ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

GENERAL ASSEMBLY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TWENTY-NINTH REGULAR SESSION

GUATEMALA, GUATEMALA

June 6-8, 1999

 

 

 

 

 

PROCEEDINGS

VOLUME I

 

 

AG/DEC. 20 - AG/DEC. 22 (XXIX-O/99)

AG/RES. 1607 - AG/RES. 1697 (XXIX-O/99)

 

CERTIFIED TEXTS OF THE DECLARATIONS AND RESOLUTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL SECRETARIAT

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20006

 

     AG

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

GENERAL ASSEMBLY

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                        OEA/Ser.P/XXIX-O.2

                                                                                                                        7 December 1999

                                                                                                                        Volume 1

 

 

 

 

 

TWENTY-NINTH REGULAR SESSION

GUATEMALA, GUATEMALA

June 6-8, 1999

 

 

 

 

 

PROCEEDINGS

VOLUME I

 

 

AG/DEC. 20 - AG/DEC. 22 (XXIX-O/99)

AG/RES. 1607 - AG/RES. 1697 (XXIX-O/99)

 

CERTIFIED TEXTS OF THE DECLARATIONS AND RESOLUTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL SECRETARIAT

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20006

1999

     AG

 


 

OEA/Ser.P/XXVIII-O.2           PROCEEDINGS               VOLUME I                AG/DEC. 20 – 22 (XXIX-O/99)                AG/RES. 1607 – 1697 (XXIX-O/99)      AG

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

            I hereby certify that this volume contains the official texts of the resolutions adopted by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States at its twenty-ninth regular session, held in Guatemala, Guatemala, from June 6-8, 1999.

 

 

 

                                                                                                              César Gaviria

                                                                                                           Secretary General

                                                                                                Organization of American States

 


CONTENTS

 

Page

 

AG/DEC. 20 (XXIX-O/99)        Support for Paraguayan Democracy and for the Strengthening and Normalization of its Institutions.......................................................................... 1

 

AG/DEC. 21 (XXIX-O/99)        Declaration on the Question of the Malvinas Islands...................... 3

 

AG/DEC. 22 (XXIX-O/99)        Support for the Peace Process in Colombia................................... 5

 

AG/RES. 1607 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions................................................................................ 7

 

AG/RES. 1608 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities................................................. 23

 

AG/RES. 1609 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Declaration on Freedom of Expression................ 31

 

AG/RES. 1610 (XXIX-O/99)     Proposed American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Populations  33

 

AG/RES. 1611 (XXIX-O/99)     The Human Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families..... 35

 

AG/RES. 1612 (XXIX-O/99)     Meeting of Government Representatives on Electoral Campaign Contributions................................................................................................ 37

 

AG/RES. 1613 (XXIX-O/99)     Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI)............................................................................... 39

 

AG/RES. 1614 (XXIX-O/99)     Free Trade and Investment in the Hemisphere............................. 41

 

AG/RES. 1615 (XXIX-O/99)     Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas.................................................................................. 43

 

AG/RES. 1616 (XXIX-O/99)     Annual Report of the Inter-American Juridical Committee............ 45

 

AG/RES. 1617 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Program for the Development of International Law 49

 

AG/RES. 1618 (XXIX-O/99)     Legal Development of Integration............................................... 51

 

AG/RES. 1619 (XXIX-O/99)     Promotion of and Respect for International Humanitarian Law..... 53

Page

 

 

AG/RES. 1620 (XXIX-O/99)     Program of Education for Peace in the Hemisphere..................... 57

 

AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials... 59

 

AG/RES. 1622 (XXIX-O/99)     Consolidation of the Regime Established in the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)................................................................................................ 61

 

AG/RES. 1623 (XXIX-O/99)     Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas...................... 63

 

AG/RES. 1624 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Support for the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction................................................................................................ 67

 

AG/RES. 1625 (XXIX-O/99)     Status of Women in the Americas and Strengthening and Modernization of the Inter-American Commission of Women...................................... 69

 

AG/RES. 1626 (XXIX-O/99)     First Biennial Report on Compliance with Resolution AG/RES. 1456 (Xxvii-O/97), “Promotion of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women ‘Convention of Belém Do Pará’”................................................................................. 73

 

AG/RES. 1627 (XXIX-O/99)     Appointment of Women to Senior Management Positions at the OAS       75

 

AG/RES. 1628 (XXIX-O/99)     Fellowship and Training Programs.............................................. 77

 

AG/RES. 1629 (XXIX-O/99)     Cooperation between the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States and the General Secretariat of the Central American Integration System................................................................................................ 79

 

AG/RES. 1630 (XXIX-O/99)     Study on the Scale of Quota Assessments................................... 81

 

AG/RES. 1631 (XXIX-O/99)     Quota Payments........................................................................ 83

 

AG/RES. 1632 (XXIX-O/99)     Strengthening of National Systems and International Cooperation in the Area of International Adoptions.............................................................. 85

 

Page

 

 

AG/RES. 1633 (XXIX-O/99)     Evaluation of the Workings of the Inter-American System for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights with a view to Its Strengthening and Improvement................................................................................................ 91

 

AG/RES. 1634 (XXIX-O/99)     Procedures for Preparing and Adopting Inter-American Legal Instruments within the Organization of American States........................................... 93

 

AG/RES. 1635 (XXIX-O/99)     American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man................ 97

 

AG/RES. 1636 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Program of Culture............................................ 99

 

AG/RES. 1637 (XXIX-O/99)     Permanent Specific Fund to Finance Activities Related to OAS Electoral Observation Missions............................................................... 101

 

AG/RES. 1638 (XXIX-O/99)     The Panama Canal.................................................................. 105

 

AG/RES. 1639 (XXIX-O/99)     Cooperation between the Organization of American States and the United Nations System.................................................................................... 107

 

AG/RES. 1640 (XXIX-O/99)     Special Security Concerns of Small Island States....................... 109

 

AG/RES. 1641 (XXIX-O/99)     Support for the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America........ 113

 

AG/RES. 1642 (XXIX-O/99)     Proliferation of and Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons   117

 

AG/RES. 1643 (XXIX-O/99)     Work Program of the Committee on Hemispheric Security in Preparation for the Special Conference on Security................................................ 121

 

AG/RES. 1644 (XXIX-O/99)     The Western Hemisphere as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone      123

 

AG/RES. 1645 (XXIX-O/99)     Support for the Committee on Hemispheric Security................... 129

 

AG/RES. 1646 (XXIX-O/99)     Report of the Board of External Auditors.................................. 133

 

AG/RES. 1647 (XXIX-O/99)     Personnel Policy Reform.......................................................... 135

 

AG/RES. 1648 (XXIX-O/99)     Promotion of Representative Democracy.................................. 137

 

Page

 

 

AG/RES. 1649 (XXIX-O/99)     Enhancement of Probity in the Hemisphere and Follow-up on the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption............. 141

 

AG/RES. 1650 (XXIX-O/99)     Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism    145

 

AG/RES. 1651 (XXIX-O/99)     The Prevention of and War on Crime........................................ 157

 

AG/RES. 1652 (XXIX-O/99)     Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights............................................................ 159

 

AG/RES. 1653 (XXIX-O/99)     Plan of Action of the General Secretariat to extend the Special Fellowships for the Caribbean Program to Other States........................................... 161

 

AG/RES. 1654 (XXIX-O/99)     Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)............................................................................................... 163

 

AG/RES. 1655 (XXIX-O/99)     Technical Analysis by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) on the Study of the Advisability of Preparing a Draft Inter-American Convention to Combat Money Laundering................................. 165

 

AG/RES. 1656 (XXIX-O/99)     Amendments to the Model Regulations Concerning Laundering Offences Connected to Illicit Drug Trafficking and Related Offences of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission.............................................. 167

 

AG/RES. 1657 (XXIX-O/99)     Recommendations to promote Alternative Development Programs in the Member States of CICAD..................................................................... 169

 

AG/RES. 1658 (XXIX-O/99)     Amendments to the Model Regulations to Control Chemical Precursors and Chemical Substances, Machines, and Materials of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission....................................................... 171

 

AG/RES. 1659 (XXIX-O/99)     Support for and Follow-up to the Summits of the Americas Initiatives...... 173

 

AG/RES. 1660 (XXIX-O/99)     Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.................................................. 177

 

Page

 

 

AG/RES. 1661 (XXIX-O/99)     The Organization of American States and Civil Society.............. 181

 

AG/RES. 1662 (XXIX-O/99)     Consideration of the Situation of the Permanent Observers and Their Participation in the Cooperation Activities and Programs of the Organization... 183

 

AG/RES. 1663 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Program for the Promotion of Human Rights..... 185

 

AG/RES. 1664 (XXIX-O/99)     Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of San José, Costa Rica) and the 20th Anniversary of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights............................................. 219

 

AG/RES. 1665 (XXIX-O/99)     Support for the Work of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights     221

 

AG/RES. 1666 (XXIX-O/99)     Creation of the Committee to Coordinate Cooperation Programs of the Inter-American System.................................................................... 223

 

AG/RES. 1667 (XXIX-O/99)     Inclusion of Children’s Issues on the Hemispheric Agenda......... 225

 

AG/RES. 1668 (XXIX-O/99)     Strengthening Cooperation between Governments and Civil Society 227

 

AG/RES. 1669 (XXIX-O/99)     Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Reports of the Organs, Agencies, and Entities of the Organization................................. 229

 

AG/RES. 1670 (XXIX-O/99)     Support for the Work of Defenders of the People, Defenders of the Population, Human Rights Attorneys, and Human Rights Commissioners (Ombudsmen) in the Context of Strengthening Democracy in the Hemisphere............ 231

 

AG/RES. 1671 (XXIX-O/99)     “Human Rights Defenders in the Americas”

                                                Support for the Individuals, Groups, and Organizations of Civil Society Working to Promote and Protect Human Rights in the Americas.................. 233

 

AG/RES. 1672 (XXIX-O/99)     Special Program of Support for Guatemala................................ 235

 

AG/RES. 1673 (XXIX-O/99)     Parliamentary Network of the Americas................................... 237

 

Page

 

 

AG/RES. 1674 (XXIX-O/99)     Climate Change in the Americas............................................... 239

 

AG/RES. 1675 (XXIX-O/99)     Cooperation between the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States and the General Secretariat of the Caribbean Community. 241

 

AG/RES. 1676 (XXIX-O/99)     Special Program of Support to Countries Affected by “El Niño”. 243

 

AG/RES. 1677 (XXIX-O/99)     Annual Report of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development   245

 

AG/RES. 1678 (XXIX-O/99)     Mechanisms for Implementing the Inter-American Dialogue on Partnership for Development........................................................................... 247

 

AG/RES. 1679 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Program of Education....................................... 253

 

AG/RES. 1680 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Science and Technology Program..................... 255

 

AG/RES. 1681 (XXIX-O/99)     Specialized Conferences........................................................... 257

 

AG/RES. 1682 (XXIX-O/99)     OAS Natural Disaster Reduction and Response Mechanisms..... 259

 

AG/RES. 1683 (XXIX-O/99)     Congratulations to Ecuador and Peru on Signing the Peace Agreements   263

 

AG/RES. 1684 (XXIX-O/99)     Participatory Democracy.......................................................... 265

 

AG/RES. 1685 (XXIX-O/99)     Modernization of the OAS and Renewal of the Inter-American System    267

 

AG/RES. 1686 (XXIX-O/99)     Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development......... 269

 

AG/RES. 1687 (XXIX-O/99)     Place and Date of the Thirty-third Regular Session of the General Assembly............................................................................................... 271

 

AG/RES. 1688 (XXIX-O/99)     Venue and Date of the Thirty-fourth Regular Session of the General Assembly............................................................................................... 273

 

AG/RES. 1689 (XXIX-O/99)     Trade and Integration in the Americas....................................... 275

 

Page

 

 

AG/RES. 1690 (XXIX-O/99)     The Museum of the Americas and OAS Conference Facilities.... 279

 

AG/RES. 1691 (XXIX-O/99)     International Abduction of Minors by One of Their Parents........ 281

 

AG/RES. 1692 (XXIX-O/99)     The Financial and Budgetary Situation of the Organization.......... 283

 

AG/RES. 1693 (XXIX-O/99)     The Situation of Refugees and Returnees in the Americas.......... 285

 

AG/RES. 1694 (XXIX-O/99)     Dividends for Peace................................................................. 287

 

AG/RES. 1695 (XXIX-O/99)     World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance.................................................................. 289

 

AG/RES. 1696 (XXIX-O/99)     Strengthening Representative Democracy................................. 291

 

AG/RES. 1697 (XXIX-O/99)     The Program-Budget of the Organization for 2000 Quotas and Contributions to the Voluntary Fund for 2000........................................................... 293

 

 


AG/DEC. 20 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SUPPORT FOR PARAGUAYAN DEMOCRACY AND FOR THE STRENGTHENING

AND NORMALIZATION OF ITS INSTITUTIONS

 

(Declaration adopted at the third plenary session,

held on June 8, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

BEARING IN MIND that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the region;

 

HAVING TAKEN NOTE of the events that took place in Paraguay from March 23 to 28, 1999, as a result of the institutional crisis brought on by attacks against the effective application of the rule of law, which threatened political stability and the institutional process in Paraguay;

 

BEARING IN MIND that, on March 23, 1999, the Vice President of the Republic of Paraguay, Dr. Luis María Argaña, was brutally assassinated;

 

ASSERTING that the assassination of that public figure was an attack on the democratic institutions, the political stability, and the rule of law in Paraguay;

 

BEARING IN MIND that solving crimes with political connotations is essential to the preservation of democratic institutions and the rule of law;

 

RECOGNIZING the democratic values and spirit of Paraguayan society and, in particular, of its young people, who, in the face of the grave institutional crisis, exhibited an exemplary national consensus on the need to preserve the democratic process, defending the rule of law and democratic institutions, even with their lives; and

 

REASSERTING that the effective exercise of democracy and the rule of law are necessary conditions for ensuring the observance of human rights in a society,

 

DECLARES:

 

1.         Its strong condemnation and repudiation of the assassination of the Vice President of the Republic of Paraguay, Dr. Luis María Argaña.

 

2.         Its support for Paraguayan democracy and for the strengthening and normalization of its institutions.

 


AG/DEC. 21 (XXIX-O/99)

 

DECLARATION ON THE QUESTION OF THE MALVINAS ISLANDS

 

(Declaration adopted at the fourth plenary session,

held on June 8, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

CONSIDERING its repeated statements that the question of the Malvinas Islands is a matter of enduring hemispheric concern;

 

RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 928 (XVIII-O/88), adopted by consensus on November 19, 1988, which requests the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations in order to find, as soon as possible, a peaceful solution to the sovereignty dispute;

 

BEARING IN MIND that, in its resolution AG/RES. 1049 (XX-O/90), it expressed its satisfaction with the resumption of diplomatic relations between the two countries, and that, in its declaration AG/DEC. 5 (XXIII-O/93), it emphasized the excellent state achieved in their bilateral relations;

 

RECOGNIZING that accreditation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, under resolution CP/RES. 655 (1041/95), as a permanent observer to the OAS reflects principles and values shared by that country and OAS member states, which facilitate greater mutual understanding;

 

NOTING with satisfaction that the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland continue to reinforce political, trade, and cultural ties, and are also engaging in close cooperation both bilaterally and in international forums; and

 

HAVING HEARD the presentation by the head of the delegation of the Argentine Republic,

 

WELCOMES the reaffirmation of the will of the Argentine Government to continue exploring all possible avenues for peaceful settlement of the controversy and its constructive approach towards the inhabitants of the Malvinas Islands;

 

REAFFIRMS the need for the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to begin, as soon as possible, negotiations on the sovereignty dispute, in order to find a peaceful solution to this protracted controversy; and

 

DECIDES to continue to examine the question of the Malvinas Islands at its subsequent sessions until a definitive settlement is reached thereon.

 


AG/DEC. 22 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SUPPORT FOR THE PEACE PROCESS IN COLOMBIA

 

(Declaration adopted at the fourth plenary session,

held on June 8, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the recent events in the sister Republic of Colombia and, in particular, the Government’s efforts to bring about a negotiated solution to the internal conflict;

 

BEARING IN MIND the emergence of new circumstances that facilitate progress toward a peaceful and enduring solution in Colombia, founded on a broad-based national commitment; and

 

CONSIDERING the need to lend the utmost support to all efforts in pursuit of the noble cause of peace and democracy in the sister republic,

 

DECLARES:

 

1.         Its resolute and unconditional support for the peace-building endeavors of the Government of Colombia based on the desire of the majority of the people of that country for a definitive settlement of the armed conflict through an agenda for peace and national reconciliation.

 

2.         Its satisfaction at the progress made in the quest for peace in Colombia and its appreciation to the Government of President Andrés Pastrana for the political determination and commitment shown in the fight to consolidate democracy and attain peace, through the widespread involvement of different sectors of society.

 

3.         Its support for the willingness shown by the international community to cooperate by complementing and assisting the Government of Colombia’s efforts to find a peaceful solution to the internal conflict.

 


AG/RES. 1607 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY

IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING:

 

The mandate given to the Permanent Council in General Assembly resolutions AG/RES. 1500 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1570 (XXVIII-O/98); and

 

That the Heads of State and Government, at the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, 1998) pledged to continue promoting transparency in matters related to defense policy, among other aspects, with regard to modernizing the armed forces, comparing military expenditures in the region, and strengthening the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms;

 

HAVING SEEN the Report of the Permanent Council on the draft Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions in the Americas (CP/CSH-217/99);

 

RECOGNIZING that strengthening peace and security in the Hemisphere is an essential purpose of the Organization of American States and that economic and social development and cooperation among its member states are fundamental to its achievement;

 

EMPHASIZING that the application of confidence- and security-building measures helps to establish a climate conducive to an effective limitation of conventional weapons that makes it possible to devote the largest amount of resources to the economic and social development of member states, one of the essential purposes set forth in the OAS Charter;

 

REAFFIRMING the declarations of Santiago and San Salvador on confidence- and security-building measures, which recommended the application, in the manner that is most suitable, of confidence- and security-building measures; and that it is necessary and timely to continue to increase dialogue to build peace, confidence, and security in the region;

 

RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1179 (XXII-O/92), in which member states agreed to “accept as a guiding principle of regional disarmament, arms control and limitation policies, the requirement to enhance security and stability at the lowest possible levels of forces consistent with defense requirements and international commitments”; “express the commitment of the organization to effectively contribute to the efforts being made at the international level towards the strengthening of peace and security"; maintain only such military capabilities as are necessary for self-defense and fulfillment of international commitments, consistent with their Constitutions, laws and the principles and purposes of the OAS and UN Charters”; and “exercise restraint in conventional arms transfers with a view to preventing excessive or destabilizing arms build-ups”;

 

CONVINCED that endeavors by countries to promote regional disarmament, taking into account the specific characteristics of each region and in accordance with the principle of undiminished security at the lowest level of armaments, would enhance the security of states and would thus contribute to international peace and security by reducing the risk of regional conflicts;

 

RECALLING its appeal, in resolution AG/RES. 1500 (XXVII-O/97), to the international community to contribute to regional transparency and confidence in the Americas; and

 

BEARING IN MIND that increased openness and transparency in the conventional weapons field contributes to building mutual confidence, reducing tensions, and strengthening regional and international peace and security, and may help to decrease the acquisition, production, and transfer of conventional weapons,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To adopt and open for signature the following:

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY

IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS

 

THE STATES PARTIES,

 

            BEARING IN MIND their commitments to the United Nations and the Organization of American States to contribute more fully to openness and transparency by exchanging information on weapon systems covered by the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms;

 

REITERATING the importance of annual reporting to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms of information on imports, exports, military holdings, and procurement through national production of major weapon systems;

 

BUILDING UPON AND REAFFIRMING the declarations of Santiago (1995) and San Salvador (1998) on confidence- and security-building measures, which recommend the application of such measures in the most appropriate manner;

 

RECOGNIZING that in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Charter of the United Nations, member states have the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense;

 

            RECOGNIZING that the commitments made in this Convention are an important step towards achieving one of the essential purposes established in the Charter of the Organization of American States, which is “to achieve an effective limitation of conventional weapons that will make it possible to devote the largest amount of resources to the economic and social development of the Member States”;

 

            RECOGNIZING that it is important for the international community to contribute to the objective of this Convention; and

 

            EXPRESSING their intention to continue consideration of appropriate steps to advance the effective limitation and control of conventional weapons in the region,

 

            HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:

 

 

ARTICLE I

DEFINITIONS

 

For the purposes of this Convention,

 

a.         “Conventional weapons” means those systems set forth in Annex I to this Convention.  Annex I is an integral part of this Convention.

 

b.         "Acquisition" means the obtaining of conventional weapons through purchase, lease, procurement, donation, loan, or any other method, whether from foreign sources or through national production. “Acquisition” does not include the obtaining of prototypes, developmental items, and equipment in research, development, test, and evaluation, to the extent that such prototypes, items, or equipment are not incorporated into the inventory of the armed forces.

 

c.         “Incorporation into the inventory of the armed forces” means entry of the conventional weapon into service, even for a limited period of time.

 

 

ARTICLE II

OBJECTIVE

 

The objective of this Convention is to contribute more fully to regional openness and transparency in the acquisition of conventional weapons by exchanging information regarding such acquisitions, for the purpose of promoting confidence among States in the Americas.

 

 

ARTICLE III

ANNUAL REPORTS ON IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

 

1.         States Parties shall report annually to the depositary on their imports and exports of conventional weapons during the preceding calendar year, providing information, with respect to imports, on the exporting State, and the quantity and type of conventional weapons imported; and information, with respect to exports, on the importing State, and the quantity and type of conventional weapons exported.  Any State Party may supplement its submission with any additional information it considers relevant, such as the designation and model of the conventional weapons.

 

2.         Information to be submitted pursuant to this article shall be provided to the depositary as soon as possible, but no later than June 15 of each year.

 

3.         Reporting pursuant to this article shall be in the format of Annex II (A) and (B).

 

 

ARTICLE IV

EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION ON ACQUISITIONS OF CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

 

In addition to providing the annual reports specified in Article III, States Parties shall notify the depositary of acquisitions of conventional weapons as follows: 

 

a.         Notification of acquisition through imports.  These notifications to the depositary shall be made no later than 90 days after incorporation of imported conventional weapons into the inventory of the armed forces.  Notifications shall indicate the exporting State, as well as the quantity and type of imported conventional weapons. Any State Party may supplement its submission with any additional information it considers relevant, such as the designation and model of the conventional weapons.  Reporting pursuant to this paragraph shall be in the format of Annex II (C).

 

b.         Notification of acquisition through national production.  These notifications to the depositary shall be made no later than 90 days after incorporation of the conventional weapons acquired through national production into the inventory of the armed forces.  Notifications shall indicate the quantity and type of conventional weapons. Any State Party may supplement its submission with any additional information it considers relevant, such as the designation and model of the conventional weapons.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Convention, States Parties may also supplement such notifications with information on reconfiguration or modification of conventional weapons.  To encourage further transparency in acquisitions through national production, the obligation of each State Party to notify under this paragraph may be fulfilled, in accordance with its domestic legislation, through notice to the depositary of a national funding commitment for conventional weapons to be incorporated into that State's inventory during the upcoming budget year. Reporting pursuant to this paragraph shall be in the format of Annex II (D). 

 

c.         Notification of no activity.  States Parties with no imports or acquisitions of conventional weapons through national production during the preceding calendar year shall so report to the depositary as soon as possible, but no later than June 15.  Reporting pursuant to this paragraph shall be in the format of Annex II (A) and (B).

 

 

ARTICLE V

INFORMATION FROM OTHER STATES

 

            Any State that is not a member of the Organization of American States may contribute to the objective of this Convention by providing information annually to the depositary on its exports of conventional weapons to the States Parties to this Convention. Such information may identify the importing State, and the quantity and type of any conventional weapons exported, and may also include any additional pertinent information, such as designation and model of the conventional weapons.

 

 

ARTICLE VI

CONSULTATIONS

 

States Parties may consult on information provided pursuant to this Convention.

 

 

ARTICLE VII

APPLICATION AND INTERPRETATION

 

            Any disagreement that may arise with respect to the application or interpretation of this Convention shall be resolved by any means of peaceful settlement decided upon by the States Parties involved, which undertake to cooperate to this end.

 

 

ARTICLE VIII

CONFERENCES OF THE STATES PARTIES

 

            After seven years from the date of entry into force of this Convention, and upon the proposal by a majority of the States Parties, the depositary shall convene a conference of the States Parties.  The purpose of such conference, and of any subsequent conferences, would be to examine the functioning and application of this Convention, and to consider further transparency measures consistent with the objective of this Convention, including modifications, pursuant to Article XI, to the categories of conventional weapons in Annex I.

 

 

ARTICLE IX

SIGNATURE

 

This Convention is open for signature by all Member States of the Organization of American States.

 

 

ARTICLE X

ENTRY INTO FORCE

 

This Convention shall enter into force on the 30th day following the date of deposit with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States of the sixth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession by a member state of the Organization of American States.  Thereafter, the Convention shall enter into force for any other Member State of the Organization of American States on the 30th day following the date of deposit by such State of an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession.

 

ARTICLE XI

AMENDMENTS

 

Any State Party may submit to the depositary a proposal to amend this Convention.  The depositary shall circulate any such proposal to all States Parties.  Upon the request of a majority of the States Parties, the depositary shall, no sooner than 60 days from the date of such request, convene a conference of the States Parties to consider the proposed amendment.  An amendment shall be adopted upon approval by two thirds of the States Parties present at the conference.  Any amendment so adopted shall enter into force for the States ratifying, accepting, approving, or acceding to it 30 days after two thirds of the States Parties have deposited their respective instruments of ratification, acceptance, or approval of the amendment, or of accession thereto.  Thereafter, such an amendment shall enter into force for any other State Party on the 30th day after that State Party deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, or approval of the amendment, or of accession thereto.

 

 

ARTICLE XII

DURATION AND DENUNCIATION

 

This Convention shall remain in force indefinitely, but any State Party may denounce it.  The instrument of denunciation shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States.  After 12 months from the date of deposit of the instrument of denunciation, the Convention shall no longer be in force for the denouncing State, but shall remain in force for the other States Parties.

 

 

ARTICLE XIII
RESERVATIONS

 

States Parties may, at the time of adoption, signature, ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession, make reservations to this Convention, provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention and that they concern one or more specific provisions thereof.

 

 

ARTICLE  XIV

DEPOSITARY

 

1.         The depositary of this Convention is the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States.

 

            2.         Upon receipt of information provided by a State Party pursuant to Article III or IV of this Convention, the depositary shall promptly transmit such information to all States Parties.

 

3.         The depositary shall provide to States Parties a consolidated annual report of the information provided pursuant to this Convention.

 

4.         The depositary shall notify the States Parties of any proposals received for convening a conference of the States Parties pursuant to Article VIII.

 

5.         The depositary shall receive and distribute to the States Parties any information submitted pursuant to Article V.

 

 

ARTICLE XV

DEPOSIT OF THE CONVENTION

 

            The original instrument of this Convention, the English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the depositary, which shall forward an authenticated copy of its text to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication, in accordance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter.  The depositary shall notify the Member States of the Organization of American States of signatures, of deposits of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval, accession, or denunciation, and of reservations, if any.


ANNEX I

 

 

The list of conventional weapons covered by this Convention is set forth below.  Such list is based on the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.

 

In accordance with the Article I, this annex is an integral part of this Convention.  Any changes to this Annex shall be adopted in conformity with the amendment procedure stipulated in Article XI.

 

I.          Battle tanks

 

Tracked or wheeled self-propelled armored fighting vehicles with high cross-country mobility and a high level of self-protection, weighing at least 16.5 metric tons unladen weight, with a high muzzle velocity direct fire main gun of at least 75 millimeters caliber.

 

II.         Armored combat vehicles

 

Tracked, semi-tracked, or wheeled self-propelled vehicles, with armored protection and cross-country capability, either:  (A) designed and equipped to transport a squad of four or more infantrymen, or (B) armed with an integral or organic weapon of at least 12.5 millimeters caliber or a missile launcher.

 

III.       Large caliber artillery systems

 

Guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of a gun or a howitzer, mortars, or multiple-launch rocket systems, capable of engaging surface targets by delivering primarily indirect fire, with a caliber of 100 millimeters and above.

 

IV.       Combat aircraft

 

Fixed-wing or variable-geometry wing aircraft designed, equipped, or modified to engage targets by employing guided missiles, unguided rockets, bombs, guns, cannons, or other weapons of destruction, including versions of these aircraft which perform specialized electronic warfare, suppression of air defense, or reconnaissance missions.  The term "combat aircraft" does not include primary trainer aircraft, unless designed, equipped, or modified as described above.

 

V.        Attack helicopters

 

Rotary-wing aircraft designed, equipped, or modified to engage targets by employing guided or unguided anti-armor, air-to-surface, air-to-subsurface, or air-to-air weapons and equipped with an integrated fire control and aiming system for these weapons, including versions of these aircraft which perform specialized reconnaissance or electronic warfare missions.

 

VI.       Warships

 

Vessels or submarines armed and equipped for military use with a standard displacement of 750 metric tons or above, and those with a standard displacement of less than 750 metric tons, equipped for launching missiles with a range of at least 25 kilometers or torpedoes with similar range.

 

VII.      Missiles and missile launchers

 

Guided or unguided rockets, ballistic or cruise missiles capable of delivering a warhead or weapon of destruction to a range of at least 25 kilometers, and means designed or modified specifically for launching such missiles or rockets, if not covered by categories I through VI.  This category:

 

a.                   Also includes remotely-piloted vehicles with the characteristics for missiles as defined above;

 

b.                   Does not include ground-to-air missiles.

 

 


ANNEX II (A)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS

 

ARTICLE III – ANNUAL IMPORT NOTIFICATION

 

REPORTING COUNTRY ____________________ CALENDAR YEAR ____________________

 

A.  CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

B.  QUANTITY

C.  TYPE

D.  EXPORTING STATE

 

E.  Additional information[1]/

I.                   BATTLE TANKS

 

 

 

 

 

 

II.                ARMORED COMBAT VEHICLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

III.             LARGE-CALIBER ARTILLERY SYSTEMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV.              COMBAT AIRCRAFT

 

 

 

 

 

 

V.                 ATTACK HELICOPTERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

VI.              WARSHIPS

 

 

 

 

 

 

VII.           MISSILES AND MISSILE LAUNCHERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bold items are mandatory.


ANNEX II (B)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS

 

ARTICLE III – ANNUAL EXPORT NOTIFICATION

 

REPORTING COUNTRY   ___________________________________       CALENDAR YEAR  ______________________

 

A.  CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

B.  QUANTITY

C.  TYPE

D.  IMPORTING STATE

 

E.  Additional information[2]/

I.                   BATTLE TANKS

 

 

 

 

 

 

II.                ARMORED COMBAT VEHICLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

III.             LARGE-CALIBER ARTILLERY SYSTEMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV.              COMBAT AIRCRAFT

 

 

 

 

 

 

V.                 ATTACK HELICOPTERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

VI.              WARSHIPS

 

 

 

 

 

 

VII.           MISSILES AND MISSILE LAUNCHERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bold items are mandatory.


ANNEX II (C)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS

 

ARTICLE IV – NOTIFICATION OF ACQUISITION THROUGH IMPORTS

 

 

REPORTING COUNTRY ____________________               DATE  ____________________

 

A.  CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

B.  QUANTITY

C.  TYPE

D.  EXPORTING STATE

 

E.  Additional information[3]/

CATEGORIES I – VII.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bold items are mandatory.


ANNEX II (D)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS

 

ARTICLE IV – NOTIFICATION OF ACQUISITION THROUGH NATIONAL PRODUCTION

 

 

REPORTING COUNTRY ____________________________                       DATE____________________

 

A.  CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

B.  QUANTITY

C.  TYPE

 

D.  Additional information[4]/

CATEGORIES I – VII.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bold items are mandatory.


2.         To invite states that are not members of the Organization of American States to contribute to the objective of this Convention in accordance with its Article V.

 

3.         To request that the Secretary General transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

 

4.         To also request that the Secretary General present a report on the signatures and/or ratifications of this Convention to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

 


AG/RES. 1608 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the draft Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities (CP/CAJP-1532/99);

 

CONSIDERING that, during its twenty-sixth regular session, the General Assembly, in resolution AG/RES. 1369 (XXVI-O/96), “Panama Commitment to Persons with Disabilities in the American Hemisphere,” instructed the Permanent Council to prepare, through the appropriate working group, a “draft Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination by Reason of Disability”;

 

BEARING IN MIND that disability can lead to situations of discrimination, and that it is necessary therefore to encourage actions and measures to bring about a substantial improvement in the situation of persons with disabilities in the Hemisphere;

 

RECALLING that the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man proclaims that all human beings are born free and equal, in dignity and in rights, and that the rights and freedoms of every person must be respected without distinction of any kind;

 

TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION that the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, or “Protocol of San Salvador,” recognizes that “everyone affected by a diminution of his physical or mental capacities is entitled to receive special attention designed to help him achieve the greatest possible development of his personality”; and

 

NOTING that resolution AG/RES. 1564 (XXVIII-O/98) reiterates “the importance of adopting an Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities” and, in addition, requests that every necessary effort be made to ensure that this legal instrument is adopted and signed at the twenty-ninth regular session of the General Assembly,

 

RESOLVES:

 

To adopt the following Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities:

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS

OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

 

 

THE STATES PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION,

 

REAFFIRMING that persons with disabilities have the same human rights and fundamental freedoms as other persons; and that these rights, which include freedom from discrimination based on disability, flow from the inherent dignity and equality of each person;

 

CONSIDERING that the Charter of the Organization of American States, in Article 3.j, establishes the principle that “social justice and social security are bases of lasting peace”;

 

CONCERNED by the discrimination to which people are subject based on their disability;

 

BEARING IN MIND the agreement of the International Labour Organisation on the vocational rehabilitation and employment of disabled persons (Convention 159);  the Declaration of the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons (UN General Assembly resolution 2856 (XXVI) of December 20, 1971); the Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons (UN General Assembly resolution 3447 (XXX) of December 9, 1975); the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons (UN General Assembly resolution 37/52 of December 3, 1982); the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, “Protocol of San Salvador” (1988);  the Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and for the Improvement of Mental Health Care (UN General Assembly resolution 46/119 of December 17, 1991);  the Declaration of Caracas of the Pan American Health Organization; resolution AG/RES. 1249 (XXIII-O/93), “Situation of Persons with Disabilities in the American Hemisphere”; the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities (UN General Assembly resolution 48/96 of December 20, 1993); the Declaration of Managua (December 1993); the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by the UN World Conference on Human Rights (157/93); resolution AG/RES. 1356 (XXV-O/95), “Situation of Persons with Disabilities in the American Hemisphere”; and AG/RES. 1369 (XXVI-O/96), “Panama Commitment to Persons with Disabilities in the American Hemisphere”; and

 

COMMITTED to eliminating discrimination, in all its forms and manifestations, against persons with disabilities,

 

HAVE AGREED as follows:

 

 

ARTICLE I

 

For the purposes of this Convention, the following terms are defined:

 

1.         Disability

 

The term “disability” means a physical, mental, or sensory impairment, whether permanent or temporary, that limits the capacity to perform one or more essential activities of daily life, and which can be caused or aggravated by the economic and social environment.

 

2.                   Discrimination against persons with disabilities

 

a.         The term “discrimination against persons with disabilities” means any distinction, exclusion, or restriction based on a disability, record of disability, condition resulting from a previous disability, or perception of disability, whether present or past, which has the effect or objective of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by a person with a disability of his or her human rights and fundamental freedoms.

 

b.         A distinction or preference adopted by a state party to promote the social integration or personal development of persons with disabilities does not constitute discrimination provided that the distinction or preference does not in itself limit the right of persons with disabilities to equality and that individuals with disabilities are not forced to accept such distinction or preference.  If, under a state's internal law, a person can be declared legally incompetent, when necessary and appropriate for his or her well-being, such declaration does not constitute discrimination.

 

 

ARTICLE II

 

The objectives of this Convention are to prevent and eliminate all forms of discrimination against persons with disabilities and to promote their full integration into society.

 

 

ARTICLE III

 

To achieve the objectives of this Convention, the states parties undertake:

 

1.          To adopt the legislative, social, educational, labor-related, or any other measures needed to eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities and to promote their full integration into society, including, but not limited to:

 

a.                Measures to eliminate discrimination gradually and to promote integration by government authorities and/or private entities in providing or making available goods, services, facilities, programs, and activities such as employment, transportation, communications, housing, recreation, education, sports, law enforcement and administration of justice, and political and administrative activities;

 

b.         Measures to ensure that new buildings, vehicles, and facilities constructed or manufactured within their respective territories facilitate transportation, communications, and access by persons with disabilities;

 

c.         Measures to eliminate, to the extent possible, architectural, transportation, and communication obstacles to facilitate access and use by persons with disabilities; and

 

d.         Measures to ensure that persons responsible for applying this Convention and domestic law in this area are trained to do so.

 

2.         To work on a priority basis in the following areas:

 

a.         Prevention of all forms of preventable disabilities;

 

b.         Early detection and intervention, treatment, rehabilitation, education, job training, and the provision of comprehensive services to ensure the optimal level of independence and quality of life for persons with disabilities; and

 

c.         Increasing of public awareness through educational campaigns aimed at eliminating prejudices, stereotypes, and other attitudes that jeopardize the right of persons to live as equals, thus promoting respect for and coexistence with persons with disabilities;

 

 

ARTICLE IV

 

To achieve the objectives of this Convention, the states parties undertake to:

 

1.         Cooperate with one another in helping to prevent and eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities;

 

2.         Collaborate effectively in:

 

a.         Scientific and technological research related to the prevention of disabilities and to the treatment, rehabilitation, and integration into society of persons with disabilities; and

 

b.         The development of means and resources designed to facilitate or promote the independence, self-sufficiency, and total integration into society of persons with disabilities, under conditions of equality.

 

 

ARTICLE V

 

1.         To the extent that it is consistent with their respective internal laws, the states parties shall promote participation by representatives of organizations of persons with disabilities, nongovernmental organizations working in this area, or, if such organizations do not exist, persons with disabilities, in the development, execution, and evaluation of measures and policies to implement this Convention.

 

2.         The states parties shall create effective communication channels to disseminate among the public and private organizations working with persons with disabilities the normative and juridical advances that may be achieved in order to eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities. 

 

 

ARTICLE VI

 

1.         To follow up on the commitments undertaken in this Convention, a Committee for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities, composed of one representative appointed by each state party, shall be established.

 

2.         The committee shall hold its first meeting within the 90 days following the deposit of the 11th instrument of ratification.  Said meeting shall be convened by the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States and shall be held at the Organization’s headquarters, unless a state party offers to host it.

 

3.         At the first meeting, the states parties undertake to submit a report to the Secretary General of the Organization for transmission to the Committee so that it may be examined and reviewed.  Thereafter, reports shall be submitted every four years.

 

4.         The reports prepared under the previous paragraph shall include information on measures adopted by the member states pursuant to this Convention and on any progress made by the states parties in eliminating all forms of discrimination against persons with disabilities.  The reports shall indicate any circumstances or difficulties affecting the degree of fulfillment of the obligations arising from this Convention.

 

5.         The Committee shall be the forum for assessment of progress made in the application of the Convention and for the exchange of experience among the states parties.  The reports prepared by the committee shall reflect the deliberations; shall include information on any measures adopted by the states parties pursuant to this Convention, on any progress they have made in eliminating all forms of discrimination against persons with disabilities, and on any circumstances or difficulties they have encountered in the implementation of the Convention; and shall include the committee's conclusions, its observations, and its general suggestions for the gradual fulfillment of the Convention.

 

6.         The committee shall draft its rules of procedure and adopt them by a simple majority.

 

7.         The Secretary General shall provide the Committee with the support it requires in order to perform its functions. 

ARTICLE VII

 

            No provision of this Convention shall be interpreted as restricting, or permitting the restriction by states parties of the enjoyment of the rights of persons with disabilities recognized by customary international law or the international instruments by which a particular state party is bound.

 

 

ARTICLE VIII

 

1.         This Convention shall be open for signature by all member states in Guatemala City, Guatemala, on June 8, 1999, and, thereafter, shall remain open for signature by all states at the headquarters of the Organization of American States, until its entry into force.

 

2.         This Convention is subject to ratification.

 

            3.         This Convention shall enter into force for the ratifying states on the 30th day following the date of deposit of the sixth instrument of ratification by a member state of the Organization of American States.

 

 

ARTICLE IX

 

After its entry into force, this Convention shall be open for accession by all states that have not signed it.

 

 

ARTICLE X

 

1.         The instruments of ratification and accession shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States.

 

2.                     For each state that ratifies or accedes to the Convention after the sixth instrument of ratification has been deposited, the Convention shall enter into force on the 30th day following deposit by that state of its instrument of ratification or accession.

 

 

ARTICLE XI

 

            1.         Any state party may make proposals for amendment of this Convention.  Said proposals shall be submitted to the General Secretariat of the OAS for dissemination to the states parties.

 

2.         Amendments shall enter into force for the states ratifying them on the date of deposit of the respective instruments of ratification by two thirds of the member states.  For the remaining states parties, they shall enter into force on the date of deposit of their respective instruments of ratification.

ARTICLE XII

 

            The states may enter reservations to this Convention when ratifying or acceding to it, provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the aim and purpose of the Convention and relate to one or more specific provisions thereof.

 

 

ARTICLE XIII

 

            This Convention shall remain in force indefinitely, but any state party may denounce it.  The instrument of denunciation shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States.  The Convention shall cease to have force and effect for the denouncing state one year after the date of deposit of the instrument of denunciation, and shall remain in force for the other states parties.  Such denunciation shall not exempt the state party from the obligations imposed upon it under this Convention in respect of any action or omission prior to the date on which the denunciation takes effect.

 

 

ARTICLE XIV

 

            1.         The original instrument of this Convention, the English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States, which shall send a certified copy thereof to the United Nations Secretariat for registration and publication pursuant to Article 102 of the United Nations Charter.

 

2.         The General Secretariat of the Organization of American States shall notify the member states of that Organization and the states that have acceded to the Convention of the signatures, deposits of instruments of ratification, accession, and denunciation, and any reservations entered.

 


AG/RES. 1609 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN DECLARATION ON FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on “Assaults upon Freedom of the Press and Crimes against Journalists” (CP/CAJP-1488/99), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1550 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

BEARING IN MIND that Article 3.l of the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes as one of its principles that “the American States proclaim the fundamental rights of the individual without distinction as to race, nationality, creed, or sex”;

 

RECALLING that Article IV of the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man and Article 13 of the American Convention on Human Rights provide that every person has the right to freedom of investigation, of opinion, and of the expression and dissemination of ideas, by any medium whatsoever;

 

BEARING IN MIND that the Heads of State and Government, at the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, expressed their support for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in this field, in particular for the recent appointment of a Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression;

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That at the same Summit of the Americas held in Santiago, the heads of states and government reaffirmed “the importance of guaranteeing freedom of expression, information, and opinion”;

 

That the General Assembly, at its twenty-eighth regular session, through resolution AG/RES. 1550 (XXVIII-O/98), instructed the Permanent Council “to study the advisability of preparing an Inter-American Declaration on Freedom of Expression”; and

 

That the Permanent Council has completed the study mentioned in the preceding paragraph,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To instruct the Permanent Council to continue its work on the preparation of an inter-American Declaration on Freedom of Expression to be presented to a session of the General Assembly no later than the thirtieth regular session.

 

2.         To urge the member states to continue to comply with resolution AG/RES. 1550 (XXVIII-O/98), particularly its operative paragraphs 2 and 4.

 

 


AG/RES. 1610 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PROPOSED AMERICAN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS

OF INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1022 (XIX-O/89), AG/RES. 1479 (XXVII-O/97), and AG/RES. 1549 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

CONVINCED that the adoption of a declaration on the rights of indigenous populations will enhance the recognition, promotion, and protection of the rights of those populations, and will contribute to the development of pertinent activities by the Organization of American States in this area;

 

EXPRESSING ITS GRATITUDE to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the Inter-American Juridical Committee, and the Inter-American Indian Institute for their contributions in preparing a proposed declaration on the rights of indigenous populations;

 

CONSIDERING that, in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1549 (XXVIII-O/98), the Meeting of Government Experts to Examine the Proposed American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Populations was held at OAS headquarters from February 10 to 12, 1999;

 

HAVING EXAMINED the report of the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs of the Permanent Council on the Proposed American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Populations (CP/CAJP-1489/99), in keeping with resolution AG/RES. 1549 (XXVIII-O/98); and

 

BEARING IN MIND that, despite the progress made, the Meeting of Government Experts was unable to complete its work, aimed at the adoption of a declaration during this session of the General Assembly, pursuant to the aforementioned resolution AG/RES. 1549 (XXVIII-O/98),

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To establish a working group of the Permanent Council to continue consideration of the Proposed American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Populations.

 

2.         To invite the Working Group to take account of the observations and comments of the member states and of the various organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system.

 

3.         To also invite the Working Group to provide for appropriate participation in its efforts by representatives of indigenous communities, so that their observations and suggestions may be considered.

4.         To request the Inter-American Indian Institute to provide the necessary advisory services to the Working Group and to prepare, at the earliest possible date, a report on the actions taken by other international organizations to promote the rights of indigenous populations.

 

5.         To request the General Secretariat and the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system to provide any assistance required by the Working Group, which shall hold an initial meeting before the end of this year.

 

6.                   To also request the Inter-American Juridical Committee to continue providing legal advice to the Working Group on the proposed Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Populations.

 

7.                   To request the Permanent Council to present to the General Assembly, at its thirtieth regular session, a progress report on the activities entrusted to the Working Group.


AG/RES. 1611 (XXIX-O/99)

 

THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF ALL MIGRANT WORKERS AND THEIR FAMILIES

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING EXAMINED the annual report of the Permanent Council on the human rights of all migrant workers and their families (CP/CAJP-1487/99), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1548 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

TAKING NOTE of the 1998 annual report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (OEA/Ser.L/V/II.102/doc.6 rev.);

 

RECALLING that the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man proclaims that all persons are equal before the law and have the rights and duties established in this Declaration, without distinction as to race, sex, language, creed, or any other factor;

 

RECALLING ALSO that the American Convention on Human Rights recognizes that essential human rights are not derived from one’s being a national of a certain state, but are based upon attributes of the human personality, and therefore justify international protection;

 

UNDERSCORING that the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families establishes the duty of states to ensure to all migrant workers and members of their families within the territory or subject to their jurisdiction the rights provided for in the Convention without distinction of any kind, such as sex, race, color, language, religion or conviction, political or other opinion,, nationality, age, economic position, property, marital status, birth, or other status;

 

BEARING IN MIND the Declaration and the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, 1998);

 

CONSIDERING that many migrant workers and their families are compelled to leave their places of origin in search of better opportunities; and

 

AWARE of the vulnerable situation in which migrant workers and their families often find themselves, in part because they do not live in their states of origin and because of difficulties arising from cultural differences–especially with respect to language and customs–and in part because their circumstances often lead to the breakdown of the family,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To reaffirm that the principles and standards set forth in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and in the American Convention on Human Rights apply to all persons, including migrant workers and their families.

 

              2.        To urge those member states that have not yet done so to seriously consider ratification of or, if applicable, accession to the American Convention on Human Rights and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

 

           3.         To urge the member states to take the necessary measures to guarantee the human rights of all migrants, including migrant workers and members of their families, as envisaged in the above-mentioned instruments.

 

4.         To emphatically reiterate the duty of the states to ensure full respect and observance of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (1963), particularly in relation to the right of nationals of another state, regardless of their immigration status, to communicate with a consular official of their own state in case of detention and the obligation of the state in whose territory the detention occurs to inform the national of another state of that right.

 

5.         To invite the states parties to cooperate with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights so that it may conclude, as soon as possible, the full report on the human rights situation of all migrant workers and their families.

 

6.         To request the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to provide the Special Rapporteur for the rights of all migrant workers and their families with the necessary and appropriate means to perform his or her duties.

 

7.         To call upon the member states, the permanent observers, the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system, and other sources to contribute to the voluntary fund of the Office of the Special Rapporteur for the rights of all migrant workers and their families.

 

8.         To recommend to the Inter-American Council for Integral Development that it support projects and activities to benefit all migrant workers and their families, as an expression of inter-American solidarity, an essential element in the integral development of the member states.

 

9.                   To request the Organization’s Councils to report to the Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution in their respective areas of competence.

 


AG/RES. 1612 (XXIX-O/99)

 

MEETING OF GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES ON

ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the annual report of the Permanent Council on the Meeting of Government Representatives on Electoral Campaign Contributions (CP/CAJP-1492/99), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1554 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

NOTING the interest expressed by the delegations attending the Meeting of Government Representatives on Electoral Campaign Contributions, held in Caracas, Venezuela, in February 1998, and the recommendations of that meeting (RECEL/doc.19/98 rev. 2);

 

            CONSIDERING that resolution AG/RES. 1554 (XXVIII-O/98) instructed the Permanent Council to continue its consideration of the topic, bearing in mind the recommendations adopted at the Meeting of Government Representatives on Electoral Campaign Contributions; and

 

CONSIDERING ALSO that the above-mentioned resolution reiterated the "concern in the Hemisphere that the effective exercise of representative democracy, a fundamental principle enshrined in the OAS Charter, may be threatened by contributions that undermine the integrity of the electoral process,”

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To extend the mandate assigned to the Permanent Council through resolution AG/RES. 1554 (XXVIII-O/98), "Meeting of Government Representatives on Electoral Campaign Contributions,” and to request that the Permanent Council accord it due priority.

 

2.         To reiterate to the General Secretariat that it continue to compile laws governing electoral campaign contributions and to continue its comparative studies of those laws.

 


AG/RES. 1613 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SIXTH INTER-AMERICAN SPECIALIZED CONFERENCE ON
PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW (CIDIP-VI)

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Report of the Permanent Council on the Meeting of Experts for the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI) (CP/doc.3185/99) and the Report of the Meeting of Experts (RE/CIDIP-VI/doc.9/98);

 

BEARING IN MIND that resolution AG/RES. 1393 (XXVI-O/96) convened the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI) and instructed the Permanent Council to approve the agenda for that conference and submit it to the governments of the member states for approval;

 

CONSIDERING that resolution AG/RES. 1558 (XXVIII-O/98) stated that, "given the technical complexity of the subject, it is advisable to hold a meeting of experts to define the precise scope of the topics proposed for CIDIP-VI and begin the preparatory work for the Conference"; and

 

BEARING IN MIND:

 

That the Permanent Council, through resolution CP/RES. 732 (1173/98), convened the meeting of experts, which was held in Washington, D.C., on December 3 and 4, 1998; and

 

That, through resolution CP/RES. 744 (1185/99), the Permanent Council approved the agenda for the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI) and resolved to convene two meetings of experts prior to the aforementioned specialized conference,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To thank the Permanent Council for approving the following agenda for the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI):

 

a.         Standardized commercial documentation for international transportation, with special reference to the 1989 Inter-American Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods by Road, with the possible incorporation of an additional protocol on bills of lading.

 

b.                   International loan contracts of a private nature, in particular the uniformity and harmonization of international laws governing transactions secured with movable property, commercial, and financial guarantees.

 

c.                   Conflicts of laws on extracontractual liability, with an emphasis on competency of jurisdiction and applicable law with respect to civil international liability for transboundary pollution.

 

2.         To instruct the Permanent Council to set the date and place, in collaboration with the General Secretariat, for the two meetings of government experts convened through resolution CP/RES. 744 (1185/99) to examine the documentation and prepare studies on the topics identified in the preceding operative paragraph.

 

3.         To request the Permanent Council to transmit to the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI) the results of the aforementioned meetings of government experts.

 

4.         To instruct the Permanent Council to set the date for the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI).


AG/RES. 1614 (XXIX-O/99)

 

FREE TRADE AND INVESTMENT IN THE HEMISPHERE

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING:

 

Its resolution AG/RES. 1364 (XXVI-O/96), “Free Trade and Investment in the Hemisphere,” in which it instructed the Inter-American Juridical Committee to examine and decide upon the validity under international law of the Helms-Burton Act;

 

The opinion of the Inter-American Juridical Committee (CJI/RES.II-14/96), in which the Committee unanimously concluded that “the bases and potential application of the legislation which is the subject of this Opinion,” in the areas referred to above, “are not in conformity with international law”;

 

Resolutions AG/RES. 1447 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1532 (XXVIII-O/98), which requested the Permanent Council to report on this matter; and

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on free trade and investment in the Hemisphere (CP/doc.3189/99),

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.                   To take note of the report of the Permanent Council on free trade and investment in the Hemisphere, presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1532 (XXVIII-O/98).

 

2.                   To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on developments in this regard.


AG/RES. 1615 (XXIX-O/99)

 

MEETING OF MINISTERS OF JUSTICE OR OF MINISTERS
OR ATTORNEYS GENERAL OF THE AMERICAS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Report of the Permanent Council on the Second Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (CP/doc.3186/99);

 

BEARING IN MIND the agreements of the Heads of State and Government in the Plan of Action adopted at the Second Summit of the Americas, at which, in reference to the “Strengthening of Justice Systems and Judiciaries,” they agreed to support “the convening of periodic meetings of Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General of the Hemisphere within the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS)”; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That resolution AG/RES. 1562 (XXVIII-O/98) convened the Second Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas;

 

That, in resolutions CP/RES. 737 (1176/98) and CP/RES. 739 (1179/98), the Permanent Council set the dates and approved the agenda for that meeting;

 

That the Council took note of the Final Report of the Second Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA-II/doc.21/99 rev. 1), held in Lima, Peru, from March 1 to 3, 1999; and

 

That the Permanent Council formed a special group chaired by the Permanent Representative of Peru, with the Permanent Representatives of Costa Rica and Trinidad and Tobago serving as Vice Chairs, to follow up on the conclusions and recommendations arising from that meeting,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To express its appreciation to the Government of the Republic of Peru for hosting the Second Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas and for the success of the Meeting.

 

2.         To convene the Third Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas; to instruct the Permanent Council to prepare the preliminary documents, set the date, and determine the agenda for that meeting; to thank the Government of Costa Rica for its generous offer to host that meeting; and to accept that offer.

 

3.                   To thank the Government of Trinidad and Tobago for its generous offer to host the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas and to accept that offer.

 

4.                   To support and recognize the progress being made by the Permanent Council’s Special Group to facilitate the meetings of government experts on the establishment of the Justice Studies Center for the Americas and on cyber crime, among other topics.

 

5.         To instruct the Permanent Council to determine the date and place of, and to convene, a meeting of central authorities, on the recommendation of the Special Group, after consulting with the ministers of justice or ministers or attorneys general, and within resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, in order to strengthen cooperation among those authorities in the context of the various conventions on legal and judicial cooperation.

 

6.         To instruct the Permanent Council to take any measures it deems advisable for its continued consideration of this topic, and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 


AG/RES. 1616 (XXIX-O/99)

 

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN JURIDICAL COMMITTEE

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

            HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Juridical Committee (CJI) (CP/CAJP-1494/99 rev. 1) and the presentation of the report given by the Chair of the CJI; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That Article 54.f of the Charter of the Organization of American States includes among the powers of the General Assembly that of considering the observations and recommendations presented by the Permanent Council, in accordance with Article 91.f of the Charter, on the reports of the organs and agencies of the Organization;

 

That Article 53 of the OAS Charter establishes the CJI as one of the organs of the Organization; and

 

That the CJI has presented its annual report to the Permanent Council, which has submitted its observations and recommendations thereon to the General Assembly,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To accept and forward to the Inter-American Juridical Committee (CJI) the observations and recommendations made by the Permanent Council of the Organization on that Committee's annual report.

 

2.         To express its satisfaction with the work of the CJI in dealing with the priority legal issues of the Organization and, especially, to recognize the support the CJI provides to the General Assembly, the Permanent Council, and that Council’s Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs in preparing draft conventions, model legislation, and other studies it is requested to conduct.

 

3.         To thank the CJI for its observations on the draft American declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples, contained in document CJI/doc.29/98 rev. 2; for the opinion it issued on the draft protocol to amend the Charter of the OAS and Draft Resolution on the Modification of the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man: The Situation of Women in the Americas, contained in document CJI/doc.30/98 rev. 2; and for document CJI/doc.70/98 rev. 2, “Model Legislation on Illicit Enrichment and Transnational Bribery.”

 

4.         To request the CJI to continue studying the different topics related to enhancing the administration of justice in the Americas, maintaining the necessary coordination and the highest possible degree of cooperation with other organs of the Organization working in this area.

 

                        5.         To request the CJI to continue its studies on inter-American cooperation against terrorism, in particular with respect to the enhancement of legal and judicial cooperation, including extradition, to combat terrorism, and to cooperate with the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) in drafting standards in this area, bearing in mind the decisions reached by the OAS member states at the Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism (Lima, Peru, April 1996); the conclusions of the Meeting of Government Experts on Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism (Washington, D.C., May 1997); and the decisions reached at the Second Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism (Mar del Plata, Argentina, November 1998).

 

6.         To urge the CJI to continue its study of democracy in the inter-American system, taking into account the latest developments and studies in this area.

 

7.         To request CJI assistance in drafting the preparatory documents for the Sixth Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law (CIDIP-VI).

 

8.         To request that the CJI continue studying the various legal topics related to integration and, particularly, that it identify those subjects it considers most important in terms of the current process of hemispheric integration; and, further, to recognize the importance of maintaining proper coordination among the CJI, the Permanent Council, the Special Committee on Trade, and the General Secretariat through its Secretariat for Legal Affairs and the Trade Unit.

 

9.         To recommend the holding, in special cases, of sessions at the headquarters of the Organization or in member states, in keeping with Article 105 of the OAS Charter, in order to spread information on and awareness of the CJI’s work more widely and to achieve more active participation by the CJI in the legal activities of the Organization.  Any regular sessions the CJI holds away from its headquarters must be financed out of its regular budget.

 

10.               To reiterate that it is necessary to establish closer ties between the CJI and the political organs of the OAS and, in particular, with the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs of the Permanent Council.

 

11.               To note with satisfaction and acknowledge the value of meetings between the CJI and consultants and legal advisers of the foreign ministries of member states to establish ever closer ties among them; and to congratulate the CJI on having held the third meeting of this type in Rio de Janeiro in August 1998.

 

12.               To underscore the importance of holding the Course on International Law, organized each year by the CJI, in cooperation with the General Secretariat; to express support for the decision to build the program around a theme; and to request the CJI and the General Secretariat to publicize the Course as much as possible in all member states.

 

13.               To support, in accordance with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, the Committee’s efforts to involve more professors in the Course; to request the General Secretariat to study the possibility of increasing the number of fellowship-holders attending the Course; and to adopt measures to encourage horizontal cooperation among member states to achieve these ends.

 

14.               To point to the participation of members of the CJI at various conferences and meetings organized by international organizations.

 

15.               To encourage the CJI to continue its cooperation activities with other international and national organizations, both governmental and nongovernmental, in order to deepen understanding of legal developments at the international level.

 

16.               To take note of the agenda adopted by the CJI for its next regular session; to recommend eliminating from it items that are not top priorities for the Organization; and to include in it the agreements and decisions adopted by the General Assembly on matters related to the sphere of competence of the CJI.

 

17.               To emphasize the need to give the CJI the administrative and budgetary support to enable it to address adequately the issues on the current inter-American legal agenda and make recommendations thereon.


AG/RES. 1617 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF
INTERNATIONAL LAW

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

            HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 1557 (XXVIII-O/98), "Inter-American Program for the Development of International Law";

 

CONSIDERING:

 

            That resolution AG/RES. 1471 (XXVII-O/97) adopted the Inter-American Program for the Development of International Law, the implementation of which calls for various activities in areas ranging from dissemination, training, and teaching to cooperation in both public and private international law;

 

            That resolution AG/RES. 1557 (XXVIII-O/98) assigned “priority to the provisions of the chapter on the teaching of inter-American international law”; and

 

            That the Inter-American Program for the Development of International Law also stressed the need to promote publications that provide for inter-American legal topics to be raised, publicized, and discussed;

 

BEARING IN MIND the activities carried out by the General Secretariat to implement this inter-American program; and

 

NOTING WITH CONCERN that, in recent years, the Organization's legal publications have declined significantly in number,

 

RESOLVES:

 

            1.         To reaffirm the necessity of continuing to carry out the various activities listed in the Inter-American Program for the Development of International Law as an indispensable means of strengthening international law.

 

2.         To urge the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Legal Affairs, to continue to organize subregional courses on international law in consultation with the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs of the Permanent Council.

 

            3.         To request the General Secretariat to resume without delay publication of the Inter-American Juridical Yearbook, so that it may bring together and make available the most expert doctrine in the Hemisphere on the various aspects and topics of inter-American law and new developments on the hemispheric agenda, and to ensure its widest possible distribution.

 

            4.         Also to request the General Secretariat to submit to the Permanent Council, within two months, a report containing proposals for publications, which shall cover both matters of distribution and means of financing.

 

            5.         To request the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Legal Affairs, and in order to allow for an ongoing exchange of information among scholars of international law, to set up a network made up initially of former fellows and professors of the Course on International Law, which is held each year in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

 

            6.         To instruct the Permanent Council to monitor the implementation of this resolution, which shall be carried out within resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources; and to request that Council to report thereon to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1618 (XXIX-O/99)

 

Legal Development of Integration

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE General Assembly,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the Legal Development of Integration (CP/CAJP-1516/99); and

 

            BEARING IN MIND that the General Assembly, at its twenty-eighth regular session, by way of resolution AG/RES. 1559 (XXVIII-O/98), “Legal Development of Integration,” requested the General Secretariat to conduct various studies, which are now under way, and instructed the Permanent Council to organize a meeting of government experts for the first quarter of the year 2000,

 

RESOLVES:

 

            1.         To renew the request, issued to the General Secretariat in operative paragraph 1 of resolution AG/RES. 1559 (XXVIII-O/98), for studies and documents that are to be presented to the Permanent Council before December 31, 1999.

 

2.                   To instruct the Permanent Council to study the advisability of convening a meeting of government authorities and other experts, as a follow-up to the meeting held in March 1997 in Montevideo, Uruguay, in accordance with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

3.                   To request the Permanent Council to report in due course to the General Assembly on the implementation of this resolution.


AG/RES. 1619 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PromoTION OF AND RESPECT FOR INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1270 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1335 (XXV-O/95), AG/RES. 1408 (XXVI-O/96), AG/RES. 1503 (XXVII-O/97), and AG/RES. 1565 (XXVIII-O/98),

 

DEEPLY CONCERNED over the persistent violations of international humanitarian law occurring throughout the world and, in particular, over the fate of the civilian population, which is increasingly subject to attacks that contravene the applicable fundamental rules;

 

RECALLING that it is the obligation of all states to observe and enforce in all circumstances the standards established in the 1949 Geneva Conventions and, where applicable, for the states that are parties thereto, those contained in the 1977 Additional Protocols to those conventions;

 

UNDERSCORING the need to strengthen the principles of international humanitarian law by achieving its universal acceptance, its widest dissemination, and comprehensive application of its provisions;

 

AWARE of the need to punish those responsible for war crimes and other serious violations of international humanitarian law, especially the most common violations, and noting, within this context, that the Statute of the International Criminal Court was opened for signature in Rome, on July 17, 1998, at the close of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries, held under United Nations auspices;

 

RECOGNIZING ONCE MORE the ongoing efforts of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to promote and disseminate knowledge of international humanitarian law and the activities it carries out as an organization that is independent, neutral, and impartial under any and all circumstances; and

 

HAVING CONSIDERED the report of the Permanent Council (CP/CAJP-1599/99),

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To urge the member states that have not yet done so to consider ratification of the 1977 Additional Protocols I and II to the 1949 Geneva Conventions, or, if applicable, accession thereto.

 

2.         To also urge the member states that have not yet done so to consider ratification of, or, if applicable, accession to, the following instruments relating to weapons which may be excessively harmful or have indiscriminate effects:

a.                   The 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (and its Protocols);

 

b.                   The 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction; and

 

c.                   The 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.

 

3.                   To underscore how important it is for the states, in implementing the body of international humanitarian law, to pay special attention to the following provisions:

 

a.                   The widest possible dissemination of international humanitarian law among the armed forces and security forces, by including it in official instruction programs and in training permanent staff in this field in the armed forces;

 

b.                   The enactment of the criminal laws required to punish those responsible for war crimes and other serious violations of international humanitarian law;

 

c.                   The enactment of legislation to regulate the use of symbols protected under international humanitarian law and to punish abuses thereof; and

 

d.                   The obligation, when studying, developing, acquiring, or adopting a new weapon, to determine if its use would violate international humanitarian law, and, if it would, to desist from procuring it for use by the armed forces or security forces and from manufacturing it for other purposes.

 

4.                   To call upon the member states and all parties to an armed conflict to prevent the participation of children in hostilities, as well as their recruitment in the armed forces and in organized armed groups.

 

5.                   To urge member states to take the necessary steps to ensure that the staff of humanitarian organizations are respected and protected in their territories.

 

6.                   To urge the member states and all parties to an armed conflict to help preserve the impartiality, independence, and neutrality of humanitarian action in accordance with the guiding principles adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 46/182, dated December 19, 1991.

 

7.                   To urge the member states to participate actively in the 27th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent to be held in Geneva from October 31 to November 6, 1999.

 

8.                   To invite the member states to continue to cooperate with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in its various spheres of responsibility and to facilitate its work.

 

9.                   To invite the Permanent Council, in close coordination with the ICRC, to hold a high-level seminar in the second half of 1999 on the commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, in keeping with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

10.               To request the Secretary General to obtain reports from the member states on the implementation of this resolution and to present a report to the Permanent Council before the General Assembly’s thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1620 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PROGRAM OF EDUCATION FOR PEACE IN THE HEMISPHERE

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99), and in particular the chapter on hemispheric security relating to the Program of Education for Peace in the Hemisphere (CP/CSH-184/99);

 

RECALLING its decision set out in resolution AG/RES. 1604 (XXVIII-O/98) to convene a meeting of experts from member states to design a draft Program of Education for Peace in the Hemisphere; and

 

BEARING IN MIND the recommendations by the Permanent Council with regard to the holding of the aforementioned meeting of experts,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To take note of the Report by the Permanent Council and its recommendations related to the Meeting of Experts to Design a Draft Program of Education for Peace in the Hemisphere.

 

2.         To reiterate the importance of a Program of Education for Peace in the Hemisphere as a confidence- and security-building measure.

 

3.         To reiterate its appreciation to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for its assistance in the development of this topic and in the holding of the said Meeting of Experts.

 

            4.         To thank the Government of Colombia for, and to accept, its generous offer to host the said Meeting of Experts in the city of Cartagena.

 

5.         To set October 14 and 15, 1999 as the dates for the said Meeting of Experts.

 

6.         To approve the following Draft Agenda for the said Meeting of Experts:

 

“Design a draft Program of Education for Peace in the Hemisphere, taking into account the following:

 

a.         Education and peaceful settlement of conflicts

b.         Education and the promotion of democratic values and practices

c.         Education and the promotion of peace between states.”

 

7.         To invite UNESCO and other pertinent institutions, including the Inter-American Defense College (IADC), the University for Peace, and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO), to participate in the said Meeting of Experts.

 

            8.         To instruct the Permanent Council to consider, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security, the draft Program on Education for Peace, to be designed by the said Meeting of Experts, and to take action aimed at the implementation of the said Program on Education.

 

9.         To instruct the General Secretariat to continue lending its support to the Permanent Council and the Committee on Hemispheric Security in their execution of the mandates contained in this resolution.


AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING

OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, AMMUNITION, EXPLOSIVES,

AND OTHER RELATED MATERIALS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXIV-E/97), in which it resolved to adopt and open for signature the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials;

 

WELCOMING the fact that the majority of member states of the Organization of American States have signed the Convention, which entered into force on July 1, 1998;

 

REAFFIRMING its determination to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials because of the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each state and the region as a whole, since they jeopardize the well-being of peoples, their social and economic development, and their right to live in peace;

 

STRESSING the urgent need for all states to take the appropriate measures to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials and to cooperate with one another in this area;

 

UNDERSCORING the importance of the Convention’s earliest possible entry into force in each of the member states of the Organization of American States as soon as possible; and

 

RECALLING that, under Article XXI of the Convention, the first regular meeting of the Consultative Committee shall be held within 90 days following deposit of the 10th instrument of ratification of the Convention; and emphasizing in this connection the importance of allowing the Consultative Committee to begin its work as envisaged in the Convention,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To urge all states that have not already done so to sign and/or ratify the Convention without delay.

 

2.         To underscore the significance of the fact that the Convention has been taken as a model for negotiation of a Protocol to combat the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components, and ammunition within the framework of the negotiation of a convention against organized international crime, under the auspices of the United Nations.

3.         To request the Secretary General to take the necessary steps to convene the first meeting of the Consultative Committee, pursuant to Article XXI of the Convention, as soon as he receives the 10th instrument of ratification.

 

4.         To likewise request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention.

 


AG/RES. 1622 (XXIX-O/99)

 

CONSOLIDATION OF THE REGIME ESTABLISHED IN THE TREATY FOR
THE PROHIBITION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN LATIN AMERICA
AND THE CARIBBEAN (TREATY OF TLATELOLCO)

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING its previous resolutions on this topic, especially resolutions AG/RES. 1499 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1571 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

CONVINCED that the creation of nuclear-weapon-free zones is an important step, which significantly strengthens all aspects of the international nonproliferation regime, thus contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security;

 

CONVINCED ALSO that, as stated in the preamble to the Treaty of Tlatelolco, militarily denuclearized zones are not an end in themselves but rather a means for achieving general and complete disarmament at a later stage;

 

RECOGNIZING that the Treaty of Tlatelolco has become the model for the establishment of other nuclear-weapon-free zones in various regions of the world, such as the South Pacific (Treaty of Rarotonga), Southeast Asia (Treaty of Bangkok), and Africa (Treaty of Pelindaba), which, when they enter into force, will cover more than half the countries of the world and all the territories in the Southern Hemisphere;

 

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION that on August 21, 1998, Guatemala deposited its instrument of ratification of the amendment to the Treaty approved by resolution 267 (E-V) of the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL);

 

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION ALSO that on January 18 and 20, 1999, respectively, Colombia and Costa Rica, deposited their instruments of ratification of the amendments to the Treaty approved by resolutions 267 (E-V), 268 (XII), and 290 (E-VII) of the General Conference of OPANAL; and

 

BEARING IN MIND that the Treaty of Tlatelolco is now in force for 32 sovereign states of the region,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To welcome the steps taken by a number of countries in the region to consolidate the regime established by the Treaty of Tlatelolco.

2.         To urge the states of the region that have not yet done so to deposit their instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, as well as of the amendments to the Treaty approved by the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) in resolutions 267 (E-V), 268 (XII), and 290 (E-VII).

 

3.         To reaffirm the importance of strengthening OPANAL as the appropriate legal and political forum for ensuring unqualified observance of the Treaty in its zone of application and cooperation with the agencies of other nuclear-weapon-free zones.

 

4.         To renew its appeal to those states that have not yet done so to negotiate, as soon as possible, multilateral or bilateral agreements with the International Atomic Energy Agency for application of that Agency’s safeguards to their nuclear activities, as stipulated in Article 13 of the Treaty of Tlatelolco.

 

5.         To reaffirm its commitment to continue striving for a nonproliferation regime that is universal, genuine, and nondiscriminatory in every aspect.

 

6.         To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary General of OPANAL and to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.


AG/RES. 1623 (XXIX-O/99)

 

CONFIDENCE- AND SECURITY-BUILDING IN THE AMERICAS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and, in particular, the section dealing with the Report of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-180/99 rev. 3), which includes the subject “Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas”;

 

BEARING IN MIND that, under Article 2 of the Charter of the Organization of American States, one of the essential purposes of the Organization is to strengthen the peace and security of the continent;

 

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1121 (XXI-O/91) and AG/RES. 1123 (XXI-O/91), on strengthening peace and security in the Hemisphere, and AG/RES. 1179 (XXII-O/92), AG/RES. 1237 (XXIII-O/93), AG/RES. 1284 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1288 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1353 (XXV-O/95), AG/RES. 1409 (XXVI-O/96), AG/RES. 1494 (XXVII-O/97), and AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98), on confidence- and security-building measures;

 

EMPHASIZING the importance of the Declaration of San Salvador and the Declaration of Santiago on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures, which recommend that confidence- and security-building measures be applied in the manner deemed most appropriate;

 

RECOGNIZING the consolidation of democracy in the region, efforts to promote disarmament and international peace and security, and the willingness of states to continue strengthening confidence and security in the Hemisphere;

 

NOTING the significant progress made in identifying and applying confidence- and security-building measures since the adoption of the Declaration of Santiago, which has helped to reduce factors that generate distrust and has contributed to the promotion of transparency and mutual confidence, in keeping with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the Organization of American States, respect for international law, and the promotion of friendly and cooperative relations among states in the region;

 

NOTING with satisfaction the request made by the Governments of Argentina and Chile on July 30, 1998, to the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) that it develop a common methodology in order to facilitate the comparison of military expenditures of the two countries;

 

NOTING likewise with satisfaction the entry into force on December 26, 1997, of the Framework Treaty on Democratic Security in Central America and the Declaration of the Presidents of Central America and the Dominican Republic and the Representative of the Prime Minister of Belize on the Non Participation in the Acquisition of Strategic High-Technology and High-Cost Weapons of Mass Destruction, on November 6, 1997;

 

NOTING the results of the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas held in Cartagena de Indias from November 29 to December 3, 1998; and

 

REAFFIRMING:

 

That respect for international law, faithful adherence to treaties, the peaceful settlement of disputes, respect for state sovereignty and the principle of nonintervention, and prohibition of the use or threat of use of force, as set forth in the Charters of the OAS and the United Nations (UN), are the basis for peaceful coexistence and security in the Hemisphere and constitute the framework for the development of confidence- and security-building measures; and

 

That the application of confidence- and security-building measures, through practical and useful actions, will facilitate more far-reaching cooperation processes in the future in areas such as arms control and hemispheric security,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To urge member states to implement in the manner they deem most appropriate the recommendations of the Declaration of San Salvador and the Declaration of Santiago on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures and of resolution AG/RES. 1179 (XXII-O/92).

 

2.              To call on all member states to continue to provide to the Secretary General, prior to April 15 each year, information on the application of confidence- and security-building measures, so as to facilitate the preparation of the complete and systematic inventory of these measures, in light of the provisions of the Declaration of San Salvador and the Declaration of Santiago and resolutions AG/RES. 1284 (XXIV-O/94) and AG/RES. 1288 (XXIV-O/94); and to commend member states that have regularly submitted their reports to that end.

 

3.         To request the Secretary General to maintain and facilitate access to the comprehensive inventory of confidence- and security-building measures which the member states have submitted pursuant to the previous paragraph.

 

4.         To urge member states once again to continue promoting transparency in matters related to defense policy, among other aspects, with regard to modernizing the armed forces, including changes in their structure and composition, and acquisition of equipment and materiel, in addition to presenting information that will make it possible to compare military expenditures in the region.

 

5.         To request the Permanent Council to consider, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, actions to promote the development and exchange of information concerning defense policies and doctrines.

6.         To reiterate once again the importance of full participation by all member states in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, and of providing the required information for the preparation of the United Nations Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures, in accordance with the pertinent resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly; and to renew its request that member states provide said information to the Secretary General by June 15 of each year.

 

7.         To request the Permanent Council to take the necessary steps, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to hold, no later than the first quarter of 2000, a meeting of parliamentarians on confidence- and security-building measures, as called for in the Declaration of San Salvador.

 

8.         To urge member states once again to continue consultations and the exchange of ideas within the Hemisphere so as to make progress in the limitation and control of conventional arms in the region; and to instruct the Permanent Council to endeavor, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to advance the development of the most appropriate approach making it possible, at the regional level, to increase transparency and address questions related to conventional arms.

 

9.         To recall the mandate set forth in resolution AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98), which instructed the Permanent Council to hold each year a special meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security with the participation of experts dedicated to the analysis and exchange of information on confidence- and security-building measures in the region, especially those identified in the Declaration of San Salvador and the Declaration of Santiago.

 

10.        To request the Secretary General to update each year, on the basis of information submitted by the member states, the roster of experts on confidence- and security-building measures, and to circulate it to the member states each year by June 1.

 

11.        To instruct the Permanent Council to continue to support the participation of the Committee on Hemispheric Security in other regional forums, such as the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas.

 

            12.        Likewise to instruct the Permanent Council to continue to encourage the exchange of experience in the area of confidence- and security- building measures with other regions, which may include the exchange of information between the Committee on Hemispheric Security and other international organizations working on the subject, such as the United Nations, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum.

 

            13.        To instruct the Permanent Council to hold, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, a seminar, attended by representatives of other regional organizations, for the exchange of experience on conflict resolution, the contribution of confidence- and security-building measures to conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict reconstruction.

 

14.        To request the Permanent Council to hold, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, the next round of OAS-OSCE consultations in the year 2000 at the OAS.

 

            15.        To instruct the Permanent Council to consider, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, the possibility of holding, in due course, another regional conference on confidence- and security- building measures.

 

16.        To instruct the Permanent Council to carry out the activities mentioned in this resolution in keeping with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

17.        To renew its invitation to the Inter-American Defense to provide, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1240 (XXIII-O/93), advisory and consultative services in matters related to confidence- and security-building measures of a military nature; and to request it to keep an updated inventory of these measures.

 

18.        To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly on the implementation of this resolution.

 

19.               To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Secretary General of the OSCE and to other pertinent regional organizations.

 


AG/RES. 1624 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN SUPPORT FOR THE CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, STOCKPILING AND USE OF
CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and in particular, the section dealing with the Report of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-202/99 rev. 1) which includes the subject “Inter-American Support for the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction”;

 

REAFFIRMING that one of the essential purposes of the Organization of American States (OAS) is the strengthening of peace and security of the continent;

 

BEARING IN MIND the pledge of Heads of State and Government in the Santiago Declaration of the Second Summit of the Americas to continue promoting transparency in matters related to defense policy;

 

RECALLING its resolution on “Cooperation for Security and Development in the Hemisphere: Regional Contributions to Global Security” [AG/RES. 1236 (XXIII-O/93)] which recognized the efforts of the member states to contribute to regional and global security and which commended them for their accession to the principles of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction;

 

RECALLING FURTHER that in its resolution AG/RES. 1236 (XXIII-O/93) it requested that the Special Committee on Hemispheric Security consider, inter alia, “the prevention of all forms of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems by the adoption of appropriate controls on the exportation of dual-use goods and technologies, taking due account of their legitimate use for peaceful purposes”;

 

WELCOMING the fact that the majority of member states of the Organization of American States signed the Convention, which entered into force on April 29, 1997;

 

BEARING IN MIND that the Convention is now in force for 20 of the 35 member states of the Organization of American States;

 

EMPHASIZING the urgent need for all states to take the necessary measures to prevent the spread and use of chemical weapons;

 

NOTING that universal adherence to and fulfillment of this Convention is the best defense against the proliferation and use of chemical weapons;

 

UNDERSCORING the importance of the Convention entering into force in each of the member states of the Organization of American States as soon as possible;

 

NOTING that the next Conference of States Parties of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons takes place in The Hague from June 28 to July 2, 1999; and

 

FURTHER NOTING that as of April 29, 2000, the chemicals listed in Schedule 2 of the Convention shall only be transferred to or received from states parties, including for activities not prohibited by the Convention,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction.

 

2.         To welcome the specific steps taken by a number of member states of the Organization of American States  to implement and consolidate the regime established by the said Convention.

 

3.         To urge the governments of the region that have not yet done so, to ratify or accede to the Convention as soon as possible.

 

4.         To request that the General Secretariat transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and to the Director General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.


AG/RES. 1625 (XXIX-O/99)

 

STATUS OF WOMEN IN THE AMERICAS AND STRENGTHENING AND
MODERNIZATION OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION OF WOMEN

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

            The General Assembly,

 

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1422 (XXVI-O/96), “Cooperation within the Inter-American System to Ensure Full and Equal Participation by Women in the Development Process”; AG/RES. 1432 (XXVI-O/96), “Status of Women in the Americas”; AG/RES. 1451 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1586 (XXVIII-O/98), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Reports of the Organs, Agencies, and Entities of the Organization”;

 

BEARING IN MIND AG/RES. 1592 (XXVIII-O/98), “Status of Women in the Americas and Strengthening of the Inter-American Commission of Women,” presented by the mechanism for coordination of the topic "Status of Women in the Americas" of the Permanent Council, which invited the Inter-American Commission of Women to carry out a series of activities aimed at strengthening the Commission, including the preparation of a draft "Inter-American Program on the Promotion on Women's Rights and Gender Equity"; the promotion, in coordination with other inter-American organs, agencies, and entities, of forums, seminars, and meetings among the national authorities in the member states responsible for women's issues, and the holding of meetings among agencies of the inter-American system;

 

NOTING resolution CP/RES. 717 (1147/98), “70th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM)”;

 

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION resolution CIM/RES. 209 (XXIX-O/98) “Strengthening and Modernization of the Inter-American Commission of Women,” of the CIM Assembly of Delegates which, among other things, urges the governments of the member states to support the activities of the CIM delegates; urges the permanent representatives of the member states to the OAS to appoint, if one does not exist, an official from their respective missions with whom the CIM Permanent Secretariat may maintain contact to reinforce involvement by the principal delegates in the CIM's activities; requests inclusion on the agenda of the General Assembly of the item “Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Rights and Gender Equity”; and resolves to encourage and agree upon, within the OAS, a meeting of ministers or of the highest-ranking authorities responsible for policies for the advancement of women in the member states, with the participation of the CIM delegates;

 

CONSIDERING that the CIM Strategic Plan of Action establishes strategies for ensuring and guaranteeing the role of women to the year 2000 and assigns, for the five-year period, priority to the participation of women in power and decision-making structures, and to education, the elimination of violence, and the eradication of poverty;

 

BEARING IN MIND the plans of action of the First and the Second Summit of the Americas, which set forth the need to:  (a) strengthen policies and programs to improve and broaden the participation of women in all spheres of political, social, and economic life; (b) strengthen and establish, where they do not exist, national mechanisms and governmental agencies charged with promoting legal equality and equal opportunities for women and men, focused on gender equity, and provide them with adequate and timely financial resources, and (c) further strengthen the Inter-American Commission of Women;

 

HIGHLIGHTING the resolutions approved at the Twenty-ninth Assembly of Delegates of the CIM, held in November 1998, and in particular resolution CIM/Res. 198 (XXIX-O/98), “CIM Plan of Action for the Participation of Women in Power and Decision-Making Structures,” and CIM/RES. 195 (XXIX-O/98), “Declaration of Santo Domingo,” which states that the rights of women, throughout their lives, are an inalienable, integral, and indivisible part of universal human rights, and that it is imperative to ensure full observance of the human rights of women so as to eliminate all discriminatory situations and recognize women’s legal capacity and equality under the law;

 

RECOGNIZING that the CIM, established in 1928 by a resolution of the Sixth International Conference of American States, was the first intergovernmental organization in the world founded expressly to fight for the civil and political rights of women in the Hemisphere;

 

UNDERLINING that the purpose of the CIM is to promote and protect the rights of women and support the member states in their efforts to ensure full access to civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights, which will permit women and men to participate under equal conditions in all aspects of social life, so that they may enjoy fully and equitably the benefits of development; and

 

AWARE that, to achieve its objectives, it is necessary to promote the institutional strengthening of the CIM, which requires the ongoing political support of the OAS member states, and to find a solution to the various budgetary matters confronting it,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To call a meeting of ministers or of the highest-ranking authorities responsible for the advancement of women in the member states, during the first three months of the year 2000, and to request that necessary funds from the year 2000 program-budget be assigned for holding that meeting.

 

2.         To request the CIM, acting as coordinator for the aforementioned meeting, to prepare a draft agenda that will include, among other things, approval of the "Draft Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Rights and Gender Equity," and consideration of the commitments adopted by the Summit of the Americas.

 

            3.         To request the CIM to keep the Permanent Council informed of the progress made in the preparatory work of said meeting, taking into account any possible recommendations of that organ.

 

            4.         To urge the member states to support the activities being carried out by the CIM delegates to support and contribute to the holding of the aforementioned meeting.

 

5.         To reiterate to the General Secretariat and the Permanent Council the contents of its resolution AG/RES. 1586 (XXVIII-O/98), with a view to improving the financial condition of the Inter-American Commission of Women.

 

6.         To decide to include on the agenda of the thirtieth regular session of the General Assembly the item:  Approval of the “Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Rights and Gender Equity,” and to request the Permanent Council to report on the implementation of this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

7.         To support the initiative of the Twenty-ninth Assembly of Delegates of the CIM regarding the establishment of a system of communication and ongoing cooperation with nongovernmental organizations of civil society.

 

8.         To encourage the CIM to continue developing the initiative of establishing an information network as the ideal mechanism to ensure effective coordination and the exchange of information both with the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system and with the areas of the OAS General Secretariat and civil society organizations, and among delegates of the CIM and national cooperation committees.

 

 


AG/RES. 1626 (XXIX-O/99)

 

FIRST BIENNIAL REPORT ON COMPLIANCE WITH RESOLUTION AG/RES. 1456
(XXVII-O/97), “PROMOTION OF THE INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON
THE PREVENTION, PUNISHMENT, AND ERADICATION OF VIOLENCE
AGAINST WOMEN ‘CONVENTION OF BELÉM DO PARÁ’”

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECALLING resolution AG/RES. 1456 (XXVII-O/97), “Promotion of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women ‘Convention of Belém do Pará,’” which, to ensure follow-up of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women, instructed the Permanent Secretariat of the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) to present biennial reports to the General Assembly on progress made in the Convention’s application and on experiences and results achieved through the initiatives and programs pursued in the member states to combat violence against women;

 

BEARING IN MIND that, in operative paragraph 8 of resolution AG/RES. 1606 (XXVIII-O/98), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights,” the General Assembly expresses appreciation for and takes note of the Report of the Special Rapporteur on Women’s Rights and encourages the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to continue its consideration of the matter; and

 

CONSIDERING that, to date, 29 countries have ratified the Convention of Belém do Pará, thus demonstrating their support for and interest in the subject of violence against women;

 

RECOGNIZING that although the CIM report shows that efforts are being made throughout the Hemisphere to attain the objectives of the Convention of Belém do Pará, violence persists and is of such a magnitude that strategies must continue to be implemented to free women from that scourge;

 

AWARE that the report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on the Status of Women in the Americas, submitted to the General Assembly for consideration at its twenty-eighth regular session, also concludes that “the situations such as those described in which women who are victims of violence are left unprotected still exist because of a lack of adequate legislation or because the legislation in force is not observed”; and that the report, in its recommendations to the OAS member states, urges those that have not yet done so to ratify the Convention of Belém do Pará, to demonstrate their commitment to the subject; and

 

RECALLING that, in the plans of action adopted at the First and the Second Summit of the Americas, a commitment was made, regarding the subject of women, to take steps to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women, as was done in the CIM Strategic Plan of Action, which assigned priority to this topic,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To note with satisfaction the First Biennial Report to the General Assembly on compliance with resolution AG/RES. 1456 (XXVII-O/97), “Promotion of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women, ‘Convention of Belém do Pará.’”

 

2.         To express its satisfaction with the progress made by the CIM and the member states in promoting the Convention and attaining its objectives, in accordance with the priorities established in the plans of action of the Summits of the Americas, the CIM Strategic Plan of Action, and the report of the IACHR on the subject.

 

3.         To encourage governments that have not yet done so to ratify the Convention of Belém do Pará, urging all member states to continue to promote measures to prevent, punish, and eradicate violence against women in the Hemisphere, especially by adapting their legislations in pursuance of this objective.

 

4.         To urge the CIM and the member states to continue to develop strategies for attaining the objectives of this Convention, and to publish the results in the next CIM follow-up report.

 


AG/RES. 1627 (XXIX-O/99)

 

APPOINTMENT OF WOMEN TO SENIOR
MANAGEMENT POSITIONS AT THE OAS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

CONSIDERING that resolution AG/RES. 1303 (XXIV-O/94) requested the Secretary General of the OAS to increase the number of women in senior-level positions in the General Secretariat;

 

RECALLING that resolution AG/RES. 1588 (XXVIII-O/98) regarding the sixth biennial report of the Secretary General of the OAS on compliance with resolution AG/RES. 829 (XVI-O/86), “Full and Equal Participation of Women by the Year 2000,” urged that equal opportunity be guaranteed for all persons being considered for appointment to high-level positions within the Organization;

 

BEARING IN MIND Article 120 of the Charter of the Organization of American States, and Article 37 of the General Standards, which stipulates that first consideration shall be given to efficiency, competence, and integrity in the recruitment of General Secretariat personnel, but that importance shall also be attached to the criterion of the widest possible geographic distribution in hiring personnel at all levels; and Article 137 of the Charter of the Organization, which states that the Organization of American States does not allow any restriction based on race, creed, or sex with respect to eligibility to hold positions in the Organization and to participate in its activities;

 

BEARING IN MIND that the question of personnel policy reform is being considered by the Special Joint Working Group on the Strengthening and Modernization of the OAS;

 

RECALLING that the CIM Plan of Action on Women’s Participation in Power and Decision-Making Structures, adopted by the Twenty-ninth Assembly of Delegates of the CIM, urges that areas for priority action include the promotion of equal opportunities in the classification of posts and procedures, the encouragement of upward mobility in the civil service, and the fostering of similar principles in various organizations and public institutions, such as the OAS;

 

BEARING IN MIND that, at its fifty-second regular session, the General Assembly of the United Nations, by resolution 52/96, “Improvement of the Status of Women in the Secretariat,” reaffirmed the goal that women occupy 50% of all categories of posts by the year 2000, and called upon the Secretary-General of the United Nations to achieve the goal of 50/50 gender distribution by the year 2000, especially at the D-1 level and above; and

 

RECOGNIZING that at the OAS, as of December 1990, the percentage of women at high-level executive posts was 19% at the D-2 level, 20% at the D-1 level, 11% at the P-5 level and 23% at P-4 level and, and as of December of 1998 the proportion was 9% at the D-2 level, 17% at the D-1 level, 20% at the P-5 level and 51% at the P-4 level,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To urge the Secretary General to establish as an objective that, by the year 2005, women should occupy 50% of posts in all categories of the OAS system, particularly at the P-4 grade and above.

 

2.         To exhort the Secretary General of the OAS to undertake to achieve this objective and offer assurances that gender equality will be one of the priorities in his continuing efforts to establish a new management culture in the Organization and to present a proposal on the best way to achieve this to the Special Joint Working Group of the Permanent Council and the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) on Strengthening and Modernization of the OAS, which would be discussed under the item on personnel policy reform, with a request to the Chair of the Working Group that he report to the President of the CIM on the outcome of this proposal.

 

3.         To urge the Secretary General to appoint qualified women as representatives and special envoys so that they may use their good offices in representing the Secretary General in matters relating to all areas and sectors.

 

4.         To request the Secretary General to establish policies of gender equality in the workplace and make each manager accountable for the application of these policies.

 

5.         To urge the principal CIM delegates to lend their support to the measures taken by the Secretary General of the OAS and the President of the CIM to identify, through the permanent missions of the OAS, the most highly-qualified candidates to occupy positions of trust within the OAS and to encourage more women to apply for vacant positions within the General Secretariat, specialized agencies, and inter-American committees, for which the widest possible means of dissemination will be used.

 

6.         To request the Secretary General of the OAS to report to the President and Executive Committee of the CIM every year on the implementation of this resolution, and to provide them with relevant Department of Human Resources statistics.

 


AG/RES. 1628 (XXIX-O/99)

 

FELLOWSHIP AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the OAS Fellowship and Training Programs (CP/doc.3205/99);

 

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1277 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1317 (XXV-O/95), AG/RES. 1381 (XXVI-O/96), and AG/RES. 1531 (XXVII-O/97), on the program-budget of the Organization, specifically the sections corresponding to fellowships, as well as its resolutions AG/RES. 1460 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1582 (XXVIII-O/98), on the OAS Fellowship and Training Programs;

 

BEARING IN MIND the recommendations of the Meeting of the Working Group to Study the Fellowship and Training Programs with Authorities Responsible for Training and Fellowships, held on April 28 and 29, 1997 (GT/BECAP-28/97 rev. 2);

 

CONSIDERING that the Permanent Council, through its resolution CP/RES. 740 (1179/98), approved the “Manual of Procedures of Fellowship and Training Programs for the Organization of American States”;

 

CONSIDERING ALSO that, through resolutions AG/RES. 1460 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1582 (XXVIII-O/98), the General Assembly requested the Permanent Council to complete its study on the establishment and financing of a Capital Fund as one of the instruments to finance the OAS Fellowship and Training Programs, and that the General Secretariat presented the document "Preliminary Draft Statutes of the OAS Capital Fund for Fellowships” (CP/doc.3002/98) to the Permanent Council for its consideration;

 

RECALLING ALSO that, through its resolution AG/RES. 1531 (XXVII-O/97), the General Assembly authorized the deposit, at the end of fiscal year 1998, of any available unused or deobligated funds from the resources of the Fellowship Program, object 3; and

 

BEARING IN MIND the "Report on the Budget Execution and Transfers of Appropriations between Chapters of the Regular Fund as of December 31, 1998” (CP/doc.3143/99), which sets the amount of US$415,941 in order to create the capital subfund for the Fellowship Program,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To acknowledge the establishment of the Capital Fund as one of the instruments to finance the fellowship and training programs, in accordance with its resolution AG/RES. 1531 (XXVII-O/97).

 

2.         To request the Permanent Council1/ to review and approve the Statutes of the Capital Fund for OAS Fellowship and Training Programs, by October 1, 1999. Those statutes should include provisions for fund-raising activities to be initiated as soon as statutes are in force.

 

3.         To instruct the General Secretariat to deposit into the Capital Fund any available unused or deobligated funds from the resources of the fellowship program that accrue during 1999.

 

4.         To invite the member states, the permanent observers, and other states to make contributions on a voluntary basis to the Capital Fund for OAS Fellowship and Training Programs.

 

5.         To instruct the Secretary General, within allocated resources approved in the program-budget and other resources, and taking into account operative paragraph 2, to begin immediately fund raising activities, such as proposal writing, to promote private-sector donations to the Capital Fund for OAS Fellowship and Training Programs and present each year by the end of March a detailed report on the results.

 

6.         To request the Permanent Council1/ to consider the advisability of holding and, if it so deems, of convening, in the second half of the year 2000, a special meeting of authorities of the member states responsible for training and fellowships, with a view to proposing a plan of action for the more effective use of the resources of the OAS Fellowship and Training Programs and for increasing their impact on human resource development in the region for the 21st century, taking into account the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development and the Inter-American Cooperation Programs.

 

7.         To request the Permanent Council1/ to present a report on compliance with this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 


AG/RES. 1629 (XXIX-O/99)

 

COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF THE Organization
of American States AND THE General Secretariat OF THE
Central American Integration System

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

THE General Assembly,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the General Secretariat on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 1537 (XXVIII-O/98), “Cooperation between the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States and the General Secretariat of the Central American Integration System,”

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To take note of the report of the Secretary General on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 1537 (XXVIII-O/98).

 

2.                   To renew its request to the Secretary General to continue to intensify efforts to pursue cooperation activities between the OAS and the Central American Integration System (SICA) and make them more effective.

 

3.                  To request the Secretary General to continue OAS/SICA consultations for the preparation of a cooperation plan between the two organizations, the objective of which will be to strengthen integration and cooperation in the Central American region through the specialized technical areas of the OAS.

 

4.                   To express to the Secretary General its satisfaction with the activities being conducted by the two organizations through the execution of projects by the Inter-American Council for Integral Development, the Trade Unit, the Unit for Sustainable Development and Environment, the Inter-Sectoral Unit for Tourism, and the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy.

 

5.                   To request the Secretary General to present a report on compliance with this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

 


AG/RES. 1630 (XXIX-O/99)

 

STUDY ON THE SCALE OF QUOTA ASSESSMENTS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

            The report of the Permanent Council on the study on the scale of quota assessments (CP/CAAP-2454/99 rev. 1);

 

TAKING NOTE of the study entitled “Alternative Proposals for Establishing Member States’ Quotas to the Regular Fund” (CP/doc.3096/98); and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

            That, by resolutions AG/RES. 1594 (XXIII-O/98) and AG/RES. 2 (XXV-E/98), the General Assembly requested the Permanent Council to review and make recommendations on the current scale of quota assessments to the General Assembly; and

 

            That, because of time constraints, the Permanent Council was unable to complete its mandate under resolutions AG/RES. 1594 (XXIII-O/98) and AG/RES. 2 (XXV-E/98),

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.                   To extend the mandate under resolutions AG/RES. 1594 (XXVIII-O/98) and AG/RES. 2 (XXV-E/98) for the Permanent Council’s review of the current scale of quota assessments and for presentation of the corresponding recommendations to the thirtieth regular session of the General Assembly.

 

2.                   To request the General Secretariat to continue providing the Permanent Council with the necessary technical support for completing that review.


AG/RES. 1631 (XXIX-O/99)

 

QUOTA PAYMENTS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

Having seen the Permanent Council’s report on quota payments (CP/CAAP-2455/99 rev. 1);

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That resolutions AG/RES. 1593 (XXVIII-O/98) and AG/RES. 1529 (XXVII-O/97) charged the Permanent Council with the mandate of concluding a study of the merits of establishing a comprehensive system of measures for encouraging member states to pay their regular fund quotas in full and on time and to submit that study, together with specific recommendations, to the General Assembly;

 

That, at its twenty-fifth special session, it adopted resolution AG/RES. 3 (XXV-E/98) adopting several new measures to encourage the prompt payment of quotas in full and reiterating that mandate; and

 

That, due to time constraints, the Permanent Council has been unable to complete that mandate for this twenty-ninth regular session of the General Assembly,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To extend until the thirtieth regular session of the General Assembly the mandate to prepare the study and recommendations requested under resolutions AG/RES. 1529 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1594 (XXVIII-O/98), and resolution AG/RES. 3 (XXV-E/98).

 

2.         To instruct the General Secretariat to report to the Permanent Council on progress made in the implementation of the measures adopted through resolution AG/RES. 3 (XXV-E/98).

 

 


AG/RES. 1632 (XXIX-O/99)

 

STRENGTHENING OF NATIONAL SYSTEMS AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

IN THE AREA OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTIONS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization (AG/doc.3830/99 add. 2) and, in particular, on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Children’s Institute (CP/doc.3182/99 add. 1); and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the region has experienced a significant increase in the number of international adoptions in the past 10 years;

 

That most states of Latin America and the Caribbean are countries of origin of children adopted by residents of North American or European countries, which, for these purposes, are referred to as receiving countries;

 

                That, in various international instruments, regulations have been adopted to govern international adoptions, with particular attention to the necessity of protecting the rights of children adopted by residents of countries other than the countries of origin of those children;

 

That the Inter-American Children's Institute has a history of developing programs for the countries of the region on this subject;

 

That from March 2 to 5, 1999, in Santiago, Chile, an intergovernmental conference on international adoptions was held, attended by representatives of 18 OAS member states and six permanent observers to the Organization of American States; and

 

That, at that conference, representatives of the states in attendance adopted the text of the declaration attached hereto, which contains the main principles to be developed by the states in the area of international adoptions, both in the development of internal policies and in the area of international cooperation,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To commend the Inter-American Children's Institute on its ongoing efforts to promote means of international cooperation in guaranteeing the effective exercise of children's rights in the region.

2.         To take note of the Declaration of Santiago de Chile, adopted at the Intergovernmental Conference on Intercountry Adoption on March 5, 1999.

 

3.         To urge the member states to carry out the recommendations contained in the Declaration of Santiago de Chile, adopted at the Intergovernmental Conference on Intercountry Adoption.

 

 


APPENDIX

 

Declaration of Santiago de Chile

 

In Santiago, Chile, on March 5, 1999, the representatives of the countries participating in the Intergovernmental Conference on Intercountry Adoption agree that:

 

CONSIDERING:

 

            I.          That all of the participating countries have signed or ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child, an instrument which prescribes directives and principles for the development and orientation of public policies relative to intercountry adoption.

 

II.         That on the international level, numerous agreements have been reached, including the 1984 Inter-American Conventions on Conflict of Laws concerning the Adoption of Minors; International Return of Children in 1989; International Trafficking of Children in 1994, and the Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, signed in the Hague in 1993.

 

            III.       That the family is the fundamental unit of society to offer adequate protection to the child or adolescent and to provide them with the adequate conditions for their integral development.

 

            IV.       That a great number of children and adolescents of our region have the fullness of their rights affected daily by poverty, abandonment, mistreatment and the lack of institutional mechanisms to completely ensure the enjoyment of their Rights.

 

V.        That the above explains, to a certain degree, that, when speaking of intercountry adoption, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are normally the adopted children's States of Origin, and Europe and North America are normally Receiving States.

 

VI.       That a process of intercountry adoption commits the responsibility of the states–Receiving States as much as States of Origin–and consequently obliges that each process of adoption reinforce and not be detrimental to the best interests of the child.

 

            VII.      That, having signed or ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child, our countries have explicitly recognized:

 

                    That the child or adolescent, having his or her condition as a person and his or her specific state of maturity recognized, requires and may demand from his or her family, society and State, special protection and care, including due legal protection.

 

                    That it is the obligation of the State to promote efficient and institutional policies to prevent the abandonment of children and adolescents and to favor their stay in the family environment.

 

                    That it is the obligation of the State to provide special protection to children and adolescents deprived of their family environment and to ensure that they may benefit from a substitute for familial attention, if it be necessary.

 

                    That children and adolescents have the right to preserve their identity, including nationality, name and family relations, in accordance with the law, without illicit interference.

 

                    That when a child or adolescent is illegally deprived of one or all elements of his or her identity, he or she should receive appropriate assistance and protection to rapidly reestablish his or her identity.

 

                    That the best interests of the child must be the primary consideration to keep in mind in all processes of intercountry adoption.

 

                    That the States must safeguard the best interests of the child in intercountry adoption through internal, national or domestic measures, and, at the same time, through the establishment of bilateral or multilateral agreements which guarantee that the transfer of the child or adolescent from his or her country of origin to another, by means of an intercountry adoption, should be done through the competent authorities or organizations and with arrangement of procedures which sufficiently care for the best interests of the child.

 

                    That the States must ensure that the principle of subsidiarity of intercountry adoption remain in effect, with respect to national adoption, thus fulfilling the mandate of promoting all measures directed at keeping children and adolescents in their country of origin, when this corresponds to the best interests of the child, as the form of promotion of their right to an identity and culture of their own.

 

                    That children and adolescents are active subjects and protagonists of their rights, something which must be expressed in the procedures that involve them. In particular, those procedures must permit children and adolescents to express their opinion and their opinion be a relevant precedent, which conforms to the domestic or international rule, when comes the time for the authority in charge to decide.

 

                    That children and adolescents have the right to know their origins and identity, meaning that States must promote that minors given for adoption be given access to information about to their origins, respecting their best interests and their right to the truth about their life history.

 

WE PROPOSE THAT EACH STATE CONSIDER:

 

I.                    Promoting policies of prevention of abandonment, recognizing that the family–as a fundamental group of society and natural medium for the growth and well-being of all its members, particularly children and adolescents–must receive the protection and assistance necessary to fully assume its responsibility within the community.

 

II.                 Promoting internal adoption within a population as a form of giving a family to children and adolescents abandoned by their parents, once the possibilities of maintaining them with their biological family have been exhausted.

III.               Promoting the social and legal conditions to ratify existing international conventions on the subject, particularly the International Convention Relative to the Protection of Children and to Cooperation on the Subject of Intercountry Adoption, signed in the Hague in 1993.

 

IV.              Constituting a Network of Central Authorities in charge of making a proposal for the design, structure and definition of the common procedures the Central Authorities apply, which will meet periodically to monitor the functioning of international cooperation on the subject.

 

V.                 Entrusting the Inter-American Children's Institute, specialized organization of the Organization of American States, with the work of Technical Secretary of this Network in the Americas, providing all of the countries of the region with the support necessary to develop a technical registration system which permits the follow-up, evaluation and control of intercountry adoption and facilitates the fulfillment by the Central Authorities of the functions prescribed to them in the Hague Convention.

 

VI.              Promoting, before the corresponding authorities, the criminal classification of activities that consist of:

 

a.                   The undue or deceptive obtaining of a minor through adoption, as well as the transfer of a minor to another country by way of illicit conduct or with illicit purposes;

b.                   The soliciting or accepting of any kind of remuneration or favors of any nature for the execution of, or cooperation in, any of the activities mentioned in point a); and

c.                   The obtaining of a minor through adoption for the purpose of commercializing or financially profiting from him or her.

 

The States should make sure that the aforementioned penal descriptions can be applied to the method of execution which covers the territory of more than one State, thus solving potential problems of extraterritoriality.

 

VII.            Promoting, before the competent organizations of each State, the ratification of those international agreements which have the objective of penalizing the conducts linked to the trafficking of minors, or the cooperation for their persecution and punishment.

 

VIII.    Promoting widespread cooperation between countries aimed at exchanging information on any situation related to the conducts described above, in order to adopt in each of them the measures deemed pertinent, to prevent them as much as to reassure the due respect for the best interests of the child.

 

IX.       Promoting the signing of bilateral accords between the countries that practice intercountry adoption, in order to fulfill that which is prescribed in the Hague Convention and to adopt complementary instruments on the subject of intercountry adoption.

 

Clarification from the Delegation of Argentina

 

Notwithstanding its conformity with the Declaration in general, the Argentine Delegation states that its country does not foresee adhering to the forms of intercountry adoption which would make Argentina seem to be a country of departure of children and adolescents, due to express constitutional and legal prescriptions currently in effect.


AG/RES. 1633 (XXIX-O/99)

 

EVALUATION OF THE WORKINGS OF THE INTER-AMERICAN SYSTEM

FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
WITH A VIEW TO ITS STRENGTHENING AND IMPROVEMENT

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on evaluation and improvement of the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights (CP/CAJP-1522/99), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1546 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

BEARING IN MIND that Article 3. l of the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes as one of its principles that “the American States proclaim the fundamental rights of the individual, without distinction as to race, nationality, creed, or sex”;

 

AWARE that international promotion and protection of human rights is intended to enhance and complement the protection afforded under the domestic law of the member states and is based on the dignity of the individual; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the Heads of State and Government, in the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, affirmed the need to strengthen and improve the inter-American human rights system through concrete initiatives; and

 

That it is advisable to pursue efforts to strengthen and improve the inter-American human rights system, including the possibility of evaluating the corresponding legal instruments and the working methods and procedures of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To promote concrete initiatives and measures designed to strengthen the institutional structure of the inter-American human rights system within the framework of the legal instruments governing it and to promote ties with national as well as regional and international entities with similar purposes so as to strengthen and improve that system.

 

2.         To instruct the Permanent Council to continue its comprehensive consideration of the various aspects involved in the evaluation of the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights with a view to strengthening and improving it, formulating such recommendations as the Permanent Council considers appropriate.

3.         To instruct the Permanent Council to promote dialogue and cooperation among the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system and, where appropriate, with the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights and other governmental and nongovernmental organizations and institutions.

 

4.         To forward this resolution to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

 

5.          To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on compliance with this resolution.


AG/RES. 1634 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PROCEDURES FOR PREPARING AND ADOPTING INTER-AMERICAN LEGAL INSTRUMENTS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on preparing and adopting legal instruments within the inter-American system (CP/doc.3193/99 rev. 1), presented in fulfillment of resolution AG/RES. 1560 (XXVIII-O/98), “Procedures for Preparing and Adopting Inter-American Legal Instruments within the Organization of American States”; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the Organization of American States is the Hemisphere's forum par excellence for the development and codification of international law;

 

That the OAS has a long history of preparing basic inter-American legal instruments;

 

            That full participation by a greater number of the member states will strengthen and build on that process;

 

            That the procedural guidelines for preparing inter-American legal instruments should encourage full participation and ensure that the member states will be kept duly informed in a timely fashion throughout the process and be able to air their views;

 

            That the guidelines should also ensure that the instruments ultimately adopted will be of the highest legal caliber;

 

That, at the time of preparing relevant inter-American legal instruments, it is advisable to recall that the “Declaration on Equal Rights and Opportunity for Women and Men and Gender Equity in Inter-American Legal Instruments” [AG/DEC. 18 (XXVIII-O/98)] recommends to the member states that "any relevant inter-American instruments adopted in the future on the rights of individuals expressly ensure the equality of women and men before the law, equal opportunity for men and women, and gender equity”; and

 

That it is advisable to establish a single procedure that is still flexible enough to be adapted for use in preparing various types of legal instruments,

 

RESOLVES:

 

To adopt the following recommended guidelines for preparing and adopting inter-American legal instruments within the Organization:

 

 

RECOMMENDED GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING AND ADOPTING
INTER-AMERICAN LEGAL INSTRUMENTS

 

 

Scope

 

1.                   The sole purpose of the following recommendations is to guide and facilitate the preparation of inter-American legal instruments where a procedure has not already been expressly provided for or the states have not agreed on the corresponding procedure for a specific case.

 

2.                   The implementation of one or more of these recommendations shall not prejudice the application of or the need to apply the other provisions of this resolution, as agreed by the states.

 

Proposal

 

3.         At any time within the appropriate forum, all member states shall have the authority to propose any topic for consideration as the subject matter of an inter-American legal instrument.  For the purposes of this resolution, “inter-American legal instrument” means any treaty, convention, or any other agreement having legal effect adopted by the member states within the framework of the Organization.

 

4.         The delegations may apply these procedures in the consideration and adoption of documents other than treaties, conventions, or agreements, as they deem pertinent.

 

5.         If the proposal is not rejected by the forum in which it is introduced, a preliminary study shall be requested.

 

Preliminary Study

 

6.         The preliminary study shall be prepared by the General Secretariat within a reasonable time.  The Secretariat may request the advice of the organs, agencies, and entities it considers pertinent.

 

7.         The preliminary study shall contain the following:

 

a.         Specification of existing legal instruments in force on the proposed topic;

 

b.                Specification of current projects to prepare international legal instruments on the proposed topic; and

 

c.         A recommendation as to the need for preparing an inter-American legal instrument on the topic and, if appropriate:

 

i.          A recommendation as to the method to be used to prepare the legal instrument; and

 

ii.                   A recommendation as to the type of legal instrument to be adopted.

 

8.         The Permanent Council shall be notified when a preliminary study has been initiated.

 

9.         When the preliminary study has been completed, the General Secretariat shall forward it to the forum that requested it.

 

10.        If the aforementioned forum concludes that it is advisable to prepare an inter-American legal instrument, the matter shall be submitted to the Permanent Council for consideration.

 

11.        If the Permanent Council approves of this conclusion, it shall specify the procedure for preparing the instrument.

 

Preparatory Work and Initial Drafts

 

12.        Throughout the entire preparatory process and negotiating phase of an inter-American legal instrument, the Secretariat for Legal Affairs of the General Secretariat shall provide advisory services and legal support, and shall transmit information to the states. Timely notification shall be made to the missions of the member states or their designees regarding meetings and developments in connection with the preparation of legal instruments.

 

13.        As soon as the preparatory process has been determined, member states shall be notified thereof and of the opportunity for consultations.  Member states may also participate by completing questionnaires, presenting their views through their delegations, and providing written comments on the drafts.

 

14.        The Permanent Council shall instruct a working group of that organ to carry out the preparatory work and draw up the initial drafts.

 

15.        To carry out the task, the working group may establish the standards, guidelines, and objectives to govern the preparation of the draft.  It may entrust the drawing up of the initial draft, among other things, to the Inter-American Juridical Committee, the proposing organ, or to any other body considered appropriate.

 

16.        The preparatory work may include the following:

 

            a.         An analysis of the preliminary study;

 

                        b.         Consideration of comments by the member states; and

 

c.         Consideration of comments made by the institutions from which they have been requested.

 

17.        Prior to negotiations and adoption of the final draft, member states shall be given sufficient time and the opportunity to analyze the initial draft.

 

18.        The final draft legal instrument shall be prepared in all official languages of the OAS.  All versions shall be reviewed by a drafting committee for accuracy before presentation to the member states.

 

19.        The final draft legal instrument shall be distributed to the member states well in advance of the date scheduled for its consideration by the Permanent Council.

 

20.        Once the above process has concluded, the final draft instrument shall be transmitted to the Permanent Council so that it may determine procedures for possible adoption.

 


AG/RES. 1635 (XXIX-O/99)

 

AMERICAN DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF MAN

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (CP/CAJP-1523/99 corr. 1), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1591 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

Bearing in mind that, in 1948, the Ninth International Conference of American States adopted the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, which is based on human dignity, essential human rights, duties, and the need to create increasingly favorable conditions for the full observance of those values;

 

Taking into account that the aforementioned Conference also determined that the promotion and protection of the human rights enshrined in the American Declaration should be strengthened on an ongoing basis;

 

RECALLING that Article II of the Declaration provides that “all persons are equal before the law and have the rights and duties established in this Declaration, without distinction as to race, sex, language, creed or any other factor”; and

 

Taking into account that the General Assembly, in resolution AG/RES. 1591 (XXVIII-O/98), instructed the Permanent Council to study and propose, if appropriate, changing the title “American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man” to “American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Persons,” or any other agreed term, and replacing the word “man” in the text with “person,” or any other agreed term, where appropriate,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To extend the mandate given to the Permanent Council in resolution AG/RES. 1591 (XXVIII-O/98), “American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man.”

 

            2.         To request the Permanent Council to report on the implementation of this mandate to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1636 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM OF CULTURE

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the Inter-American Program of Culture (CP/CAJP-1524 /99 corr. 1), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1578 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

REAFFIRMING that the OAS has agreed to intensify its efforts to promote dialogue and cooperative action on priority issues of common interest in favor of integral and sustainable development, and that culture is a fundamental and integral component of the development of the Americas;

 

CONSIDERING that illicit trafficking in cultural goods in the region endangers the preservation of the cultural heritage of the Americas; and

 

RECALLING that, in the above-mentioned resolution, AG/RES. 1578 (XXVIII-O/98), the Permanent Council was instructed to “establish a working group to prepare an inter-American convention to combat illicit trafficking in cultural goods, on the basis of existing legal instruments and experience, and to report on the progress of its work to the General Assembly at its next regular session,”

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To extend the mandate issued to the Permanent Council in operative paragraph 2 of resolution AG/RES. 1578 (XXVIII-O/98), “Inter-American Program of Culture.”

 

2.         To request the Permanent Council to report on the implementation of this mandate to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1637 (XXIX-O/97)

 

PERMANENT SPECIFIC FUND TO FINANCE ACTIVITIES
RELATED TO OAS ELECTORAL OBSERVATION MISSIONS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN resolutions AG/RES. 991 (XIX-O/89) and CP/RES. 572 (882/91), which provide that resources to finance electoral observation missions are to come from external sources;

 

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that resolution CP/RES. 572 (882/91) of the Permanent Council establishes that the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy aims to respond promptly and efficiently to requests from member states;

 

RECALLING that resolutions AG/RES. 1401 (XXVI-O/96) and AG/RES. 1475 (XXVII-O/97), whose relevant sections refer to consideration of the possibility of establishing a permanent voluntary fund to finance activities by electoral observation missions of the Organization;

 

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that resolution AG/RES. 1551 (XXVIII-O/98) resolves, in operative paragraph 4, “To take note of the discussion of the Working Group on Representative Democracy on the proposal to establish, within the General Secretariat, a permanent voluntary fund to finance electoral observer missions that the member states may request; and to instruct the General Secretariat to reformulate the study of that fund and submit it for consideration by the Permanent Council, through that Group” [the Working Group on Representative Democracy];

 

HAVING CONSIDERED the document “Proposal for a Permanent Specific Fund to Finance OAS Electoral Observation Missions”(CP/CAJP-1475/99), prepared by the General Secretariat through the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy; and

 

HAVING EXAMINED the document “Draft Guidelines for the Establishment of a Permanent Specific Fund to Finance OAS Electoral Observation Missions” (CP/CAJP-1495/99), which resulted from the deliberations in the Working Group on Representative Democracy and consideration of the topic by the Permanent Council;

 

AWARE that the number of electoral observation missions requested by member states has increased markedly in recent years;

 

CONCERNED that the absence of immediately available funds may affect the timely fulfillment of the objectives assigned to electoral observation missions;

 

            CONSIDERING that there was agreement, during the discussion that took place in the Working Group on Representative Democracy, on the advisability of establishing a permanent voluntary fund to contribute to financing electoral observation missions that would enable such missions to perform their tasks efficiently and effectively; and

 

            EMPHASIZING that such a permanent voluntary fund should be established in accordance with express guidelines that define its objectives and regulate the activities to be financed, the ways in which the fund will be financed, management of the fund, and submission of reports on the use of fund resources,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To establish a permanent specific fund to finance the activities related to electoral observation missions referred to in the guidelines attached to this resolution.

 

2.         To approve those guidelines which shall govern utilization of the permanent specific fund.

 

3.         To establish that administrative costs associated with management of the fund shall be within resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 


APPENDIX

 

GUIDELINES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PERMANENT SPECIFIC FUND TO

FINANCE ACTIVITIES RELATED TO OAS ELECTORAL OBSERVATION MISSIONS

 

 

I.  OBJECTIVES

 

1.         To contribute to funding the activities of electoral observation missions (MOEs), so that the OAS is able to respond in a timely manner to requests from interested states, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 991 (XIX-O/89).

 

2.         To supplement the current funding system for MOEs, which is based on individual voluntary contributions made by member states or other sources.  The Unit for the Promotion of Democracy shall continue to solicit such contributions to finance each mission for which it receives a request.

 

3.         To promote enlargement of the base of donors and diversification of the sources of funding.

 

 

II.  ACTIVITIES

 

1.                   The Fund shall essentially be used to prepare pre-electoral exploratory missions in order to:

 

a.                   Provide a prompt, timely response to states that have requested that an electoral observation mission be sent;

 

b.                   Determine the requirements of the electoral observation mission; and

 

c.                   Meet the immediate requirements that might arise in connection with a request.

 

2.                   Taking account of the resources available in the Fund and its capacity to finance the primary activity described above, the Fund could be used:

 

a.                   In the course of a MOE, for unforeseen expenses that arise during the electoral process and are considered essential to the achievement of mission objectives.

 

b.                   To finance, on an exceptional basis, electoral observation missions of particular interest to the requesting state, but for which there were insufficient voluntary contributions.

 

 

III.  FINANCING AND ADMINISTRATION

 

1.                   Contributions to the fund shall be voluntary and their amounts shall be determined by each donor.

 

2.                   The Fund shall be administered by the UPD, the General Secretariat unit responsible for organizing and conducting electoral observation missions.  The Fund shall be managed in accordance with the General Standards to Govern the Operations of the General Secretariat and other provisions and regulations of the Organization.

 

3.                   The UPD shall be responsible for soliciting contributions to the Fund from member states, permanent observers, international organizations, and other possible contributors.  The UPD shall seek to raise sufficient funds to ensure that established objectives are met.

 

 

IV.  PRESENTATION OF REPORTS

 

1.                      The General Secretariat shall include in its quarterly reports to the Permanent Council on the activities of the UPD a section in the financial report on activities financed by the Fund.

 

2.                      In the final report on each MOE, the General Secretariat shall include information on the activities financed by Fund resources and on those financed by specific contributions from individual countries and/or organizations.

 

 


AG/RES. 1638 (XXIX-O/99)

 

THE PANAMA CANAL

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

REAFFIRMING the Declaration of Washington signed by the heads of state, heads of government, and representatives of the American republics on September 7, 1977, which recognizes “the importance hemisphere and world commerce and navigation of arrangements for ensuring the continuing accessibility and neutrality of the Panama Canal” set forth in the treaties concluded on that date by the governments of the Republic of Panama and the United States of America, known as the Torrijos-Carter treaties;

 

UNDERLINING the extraordinary importance of the historic event whereby, at noon on December 31, 1999, on the threshold of the 21st century, the Canal with all its improvements will come under the sovereign control of the Republic of Panama;

 

UNDERLINING ALSO that the Republic of Panama is fully prepared to fulfill such an important mission, as it exercises complete sovereignty over its territory and takes on all the tasks associated with managing the Canal in the interests of all free peoples on earth;

 

NOTING WITH APPROVAL the efforts undertaken by the Government of Panama and the Government of the United States during this process;

 

EMPHASIZING the need to establish favorable conditions for regional cooperation based on a consensus about the importance that the inter-oceanic canal, oceans, seas, and coastal areas, as well as the utilization of marine resources, have for human communities and for their management and rational use;

 

REITERATING that maintenance of the neutrality of the Panama Canal is important for trade and the security of the Republic of Panama, for the peace and security of the Western Hemisphere, and for the interests of world trade;

 

RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 324 (VIII-O/78), "Deposit with the General Secretariat of the OAS of the Treaty concerning the Permanent Neutrality and Operation of the Panama Canal," and AG/RES. 427 (IX-O/79), "Call for Accession to the Protocol to the Treaty concerning the Permanent Neutrality and Operation of the Panama Canal"; and resolution AG/RES. 1376 (XXVI-O/96) “The Panama Canal in the 21st Century”;

 

            RECOGNIZING the decisive role of the inter-oceanic waterway in an open, multilateral system, which requires that the Canal be modernized in the 21st century and that its operations be adapted to the new environment created by globalization of the economy and the opening of markets, with the attendant increase in international trade; and

            WELCOMING the harmonious transition process in which the two governments have engaged through their diplomatic representatives, the Panama Canal Commission, the Inter-oceanic Region Authority, and the Panama Canal Authority,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To pay tribute to the governments of Panama and the United States for their efforts to promptly implement the provisions of the Panama Canal Treaty and the Treaty concerning the Permanent Neutrality and Operation of the Panama Canal of 1977.

 

            2.         To reaffirm the importance of continuing accessibility to the Panama Canal for world trade and navigation and sustainable management of the ecosystem of its catchment basin.

 

3.         To call on all nations of the region and the world that have not yet done so to accede to the protocol to the treaty declaring the permanent neutrality of the Panama Canal, so that at all times it will always remain secure and open to peaceful transit by ships of all nations on terms of complete equality.

 

4.         To support the efforts of the Panamanian Government, the Panama Canal Commission, and the Panama Canal Authority to continue the modernization of the Panama Canal so that the inter-oceanic waterway will efficiently serve the increasing needs of sea transport and world commerce and all other exchanges beneficial to humanity.

 

5.         To convene a protocolary meeting of the Permanent Council to commemorate the signing of the Panama Canal treaties.


AG/RES. 1639 (XXIX-O/99)

 

COOPERATION BETWEEN THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN

STATES AND THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the General Secretariat on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 1536 (XXVIII-O/98), “Cooperation between the Organization of American States and the United Nations System,”

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.                   To express to the Secretary General of the Organization of American States its satisfaction with the activities carried out jointly by the two organizations under the OAS/UN Cooperation Agreement.

 

2.                   To reiterate its recognition to the Assistant Secretary General of the Organization of American States for the positive results achieved through coordinating technical cooperation activities.

 

3.                   To express its satisfaction with the exchanges between the two organizations on subjects such as the strengthening and modernization of the OAS and hemispheric security, and with the joint activities of the Secretary General and the United Nations in the areas of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development, the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the Inter-American Commission of Women, the Trade Unit, the Unit for Social Development and Education, the Unit for Sustainable Development and Environment, the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy, the Office of Cultural Affairs, and the Inter-American Children's Institute.

 

4.                   To request that the Secretary General submit a report on the implementation of this resolution at the thirtieth regular session of the General Assembly.


AG/RES. 1640 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SPECIAL SECURITY CONCERNS OF SMALL ISLAND STATES

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and in particular the chapter on hemispheric security, which includes the topic “Special Security Concerns of Small Island States”;

 

RECALLING:

 

Its resolutions AG/RES. 1497 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1567 (XXVIII-O/98), “Special Security Concerns of Small Island States” and AG/RES. 1410 (XXVI-O/96), “Promotion of Security in the Small Island States”; and

 

Its instruction, in resolutions AG/RES. 1567 (XXVIII-O/98) mentioned above and AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98), “Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas,” to the Permanent Council to consider convening another high-level meeting on the special security concerns of small island states;

 

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT its resolution AG/RES. 1674 (XXIX-O/99), “Climate Change in the Americas”;

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the member states, pursuant to Article 1 of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), have pledgedto achieve an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence; and that Article 2.a of the Charter establishes that one of the essential purposes of the Organization isto strengthen the peace and security of the continent”; and

 

That Article 3.b of the Charter establishes thatinternational order consists essentially of respect for the personality, sovereignty, and independence of States, and the faithful fulfillment of obligations derived from treaties and other sources of international law”;

 

REAFFIRMING that the small island states have concluded that their security is multidimensional in scope and application and encompasses, inter alia, the military-political aspects traditionally associated with the security of states; the protection and preservation of the states’ sovereignty and territorial integrity; freedom from external military attack and coercion; freedom from external interference by states or by non-state agents in their internal political affairs; protection from ecological disasters and environmental conditions, which could imperil their viability; the link between trade, economic development, and security; and the ability to maintain and protect democratic institutions, which ensure domestic tranquility;

 

RECOGNIZING:

 

That small island states are particularly vulnerable to the potential effects of global climate change, such as sea-level rise, and that hurricanes and tropical storms have resulted in serious loss of resources and infrastructure and have severely affected the economic and social development of these countries;

 

That by virtue of their size, small island states are characterized by their smaller economies;

 

            That the security of small island states can be strengthened by collaboration among small island states and between these states and other states in the Hemisphere;

 

            That the security of small island states can be enhanced by the application of those confidence- and security-building measures identified in the Declarations of Santiago and San Salvador on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures; and

 

            That the High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States, held in San Salvador in 1998, concluded that the security of small island states can be enhanced by declaring the Caribbean a zone of peace;

 

RECALLING that at the Summit of the Americas on Sustainable Development, held in Bolivia in 1996, Heads of State and Government undertook “to promote the agreements reached at the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States held in Barbados in 1994”;

 

NOTING:

 

That member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) have proposed that the Caribbean Sea be internationally recognized as a special area in the context of sustainable development; and

 

That at their Third Western Hemispheric Meeting, ministers responsible for transportation agreed to actively and collectively encourage international maritime and air carriers to fully comply with international standards for the carriage of nuclear waste and other hazardous cargo and agreed to continue regional discussions on progress achieved; and

 

ACKNOWLEDGING the important work undertaken by the OAS General Secretariat and other organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system in order to assist the small island states in addressing their special security concerns,

 

RESOLVES:

 

            1.         To take note of the Annual Report of the Permanent Council insofar as it relates to the special security concerns of small island states.

            2.         To instruct the Permanent Council to continue to study, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security and in collaboration with the General Secretariat, ways to generate greater awareness and understanding of the special security concerns of the small island states and to identify and promote the application of new measures of cooperation to address these concerns.

 

            3.         To encourage member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) to exchange and share information which could strengthen the security and defense capabilities of small island states.

 

            4.         To urge member states to support efforts by small island states to deal with their special security concerns, particularly those of an economic and financial nature, taking into consideration their vulnerability and level of development.

 

            5.         To request that the General Secretariat and the appropriate organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system develop and strengthen programs of cooperation in small island states to prevent and mitigate the effects of natural disasters, based on the request and authorization of the states involved.

 

            6.         To urge member states to actively implement the cooperation program in the Plan of Action of the Third Western Hemispheric Ministerial Meeting on Transportation on maritime and air carriage of nuclear and other hazardous wastes.

 

            7.         To recommend that member states adopt policies to preserve the natural environment of the Caribbean, including policies on the movement of hazardous waste pursuant to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal.

 

            8.         To urge member states to cooperate with the small island states in the eradication of transnational criminal activity that threatens the stability and security of the said small island states; and to instruct the Permanent Council and its appropriate committees and working groups, in collaboration with the General Secretariat, to identify ways in which to combat such criminal activity and to support the small island states in their efforts to eradicate the said activity.

 

9.         To recognize the importance of participation by the OAS in the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly for the review and appraisal of the Barbados Programme of Action and to encourage consideration of issues of specific concern to small island states at relevant sectoral meetings, including the Inter-American Committee on Sustainable Development.

 

10.        To take note with satisfaction of the ongoing technical support provided by the General Secretariat to small island states as smaller economies in the negotiations for the Free Trade Area of the Americas.

 

11.        To request the Permanent Council to study the proposal that security for small island states can be enhanced by declaring the Caribbean a Zone of Peace, and to report on its findings to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

12.        To reiterate its request to the Permanent Council that it continue its consideration of the special security concerns of small island states with a view to convening, when appropriate, another high-level meeting on this issue and to carrying out the requisite preparatory work for that meeting.

 

            13.        To instruct the General Secretariat to continue to implement appropriate action to address the special security concerns of small island states, including those identified at the High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States, held in San Salvador in February 1998, and at the special meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security held in October 1996.

 

`           14.        To instruct the Permanent Council to carry out the activities mentioned in this resolution in accordance with the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

            15.        To instruct the General Secretariat to report to the Permanent Council, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security and prior to the thirtieth regular session of the General Assembly, on its compliance with the provisions of this resolution.

 

16.        To instruct the Permanent Council to report on the implementation of this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

17.        To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary General of the Association of Caribbean States and to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

 

 


AG/RES. 1641 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SUPPORT FOR THE MINE-CLEARING PROGRAM IN CENTRAL AMERICA

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99), and in particular its references to the Report of the Secretary General on Activities of the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD) for the Third Quarter of 1998 (CP/doc.3145/99) and the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America (PADCA);

 

BEARING IN MIND its resolutions AG/RES. 1122 (XXI-O/91), AG/RES. 1191 (XXII-O/92), AG/RES. 1343 (XXV-O/95), AG/RES. 1413 (XXVI-O/96), AG/RES. 1498 (XVII-O/97), and underscoring its resolution AG/RES. 1568 (XXVIII-O/98), “Support for the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America,” as well as its resolution AG/RES. 1240 (XXIII-O/93), “Inter-American Defense Board”;

 

            BEARING IN MIND also the document “The Organization of American States’ Mine-Clearing Assistance Program in Central America: Responsibilities of Participants” (GT/PDCA-7/97 rev. 1);

 

REAFFIRMING its profound concern over the presence in Central America of thousands of antipersonnel mines and other undetonated explosive devices that continue to constitute a threat to the population and have deadly effects, primarily on innocent civilians, causing tragedy to individuals and families, standing in the way of socioeconomic development in vast, rich, rural areas, and affecting border integration in those areas;

 

EXPRESSING in particular its alarm over the high number of victims, primarily children, of mines and other undetonated explosive devices; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the passage of Hurricane Mitch has caused a setback to demining operations, particularly in Honduras and Nicaragua, due to the displacement of mines from their original location;

 

That the effects of Hurricane Mitch and the magnitude of the task yet to be completed in Nicaragua (73,000 mines) make it essential to assess the feasibility of the goal of completing the mine-clearing operation by the year 2000;

 

The appeal for additional support in the form of resources and supervisors made by the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) to member states, donors, and cooperation agencies with a view to redoubling efforts to complete the demining program in Honduras and Nicaragua as soon as possible;

 

The deteriorated state of the air and ground transport equipment used in the work of removing mines and evacuating potential victims, which has already caused regrettable tragedies and affects the continuation of the demining programs;

 

The efforts being made by the Governments of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua to complete antipersonnel mine-clearing activities;

 

The valuable contribution made to PADCA by Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela, as member states, and by France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom, as permanent observers, as well as by Denmark and Norway;

 

The important coordination and fundraising work of the OAS General Secretariat, through the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy, for PADCA and for programs aimed at the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas;

 

The valuable support of the Committee on Hemispheric Security and the important technical assistance provided by the Inter-American Defense Board to PADCA;

 

The efforts of Central American countries to ensure that international instruments on antipersonnel mines include consideration of the humanitarian aspects of mine-clearing and the provision of assistance to victims;

 

The entry into force on March 1, 1999, of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (the Ottawa Convention), and its ratification by the countries of Central America;

 

The beginning of mine-clearing operations and the removal of explosive devices in Guatemala;

 

The implementation of the Dog-Team Program in support of PADCA in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras;

 

The creation within the UPD of a program area for “Integral Action against Antipersonnel Mines” (AICMA), which will serve as the focal point within the General Secretariat in efforts to combat antipersonnel mines;

 

The activities of the joint Mexico-Canada-Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) cooperation program to provide care to antipersonnel land mine victims in El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua;

 

The valuable contributions of the Regional Seminar on Antipersonnel Land Mines, “Reaffirming Our Commitment,” sponsored by Mexico and Canada with the support of the OAS and PAHO, held in Mexico City on January 11 and 12, 1999, where the significant contribution of the OAS to mine-clearing in Central America was highlighted;

 

The holding of the “Meeting on Progress in Mine-Clearing in Central America,” in Managua, Nicaragua, on April 12 and 13, 1999; and the Joint Declaration of Central American Ministers of Foreign Affairs, reaffirming the commitment of their governments to mine-clearing efforts and the destruction of explosive devices, as well as the firm commitment to completing, as soon as possible, national mine-destruction programs; and

 

The holding of the first meeting of states parties to the Ottawa Convention, in Maputo, Mozambique, May 3 to 7, 1999,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To note with satisfaction the annual report of the Permanent Council, with respect to the activities of the General Secretariat under the Mine-Clearing Program for Central America (PADCA).

 

2.         To reiterate its gratitude to member states, to permanent observer states, and to the international community in general for their contributions to PADCA and to the programs aimed at preventive education of the civilian population regarding the danger of antipersonnel mines, the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims, and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas, and to urge that they continue such support.

 

3.         To call upon member states, donors, and cooperation agencies to respond favorably to the appeal for additional support made by the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) in order to redouble efforts, in the wake of the devastation caused by Hurricane Mitch, to complete the demining program in Honduras and Nicaragua as soon as possible.

 

4.         To urge the General Secretariat to seek external resources for the purchase of adequate equipment and, as needed, the inspection and repair of existent equipment, to ensure the safety of persons involved in mine-clearing work and the prompt evacuation of victims in cases of emergency.

 

5.         To welcome the entry into force, on March 1, 1999, of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Antipersonnel Mines and on their Destruction (the Ottawa Convention), calling upon states parties that are in a position to do so to provide assistance for the removal of mines, for the rehabilitation and the social and economic reintegration of victims, and for information programs about the risk of land mines in Central America.

 

6.         To note with satisfaction the ratification of the Ottawa Convention by the countries of Central America.

 

7.         To call attention to the holding of the Regional Seminar on Antipersonnel Land Mines: Reaffirming our Commitment; the Meeting on Progress in Mine-Clearing in Central America; and the First Meeting of States Parties to the Ottawa Convention, for their contribution to the dissemination of information on the deadly effects of antipersonnel land mines and the efforts that are being made to eliminate these weapons and secure international support for demining programs and for the rehabilitation of victims of mines.

 

8.         To stress the importance of the Updated National Plan for Mine Clearance submitted by the Government of Nicaragua, as well as the OAS International Plan of Support for Nicaragua.

 

9.         To urge the General Secretariat to continue to provide, within resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, the necessary support for the Central American countries to continue mine-clearing programs and programs aimed at preventive education, rehabilitation of victims, and reclamation of demined areas.

 

10.        To request the Inter-American Council for Integral Development to develop as part of its cooperation program, and in keeping with the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 1997-2001, programs of socioeconomic and educational support to communities in Central America where antipersonnel mine-clearing has been completed.

 

11.        To request the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system to cooperate with the demining programs and those aimed at preventive education for the civilian population regarding the danger of antipersonnel mines, the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims, and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas in Central America.

 

12.        To request the Inter-American Defense Board to continue to provide technical assistance to the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America.

 

13.        To encourage the continued efforts of the Joint Mexico-Canada-Pan American Health Organization Program to provide care for victims of antipersonnel mines in El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, including the involvement of affected persons in decisions related to their care and treatment.

 

14.        To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the United Nations Secretary General and to other international organizations that he deems appropriate.

 

15.        To request the General Secretariat to present a report on the implementation of this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

 


AG/RES. 1642 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PROLIFERATION OF AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING IN

SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and, in particular, the chapter on the Report of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-214/99), as it relates to the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons;

 

WELCOMING the decision of the United Nations General Assembly, expressed through the adoption of resolution 53/77E entitled "Small Arms", to convene an international conference on the illicit arms trade in all its aspects, no later than 2001;

 

RECALLING the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials;

 

EMPHASIZING the importance of the member states signing or ratifying this Convention as soon as possible;

 

RECALLING also its resolution “Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas” [AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98)], which instructed the Permanent Council to endeavor, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to advance the development of the most appropriate approach, at the hemispheric level, to strengthening dialogue aimed at addressing questions related to small arms and trafficking therein;

 

ACKNOWLEDGING that dealing with the problem of small arms and light weapons calls for integrated action that addresses matters of security; the collection of weapons from demobilized combatants, the destruction of those weapons, and the reintegration of such persons into civilian life; humanitarian issues; cultural and economic circumstances specific to each case; and the legal aspects of arms control;

 

ACKNOWLEDGING also, the need for a coordinated and comprehensive approach at the global, regional and national levels to combat the destabilizing accumulation and proliferation of small arms and light weapons in order to contribute to regional and international peace and security;

 

AWARE of the urgent need to continue hemispheric cooperation in order to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, due to the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each State and the region as a whole, endangering the well-being of peoples, their social and economic development, and their right to live in peace;

CONVINCED of the need to continue and to intensify multilateral cooperation as an important contribution to addressing the problems associated with the proliferation of and the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons;

 

RECOGNIZING the valuable work of the United Nations and the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on Small Arms to advance solutions to the small arms and light weapons challenge to regional and international security;

 

REAFFIRMING member states’ commitment to respect the United Nations Security Council arms embargoes through the adoption, as may be necessary, of appropriate national norms;

 

TAKING NOTE with interest of the work in progress for the elaboration of an international convention against transnational organized crime, including a protocol to combat illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, in the framework of the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice of the Economic and Social Council, and also of other related efforts by that Commission and the Centre for International Crime Prevention in Vienna;

 

RECALLING with satisfaction the unprecedented West African moratorium on the import, export, and manufacturing of small arms declared by members of the Economic Community of West African States on October 31, 1998;

 

NOTING the Oslo document entitled “An International Agenda on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Elements of a Common Understanding”; and

 

ACKNOWLEDGING the importance of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission’s (CICAD) Model Regulations for the Control of the International Movement of Firearms, their Parts and Components, and Ammunition adopted at its twenty-eighth regular session [AG/RES. 1543 (XXVIII-O/98)], and expressing its satisfaction with the work on those Model Regulations and CICAD’s related training programs,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To encourage member states to apply, where appropriate, the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission’s (CICAD) Model Regulations in the development of national legislation and regulations.

 

2.         To encourage member states to adopt such measures concerning arms brokering and transit as may be necessary to combat the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons.

 

3.                   To request that CICAD continue its training programs in order to contribute to the capabilities of member states to address the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in firearms.

 

4.         To instruct the Permanent Council, that through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, it:

 

a.         Hold a meeting to continue advancing the development of the most appropriate approach at the hemispheric level to strengthen dialogue aimed at addressing questions related to small arms and light weapons and the illicit trafficking therein; and

 

b.         Invite to that meeting the Chairman of the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on Small Arms, the available experts from the member states that participated in that Group, the Chairman of the United Nations Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, and the Director of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, so that they may provide information on the results of their work.

 

5.         To express its support for the conclusion, by the year 2000, of negotiations in Vienna of an international convention against transnational organized crime, and in particular, of a protocol thereto to combat the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, a process inspired by the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials.

 

6.         To request that CICAD continue to provide assistance to member states on those matters within its purview, in order to facilitate compliance with the said Inter-American Convention and the application of the said Model Regulations, as appropriate.

 

7.        To instruct the Permanent Council to carry out the activities mentioned in this resolution within funds allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

8.         To request that the Secretary General transmit this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General.

 

9.         To request that the Permanent Council report on the implementation of this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.

 

 


AG/RES. 1643 (XXIX-O/99)

 

WORK PROGRAM OF THE COMMITTEE ON HEMISPHERIC SECURITY

IN PREPARATION FOR THE SPECIAL CONFERENCE ON SECURITY

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

the General Assembly,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and, in particular, the chapter on the Report of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-214/99), which includes the topic "Work Program of the Committee on Hemispheric Security in Preparation for the Special Conference on Security";

 

BEARING IN MIND that, under Article 2 of the Charter of the Organization of American States, one of the essential aims of the Organization is to strengthen the peace and security of the continent;

 

RECALLING its resolutions on strengthening peace and security in the Hemisphere [AG/RES. 1121 (XXI-O/91) and AG/RES. 1123 (XXI-O/91)] and on confidence- and security-building measures [AG/RES. 1179 (XXII-O/92), AG/RES. 1237 (XXIII-O/93), AG/RES. 1284 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1288 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1353 (XXV-O/95), AG/RES. 1409 (XXVI-O/96), AG/RES. 1494 (XXVII-O/97), and AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98)];

 

RECALLING AS WELL that the Heads of State and Government, meeting at the Second Summit of the Americas, instructed the Committee on Hemispheric Security to "analyze the meaning, scope, and implications of international security concepts in the Hemisphere, with a view to developing the most appropriate common approaches by which to manage their various aspects, including disarmament and arms control" and to "pinpoint ways to revitalize and strengthen the institutions of the Inter-American System related to the various aspects of Hemispheric Security," with a view to holding a Special Conference on Security in the OAS framework, once these tasks had been completed and no later than the beginning of the following decade;

 

RECALLING ALSO the contribution made by the Forum on the Future of International Security in the Hemisphere, a meeting organized by the Government of Chile with support from the Government of the United States and the General Secretariat and held at OAS headquarters on April 19 and 20, 1999, at which scholars and experts from the member states exchanged views on security matters in the Hemisphere; and

 

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the special meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security held on April 20 and 21, 1999 with experts from member states, to examine the meaning, scope, and implications of international security concepts in the Hemisphere and pinpoint ways to revitalize and strengthen the institutions of the inter-American system related to the various aspects of hemispheric security; as well as the written contributions to this process submitted by member states, such as Bolivia (CP/CSH-163/99) and Canada (CP/CSH-216/99),

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To instruct the General Secretariat to conduct a study or update existing studies, as appropriate, on the status of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR) and on the Inter-American Defense Board, to compile the legal instruments pertaining to the inter-American system related to different aspects of hemispheric security, and to present those studies to the Permanent Council by November 15, 1999.

 

2.         To instruct the General Secretariat to prepare an updated record of the participation of the member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) in multilateral disarmament and arms control treaties, requesting cooperation from the United Nations to that end.

 

3.         To urge the member states to continue to provide their opinions and views to the Committee on Hemispheric Security on the fulfillment of the mandates of the Second Summit of the Americas, in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98), and especially on the matters mentioned in the first operative paragraph above.

 

4.         To urge the member states to promote the holding of academic forums, with the participation of experts and other nongovernmental forums, to further the analysis and discussion of all aspects of international security in the Hemisphere.

 

5.         To request the member states to provide the Permanent Council with any information they deem relevant on the application of security-related subregional and bilateral agreements to which they are parties, thereby contributing to the process of studying hemispheric security, including its subregional aspects.

 

6.         To request that the Permanent Council study, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, the problems and risks to peace and security in the Hemisphere, as well as to conflict prevention and resolution.

 

7.         To instruct the Permanent Council to hold, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, one or two special meetings, with experts from the member states, to continue to develop the most appropriate common approaches to the various aspects of international security in the Hemisphere, taking into account the background information contained in the studies and communications referred to above in operative paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6, as appropriate, and thereby, once those tasks are completed, further the preparations for the Special Conference on Security.

 

8.         To instruct the Permanent Council to carry out the activities referred to in this resolution in accordance with the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

9.         To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.


AG/RES. 1644 (XXIX-O/99)

 

THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE AS AN

ANTIPERSONNEL-LAND-MINE-FREE ZONE

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and, in particular, the section dealing with the Report of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-214/99), which includes the topic “The Western Hemisphere as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone”;

 

RECALLING:

 

Its resolutions "The Western Hemisphere as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone" [AG/RES. 1411 (XXVI-O/96), AG/RES. 1496 (XXVII-O/97), and AG/RES. 1569 (XXVIII-O/98)], which reaffirmed the goals of the global elimination of antipersonnel land mines and the conversion of the Western Hemisphere into an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone; and

 

Its resolutions AG/RES. 1299 (XXIV-O/94), AG/RES. 1335 (XXV-O/95), and AG/RES. 1343 (XXV-O/95), also on antipersonnel land mines;

 

WELCOMING the unwavering support of the international community and, in particular, the active participation of member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) in the campaign to rid the world of antipersonnel land mines;

 

REAFFIRMING that the right of belligerents to adopt means of injuring the enemy is not unlimited;

 

BEARING IN MIND the agreement made by the Heads of State and Government at the Second Summit of the Americas, set out in the Plan of Action as follows:  “to encourage actions and support international humanitarian demining efforts in this area, with the goal of ensuring that priority is given to mines that threaten civilians and of ensuring that land can be restored for productive purposes.  The latter will take place through effective regional and international cooperation and coordination, as requested by the affected States, to survey, mark, map, and remove mines; effective mine awareness for the civilian population and assistance to victims; and development and deployment of new mine detection and clearance technologies as appropriate”;

 

OBSERVING:

 

That the Ottawa Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (the Ottawa Convention), which came into effect on March 1, 1999, furthers the aim of making the Western Hemisphere an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone;

 

That, upon its entry into force, of the 135 states that had signed the Ottawa Convention, 33 are member states of the Organization; and

 

That, at present, 81 countries have ratified or acceded to the Convention, and 24 of them are member states of the Organization;

 

RECOGNIZING:

 

The importance of reaffirming the commitment of the OAS member states to the full and effective universalization and implementation of the goals of the Ottawa Convention, including advancing the implementation of the program for mine action related to that Convention, in order to rid the world of the indiscriminate and harmful effects of antipersonnel mines; and

 

The contribution to global and hemispheric security of various bans, moratoria, and other restrictions on antipersonnel land mines, including the unilateral destruction of stockpiles, already adopted by some member states;

 

RECALLING:

 

That in the Ottawa Convention “each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances: a) to use anti-personnel mines; b) to develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone, directly or indirectly, antipersonnel mines; c) to assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under the Convention”; and undertakes “to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in accordance with the provisions of this Convention”;

 

That the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, emphasized the importance of making progress on the antipersonnel-land-mines issue; and that the San Salvador Regional Conference on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in follow-up to the Santiago Conference, held in San Salvador in February 1998, made a similar appeal; and

 

The contribution made in this field by the Regional Seminar on Antipersonnel Landmines: "Reaffirming our Commitment," held in Mexico City in January 1999;

 

RECOGNIZING the importance of OAS activities in support of mine-clearing, as well as the cooperation efforts of a humanitarian nature to provide assistance to victims of these weapons, so that affected states may be freed from this scourge on an urgent basis, which will contribute to making the Western Hemisphere an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone;

 

EMPHASIZING the Political Declaration of Mercosur, Bolivia, and Chile as a Zone of Peace, issued in Ushuaia, Argentina, on July 24, 1998, which sets forth the decision to work toward establishing that subregion as an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone and extending that status to the Western Hemisphere as a whole;

 

ACKNOWLEDGING the progress made towards making the Western Hemisphere an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone by the following actions:

 

a.         The mine action programs in Central America; continuing support by the OAS, its member states, and other states for the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America; and cooperation agreements such as the one signed in January 1999 by Canada, Mexico, and the Pan American Health Organization;

 

b.         The destruction by the Government of Nicaragua on April 12, 1999, of 5,000 stockpiled antipersonnel mines, in compliance with the applicable provisions of the Ottawa Convention;

 

c.         The mine-clearing operations, connected with border demarcation, carried out by Ecuador and Peru as a result of the Brasilia accords signed in 1998, mainly with national resources and capabilities;

 

d.         The support given by Canada, Japan, Spain, and the United States to Ecuador and Peru in their mine-clearing activities; and the recent establishment–within the OAS framework, under the auspices of Canada, and with support from the General Secretariat–of a specific fund, administered by the UPD, to support the mine-clearing associated with demarcation of the border between Ecuador and Peru;

 

e.         The commitment by the United States to clear all of its land mines around Guantanamo Base in Cuba by the end of 1999;

 

f.          The increased funding for mine action by member states that are able to provide support; and

 

g.         The concerted efforts of the United States, through the Demining 2010 Initiative, to increase international coordination with a view to accelerating mine-clearing and thereby eliminating the threat of land mines to civilians;

 

RECOGNIZING the important work of the Landmine Monitor of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL Monitor); and

 

RECALLING the request that member states submit information on an annual basis for the OAS Register of Antipersonnel Land Mines, established by Permanent Council resolution CP/RES. 724 (1162/98), in compliance with resolution AG/RES. 1496 (XXVII-O/97),

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To reaffirm the goals of the global elimination of antipersonnel land mines and the conversion of the Western Hemisphere into an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone.

 

2.         To urge that member states that have not yet done so (a) consider ratifying or acceding to the Ottawa Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction as soon as possible, in order to ensure its full and effective universalization and implementation; and (b) report to the General Secretariat on the evolution of their country’s position with respect to the Convention.

 

3.         Once again to call upon member states that have not yet done so to declare and implement moratoria on the production, use, and transfer of all antipersonnel land mines in the Western Hemisphere at the earliest possible date and to inform the Secretary General when they have done so.

 

4.         Once again to urge member states that have not yet done so to become parties to the 1980 United Nations Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects and its four protocols, as soon as possible; and to request member states to inform the Secretary General when they have done so.

 

5.         Once again to urge member states, as they work towards the goal adopted in resolution AG/RES. 1411 (XXVI-O/96), to continue to implement measures aimed at halting the proliferation of antipersonnel land mines, at the destruction of stockpiles, and at the declaration of moratoria on production and transfers at the earliest possible date; and to encourage member states to adopt domestic legislation, as necessary, to prohibit the private possession and transfer of antipersonnel land mines and inform the Secretary General when they have done so.

 

            6.         Once again to urge member states to continue an effective educational campaign creating awareness in the civilian population of the danger posed by antipersonnel landmines.

 

7.         To reiterate the importance of participation by all member states in the OAS Register of Antipersonnel Land Mines by April 15 of each year, in keeping with AG/RES. 1496 (XXVI-O/96), and to commend member states that have regularly submitted their reports to that end.

 

8.         To encourage member states, as appropriate, either to request or to provide assistance with the aim of furthering both the Mine Action Agenda and the OAS goal of the Western Hemisphere as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone.

 

9.         To request the General Secretariat to inform the United Nations about the progress made by the OAS mine-clearing programs in the Hemisphere and coordinate with the United Nations to prevent the duplication of efforts, thereby making optimal use of the resources available to the international community.

 

10.        To reconfirm its commitment to mine-clearing in Central America; and to request that the Permanent Council, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security and with support from the General Secretariat, consider ways of redoubling OAS humanitarian mine-clearing efforts in Central America, particularly in view of the devastating impact of Hurricane Mitch.

 

11.        To request the Secretary General to continue to consider the possibility of developing new demining programs in the Americas to assist affected member states, upon their request, in fulfilling their commitment to convert the Western Hemisphere into an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone.

 

12.        To urge the member states and permanent observers to provide assistance, through the OAS or at the bilateral level, as appropriate, for the national mine-clearing programs carried out by Ecuador and Peru within their territories, in accordance with the requests received and the terms set forth therein; and, in this respect, to request the General Secretariat to support the efforts of the two states in this area.

 

13.        To urge all member states that have not yet done so to develop national mine action strategies, as appropriate.

 

14.        To recognize the contribution to furthering our goal of making the Western Hemisphere an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone made by participants from the governmental and nongovernmental sectors of member states, by regional and international organizations, and by donor countries to the Regional Seminar on Antipersonnel Mines:  "Reaffirming Our Commitment," hosted by Mexico and Canada with support from the OAS and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

 

15.        To recognize further the significant contribution to global and hemispheric security that resulted from the first meeting of states parties to the Ottawa Convention held in Maputo, Mozambique, May 3-7, 1999.

 

16.        To request that the General Secretariat continue to provide to the United Nations, PAHO, and other appropriate international and hemispheric organizations, updated information on OAS activities to promote the elimination of all use, stockpiling, production, and transfer of antipersonnel land mines, and to promote programs supporting the removal of such mines.

 

17.        To request that the General Secretariat also provide such information, as necessary, to the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Landmine Monitor of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL Monitor).

 

18.        To request that the General Secretariat establish, in the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD), a roster of mine-clearing experts and a data-bank on other related aspects, based on information voluntarily submitted by member states on mine-clearing operations, the rehabilitation of victims and fundraising.

 

19.        To instruct the General Secretariat to carry out the activities mentioned in this resolution within the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

20.        To instruct the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

 


AG/RES. 1645 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SUPPORT FOR THE COMMITTEE ON HEMISPHERIC SECURITY

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN, the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99), and in particular, the section dealing with the Report of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH- 214/99), which includes the topic “Support for the Committee on Hemispheric Security”;

 

BEARING IN MIND that, pursuant to Article 112 of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), one of the functions of the General Secretariat is to advise the other organs, when appropriate;

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That resolution AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98), “Confidence- and Security-Building in the Hemisphere” resolves “to instruct the Permanent Council, working through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to:  (a) “Follow-up on and expand topics related to the strengthening of confidence- and security-building measures”; (b) “Analyze the meaning, scope, and implications of international security concepts in the Hemisphere, with a view to developing the most appropriate common approaches by which to manage their various aspects, including disarmament and arms control”; and (c) “Identify ways to revitalize and strengthen agencies of the inter-American system related to the various aspects of hemispheric security”;

 

That the aforementioned resolution instructs the Secretary General to receive information from the member states on the application of confidence- and security-building measures, so as to facilitate, in particular, the preparation of the complete and systematic inventory of these measures, in light of the provisions of the Declarations of San Salvador and Santiago and the pertinent resolutions; to receive information submitted by the member states for the preparation of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and the United Nations Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures; and  to update each year, on the basis of information submitted by the member states, the roster of experts on confidence- and security-building measures, and to circulate it to the member states each year by the month of June; and

 

That the aforementioned resolution also instructs the Secretary General to provide, “specialized support to the Committee on Hemispheric Security, within existing budgetary resources, and to strengthen that of a technical-administrative nature which currently exists, so that the Committee may fulfill the mandates entrusted to it by the General Assembly and the Second Summit of the Americas”;

 

NOTING the role of the General Secretariat as Depositary of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials, and in particular, in relation to the support which it should provide to the Consultative Committee established by said Convention, as well as, in the future, its role with respect to the tasks assigned to the Depositary by the Inter-American Convention on Transparency on Conventional Weapons Acquisitions in the Americas;

 

REITERATING ITS SATISFACTION that the Permanent Council, through resolution CP/RES. 724 (1162/98), established a Register of Antipersonnel Land Mines and asked the General Secretariat “to keep the Permanent Council informed of all updated information presented by the member states”;

 

CONVINCED of the necessity of providing support to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (the Committee) to implement and fulfill the mandates of the General Assembly, particularly those mentioned above;

 

UNDERSCORING the efforts of the OAS to deal with the special security concerns of small island states defined in the Conclusions and Recommendations of the High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States (1998) and in the Declaration of San Salvador on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (1998);

 

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the support by the Secretary General for the work of the Committee in compliance with the above cited resolution AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

NOTING ALSO the opening of a Documentation Center for the Committee, run by the General Secretariat’s Coordinator for Hemispheric Security Affairs, containing documents relating to this topic, the information submitted by the member states, and all information which might be of interest to the work of the Committee; and

 

TAKING NOTE ALSO of the creation of an Internet page for the Committee, for the purpose of disseminating the resolutions and reports produced by the OAS in the field of hemispheric security, and the principal documents and bilateral and multilateral agreements on different aspects of hemispheric security that concern the inter-American system,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.                   To take note of the Annual Report of the Permanent Council in so far as it relates to the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security.

 

2.         To instruct the Secretary General to consider further enhancing the professional, technical, and administrative support currently provided to the Committee by the General Secretariat, through any means that he deems necessary to comply with the mandates entrusted to the General Secretariat by the General Assembly.

 

3.         To request the General Secretariat to compile, organize, and update files and databases on confidence- and security-building measures in the Hemisphere, taking into account the inventory of confidence- and security-building measures of a military nature requested of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), in order to make them available to member states in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1566 (XXVIII-O/98).  To request also that the General Secretariat study and disseminate in a timely manner various aspects and studies related to these topics.

 

4.         Further, to request that the Secretary General, in coordination with the Chair of the Committee:

 

a.         Facilitate the Committee’s exchange of experiences and cooperation with international organizations, such as the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN), which are working in areas related to confidence- and security-building;

 

b.         Strengthen, in the framework of the cooperation agreements between the Organization of American States (OAS) and the UN, the Committee’s exchanges with the United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs, and in particular, with the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean;

 

c.         Compile the documents arising from subregional and national governmental meetings, as well as those of an academic nature on international security, and report to the member states on their availability; and

 

d.         Continue to incorporate into the Internet page of the Committee information on official OAS documents on the topic and on its work program, as well as the principal documents and bilateral and multilateral agreements involving the inter-American system with respect to the different aspects of hemispheric security.

 

5.         To request that the Secretary General carry out the mandates set forth in this resolution, within existing budgetary resources of the Organization and other resources.


AG/RES. 1646 (XXIX-O/99)

 

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF EXTERNAL AUDITORS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

The Report of the Permanent Council on the report of the Board of External Auditors (CP/CAAP-2465/99 rev. 1); and

 

The Report to the Permanent Council “Audit of Accounts and Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 1998 and 1996” by the Board of External Auditors, and the important recommendations contained therein,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To take note of the report of the Board of External Auditors “Audit of Accounts and Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 1998 and 1996,” and the Permanent Council’s report on the report of the Board of External Auditors.

 

2.         To thank the Chair of the Board, Mrs. Jacqueline Williams-Bridgers, for her work and her commitment during her term as Chair of the Board of External Auditors.

 

3.         To instruct the Permanent Council, through its Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Affairs, to look at the Board’s recommendations in greater depth and recommend appropriate action.

 

            4.         To instruct the General Secretariat to take appropriate steps to implement any action as a result of the Permanent Council’s recommendations.

 

            5.         To instruct the Permanent Council to report on implementation of this resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1647 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PERSONNEL POLICY REFORM

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

BEARING IN MIND the need to consider the documents “Personnel Policy Reform with comments from the Staff Association” (GETC/FORMOEA-29/98); “Report of the Working Group on the Career Service in the OAS General Secretariat” (CP/doc.3187/99); “Personnel Policy” (CP/doc.3198/99); “Comparative Grid on Personnel Policy (CP/CAAP-2470/99); and (CP/CAAP-2470/99 add. 1); “Comparative Study on the Life and Health Insurance Benefits offered by the General Secretariat and other International Organizations” (CP/doc.3183/99); and “Pensions for Retired Executives and Health and Life Insurance for Retired Employees” (CP/doc.2981/97);

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That by resolution AG/RES. 1596 (XXVIII-O/98) the General Assembly instructed the General Secretariat "to improve the Organization's existing employment mechanisms where necessary, focusing in particular on increasing transparency and simplifying the various hiring mechanisms" and to assist the Permanent Council in preparing “a study with recommendations on the career service policy of the General Secretariat for review by the General Assembly at its twenty-ninth regular session;" and

 

That by resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXV-E/98), the General Assembly instructed the Secretary General “to present a study on the distribution of personnel across all levels and to present recommendations to be adopted by the twenty-ninth regular session of the General Assembly on restructuring that distribution with a view to building a workforce more appropriate to the changing needs of the Organization and to establishing an appropriate personnel policy, taking into account geographical representation in accordance with Article 120 of the Charter;”

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To instruct the Permanent Council, to continue its study of the General Secretariat’s career service policy and other personnel policy matters, and to adopt such measures as may be appropriate, ad referendum of the General Assembly.

 

2.         To extend the mandate to the Secretary General to improve the General Secretariat’s existing employment mechanisms where necessary, focusing in particular on increasing transparency and simplifying the various hiring mechanisms of the General Secretariat, and to inform the Permanent Council of the changes effected within his authority, so that it may report to the next General Assembly.

 

3.         To extend the mandate to the Secretary General to keep the Permanent Council updated on the implementation of the new performance evaluation system; and to request the Permanent Council to report to the next General Assembly on the results.

 

4.         To instruct the Secretary General to maintain, without prejudice to the future of the career service, the freeze on all vacant slots in the career service until such time as the General Assembly takes a definitive decision.


AG/RES. 1648 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PROMOTION OF REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

BEARING IN MIND that the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes in its preamble “that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace and development of the region” and that one of its purposes is “to promote and consolidate representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention”;

 

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3830/99) and, in particular, the chapter on the Report of the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs (CP/CAJP-1506 rev. 3) as it relates to the promotion of representative democracy;

 

CONSIDERING:

 

Resolution AG/RES. 1063 (XX-O/90), which requested the Secretary General “to establish within the General Secretariat a Unit for the Promotion of Democracy,” and resolution CP/RES. 572 (882/91), in which the Permanent Council adopted the Program of Support for the Promotion of Democracy; and

 

That, pursuant to resolution CP/RES. 572 (882/91), the Unit “will be available to perform such tasks as the competent authorities may entrust to it in support of democracy in the Hemisphere”;

 

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT resolutions AG/RES. 1080 (XXI-O/91), AG/RES. 1402 (XXVI-O/96), AG/RES. 1475 (XXVII-O/97), and AG/RES. 1551 (XXVIII-O/98), “Promotion of Representative Democracy,” in which the Permanent Council was instructed to prepare a series of proposed incentives to preserve and strengthen democratic systems; and

 

RECALLING:

 

That, in the 1991 Santiago Commitment to Democracy and the Renewal of the Inter-American System, the foreign ministers and heads of delegation of the member states declared their inescapable commitment to the defense and promotion of representative democracy and human rights in the region, in keeping with the principle of nonintervention;

 

            That, in the Declaration of Managua for the Promotion of Democracy and Development, of 1993, the foreign ministers and heads of delegation of the member states declared that the support and cooperation provided by the OAS–to strengthen democratic institutions through programs that help the states requesting such assistance increase their own ability to improve their political organization models–are fundamental to this new hemispheric commitment; and, in that regard, they underscored the contribution made by the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy and the Permanent Council toward preparing proposed incentives for the preservation and strengthening of democratic systems in the Hemisphere;

 

That, in the Declaration of Principles of the First Summit of the Americas, held in Miami in December 1994, the Heads of State and Government declared that democracy is the sole political system which guarantees respect for human rights and the rule of law while it safeguards cultural diversity, pluralism, respect for the rights of minorities, and peace within and among nations, and that democracy and development reinforce one another;

 

That, in the Santiago Declaration of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, the Heads of State and Government reiterated the importance of strengthening democratic systems in the Hemisphere; and

 

That the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas urges governments to enhance cooperation with and support for the efforts of the Organization of American States in this area,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To take note of the report of the Permanent Council on the promotion of representative democracy.

 

2.         To instruct the Permanent Council, through the Working Group on Representative Democracy, to:

 

a.         Continue to provide follow-up and give guidance, as necessary, to the General Secretariat regarding its activities in the area of democracy–particularly to the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy in the pursuit of its objectives and the implementation of its work plans;

 

c.                Promote cooperation in related activities and coordination between the UPD and the various organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS in order to increase the impact of the Organization’s activities to promote and defend representative democracy in the region as well as to guarantee the efficiency of such activities;

 

c.         Request the General Secretariat, through the UPD and in coordination with the organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS, to keep updated the annual inventory on the activities related to the promotion of representative democracy carried out in the Organization;

 

d.         Study and approve, by the end of 1999, the UPD work plan for the year 2000, ensuring that the work plan includes activities in support of the mandates on the promotion and defense of democracy set forth in the plans of action of the Summits of the Americas that have been assigned to the OAS;

 

e.         Instruct the General Secretariat to pursue, through the UPD, the design and implementation of programs geared to the promotion, exchange, and training of young leaders of the Hemisphere; report periodically to the Permanent Council on progress made in this area; and present plans for a hemispheric event that will reflect the experience gained from the courses and seminars organized by the UPD in various subregions of the Hemisphere, within the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources;

 

f.          Continue examining the quarterly progress reports on the activities of the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy, including data on the level of budgetary execution, which will be presented by the General Secretariat within 45 days following the end of each quarter, and include its comments and observations in its annual report;

 

g.         Continue work on formulating proposed incentives to preserve and strengthen democratic systems in the Hemisphere.

 

3.         To instruct the General Secretariat to continue, through the UPD and in accordance with the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, to conduct studies and seminars and to promote or sponsor efforts related to the promotion of democracy in the region.

 

4.         To instruct the General Secretariat to continue, through the UPD, and pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1599 (XXVIII-O/98), to facilitate dialogue among the parliaments of the Hemisphere within the framework of the OAS, using the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

5.         To encourage the UPD to keep member states well informed, through the Working Group on Representative Democracy, regarding implementation of the activities contemplated in its work plan, in order to ensure that they are well publicized throughout the Hemisphere.

 

6.         To take note of the Manual for the Organization of Election Observation Missions in the Framework of the OAS and to request the General Secretariat to prepare a revised version of it, taking into account the observations made by the Working Group on Representative Democracy.

 

7.         To instruct the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.


AG/RES. 1649 (XXIX-O/99)

 

ENHANCEMENT OF PROBITY IN THE HEMISPHERE AND FOLLOW-UP ON
THE INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR COOPERATION
IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on enhancing probity in the Hemisphere and follow-up on the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption (CP/CAJP-1458/99), presented in fulfillment of the General Assembly mandate contained in resolution AG/RES. 1552 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That, in its preamble, the Charter of the Organization of American States affirms that “representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace and development of the region” and that “juridical organization is a necessary condition for security and peace founded on moral order and on justice”;

 

That, in signing the Inter-American Convention against Corruption, the member states noted in its preamble that they were “convinced that corruption undermines the legitimacy of public institutions and strikes at society, moral order and justice as well as at the comprehensive development of peoples”;

 

That the purposes of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption are to promote and strengthen the development, by each of the states parties, of the mechanisms needed to prevent, detect, punish, and eradicate corruption, and to promote, facilitate, and regulate cooperation among the states parties to ensure the effectiveness of measures and actions to prevent, detect, punish, and eradicate acts of corruption in the performance of public functions and acts of corruption specifically related to such performance;

 

That, in resolution AG/RES. 1477 (XXVII-O/97) it adopted the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption;

 

That in resolution AG/RES. 1552 (XXVIII-O/98), “Enhancement of Probity in the Hemisphere and Follow-up on the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption,” it convened the Symposium on Enhancing Probity in the Hemisphere, which was held from November 4-6, 1998, in Santiago, Chile, and from which numerous conclusions and recommendations emerged;

 

            That the Inter-American Juridical Committee, as commissioned by the General Assembly, drafted the document entitled “Model Legislation on Illicit Enrichment and Transnational Bribery” (CP/doc.3146/99), which includes a guide for the legislator with respect to these important concepts included in the Inter-American Convention against Corruption; and

 

That in order to support implementation of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) signed a cooperation agreement at OAS headquarters on March 26, 1999; and

 

ACKNOWLEDGING WITH SATISFACTION that the Inter-American Convention against Corruption has already been ratified by 16 member states,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To urge the member states that have not yet done so to consider, as appropriate, signing, ratifying, or acceding to the Inter-American Convention against Corruption.

 

2.         To thank the Inter-American Juridical Committee for the important contribution it has made in drafting the “Model Legislation on Illicit Enrichment and Transnational Bribery,” which will prove highly useful in the work of incorporating the concepts contained in the Inter-American Convention against Corruption in national juridical systems.

 

3.         To express its satisfaction at the signing of the cooperation agreement between the Organization and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), that substantially supports implementation of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption.

 

4.         To instruct the Permanent Council to:

 

a.         Resume the activities of the Working Group on Probity and Public Ethics of the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs so that it may follow up on the activities included in the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption as well as the recommendations that emerged from the Symposium on Enhancing Probity in the Hemisphere, held in Santiago, Chile, in November 1998;

 

b.         Continue to promote the exchange of experiences and information among public institutions and international organizations, including consideration of the contributions of civil society institutions, in accordance with the Symposium's recommendations;

 

c.         Consider, in pursuing the follow-up to the Inter-American Program on the Fight Against Corruption, specific measures to encourage ratification and implementation of the Convention, strengthen cooperation, and provide technical assistance to member states which request it, and exchange information and experiences regarding implementation of the Convention taking into account the conclusions and recommendations of the Symposium on Enhancement of Probity in the Hemisphere; and

 

d.         Implement the approved measures as a matter of priority, taking into account the institutional support necessary for their application.

 

5.         To urge the General Secretariat to:

 

a.         Provide the Permanent Council with the necessary support for carrying out those tasks, in particular regarding the study of ways to obtain the resources required for implementing the Symposium's recommendations and for executing the activities envisaged in the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight against Corruption, in order to strengthen the Organization's capacity for cooperation in this area;

 

b.         Continue to lend technical support to the exchange of information mentioned in paragraph 4.b.

 

6.         To request the Permanent Council to present to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session a report on the implementation of this resolution.


AG/RES. 1650 (XXIX-O/99)

 

HEMISPHERIC COOPERATION TO PREVENT,

COMBAT, AND ELIMINATE TERRORISM

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on hemispheric cooperation to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism (CP/CAJP-1528/99 rev. 1), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1553 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

BEARING IN MIND the Declaration and the Plan of Action on Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism, adopted in Lima at the Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism in 1996;

 

BEARING IN MIND ALSO that, in the Plan of Action adopted at the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, the Heads of State and Government agreed to convene, within the framework the Organization of American States, the Second Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism, to evaluate progress made and define future courses of action to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That resolution AG/RES. 1553 (XXVIII-O/98), “Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism,” instructed the Permanent Council to carry out the preparatory work for the Second Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism, with a view to its convocation;

 

That the Second Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism was held in Mar del Plata, Argentina, on November 23 and 24, 1998;

 

That, at that conference, the member states of the Organization of American States adopted the Commitment of Mar del Plata, through which they decided to recommend to the General Assembly, at its twenty-ninth regular session, that it, inter alia, “establish an appropriate institutional framework, in keeping with the Charter of the Organization of American States”; and

 

That the Government of the United States has offered to host a meeting to constitute the “appropriate institutional framework” referred to in the previous paragraph,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To endorse the decisions and recommendations contained in the Commitment of Mar del Plata and its three appendices adopted by the Second Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism, held in Mar del Plata, Argentina on November 23 and 24, 1998.

 

2.         To reiterate the relevance and importance of the Declaration and the Plan of Action on Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism, adopted in Lima, in 1996, at the Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism.

 

3.         To establish, taking into account the sovereignty of states and the principle of nonintervention, the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), composed of the competent national authorities of the OAS member states, the purpose of which shall be to develop cooperation to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorist acts and activities.

 

4.         To instruct the General Secretariat, within its sphere of competence, to appoint an “instance” to provide technical and administrative support for CICTE activities, in keeping with resources allocated in the OAS program-budget and other resources; and, in order to comply effectively with that instruction, to take into account any recommendations that CICTE might make at its first session, as well as the progress made in the process of modernization and strengthening of the OAS pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1603 (XXVIII-O/98).

 

5.         To approve the CICTE Statute, which is attached to this resolution as an appendix.

 

6.         To instruct the General Secretariat to collaborate with CICTE in preparing its Rules of Procedure, which are to be adopted by CICTE itself.

 

7.         To request the Permanent Council to make the necessary arrangements for a meeting to establish CICTE to be held in the second half of 1999, in keeping with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

8.         To thank the Government of the United States for its kind offer to host the meeting to establish CICTE, to be held in Miami, Florida, in the second half of 1999, at a date to be determined by the Permanent Council; and to accept that offer.

 

9.         To instruct the Permanent Council to study and adopt suitable funding mechanisms, in particular the establishment of a specific fund for implementing programs and activities approved within the CICTE framework.

 

10.        To urge member states to make every effort to provide the Organization with sufficient funds to carry out the joint programs and activities approved by CICTE.

 

11.        To instruct the General Secretariat to take the necessary steps to obtain from outside sources, including the permanent observers to the OAS and other states and financial institutions, in particular the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the supplementary funds needed to ensure the success of the actions taken to combat terrorism within the CICTE framework.

 

12.        To recommend to the Permanent Council that, in preparing its observations and recommendations to the General Assembly on the report of CICTE in accordance with Article 91.f of the Charter, it refer to the required coordination of CICTE activities with those of the other OAS bodies.

 

13.        To urge member states that have not yet done so to pay prompt and special attention to signing, ratifying, and/or acceding to, as the case may be and in accordance with their domestic legislation, the international conventions related to terrorism referred to in United Nations General Assembly resolution 51/210 and the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings, open for signature since January 12, 1998, at United Nations headquarters.

 

14.        To instruct the Permanent Council to continue to examine the necessity and advisability of an inter-American convention on terrorism in the light of existing international instruments.

 

15.        To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.


APPENDIX

 

 

DRAFT STATUTE OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMITTEE

AGAINST TERRORISM (CICTE)

 

 

Chapter I

NATURE, PRINCIPLES, AND PURPOSES

 

Article 1

 

The Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (hereinafter “CICTE” or “the Committee”) is an entity of the Organization of American States (hereinafter “OAS” or “the Organization”) established by the OAS General Assembly in conformity with Article 53 of the Charter of the Organization, for the purpose of promoting cooperation to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorist acts and activities.

 

CICTE enjoys technical autonomy in the exercise of its functions, within the limits set by the Charter of the Organization, its own Statute and Rules of Procedure, and the mandates conferred on it by the General Assembly.

 

Article 2

 

            CICTE shall be governed in its activities by the pertinent rules of the Organization, this Statute and its Rules of Procedure, decisions of the General Assembly, and its own decisions.

 

 

Chapter II

COMPOSITION

 

Article 3

 

The Committee shall be composed of the competent national authorities of all member states of the OAS.

 

Article 4

 

            Each of the member states of the Organization shall appoint a principal representative and such alternate representatives and advisers as it deems appropriate.

 

Article 5

 

            The member states of the Organization shall inform the Secretary General of the OAS of the appointments referred to in Article 4 of this Statute and of any change in the composition of their representation.

 

Article 6

 

            The Committee shall establish rules for the participation of permanent observers to the Organization in its activities.

 

 

Chapter III

THE SECRETARIAT

 

Article 7

 

The General Secretariat shall provide support to the Committee.

 

            The Secretary General shall appoint an “instance” to provide technical and administrative support to the Committee in its activities, in keeping with allocated resources approved in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.  Additional technical and administrative support within this “instance” may be provided on a voluntary basis by member states or other sources in accordance with Article 12 of this Statute.

 

Within two years of the entry into force of this Statute, the Permanent Council, at the request of CICTE, shall review the nature of the technical and administrative support needed by the Committee to carry out its work.

 

 

Article 8

 

The General Secretariat shall:

 

a.         Serve as secretariat during sessions of the Committee;

 

b.         Cooperate in preparing the reports that the Committee is to present to the General Assembly through the Permanent Council, and in any tasks that the Committee entrusts to it; and

 

c.         Transmit decisions of the Committee to the governments of the member states of the Organization through their permanent missions.

 

 

Chapter IV

QUORUM AND VOTING

 

Article 9

 

A majority of the member states of the Committee shall constitute a quorum.

 

 

Article 10

 

            Each member state of the Committee shall have the right to one vote.  The Committee shall do its utmost to reach its decisions by consensus.  In the absence of a consensus, the Committee shall take decisions by the vote of a simple majority of the member states present, except when a two-thirds vote is specifically required.

 

 

Chapter V

BUDGET AND FINANCES

 

Article 11

 

The Organization, within its approved program-budget, shall cover the secretariat costs of the Committee.  Within allocated resources approved in the program-budget, the Organization shall provide secretariat support to the annual meeting of the Committee based on the costs of staging this meeting in OAS facilities in Washington, D.C. Any incremental costs generated by staging the meeting outside Washington, D.C., would be borne by the host country.

 

 

Article 12

 

            Activities approved by the Committee for execution by the General Secretariat should primarily be funded by specific contributions from member states of the Organization, as well as from other states and international intergovernmental organizations through such appropriate mechanisms as the establishment of specific and trust funds that may be required pursuant to Articles 68 and 69 of the General Standards to Govern the Operations of the General Secretariat.

 

 

Article 13

 

            Each member state shall be responsible for the costs of participation of its delegation at CICTE meetings.

 

 

Chapter VI

FUNCTIONS

 

Article 14

 

CICTE shall perform its functions pursuant to Article 91(f) of the Charter.

 

CICTE shall conduct its work on the basis of international conventions on this matter; the principles and objectives of the Declaration of Lima to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism (hereinafter the “Declaration of Lima”) and the Plan of Action of Lima on Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism (hereinafter the “Plan of Action of Lima”); and the Commitment of Mar del Plata.

Article 15

 

The Committee shall have the following functions:

 

a.         To promote the development of inter-American cooperation to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism;

 

b.         To establish a framework for technical cooperation that takes into account the suggested guidelines set forth in Appendices I, II, and III to the Commitment of Mar del Plata;

 

c.         To encourage, develop, coordinate, and assess the application of the Declaration and Plan of Action of Lima, the recommendations of the Meeting of Government Experts to Examine Ways to Improve the Exchange of Information and Other Measures for Cooperation among Member States to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism, held at the headquarters of the Organization in May 1997, and the recommendations contained in the Commitment of Mar del Plata;

 

d.         To provide assistance to member states requesting it, in order to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism, while promoting, in accordance with the domestic laws of the member states, the exchange of experiences and information on the activities of persons, groups, organizations, and movements linked to terrorist acts as well as with the methods, sources of finance and entities directly or indirectly protecting or supporting them, and their possible links to other crimes;

 

e.         To consider proposals on ways and means such as the “Directory of Competences for the Prevention, Combating, and Elimination of Terrorism,” and the “Inter-American Database on Terrorism," proposed at the Meeting of Government Experts to Examine Ways to Improve the Exchange of Information and Other Measures for Cooperation among Member States to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism, held at OAS headquarters in May 1997;

 

f.          To coordinate its work with that of the Consultative Committee established by the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Production of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials, adopted at OAS headquarters on November 14, 1997, with a view to ensuring an adequate exchange of information on the issue of illicit trafficking in arms, munitions, explosives, materials, or technology capable of being used to perpetrate terrorist acts or activities;

 

g.         To establish mechanisms of coordination with other competent international entities in the matter, with the concurrence of the competent authorities;

 

h.         To present to the General Assembly an annual report through the Permanent Council and such special reports as it may deem appropriate; and

 

i.                     To carry out the mandates of the General Assembly.

 

Chapter VII

HEADQUARTERS AND MEETINGS

 

Article 16

 

The headquarters of the Committee shall be that of the General Secretariat of the Organization.

 

Any member state of the Organization may invite the Committee to meet in its territory.  The Committee shall decide whether to accept invitations to meet away from headquarters, and the host country shall bear any additional costs arising from meeting away from headquarters.

 

Article 17

 

CICTE shall hold at least one annual session.

 

 

Chapter VIII

CHAIR AND VICE CHAIR

 

Article 18

 

            The Committee shall have a chair and a vice chair, elected from among the member states.  The corresponding duties shall be performed by the principal representatives of the member states so elected.

 

Elections to these posts shall be held at each annual session of the Committee.  The chair and the vice chair shall exercise their mandate until the next session of CICTE.

 

Article 19

 

            The chair and the vice chair shall be elected by the vote of a majority of CICTE member states present.  If the voting does not produce a majority and it is necessary to take more than one ballot, those candidates receiving the least number of votes in each ballot shall be eliminated until one of the remaining candidates obtains a majority.

 

The ballot shall be secret.

 

Article 20

 

            The Chair shall perform his or her functions in accordance with the Committee’s Rules of Procedure.

 

Article 21

 

In case of the absence, incapacity, or resignation of the chair, the duties of the chair shall be assumed by the vice chair.

If the respective national authorities for any reason decide to replace their principal representative while that person is serving as chair or vice chair of the Committee, the newly appointed official shall occupy the position until the end of the respective mandate.

 

If the member state serving as chair or vice chair resigns, the Committee may hold a special election to fill the position so vacated.

 

 

Article 22

 

The chair may delegate to the vice chair such functions as it deems appropriate, as stipulated in the Rules of Procedure.

 

 

Chapter IX

STATUTE AND RULES OF PROCEDURE

 

Article 23

 

This Statute, when approved by the General Assembly, may be amended only by that body.

 

Article 24

 

The Committee may propose amendments to this Statute to the General Assembly.

 

Article 25

 

The Committee shall approve and amend its Rules of Procedure in conformity with this Statute, and shall so notify the General Assembly in its annual report.

 

Article 26

 

This Statute shall enter into force on the date of its adoption by the General Assembly.

 

 

Chapter X

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

 

Article 27

 

The General Assembly shall convene the first session of CICTE.

 

Article 28

 

During its first session, CICTE shall consider its work schedule, which shall be guided by the following work proposals:

 

a.         To create an inter-American network for gathering and transmitting data via the competent national authorities, designed to exchange information and experiences with the activities of persons, groups, organizations, and movements linked to terrorist acts as well as with the methods, sources of finance and entities directly or indirectly protecting or supporting them, and their possible links to other crimes, including the creation of an inter-American database on terrorism issues that will be at the disposal of member states;

 

b.         To compile the legal and regulatory norms on preventing, combating, and eliminating terrorism in force in member states;

 

c.         To compile the bilateral, subregional, regional, or multilateral treaties and agreements signed by member states to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism;

 

d.         To study the appropriate mechanisms to ensure more effective application of international legal norms on the subject, especially the norms and provisions contemplated in the conventions against terrorism in force between states parties to those conventions;

 

e.         To formulate proposals designed to provide assistance to states requesting it in drafting national antiterrorist laws;

 

f.          To devise mechanisms for cooperation in detecting forged identity documents;

 

g.         To devise mechanisms for cooperation among competent migration authorities; and

 

h.         To design technical cooperation programs and activities for training staff assigned to tasks related to preventing, combating, and eliminating terrorism in each of the member states that request such assistance.


AG/RES. 1651 (XXIX-O/99)

 

THE PREVENTION OF AND WAR ON CRIME

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

The report of the Permanent Council on the topic “The Prevention of and War on Crime” (CP/CAJP-1530/99), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1563 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

The report of the Secretary General on relevant international experience with the prevention of and war on crime, especially the complementary measures identified in that report that could be adopted in the inter-American system (CP/CAJP-1415/99); and

 

The final report of the Meeting of Government Experts on the Prevention of and War on Crime (REGDEL/doc.9/99), held in Medellín, Colombia, on April 19 and 20, 1999, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1563 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

MINDFUL of the will of the Heads of State and Government of the Hemisphere, reiterated in a series of declarations, to prevent, control, and combat all aspects of crime with determination and vigor, based on the premise that crime is one of the most pressing problems in the region;

 

RECALLING the “Declaration of Montrouis:  A New Vision of the OAS,” which expresses the intent "to foster an exchange of experiences in the prevention of and war on crime and to study possible measures to improve public safety";

 

BEARING IN MIND that the prevention of and war on crime are top priorities for all the countries;

 

RECOGNIZING the need to review strategies and recommend cooperative action to confront this common problem;

 

EMPHASIZING the advisability of fostering dialogue and the exchange of experience among member states in connection with problems faced and progress achieved, in order to standardize criteria and step up cooperation;

 

UNDERSCORING the importance of promoting and providing technical assistance that will help to strengthen, in an institutional sense, the national authorities responsible for the prevention of and war on crime;

 

IN CONFORMITY WITH the principles and purposes enshrined in the Charter of the Organization of American States;

 

BEARING IN MIND that resolution AG/RES. 1490 (XXVII-O/97) instructed the Permanent Council to study and analyze the report presented by the General Secretariat proposing the establishment of a special program of support for national efforts in the prevention of and war on crime; and

 

CONSIDERING that the Meeting of Government Experts on the Prevention of and War on Crime, held in Medellín, Colombia, on April 19 and 20, 1999, was convened by the General Assembly through resolution AG/RES. 1563 (XXVIII-O/98), "to facilitate a broad hemispheric discussion that will set the parameters and guidelines for addressing inter-American cooperation in these areas and provide a basis on which the OAS may develop a multilateral program in this area,"

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To express its most sincere gratitude to the Government of Colombia for its outstanding support, which ensured the success of the Meeting of Government Experts on the Prevention of and War on Crime, held in Medellín, Colombia, on April 19 and 20, 1999.

 

2.         To take note of the Final Report of the Meeting of Government Experts on the Prevention of and War on Crime.

 

3.         To instruct the Permanent Council to take appropriate action for adequate consideration of the recommendations arising from the above-mentioned Meeting of Government Experts.

 

4.         To request that the General Secretariat continue to compile international experience in this area, particularly within the United Nations, and that it handle the arrangements for technical and financial support from other multilateral institutions, such as the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Bank, and the Pan American Health Organization, as well as from the permanent observers, for the design and execution of those activities the Permanent Council deems appropriate.

 

5.         To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

 


AG/RES. 1652 (XXIX-O/99)

 

observations and recommendations on the ANNUAL REPORT OF THE
Inter-American Court of Human Rights

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE General Assembly,

 

HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual report of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (CP/CAJP-1525/99 rev. 1 corr. 1) and the presentation of that report by the President of the Court, Judge Hernán Salgado Pesantes; and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That Article 54.f of the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes that it is a function of the General Assembly to consider the observations and recommendations presented by the Permanent Council on the reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization in accordance with Article 91.f of the Charter;

 

That Article 65 of the American Convention on Human Rights establishes that the Court shall submit to the OAS General Assembly for consideration a report on its work during the preceding year and shall specify, in particular, the cases in which a state has not complied with the Court’s judgments, making any pertinent recommendations;

 

That the Inter-American Court of Human Rights presented its annual report to the Permanent Council, which has forwarded observations and recommendations thereon to the General Assembly; and,

 

That the member states of Haiti, Brazil, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic have accepted the Court’s contentious jurisdiction,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To receive and transmit to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights the observations and recommendations of the OAS Permanent Council on the annual report.

 

2.         To express its satisfaction that the Governments of Haiti, Brazil, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic have recognized the Court’s contentious jurisdiction, which recognition helps to strengthen the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights.

 

Document1

 
            3.         To urge those member states of the OAS that have not yet done so to give special, prompt consideration to signing, ratifying, or acceding to, as appropriate and in keeping with their constitutional precepts and domestic law, the American Convention on Human Rights, or Pact of San José, and to accept, as appropriate, the contentious jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

 

4.         To provide the Inter-American Court of Human Rights with an appropriate level of funding and the necessary support to enable it to continue performing the important functions entrusted to it by the American Convention on Human Rights.

 

5.         To thank the Inter-American Court of Human Rights for its work during the period covered by the report and to urge it to proceed with its important tasks.


AG/RES. 1653 (XXIX-O/99)

 

PLAN OF ACTION OF THE GENERAL SECRETARIAT TO EXTEND
THE SPECIAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR THE CARIBBEAN PROGRAM
TO OTHER STATES

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN that in resolution AG/RES. 1387 (XXVI-O/96), the General Assembly resolves to extend the undergraduate Special Fellowships for the Caribbean Program (SPECAF) to benefit other Caribbean Basin states, including Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama, as well as Bolivia, Ecuador, and Paraguay;

 

BEARING IN MIND that in resolutions AG/RES. 1461 (XXVII-O/97) and AG/RES. 1583 (XXVIII-O/98) the General Assembly resolves to request the General Secretariat to submit to the Permanent Council a detailed plan of action to implement the mandate set forth in operative paragraph 2 of resolution AG/RES. 1387 (XXVI-O/96); and

 

RECALLING that the funds to implement resolution AG/RES. 1387 (XXVI-O/96) must come from external sources and other funding mechanisms, which the General Secretariat is responsible for identifying,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To instruct the General Secretariat to present to the Permanent Council, by October 31, 1999, at the latest, a detailed plan of action for identifying external funds to enable the Special Fellowships for the Caribbean Program to be extended to other member states, in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1387 (XXVI-O/96).

 

2.         To request the General Secretariat, beginning in April 2000, to present to the Permanent Council progress reports on the plan of action mentioned in the preceding operative paragraph, which include details on any external resources obtained and the activities undertaken to implement resolution AG/RES. 1387 (XXVI-O/96).

 

3.         To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.


AG/RES. 1654 (XXIX-O/99)

 

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION (CICAD)

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization of American States (OAS), presented pursuant to Article 91.f of the OAS Charter (AG/doc.3830/99 add. 2), and in particular those on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) (CP/doc.3175/99);

 

REAFFIRMING its commitment to the principles and purposes set forth by the OAS in the Inter-American Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro against the Illicit Use and Production of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Traffic Therein; the Declaration and Program of Action of Ixtapa; the Inter-American Program of Quito: Comprehensive Education to Prevent Drug Abuse; and most recently, the Anti-Drug Strategy in the Hemisphere, approved in Buenos Aires, October 1996;

 

RECALLING:

 

The drug control initiatives in the Plan of Action of the First Summit of the Americas, held in Miami in December 1994, and the activities carried out by CICAD to implement them; and

 

The Declaration and the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998; and

 

RECOGNIZING:

 

The continued excellence of the work carried out by CICAD and its assistance to member states in combating illicit drug trafficking throughout the Hemisphere;

 

The progress that CICAD has made in responding to the mandate of the Second Summit of the Americas to develop a single, objective process of multilateral governmental evaluation in order to monitor the progress of individual and collective efforts in the Hemisphere with the aim of building mutual confidence and cooperation; and

 

The intention of member states to complete the negotiation of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) in 1999 and to conduct the first evaluation exercise in the year 2000,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To endorse the observations and recommendations made by the Permanent Council on the annual report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission  and to transmit them to CICAD for consideration.

 

2.         To instruct CICAD to continue its support to member states in the fight against drug production, trafficking, and abuse in the Hemisphere.

 

3.         To express its satisfaction with the progress made by the Intergovernmental Working Group of CICAD responsible for designing the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM), pursuant to the mandate of the Second Summit of the Americas.

 

4.         To encourage member states to conclude the negotiations on establishing the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism as quickly as possible.

 

5.         To urge CICAD to adopt the necessary measures to ensure that the first evaluation exercise takes place in the year 2000.

 

6.         To urge member states to collaborate in the attempt to provide CICAD with the human and financial resources required for the establishment and operation of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism, within resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.


AG/RES. 1655 (XXIX-O/99)

 

TECHNICAL ANALYSIS BY THE INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL

COMMISSION ON THE STUDY OF THE ADVISABILITY OF

PREPARING A DRAFT INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION

TO COMBAT MONEY LAUNDERING

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

The Report of the Permanent Council on the study of a Draft Inter-American Convention on Money Laundering (CP/doc.3041/98);

 

The Final Report of the Meeting of the Group of Experts on Money Laundering of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in October 1998 (CICAD/doc.990/98); and

 

The Final Report of the twenty-fifth regular session of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission, held in Washington D.C., from May 3 to 7, 1999 (CICAD/doc.1018/99); and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That, in resolution AG/RES. 1545 (XXVIII-O/98), “Study of the Advisability of Preparing a Draft Inter-American Convention to Combat Money Laundering,” the General Assembly reiterated to the CICAD Group of Experts that it should continue to examine, in coordination with the Executive Secretariat, and from an essentially technical perspective, the various national and international instruments in force on this subject and present a technical analysis providing a basis for study and decisions by the Working Group on Money Laundering of the Permanent Council; and

 

That CICAD, at its twenty-fifth regular session, having taken note of a report of the Secretariat on this matter as well as comments by some members of the CICAD Group of Experts on the Secretariat’s report and the interventions of a number of the members of CICAD, decided to request the Group of Experts to continue the technical analysis at its next meeting and to report thereon to CICAD at its twenty-sixth regular session, so that CICAD might present its report to the General Assembly through the Permanent Council of the Organization,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To thank the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) for the information presented with respect to the status of its work in relation to AG/RES. 1545 (XXVIII-O/98).

2.         To extend the mandate of the Permanent Council Working Group on Money Laundering so that it can utilize the technical analysis prepared by CICAD in order to arrive at a decision on the advisability of preparing an inter-American convention on combating money laundering.


AG/RES. 1656 (XXIX-O/99)

 

AMENDMENTS TO THE MODEL REGULATIONS CONCERNING LAUNDERING OFFENCES CONNECTED TO ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFICKING AND RELATED OFFENCES OF THE

INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

The recommendations and observations of the Permanent Council on the annual reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization of American States (OAS), presented pursuant to Article 91.f of the Charter (AG/doc.3830/99), and in particular those on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission  (CP/doc.3175/99); and

 

The final report of the meeting of the CICAD Group of Experts on Money Laundering, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from October 20 to 22, 1998, including proposed amendments to the Model Regulations Concerning Laundering Offences Connected to Illicit Drug Trafficking and Related Offences, approved by the Commission at its twenty-fifth regular session, held in Washington, D.C., from May 3 to 7, 1999 (CICAD/doc.1018/99); and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the CICAD Groups of Experts are open to all member states and thus provide an opportunity to share experiences, present initiatives, and promote cooperation;

 

That the above-mentioned CICAD Model Regulations are an important instrument in the development of a coordinated response to illicit drug trafficking and related offences;

 

That the said Model Regulations require the input of the experts of the member countries to remain dynamic, timely, and relevant; and

 

That the Commission has approved the above-mentioned Model Regulations,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To note with satisfaction the report of the meetings of the Group of Experts on Money Laundering of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD).

 

2.         To adopt the amendments to CICAD’s Model Regulations Concerning Laundering Offences Connected to Illicit Drug Trafficking and Related Offences as approved by the Commission at its twenty-fifth regular session, held in Washington, D.C., from May 3 to 7, 1999 (CICAD/ doc.1018/99) and to recommend that the member states adopt them, where appropriate, as provided in their respective domestic legislation.

 

3.         To urge the member states to give strong political support to CICAD’s Model Regulations and to provide institutional support for their appropriate application, pursuant to their domestic law.


AG/RES. 1657 (XXIX-O/99)

 

RECOMMENDATIONS TO PROMOTE ALTERNATIVE

DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN THE MEMBER STATES OF CICAD

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

The observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization of American States, presented pursuant to Article 91.f of the OAS Charter (AG/doc.3830/99 add. 2) and, in particular, those on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) (CP/doc.3175/99); and

 

The final report of the Meeting of the CICAD Group of Experts on Alternative Development, held in Villa de Leyva, Colombia, from September 22 to 24, 1998;

 

REAFFIRMING its adherence to the principles and purposes set forth by the OAS in the Inter-American Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro against the Illicit Use and Production of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Traffic Therein; the Declaration and Program of Action of Ixtapa; the Inter-American Program of Quito:  Comprehensive Education to Prevent Drug Abuse; and the Anti-Drug Strategy in the Hemisphere, adopted by the General Assembly of the OAS in Lima [AG/RES. 1458 (XXVII-O/97)], in June 1997;

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the CICAD Groups of Experts are open to all member states and provide an opportunity to share experiences, put forward initiatives, and promote cooperation;

 

That hemispheric cooperation against the production, trafficking, and use of illicit drugs is governed by principles of international law, of shared responsibility, and by a balanced approach paying equal attention to the different manifestations of the drug problem;

 

The drug control initiatives contained in the Plan of Action of the First Summit of the Americas, held in Miami, in 1994, in the Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, and the activities undertaken by CICAD to implement them; and

 

            RECOGNIZING the importance of horizontal cooperation as one of the useful instruments for fostering alternative development,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To note with satisfaction the final report of the Meeting of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) Group of Experts on Alternative Development, held in Villa de Leyva, Colombia, from September 22 to 24, 1998, and adopted by CICAD at its twenty-fifth regular session.

 

2.         To urge international lending institutions to support joint and individual efforts of the states of the region in the area of alternative development.

 

3.         To respect and welcome the support being given by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), in cooperation with CICAD, to alternative development activities and programs in the region.

 

4.         To support fully governments that have undertaken alternative development activities in their negotiations with the international financial community to enter into debt reduction operations in exchange for alternative development initiatives.

 

5.         To underscore the importance of the conclusions and recommendations of the Group of Experts, urging member states and financial institutions, wherever possible and relevant, to consider implementing debt swap or debt-reduction operations in exchange for environmental protection and recovery initiatives in areas where alternative development programs are carried out, and to maintain commercial preferences for products or services provided through alternative development programs.

 

6.         To express its appreciation for the offers made by Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru to share their experience with all interested countries in the Hemisphere, through technical assistance allowing this necessary exchange to be made.

 

7.         To assign to the Executive Secretariat of CICAD the resources required to support the member states in formulating, implementing, and evaluating alternative development programs and activities in accordance with resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.


AG/RES. 1658 (XXIX-O/99)

 

AMENDMENTS TO THE MODEL REGULATIONS TO CONTROL

CHEMICAL PRECURSORS AND CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES,

MACHINES AND MATERIALS OF THE INTER-AMERICAN

DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN:

 

The Observations and Recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual reports of the organs, agencies and entities of the Organization of American States (OAS), submitted in compliance with Article 91.f. of the Charter (AG/doc.3830/99 add. 2), and in particular those relating to the Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) (CP/doc.3175/99);

 

The Final Report of the meeting of the CICAD Group of Experts to Control Chemical Precursors and Chemical Substances held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, September 29-October 2, 1998 including proposals to amend the Model Regulations to Control Chemical Precursors and Chemical Substances, Machines and Materials, approved by the Commission at its twenty-fourth regular session, held in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, October 26-30, 1998 (CICAD/doc.988/98); and

 

The Final Report of the twenty-fifth regular session of the Commission held in Washington, D.C., May 3-7, 1999 (CICAD/doc.1018/99); and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the CICAD Groups of Experts are open to all member countries, providing an opportunity to share experience, present initiatives, and promote cooperation;

 

That the above-mentioned Model Regulations of CICAD are an important instrument in the development of a coordinated response to illicit drug trafficking and related offenses;

 

That the said Model Regulations of CICAD depend upon the input and expertise of the experts of the member countries to keep them dynamic, timely, and relevant; and

 

That the Commission has approved the above-mentioned Model Regulations,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To note with satisfaction the report of the meetings of the Group of Experts of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) to Control Chemical Precursors and Chemical Substances and of the report of the twenty-fifth regular session of CICAD.

 

2.         To adopt the amendments to CICAD’s Model Regulations to Control Chemical Precursors and Chemical Substances, Machines, and Materials approved by CICAD at its twenty-fourth regular session, held in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, October 26-30, 1998 (CICAD/doc.988/98), and at its twenty-fifth regular session, held in Washington, D.C., May 3-7, 1999 (CICAD/doc.1018/99), and to recommend that the member states adopt them, when appropriate, according to their national law.

 

3.         To urge member states to give strong political support to CICAD’s Model Regulations and provide institutional support for their appropriate application in keeping with national law.

 


AG/RES. 1659 (XXIX-O/99)

 

SUPPORT FOR AND FOLLOW-UP TO THE SUMMITS
OF THE AMERICAS INITIATIVES

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Special Committee on Inter-American Summits Management to the foreign ministers, presented in compliance with resolution AG/RES. 1534 (XXVIII-O/98) (AG/doc.3821/99);

 

RECALLING the Summit of the Americas, in Miami; the Summit of the Americas on Sustainable Development, in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia; the Second Summit of the Americas, in Santiago, Chile; and resolution AG/RES. 1534 (XXVIII-O/98), “Support for and Follow-up to the Summits of the Americas Initiatives;”

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That, in resolution AG/RES. 1349 (XXV-O/95), the General Assembly set up a Special Committee of the Permanent Council on Inter-American Summits Management, open to all member states, to ensure effective, timely, and appropriate follow-up to the activities assigned to the Organization by the Summit of the Americas and to coordinate, if so decided, OAS preparation, participation, and follow-up with regard to future summits involving all member states in whose implementation and follow-up the OAS might be called upon to participate;

 

That, in resolutions AG/RES. 1377 (XXVI-O/96) and AG/RES. 1448 (XXVII-O/97), the General Assembly reaffirmed the mandate of the Special Committee and instructed it to submit a written progress report to the foreign ministers during the General Assembly on the implementation of those resolutions;

 

That the Second Summit of the Americas was held in Santiago, Chile, on April 18 and 19, 1998, and that the Heads of State and Government of the Hemisphere signed the Declaration of Santiago and the Plan of Action;

 

That the Santiago Plan of Action establishes that “the Governments will bear primary responsibility for implementation of the mandates of the Summit,” and that “in accordance with Summit decisions, international organizations will have responsibilities in implementing this process and, as appropriate, according to Summit mandates, support will be provided by private sector organizations and civil society";

 

That, also in the Santiago Plan of Action, the Heads of State and Government assigned various mandates to the OAS and instructed the OAS General Secretariat to act as a record-keeping mechanism (institutional memory of the process) and provide technical support to the Summit Implementation Review Group (SIRG); and

 

RECOGNIZING the importance of coordinated and efficient follow-up to the Santiago Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas so as to ensure timely and effective implementation of the initiatives entrusted to the OAS and other organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system by the Heads of State and Government of the Hemisphere,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To thank the Permanent Council for the report of its Special Committee on Inter-American Summits Management and to express its satisfaction with the important work carried out by that Special Committee in implementing resolution AG/RES. 1349 (XXV-O/95) and other resolutions on the subject.

 

2.         To thank also the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization for the special support they provide in implementing the initiatives of the Plan of Action of the Summit of the Americas, held in Miami, of the Summit of the Americas on Sustainable Development, held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, and of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago; and to urge them to continue to implement the Plan of Action of Miami, the Plan of Action of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, and the Plan of Action of Santiago, in accordance with the mandates of the Second Summit of the Americas.

 

3.         To reaffirm the mandate assigned to the Permanent Council to coordinate, through its Special Committee on Inter-American Summits Management, the activities assigned to the OAS by the Summit of the Americas, held in Miami in 1994, and by the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago in 1998.

 

4.         To instruct the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system to give top priority to carrying out the initiatives assigned to them by the General Assembly pursuant to the mandates of the Summits of the Americas and to provide regular progress reports on their implementation to the Special Committee on Inter-American Summits Management.

 

5.         To instruct the General Secretariat, through its Office of Summit Follow-up, to receive and compile all the information on the initiatives assigned to the OAS by the Summits process and to provide this information, on a regular basis, to the Special Committee on Inter-American Summits Management.

 

6.         To instruct the General Secretariat to continue to provide technical support, through its Office of Summit Follow-up, to the Special Committee on Inter-American Summits Management and to the Summit Implementation Review Group.

 

7.         To recognize the important progress made by the General Secretariat, through its Office of Summit Follow-up, in preserving and disseminating the institutional memory of the process through the Summit of the Americas Information System.

8.         To instruct the Permanent Council to submit a written progress report on the implementation of this resolution to the foreign ministers at the next regular session of the General Assembly.


AG/RES. 1660 (XXIX-O/99)

 

OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS[5]/

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the annual report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (OEA/Ser.L/V/II.102/doc.6 rev.) and the presentation thereof by the Chair of the Commission, as well as the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CP/CAJP-1537/99); and

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That the member states of the Organization of American States have proclaimed in the Charter, as one of their principles, respect for the fundamental rights of the individual, without distinction as to race, nationality, creed, or sex;

 

 That the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, established at the Fifth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, held in Santiago, Chile in 1959, has as its principal function, pursuant to the OAS Charter and the American Convention on Human Rights, that of promoting the observance and protection of human rights;

 

That the Heads of State and Government stated in the Declaration of Principles of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, that "respect for and promotion of human rights and the fundamental freedoms of all individuals is a primary concern of our governments";

 

That the member states have reaffirmed the inextricable link between human rights, democracy, and development;

 

That the concepts of universality, indivisibility, and interdependence are principles enshrined in international instruments for the promotion and protection of human rights;

 

That the principles of good faith, legal certainty, and procedural equity are essential elements of the promotion and protection of human rights within the inter-American system, the ultimate purpose of which is the protection of human rights; and

 

That acceptance by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of voluntary contributions to fulfill both current and new mandates, initiatives, and proposals must not affect the priority attention that the Commission should give to all topics to which a rapporteur is assigned, financed under resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, in accordance with the General Standards,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To take note of the annual report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and to thank the Commission for its presentation.

 

2.         To urge the IACHR to continue to promote the observance and protection of the human rights in the terms set forth in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and the American Convention on Human Rights.

 

3.         To recognize the Commission's efforts to that end; and to urge the member states to continue to assist and support the Commission and to provide it with the resources it needs in order to fulfill its functions, within resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

 

4.         To express its recognition of the IACHR for its consultation with the member states of the Organization on the amendment of its regulations and to urge it to take into consideration the observations and suggestions transmitted to it.

 

5.         To welcome the report of the Permanent Council regarding the observations and recommendations of the member states on the Annual Report of the IACHR and to transmit them to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

 

6.         To encourage the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to continue its efforts to improve procedures for processing individual cases, particularly those relating to admissibility and requests for precautionary measures.

 

7.         To encourage the IACHR to pursue efforts to ensure the processing of individual cases, their conclusion, and corresponding notification of the parties within reasonable periods of time.

 

8.         To urge the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, upon request by the parties concerned, to attach to the reports referred to in Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights the oral and written statements made during this stage of the processing of individual cases.

 

9.         To urge the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to continue to accord equal attention and treatment to the topics to which a special rapporteur is assigned and to other topics proposed by the member states.

 

10.        To note with satisfaction the increased use of the friendly settlement mechanism, urging the member states and the IACHR to continue, in a spirit of cooperation, resorting to this procedure.

 

11.        To urge the member states that are not parties to the American Convention on Human Rights (“Pact of San José, Costa Rica”), the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (“Protocol of San Salvador”), the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the Death Penalty (“Protocol of Asunción”), and the following inter-American instruments for the promotion and protection of human rights:  the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture; the Inter-American Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons; and the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women (“Convention of Belém do Pará”) to give special, prompt consideration to signing, ratifying, or acceding to them, as appropriate, in keeping with their constitutional precepts and domestic law, including those states that have denounced any of those instruments.

 

12.               To note with satisfaction the willingness of the IACHR to strengthen dialogue with the political organs of the Organization concerning various aspects related to the work of that Commission.

 

13.        To request the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to continue to report on measures taken in response to the observations and recommendations presented by the Permanent Council to the General Assembly.

 

14.        To request the Permanent Council to report in due course to the General Assembly on the implementation of this resolution.


AG/RES. 1661 (XXIX-O/99)

 

THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES AND CIVIL SOCIETY

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

 held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

RECOGNIZING the increasingly important role of civil society organizations in public life in all member states of the Organization of American States;

 

ALSO RECOGNIZING the significant contribution of civil society organizations to the activities of the Organization of American States and its organs and related agencies throughout the inter-American system, and in specific technical cooperation projects;

 

HAVING SEEN the resolution of the Permanent Council on the status of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the OAS [CP/RES.704 (1129/97)], the report by the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs of the Permanent Council on the status of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the OAS (CP/doc.2946/97) and the standards on cooperative relations between the Organization of American States and the United Nations, its specialized agencies, and other national and international organizations [AG/RES. 57 (I-O/71)];

 

RECALLING THAT, in the Plan of Action of the First Summit of the Americas, held in Miami in 1994, leaders declared that “A strong and diverse civil society, organized in various ways and sectors, including individuals, the private sector, labor, political parties, academics, and other non-governmental actors and organizations, gives depth and durability to democracy”;

 

ALSO RECALLING that the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas noted that the OAS could serve as a forum for the exchange of experiences and information on the formation of responsible and transparent, non-profit and other civil society organizations, and entrusted the Organization to promote appropriate programs to foster greater participation of civil society in public affairs;

 

RECOGNIZING that AG/RES. 1539 (XXVIII-O/98) instructed the Permanent Council “to examine ways to increase the degree to which appropriate nongovernmental organizations and civil society organizations may become more closely involved in, and contribute to, the activities of the Organization , and ways to implement the tasks entrusted to the OAS in the Santiago Plan of Action with respect to civil society”;

 

BEARING IN MIND that the Special Joint Working Group of the Permanent Council and the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) on the Strengthening and Modernization of the OAS has held substantive discussions on the implementation of AG/RES. 1539 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

CONSIDERING that the General Assembly requested the Permanent Council to present a progress report on the implementation of AG/RES. 1539 (XXVIII-O/98); and

 

BEARING IN MIND the progress made on the draft Guidelines for Civil Society Participation in OAS Activities, in particular those related to Chapters I, II, III, IV, and VI, attached to the progress report of the Permanent Council on the fulfillment of resolution AG/RES. 1539 (XXVIII-O/98) (GETC/FORMOEA-101/99 rev. 3), prepared by the Special Joint Working Group of the Permanent Council and the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) on the Strengthening and Modernization of the OAS,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To welcome the progress report of the Permanent Council on the implementation of AG/RES. 1539 (XXVIII-O/98).

 

2.         To resolve to establish within the Permanent Council a Committee on Civil Society Participation in OAS Activities, composed of all the member states of the Organization.

 

3.         To instruct the Permanent Council to prepare, by way of that committee, and bearing in mind the attachment to the report presented by the Permanent Council, guidelines for civil society participation in OAS activities, for adoption before December 31, 1999.

 

4.         To thank the Secretary General for complying with the requests set out in resolution CP/RES. 704 (1129/97), in particular the preparation of a register of NGOs with which the OAS has relations.

 

5.         To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly on the implementation of this resolution at its thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1662 (XXIX-O/99)

 

CONSIDERATION OF THE SITUATION OF THE PERMANENT OBSERVERS

AND THEIR PARTICIPATION IN THE COOPERATION ACTIVITIES

AND PROGRAMS OF THE ORGANIZATION

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

            THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council (CP/doc.3825/99) on consideration of the situation of the permanent observers and their participation in the cooperation programs and activities of the Organization;

 

BEARING IN MIND that the Permanent Council, through the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs, has begun considering the possibility of establishing criteria governing all aspects of participation by those states in the cooperation activities and programs of the Organization, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1491 (XXVII-O/97);

 

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT resolution AG/RES. 1555 (XXVIII-O/98), in which the General Assembly considered the advisability of continuing the study of this important topic and resolved to instruct the Permanent Council to present a final report to the General Assembly at its twenty-ninth regular session based on the study prepared by the General Secretariat pursuant to resolution CP/RES. 619 (978/94); and

 

CONSIDERING the advisability of concluding those studies as soon as possible and of obtaining, for these purposes, the opinion of the permanent observers on this subject,

 

RESOLVES:

 

1.         To renew its request to the Permanent Council to continue analyzing the situation of the permanent observers and their participation in the cooperation activities and programs of the Organization, including the advisability of taking into account the situation of permanent observers who express particular interest in the activities of the Organization.

 

2.                   To instruct the General Secretariat, under the coordination of the Secretariat for Legal Affairs, to fulfill its mandate to conduct the studies requested in CP/RES. 619 (978/94) and resolution AG/RES. 1555 (XXVIII-O/98), and to report thereon before December 31, 1999.

 

3.         To request the Permanent Council to make consultations, through the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs, with a view to holding a special meeting in the second half of 1999, with the participation of the permanent observers to the Organization, in order to obtain their opinions and exchange points of view.

 

4.         To take note of the implementation of, and to continue to implement, appropriate administrative measures to facilitate and make more effective the participation by the permanent observers in the different areas of the Organization’s work.

 

5.         To request the Permanent Council to present a final report on this matter to the General Assembly at its thirtieth regular session.


AG/RES. 1663 (XXIX-O/99)

 

INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR THE PROMOTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

 

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 7, 1999)

 

 

 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

 

HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council on the international promotion of human rights in the inter-American system (CP/CAJP-1534/99), presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 1547 (XXVIII-O/98);

 

BEARING IN MIND that the member states of the Organization of American States have proclaimed in the Charter of the Organization, as one of its principles, respect for the fundamental rights of the individual without distinction as to race, nationality, creed, or sex;

 

RECALLING that Article 106 of the OAS Charter provides that the “principal function” of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) “shall be to promote the observance and protection of human rights and to serve as a consultative organ of the Organization in these matters”;

 

CONSIDERING:

 

That, in the present context of the Hemisphere, where representative democracy is the norm, the international promotion of human rights is of vital importance and needs to be vigorously pursued in the inter-American system;

 

That the Heads of State and Government who participated in the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, affirmed, in the Santiago Declaration, that “respect for and promotion of human rights and the fundamental freedoms of all individuals is a primary concern of our governments”; and

 

That, in the Plan of Action of the aforementioned Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government agreed to “strengthen the inter-American human rights system through concrete initiatives and measures which aim to reinforce its institutional structure and promote its links with national systems and regional entities that promote and protect human rights”;

 

RECALLING that resolution AG/RES. 1489 (XXVII-O/97), “International Promotion of Human Rights in the Inter-American System,” requested the IACHR to prepare, in collaboration and/or consultation with other pertinent organs and entities, a draft Inter-American Program for the International Promotion of Human Rights; and that the IACHR complied with the above-mentioned resolution, presenting in Chapter IV of its Annual Report the draft Inter-American Program for International Promotion of Human Rights,

 

CONSIDERING:

 

            That resolution AG/RES. 1547 (XXVIII-O/98) instructed