AG/RES. 1336 (XXV-O/95)
SITUATION OF REFUGEES, RETURNEES, AND DISPLACED PERSONS IN THE AMERICAN
(Resolution adopted at the ninth plenary session, held on June 9, 1995)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
That, through resolutions AG/RES. 774 (XV-O/85), AG/RES. 838 (XVI-O/86), AG/RES. 891
(XVII-O/87), AG/RES. 951 (XVIII-O/88), AG/RES. 1021 (XIX-O/89), AG/RES. 1039 (XX-O/90),
AG/RES. 1040 (XX-O/90), AG/RES. 1103 (XXI-O/91), AG/RES. 1170 (XXII-O/92), AG/RES. 1214
(XXIII-O/93), and AG/RES. 1273 (XXIV-O/94), the General Assembly expressed its concern for
those who, as refugees, returnees, or displaced persons, are in need of protection and
humanitarian assistance in the Americas;
That, to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees,
an international colloquium was held in San Jos?, co-organized by the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Inter-American Institute of Human
Rights, under the auspices of the Costa Rican Government, which resulted in the "San
Jos? Declaration on Refugees and Displaced Persons";
That the aforementioned San Jos? Declaration contains important principles on the
treatment to be afforded to refugees, internally displaced persons, and other categories
of uprooted persons, principles that complement those embodied in the 1984 Cartagena
That, fortunately, and despite their economic and social difficulties, solidarity among
the American states has made it possible to provide the necessary protection and
assistance to the affected persons, with UNHCR collaboration when necessary;
That the positive events in the Republic of Haiti, with the reinstatement of
democratically-elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, have allowed the return to that
country of thousands of citizens who had left in search of security and protection;
That the clear political commitment of the Government of Guatemala to the repatriation
process is an encouraging sign of firm progress in the negotiations for an agreement on a
firm and lasting peace and of the effectiveness of the international verification
mechanisms established for said repatriation process;
That the process of democratic consolidation in various countries in the Americas
which, in the past, had been affected by internal conflicts has continued to evolve
positively, enabling the effective reinsertion of uprooted persons, although various
dramatic cases of internal displacement remain;
That efforts to reach a solution to social, economic, and political problems need to be
That 1995 has been proclaimed the International Year of Tolerance by the United Nations
- To take note of the principles embodied in the conclusions and recommendations of the
1994 San Jos? Declaration on Refugees and Displaced Persons and to urge member states that
deem it appropriate to consider those principles with a view to incorporating them into
their respective legislations.
- Consequently to urge member states to consider the possibility of promoting a process
of legal harmonization on refugee matters, taking into account the principles embodied in
such instruments as the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees, the 1967 Protocol
thereto, the American Convention on Human Rights, the 1984 Cartagena Declaration, and the
1994 San Jos? Declaration.
- To call upon those states that have not yet done so to consider the possibility of
acceding to the international instruments on the status of refugees.
- To emphasize the solidarity and humanitarian concern demonstrated by the countries in
the region in receiving and providing assistance to those persons in need.
- To encourage member states to search for adequate regional mechanisms to face
situations generated by massive migratory flows as well as to eradicate their causes. To
this end, to emphasize that these mechanisms must guarantee identification of those
individuals or groups of individuals in need of international protection, and to promote
the search for, and implementation of, adequate solutions, with full respect for the
pertinent international standards and in keeping with domestic regulations.
- To urge all member states to pay special attention to the Declaration of Montrouis in
regard to all migrant workers and their families and to recognize the importance of
maintaining support for the integration of returnees to their countries of origin by
promoting development projects aimed at eliminating extreme poverty and social exclusion.
- To highlight the urgent need to undertake, with support from the international
community when appropriate and at the request of the states concerned, programs of
assistance and human rights protection for internally displaced persons in their countries
so as to achieve an adequate humanitarian solution to their plight.
- To urge member states, within the framework of the International Year of Tolerance, to
adopt measures to eradicate xenophobic attitudes, especially against those persons who
have been forced to leave their countries of origin.
- To reaffirm the importance, within the framework of the Cooperation Agreement between
the Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat of the Organization of
American States, to reinforce mechanisms of coordination and collaboration between the
General Secretariat of the OAS and UNHCR in the area of promotion of refugee rights.
Assembly 1995 Resolutions