RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE PANEL OF
FACILITATORS IN THE BELIZE-GUATEMALA NEGOTIATION PROCESS
a result of the Belize-Guatemala Ministerial meeting held at OAS
headquarters on December 18, 2001, the Facilitators, Mr. Paul Reichler
and Sir Shridath Ramphal, presented the following recommendations
related to the incident which occurred on November 22 in the Adjacency
Zone. These recommendations, which have been presented to the Parties,
seek to restore an atmosphere of confidence inside the Adjacency Zone.
They are also intended to avoid further incidents which may affect the
negotiation process aimed at peacefully resolving the territorial
differendum between Belize and Guatemala.
1. The Government of
Belize should forthwith undertake to make ex gratia payments for loss of
life to the dependents of Jesus Ramírez Solano, Jesus Ramírez Icho and
Virgilio Ramírez Icho.
2. The Government of
Belize should promptly initiate appropriate judicial or quasi-judicial
proceedings to ascertain by due process of law the culpability or
otherwise of Belizean personnel for the deaths of Jesus Ramírez Solano,
Jesus Ramírez Icho and Virgilio Ramírez Icho.
3. Pending the outcome
of such proceedings, Belizean military or police personnel directly
involved in the discharge of firearms during the events of 22 November
should be suspended immediately from active duty;
and, with a view to the reduction of tension in the area, there
should be an immediate withdrawal from the Adjacency Zone of other
Belizean military or police personnel who were involved in those events.
4. Commencing no later
than Saturday, 22 December at 6:00 a.m. local time, and continuing
through 6:00 a.m. on Tuesday, 22 January 2002 (or such later date as the
Parties may agree), all military patrols in the Adjacency Zone should be
joint patrols. Military
representatives of the Governments of Belize and Guatemala should meet
prior to 22 December to work out modalities.
The Facilitators will be available to assist the Parties in
reaching agreement on these modalities, should their assistance be
5. Commencing immediately, and
continuing through 6:00 a.m. on 22 January 2002 (or such later date as
the Parties may agree), whenever the Government of Belize or the
Government of Guatemala plans to carry out law enforcement activities in
the Adjacency Zone on its respective side of the Adjacency Line, it
should invite observer participation by at least one representative of
the other’s military or police forces.
All law enforcement activities in the Adjacency Zone should be
carried out with full respect for the human and civil rights of the
inhabitants, regardless of nationality.
6. The Governments of
Belize and Guatemala should enhance their procedures for ensuring the
lawful conduct of all persons within the Adjacency Zone on their
respective sides of the Adjacency Line.