AG/RES. 1831 (XXXI-O/01)
SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY IN HAITI
(Resolution adopted at the fourth plenary session,
held on June 5, 2001)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
BEARING IN MIND:
That the preamble of the OAS Charter establishes that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the region;
That, according to the Charter, one of the essential purposes of the Organization is to promote and consolidate representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention;
That another purpose is to promote, by cooperative action, economic, social, and cultural development;
The Santiago Commitment to Democracy and the Renewal of the Inter-American System (1991), the Declaration of Managua (1993), and the declarations and plans of action of the Summits of the Americas (Miami, 1994; Santiago, 1998);
That the Heads of State and Government at the Third Summit of the Americas, emphasized their commitment to defend and strengthen democracy across the Hemisphere; and
The commitment of the OAS and of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) to continue their contributions to the strengthening of democracy in Haiti;
RECALLING the conclusions of the OAS Electoral Observation Mission to Haiti on the elections of May 21, 2000, presented in the report to the Permanent Council (CP/doc.3383/00);
RECALLING ALSO resolution CP/RES. 772 (1247/00) of August 4, 2000, in which the Permanent Council, at the request of the Government of Haiti, authorized the Secretary General to lead a Mission to Haiti to “identify, together with the Government of Haiti and other sectors of the political community and civil society, options and recommendations for resolving, as expeditiously as possible, difficulties such as those that have arisen from differing interpretations of the Electoral Law, and for further strengthening democracy in that country”[EB1];
TAKING NOTE of the reports to the Permanent Council by the General Secretariat regarding the visits to Haiti by the Secretary General and the Assistant Secretary General during the period from August 16, 2000, to February 10, 2001, and of the reports of those missions contained in documents CP/doc.3349/00, of August 24, 2000, CP/doc.3371/00, of November 9, 2000, and CP/doc.3419/01 corr. 2, of March 13, 2001;
The statement made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Haiti before the Permanent Council on March 14, 2001;
Resolution CP/RES. 786 (1267/01) corr. 1, in which the Permanent Council resolved: “To express the conviction that the resolution of the crisis arising from the Haitian elections of May 21, 2000 is essential to the strengthening of democracy and respect for human rights in Haiti[EB2]”;
That the said resolution also requested “the Secretary General to undertake the necessary consultations with the Government of Haiti and other sectors of the political community and civil society, bearing in mind the statement by the Haitian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship, on the potential for a dialogue to resolve the crisis arising from the elections of May 21, 2000 and the strengthening of democracy and respect for human rights in Haiti” and to “report on his consultations, and, as appropriate, to propose other measures that could contribute to the strengthening of the democratic process in Haiti[EB3]”;
The statement made by the Chair of the Third Summit of the Americas, the Prime Minister of Canada, during the closing ceremony on April 22, 2001, which acknowledged the problems that continue to limit the democratic, political, economic, and social development of Haiti in the near future and asked the Secretary General, in collaboration with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), to visit Haiti, to report his findings to the OAS, and to ensure adequate follow-up;
The May 9, 2001, decision by the Chairman of the CARICOM Conference, the Prime Minister of Barbados, and the Secretary General of the OAS to establish a joint OAS/CARICOM Mission to Haiti; and
The visit of the Joint OAS-CARICOM Mission from May 29 to 31, 2001, led by the Secretary General and the former Prime Minister of Dominica, Dame Eugenia Charles, the report on which is contained in document AG/INF.264/01;
CONCERNED that the political crisis is still unresolved and that persistent mistrust among political actors continues to hinder the possibility of wide-ranging talks that would bring about a sustainable solution to the problems arising from the May 21, 2000, elections, based on a general agreement among the government of Haiti, political parties, and civil society and other relevant institutions of Haitian society, with a view to resolving the political crisis and strengthening democracy and respect for human rights in that country;
RECOGNIZING the need for financial and technical assistance with a view to contributing to the promotion of Haiti’s social and economic development; and
HAVING RECEIVED a letter from the President of Haiti to the President of the thirty-first regular session of the General Assembly of the OAS, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Costa Rica (AG/INF.260/01 corr. 1),
1. To reiterate its deep concern at the continuing political crisis in Haiti, arising from the elections of May 21, 2000.
2. To take note of the initiative, consisting of five elements, contained in the letter from the President of Haiti (AG/INF.260/01 corr. 1) with regard to the process toward a definitive resolution to the current political crisis.
3. To acknowledge the concerns expressed in said letter regarding the urgency of normalizing relations between Haiti and the international financial institutions.
4. To urge the Government of Haiti to follow the resignations of seven senators with the expeditious constitution, by June 25, 2001, of a credible, independent, and neutral Provisional Electoral Council (CEP), composed of nine members nominated by the Executive, the Judiciary, political parties–including the Convergence démocratique, Fanmi Lavalas, and other political parties–and churches, both Catholic and Protestant. This is a necessary step to create a climate of confidence conducive to a broad-based agreement among the Government of Haiti, political parties, and civil society, and other relevant institutions of Haitian society, with a view to resolving the political crisis and strengthening democracy and respect for human rights in Haiti.
5. To call upon the Government of Haiti, political parties, and civil society, and other relevant institutions of Haitian society to commit themselves fully to this end.
6. To instruct the Secretary General to monitor and report to the Permanent Council on implementation of the commitments contained in document AG/INF.260/01 corr. 1.
7. To instruct the Secretary General to increase his efforts, in consultation with CARICOM and with other interested countries, to contribute further to the resolution of the existing political crisis in Haiti, to its social and economic development, to the strengthening of democracy, and to respect for human rights in that country.
8. To invite the Secretary General to establish a Group of Friends of Haiti from interested OAS member states and permanent observers to assist him in these efforts.
9. To request the Permanent Council to examine, as a matter of urgency, the mandate, modalities, budget, financing, and other arrangements concerning the establishment of a possible mission to Haiti.
10. To instruct the Secretary General to work jointly with member states toward normalizing relations between Haiti and the international community, including the international financial institutions, as progress is achieved in reaching a sustainable solution to the crisis arising from the May 21, 2000, elections.
11. To instruct the Secretary General to report to the Permanent Council or the General Assembly, as appropriate, on the implementation of this resolution.