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Hazard Mitigation & Vulnerability Reduction Plan
Jérémie, Haiti

A Programme to Mitigate the Impacts of Natural Hazards

Note: the electronic version of this report is divided into four parts. This page is the third part and contains the appendices. The other three parts are the executive summary, the main body of the report and the photo inventory. Larger versions of all figures can be viewed by clicking on the image.


Fifty projects are proposed for consideration on the following pages. The following descriptions of the projects do not represent detailed technical proposals, and several of the proposed projects call for further technical input. These recommended activities must be further developed, in keeping with the criteria for the application of small grants established by the Caribbean Disaster Mitigation Project, and any other agency from whom funding for implementation is sought.

This document was prepared to aid the work of the Disaster Management Committee, and is intended for use by all disaster management stakeholders in Jeremie. Many of these have been suggested by the residents of affected areas, and others have emerged as a result of the hazards and vulnerability assessment. It is recommended that the following be considered in resource allocation:

Links to projects: Summary list | Detailed List


Appendix I Sample Vulnerability Survey Questionnaire


A General Demographic Data

  1. Are you the head of the household?
  2. Male/Female
  3. How many persons live in this household?
  4. What are their occupations?
  5. Where do members of this household work?
  6. Since when?
  7. How long have you lived in this house?
  8. With respect to this land, do you:
_____Own _____Lease
_____Use family holdings _____Borrow

B Identification of the range of hazards affecting the household and premises.

9. Which event do you fear the most:

_____Fire _____Landslides and soil erosion _____Epidemics
_____Drought _____Floods & heavy rains _____Isolation (no access to goods, etc.
_____Food shortage _____Hurricane & strong winds _____Other, please specify:

10. What natural events have affected you (direct or indirectly)?

Event (type and name) When How Why was this important?

11. If you were badly affected, why do you think this was the case?

_____Magnitude of the event _____Location of premises _____Your own activities
_____Compound events _____Government policy _____Lack of resources to help yourself
_____Timing of the event _____Actions of your neighbors _____You were isolated (no support)
_____Lack of information _____Other, please specify:

C Specific Threats, Impacts and Costs

Life, Health and Sanitation

12. Has any member of this household died as a result of any of the hazards you named above? How, where and why?

Note to interviewer: if this is the case please locate on the map, with a designated number for this questionnaire.

13. After a natural hazard has occurred do you experience:

_____Lack of clean drinking water _____Prevalence of mosquitoes & flies
_____Dead animals are not disposed of _____Prevalence of rats, mice and roaches
_____Limited access to doctors _____Limited access to medicines
_____Other, please specify:

14. Has any member of this household suffered any of the following after a natural event has occurred?

_____Gastroenteritis _____Dysentery
_____Diarrhea _____Malnutrition, specify:
_____Typhoid _____Hunger
_____Physical trauma _____Other, please specify:

15. What has this cost you, in terms of time or money?

Property & Livelihood

16. What do you fear could be damaged, or what has been damaged in the past?

_____Roof _____Land _____Telephone connections
_____Walls _____Goods _____Animals
_____Floor/foundations of the house _____Vehicles _____Roads to you house
_____Windows/doors _____Water supply _____Clothes
_____Furniture _____Toilet facilities _____Other, please specify:

17. What has this cost you, in terms of time or money? Which event cost you the most?

18. How have natural events affected your ability to earn a living and provide for your family?

_____Limited access to workplace _____Loss of employees/workers _____Limited access to goods
_____Limited access to market _____Shortage of fuel _____Destruction of your land
_____Limited access to crops/land _____Poor communications  
_____Destruction of your workplace _____Other, please specify:

19. What has this cost you, in terms of time or money? Which event cost you the most?

D Coping with Disasters

20. How have you tried to cope with disasters that usually affect you (named above)?

21. How successful have these measures been?

22. What difficulties have you had in implementing or making them work?

_____You do not have the power to decide _____Not enough information on technique or the problem
_____Others do not agree with you idea (no support) _____You cannot organize the labor needed
_____Not enough money _____You do not have the necessary materials
_____Other, please specify:

23. What else do you think could be done to reduce the vulnerability of your household to disasters?

24. Do you know of any projects?

25. What skills can you offer to help in the event of a disaster?

26. Are there any other resources that you have that you might be willing to lend to assist in relief and recovery activities, in the aftermath of a disaster in your community?

E Awareness

27. Have disasters become worse over time?

28. Which ones, and in terms of what (i.e. life, health, property, livelihood)?

  Life Health Property Livelihood
landslides and soil erosion        
floods & heavy rains        
isolation (no access to goods, etc.)        
food shortage        
hurricane & strong winds        
other, please specify:        

29. Why is it getting worse?

_____Natural causative factors affecting it are increasing _____Your neighbors’ or other peoples’ activities
_____Your activities and choices _____Government policy/lack of policy
_____Other, please specify:

30. Explain what you mean?

31. Who/how you informs about hazards?

_____Non governmental organizations _____Radio _____Telephone
_____Volunteer groups _____Television  
_____The local disaster committee _____Newspaper  
_____Friends, relatives, neighbors _____Other, please specify:

32. Which groups in your community are the most severely affected and why do you think this is the case?

F Connections

33. To what organisations do you belong?

_____Church: _____Scouts/Girl Guides _____Volunteer group:
_____Co-operative: _____Labor union: _____Community based organization
_____Professional club: _____Social club:  
_____Red Cross _____Other, please specify:

34. Do you have family outside of Jeremie on whom you can depend for assistance in the aftermath of a disaster?

35. Where are they?

36. In your experience what do you consider a "lifeline"/the most critical facility in the aftermath of a disaster.

_____water supply _____shelters _____fire fighting capacity _____roads
_____sewerage _____police services _____hospital/clinics _____wharf
_____electricity _____public works _____community centers _____airstrip
_____other, please specify: _____fuel supply (gas/charcoal etc.)

37. Do you know of others that have been strongly affected in your community?


G Observations

Type of Structure

_____wooden _____thatch roof
_____brick _____one story
_____dirt floor _____two story
_____tile floor _____three story
_____galvanized zinc roof _____evidence of incomplete construction
_____other, please specify:

Immediate Environs/Yard

_____food trees present _____gully or river runs through
_____forest trees present _____flies/mosquitoes present
_____yard has grass _____outdoor toilet
_____bare soil only _____outdoor water tank/storage
_____tree roots are exposed _____use of communal standpipe.
_____other, please specify:

Landuse and Livelihood

_____subsistence garden at the house
_____trading done on premise
_____services offered on premises
_____stockpiles of charcoal
_____condition of access road to house:
_____approximate distance to other dwelling unit:
_____other, please specify:

Animals Present:

_____cows _____pigs
_____goats _____chickens
_____dogs _____ducks

Appendix II Sample of Semi-structured questionnaire for organisation interviews

Organisation: ____________________________

1. Date of Interview & Person Interviewed & Interviewer

2. Contact Details

3. Organisational Structure

3.1 Management & Board

3.2 Staff (Number, disciplines, training)

3.3 Links / Networks to others (membership, activities, co-ordination)

4. Objectives of Organisation

5. Activities (incl. of resources)

5.1 Past

5.2 Present

5.3 Future

6. Relation to Disaster Mitigation

6.1 Based on your own work & what you know about Jeremie, what are the most important issues relating to disasters and esp. mitigation?

6.2 What do you know about the Disaster Mitigation Committee?

6.3 How could the committee contribute to your efforts?

6.4 How could you contribute to the Committee's efforts?

6.5 What data / information do you have (dates, format, location, accessibility)

7. Further Suggestions and Information (organisations, groups, persons, activities, comments)

Appendix III Sample Semi Structured Interview for Critical Facilities Inventory


ID Number:

Name of place:  


_____Transportation node _____Communication node
_____Social service _____Civil infrastructure
_____Utility _____Lifeline
_____Information centre _____Organisation HQ
_____Economic infrastructure  


St Address:  


Mission of organisation  
Output capacity  
Key inputs  


Partners/Basis of partnerships:  

Main access routes:

Communication Facilities

_____Internet access _____Telephones
_____Radio system _____Newsletter


Threats to essential requirements:

Primary hazard to which vulnerable:

Why is the facility vulnerable?

Past performance history with respect to specific disasters:

What needs to be done to reduce the vulnerability/risk? Recommendations


Construction materials:  

Potential disaster management function:

_____Evacuation route _____Command & control centre
_____Shelter – state capacity if so : _____Distribution centre

Priority rating. Critical for

_____LEVEL 1 preparedness to loss (during or before) _____LEVEL 2 response and relief
_____LEVEL 3 recovery and rehabilitation _____LEVEL 4 planning and mitigation

Appendix IV Details on Key Probabilistic Analyses

Number of Households in Jeremie

At present there are no reliable statistics on the population living in Jeremie. The census undertaken in 1982 suggests that there were slightly more than 28,000 people living in Jeremie. Staff at the HHF have suggested that today the population of Jeremie could well be in the region of 45,000 people.

Preliminary analysis of our own survey suggests that the average household size is 6.28. Even though both of these statistics (total population and household size) are uncertain it is still possible to infer some usable statistics in the following manner:

Figure 6 Partial decision tree showing derivation of Total Number of Households estimate

Figure 6: Partial Decision Tree

Figure 7 Frequency Histogram on "Number of household estimate" using Monte Carlo Simulation

Figure 7: Frequency Histogram

Table 28 Distribution Statistics for Number of Households in Jeremie

Mean: 6,954.9
Mode: 6,210.2
Std Dev: 2,865.8
Minimum: 2,972.4
5%: 4,140.1
Median: 6,210.2
95%: 12,420.4
Maximum: 15,923.6

Figure 8 Cumulative probability distribution for "Number of Households" based on Monte Carlo Simulation

Figure 8: Cumulative Probability Distribution

Appendix V     Volunteers for Vulnerability Survey

  Volunteer Name Organisational Affiliation
1 Bernadeau Alexis CARE
2 Adrien Bernier Red Cross
3 Joseph Louisrès Boy Scouts
4 Vania Bien Aimé Red Cross
5 Jeudy Guiteau Boy Scouts
6 Joseph Danyo Boy Scouts
7 Mercile Beauport Red Cross
8 Michel Manès Red Cross
9 Luc Merline Red Cross
10 Jean-Berlin Depeine Red Cross
11 Lucien Guerline Red Cross
12 Gesner Alexis Haitian Development Foundation

Appendix VI     Individuals and Organisations contacted and/or Interviewed

Name Organisation Tel
Kathy Lynn
US Peace Corps Office
14 Rue Guilbaud
B.P. 1761
Mr Behal Joseph, Director
Project de Rehabilitation Rurale de Jeremie (PRR)
Eglise Methodist d’Haiti
284-5333 tel
Mr Jean Pierre Heurtelou
Agric Prog Manager
Project de Rehabilitation Rurale de Jeremie (PRR)
Eglise Methodist d’Haiti
284-5333 tel
Mr Robert J. Bulten
Project Manager
CARE - Bureau de Jeremie
75, Rue Emile Roumer
Bureau Central
92, Rue Gregoire P.V.
B.P. 15546, Pètion-Ville
284-6434/6277 Jeremie
257-5358/5389 Petion-Ville
257-6785 Fax
  Medicine du Monde  
Ms Betty Gebrian
Public Health Administrator
Haitian Health Foundation
Marko Dolan Haitian Health Foundation
Sister Mary Ann Haitian Health Foundation
Pamphile Mondy
Teacher, Translator
Collège du Sacre-Coeur 284-6510
Guillerex Jean Marc-Antoine
Directeur salle des Nouvelles Radio Grand’ Anse & Correspondant Radio Ibo
55, Rue Monseigneur Beauge’
284-6673 home
284-5337 work
Villbrun Lebrun Private Businessman & Boatowner Association 284-6310 (h)
Charles Amaline
Teacher, Translator
College Etzen Vilaire 284-5395 (w)
Joseph F. Mercure
Centre Téléco Jérémie
Telecommunications D’Haiti S.A.
1-509-284-6119 (w)
284-6519 Fax
284-6519 (aff)
284-5388 (h)
Branley Ogy CDMP, Haiti 257-1867/8209 (w)
257-8208 Fax
234-4096 (h)
Jon Bailes
Newlife for Haiti
Airport Jeremie   or
8975 County Lane 211
Webb City, Mo. 64870
Jeanne B. Hudaian
Program-Development Officer
UMCOR 509-246-1501 (tel/fax)
or 246-2265
email: umcorhaiti@haitiworld.com
Denneth Modeste
General Secretariat of the O.A.S. in Haiti
Boite Postale 1304
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Ronald Toussaint
NEAP Coordinator
Ministere Environment
181 Haut Turgeau
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
509-245-9309/0504 Tel
509-245-1022/7560 Fax
email:  pae.mde@palaishaiti.net

Appendix VII     Members of the Disaster Mitigation and Management Committee of Jeremie (CMGD-J)

First Name Committee Function Organisation
Cheyner Despeines Co-ordinator High School Principal and Administrator of Foyer Culturel
284-5132 (h)
284-651?0 (w)
Dr Ernest Denerville Assistant Co-ordinator Head Red Cross for Jeremie (District)
284-5362 (h)
284-6813 (w)
Moïse Andre General Secretary Head, Haitian Development Fund (Jeremie)
284-6202 (w)
Mercile Beauport   Red Cross Monitor
Mrs Raphael   High School Principal
Gesnef Alexis   Haitian Development Fund & Boy Scouts
284-6202 (w)
Antoine Jean   Private Business (Supermarket, Hotel)
Milou Jean-François   Agronomist (soil conservation), Ministry of Agriculture
Rue E.M. Pharcie du Centre
284-6449 (h)
Frenel Pierre   Truck Owner/Driver
Francisque Mayas   Lawyer, Teacher
Mrs Fritz Joseph   Red Cross (Corail)
Francis Eustache   Hospital Lab Technician & Pharmacy owner
Ing. Rupert LaForèt   Mayor
Almaye Dorestant   High School Teacher & General Director of City Hall
    Health Department
    Ministry of Planning

Document links: Executive Summary, Sections 1-3, Appendices and Photo Inventory