SANTA CRUZ Y ESPEJO
Espejo was a medical enthusiast, writer and lawyer of mestizo origin, he
is best known for his work as a polemicist who inspired the separatist
movement in Quito. He was Quito’s first journalist and hygienist –
spreading both libertarian ideas and treatises on sanitary conditions in
colonial Ecuador, encouraging cleanliness as a means to prevent disease.
He was also known as a satirist - inspired primarily by the
Enlightenment - and critical of the Royal Audience of Quito, corruption
and aspects of Quito’s culture he found discriminatory, in general,
which cause him to be persecuted and imprisoned before his death. Espejo
is considered a revolutionary thinker prior to the independence movement
in Quito. He insisted on emancipation not only in Quito, but also in the
rest of Latin America. As publisher of Quito’s first newspaper, he is
the founder of Ecuadorian journalism. As a philosopher, his ideas have
transcended generations and made him a notable influence in the
Ecuadorian educational system.