the U.S. government. Once the U.S. military had secured a favorable president, Sandino was targeted by the government and was eventually executed by General Anastasio Somoza García, who took control of the government by force and whose family would rule for 40 years. Sandino’s legacy of resistance to foreign involvement in national affairs became the basis of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, a national political movement that eventually overthrew the Somoza government in 1979.

 

Rúben Darío

Rúben Darío is a noteworthy journalist, diplomat and poet who has been called the “Father of Modernism” for his literary contributions and the way in which he brought a more vibrant style of writing to the otherwise dull and monotonous Spanish language poetry during this time. Darío, born Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, was born in Metapa, Nicaragua, a city that is now called Ciudad Darío (Darío City) in his honor. Darío’s later contributions to the literary world were most likely influenced by his difficult childhood. After his parents separated after he was born, Darío was raised by his godfather Colonel Félix Ramirez. Darío felt a sense of abandonment from his parents, and in fact he only met his mother twice in his life.

Darío displayed talent in writing from a young age and even earned the title “El Niño Poeta” (the Poet Child). When he was denied the chance to study in Europe on a government scholarship, he traveled instead to El Salvador and later to Chile before moving back to Nicaragua. Darío took part in or led a number of literary movements in various countries of Latin America and Europe, including Nicaragua, Chile, Spain and Argentina. Darío was called the Father of Modernism for the introduction of a very different style of writing characterized by strong and passionate language full of emotion. His innovative style began to appear in works by many literary writers in music and poetry.

 

Andres Castro

Andrés Castro is a hero of the struggle for Nicaraguan independence. He was a sergeant in the patriot army fighting for independence from the Spanish in 1856. In one particularly famous battle, the battle at San Jacinto that took place on September 14th, he had difficulty keeping his position and could not use the arms they had because they were old and failing. Instead, Castro threw a rock at a soldier crossing the trench so forcefully that the enemy soldier was killed by the rock hitting his head. This battle initiated the defeat of the enemy forces in the country, and Castro is known as a heroic leader of this battle and thus of the independence movement.

 

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Updated: 8 May 2008