was an important figure in the Haitian Revolution. He was born a slave
in Saint-Domingue and grew up a leader in his own right. He led enslaved
workers to rebellion and eventually independence against European
colonial powers. He abolished slavery and established native control
over the land in 1797. After expelling the French commissioner, he
established a new constitution and named himself governor for life. When
Napoleon took control of France, he ordered L'ouverture and his family
deported to France in 1802, where they remained until their deaths.
was a leader of the Haitian Revolution. He was the first independent
leader of independent Haiti under the dictatorial constitution of 1801.
He crowned himself Emperor of Haiti in 1805. He is remembered as one of
the founding fathers of Haiti. After the capture of Toussaint L'ouverture
in 1802, Dessalines took over leadership of the revolution. He defeated
the troops of Napoleon in 1803, and declared Haiti an independent nation
in 1804. He was elected Governor-General by a Council of Generals in
1804. After he proclaimed himself Emperor in that same year, he ruled in
that capacity until 1806.
Christophe was a long-serving Army officer,
eventually becoming General of the Haitian Army. He became President of
Haiti in 1807. He was proclaimed King of Haiti in 1811, and died on
October 8, 1820. He was brought to Saint Domingue as a slave from St.
The "Founder of the
Republic," Alexandre Pétion was born in Port-au-Prince in 1770, of a French father
and a black mother. At 18 years of age, he became a soldier and was sent to France to
study at the Military Academy of Paris. Jointly with Dessalines, he played a very
important role in unifying blacks and mulattoes to fight together at the Independence War
against the French army.
Pétion was elected President of
the Republic of Haiti on March 9, 1806, elected again in 1811, and then in 1816 he was
re-elected President for Life. He became the first President of Haiti. He designed the
official flag and coat of arms of the second independent nation of the American continent.
He also supported other countries of South America in their struggle to gain independence
from Spain. After years of many hardships and challenges he confronted as a soldier and as
president, Alexandre Pétion ill and tired died in Port-au-Prince on March 29, 1818.